Imatges de pàgina

The princely Garter being thus buckled the George appendent, he proceeds from hi on, and the words of its fignification pro- lodgings in the castlę, to the chapternounced, the eldelt knight is brought be. house, where disrobing himself of his up. fore the Sovereign, who puts about his per garment, he is invested with a furcoat neck a sky-coloured ribbon, whereunto is of crimson velvet, lined with white taffata, appendant, wrought in gold, within the during which time the admonition is given Garter, the image of St. George on horse- him as follow: back, with his drawn sword, encountering 6. Take this robe of crimson, to the in, with the dragon ; the admonition being crease of your honour, and in token or sign thus :

of the most noble order you have received, “ Wear this ribbon about thy neck, wherewith you being defended, may be bold, adorned with the image of the blessed mar- not only strong to fight, but also offer your tyr and soldier of Cbrift, St. George, by felf to Thed your blood, for Cbrift's faith, whose imitation provoked, thou mayelt so the liberties of the church, and the juf uverpass both prosperous and adverse ad: and necessary defence of them that are opventures, that having stoutly vanquished pressed and needy." thy enemies, both of body and soul, thou After this, his sword is close girt about mayeft not only receive the praise of this him over his surcoat, with a belt the same tranfient cumbat, but be crowned with the as the coat, and then bearing his cap in his palm of eternal vi&tory."

hand, which is of black velvet, adorned Having thus far spoken of the Garter with a diamond band, and a plume of white and George, wherewith a knight compa- feathers, with a heron (prig in the middle, nion is adorned at the time of his elec- he proceeds to the installation in St. George's tion, we shall describe the remains of chapel, being conducted between two knights his habit, together with his installation, companions of the order, to the seat below which is always performed at the castle of his stall, where he, Garter king of arms Windfor:

having on a crimson velvet culhion, laced His stockings and breeches, being the and tafjelled with gold, brought the mantle, fame, are of pearl-coloured filk, and called collar, hood, and the book of ftatutes, laying pantaloons. On the outside of the right his right hand on the New Testament, knee is fixed a knot of open filver lace and the oath is administered to him in the folribbons intermixed, form of a large rose, lowing manner : and a little below the knee is placed the “ You being chosen one of the honoura. Garter. His shoes, which are of white ble company of this most noble order of the tamoy, with red heels, have each a knot, Garter, hall promise and swear by the as the former, on the exterior fide. His Holy Evangelists, by you here touched, doublet is cloth of silver, adorned before that wittingly or willingly you shall not and behind, and down the neeves, with break any itatute of the said order, or any several guards, or rows of open filver lace, articles in them contained, the same being cach lace having a row of small buttons agreeable, and not repugnant to the laws of let down the middle.

Almigbry God, and the laws of this realm, The cuffs are open, and adorned with as far forth as to you belongeth and apperthe aforementioned lace and ribbons set in caineth! so help you God and his holy word." (mall loops. At the bottom of the upper As soon as the knight eleet hath taken seam of each cuff, is fixed a knot of Glver the oath, he is conducted to his appointed ribbons that fall over his gloves, which are Itall, where he is invested in manner fola of kid, laced at the top wicb filver, and lowing: adorned at the opening with a knot, as The mantle, which is lined as the sura that on the cuff. Then his trowlers, coat, is of sky-coloured velvet, adorned on wbich are of tissue, the fame of his dou- the left shoulder with St. George's cross, blet, and adorned with two rows, or bars encircled with the Garter wreathed on the of lace and ribbons, as before mentioned, edges with blue and gold; and the said intermixed and set at a small distance, that mantle being put on him by the two knights the ground appears between them, being that led him into the chois, is fastened buckled round his waist, are in form of a pair about his neck with a cordon or robe-Itring, of puffed breeches, reaching to the middle made of the same coloured filk and Venice of his thighs. And in this habit, having gold twisted, the ends whereof are made a blue ribbon spread over the left shoul. into large knobs or buttons enriched with der, and brought under the sight arm, with a caul, and fringed. And whilft the cere.



mony of investiture with the mantle, which tion, be worn appendant at a blue ribbon, is tied upon the right shoulder, is perform- spread over the left fhoulder, and brought ing, the words of admonition proper there- under the right arm, as before-mentioned ; unto are thus pronounce by the register : which method has so continued to this day,

" Receive this robe of heavenly colour, and even in the time of mourning. And the livery of this moft excellent order, in this medal, which repesents St. George in augmentation of thy honour, ennobled with a riding pofture, with his sword drawn, the field and red cross of our Lord, by encountering the dragon, is likewise of whose power thou mayest fafely pierce pure gold, and may be enriched as the troops of thine enemies, and be over them former ; but is always encompassed with ever victorious; and being in this temporal the Garter, which that is not. warfare glorious in egregious and heroic In the reign of king Cbarles II. it was actions, thou mayest obtain eternal and tri- ordained, that the Sovereign and knights umphant joy."

companions, as also the prelate and chanNext, the hood, which is made of crim. cellos, should at all times, and in all places fon velvet, and lined with white taffata, and assemblies, when they were not adornwas formerly worn upon the head; but ed with their robes, wear upon the left side Dow the cap taking place, it is laid upon of their coats, cloaks, or riding caflocks, the right shoulder over the mantle, and the cross of the order, encompassed with the fastened by the tippet, which comes athwart Garter, as has been observed, in thew the his breast, and tucks under his girdle; but, world, what height of honour they are arthis having no ceremony, we proceed to the rived to, from the said moft noble order, incollar,

stituted for persons of the greatest merit and The collar, which weighs thirty ounces worth. And to the said cross and Garter, troy, of pure gold, was brought in by the said king Cbarles added a filver star of Henry VIII. and contains twenty-fix gar- eight points; and for the greater conveters enamelled, and as many knots, allude nience of travelling, the companions of ing to the Sovereign of the order, and his the order were permitted to wear the blue twenty-five companions, whereunto St. ribbon under their boot, instead of the George on horseback, in armour, is


Garter: but without that and the lefser dant, encountering the dragon with a tilting George, and star, &c. they, by the statutes fpear; which medal, being also of gold, of the order, are never to appear in public, may be enriched with jewels at the plea- except upon the principal and folemn feasts sure of the pofTeffor. And this collar with of the year, when they wear their collars, the George, being part of the habit, is put and then the ribbon and George is laid over the mantle and hood, being fastened

afide. on cach shoulder by a silver ribbon, with After the great folempity and the inftalthe following ceremony :

lation of a knight of the Garter, his hel" Wear this collar about thy neck, met, crest, sword, banner, and plate, are adorned with the image of the blesed to be set over his stall in the chapel of St. martyr and soldier of Christ, St. George, George at Windsor, as a mark of honour, by whose imitation provoked, thou mayest and are there to remain during his being fo overpass both prosperous and adverse en- of that order, the plate containing the incounters, that, having ftoutly vanquished scription of his name, titles, &c. thy enemies both of body and soul, thou mayet not only receive the praise of this I be Order of be THISTLE. transient combat, but also, at the lait, the This order was founded in 1540, by endless and everlasting reward of victory.” | James V. of Scotland, who being honoured

Then the cap and feathers being put on with the order of the Garter from his unthe head of the ele&t knight, his invefti- cle, king Henry VIII. of England, with ture is completed; and after divine service, the Golden Fleece from the Emperor, and and several religious ceremonies, and offer- the order of St. Michael from the king of ings at the high altar, they, with trumpets France, resolved to be in the royal mode, founding, march to dinner.

and so made this order for himrelf and About the latter end of the reign of king twelve knights, in imitation of Christ and James I. it was decreed, that the lefler his twelve apostles. Then celebrating all George, which heretofore was daily worn the festivals of these orders, he set up their before the breast, in a gold chain, should, arms and badges over the gate of his palace for the more conveniency of riding or ac- at Lit bgor, joining St. Andrew with them,


Some Scotcb writers, very fond of anti- | plan, adding also some new rules to the quity, not satisfied with the novelty of this order. institution, affect to call it the most antient In 1714, king George I. was pleased to as to its derivation. But for this they have confiim the statutes of queen Anne; with no better warrant than the dream of king the addition of several more, particularly Hungas the Piet, to whom St. Andrew that of making rays of glory to farround the making a midnight visit, promised him a figure of St. Andrew, which hangs at the fure victory over his foes, the Nortbure collar; and as elections and installments brians; and the next day St. Andrew's cross were both wanting, his Majesty ordered appearing in the air, he made his words that chapters of election should thenceforth good, and the Nortbumbrians were defeated. be held in the royal presence; and the great

On this story, as they say, king Acbaius, wardrobe to provide fuitable mantles, and about the year 800, framed the order of și. other veftments for the knights and ofAndrew, 700 years before James V. re

ficers. vived it ; but, after fo many ages, 'tis re- The enligns are the image of St. Anmarkable, that no foreign testimonies or drew in a purple robe, irradiated, as before authors are produced, no cotemporary vouch- observed, and vefted in cloth of gold, with ers to conrfim, or even mention it. They the white cross of martyrdom on his breast; who dreamed one part of the fable forgot and is pendent to the collar of the said order, to dream the other : for we ought to have as worn by the knights on their feast day, had a copy of the rules, babits, and cere- being the 301h of November, and other monies of the order, with a long list of the great occafions, knights in so many hundred years ; but as The collar is made of gold, with thistles Bothing of that is pretended, the whole and sprigs of rue linked together, enamelled must be rejected as a vain empty fi&ion. green, being the two antient symbols of the

And if derivation be any plea for antiqui- Scots ar.d Pifts; the one not to be handled ty, the order of the Garter is an undeniable without being hurt, and the other being as consequence of king Arıbur's round table of antidote against infection : hence the motto, twenty-four knights, which was devised Nemo me impune laceffit. and inftituted about the year 500, on pur- The common badges worn by tbe knights pole for martial exercise, being 300 years are, a cross surmounted by a star of four before the fabulous account of Hungus and fingle points, and over them a green circle Aleboius, and is the first military order of bordered and lettered with gold, containing knighthood any where left upon record ; the motto ; and in the centre is a thistle, being also practised long after che Norman proper; the whole being embroidered on the settlement, till near the time of the glo- left breast, and with the collar always wora tious king Edward III, who founded the with the other enfign, which is a green ribmost noble order of the Garter.

on spread over the left Shoulder, and brought As for the Thistle, which is the princi- under the right arm, pendant to which is pal badge in the order of St. Andrew, it the aforesaid image of St. Andreto within was rather transplanted from France, than an oval of gold, enamelled green, with the any device of king James V; for the house same motto ; but sometimes they wear a of Bourbon had formerly such a fraternity, thittle crowned, incircled after the same called the order of the Thistle, with the tery same motto,

King James appointed the knights Immediately after the said King had efta- wear the image of St. Andrew upon a blue blished this order, he died in 1542, which ribband; which continued fo till queen put an end to the design; for it being in Arrechanged it to green, as it is now worn, the religious times of reformation, it was thought impious to make To free with June 24. A tumult happened at Glasgow Cbrift and his apostles ; nor was it any more in Scotland, on account of the malt-tax. beard of till king James II. of England re. Francis Porten, esq. aiderman, and JETE newed it, by making eight knights on the miab Murden, esq. elected theriffs of Loa 29th of May, anno dom. 1687, from which don and Middlesex. time the beginning of this order is more July 1. Edward Allen, esq.' appointed truly to be dated: but the revolution inter- consul at Naples, in the room of Jobm vening, no more knights were added till Fleetwood, erg, December 1703, when queen Anne made July si Dr. Peters, and Dr. Stephens, the number twelve, according to the fire were chosen travelling phyfcians, upon Dr. YOL. II.





Radcliff's foundation, being to travel five | alderman, was ele&ted lord mayor of London years in Great Britain, and five abroad, and for the year ensuing. to have a salary of zool. per annum each. Eleven of the Glasgow rioters were tried

July 16. General Wade, and the Lord- at Edinburgb, about this time, for treason advocate, having imprisoned seventeen men and rebellion, and four men being convicted, and boys, and four women, on account of the government were so favourable to them the late tumult at Glasgow, apprehended on account of the zeal they had thewn for also the Lord-provoft, bailies, dean of guild, king George at the time of lord Mar's reand deacon-convener, magiftrates of the bellion, that they were sentenced only to said city, and sent them the next day under be transported, after they bad been whipped a strong guard of dragoons to Edinburgh. at Glasgow, and a woman was ordered to

July 19. At their arrival near that city stand in the pillory there. they were met by a vast concourse of people 08. 15. The Highlanders were disarmed of all degrees, who attended them to the by general Wade. prison door, the magiftrates being in their Nov. 14. Dr. Francis Gastrel lord bishop coaches. After a short confinement the of Cbefter, died. government thought fit to release the magi- The princess Sobieski, wife to the Chevaftrates without bringing them to a trial. lier, retired into a monastery.

July 22. Thomas Parker, earl of Mac- Nov. 30. Curll, the bookseller, was tried clesfield, having paid his fine of 30,000l. at the King's-bench bar, and convicted of imposed by the House of Peers, was dis- publishing several obscene books, tending charged from his imprisonment in the Tower to the corruption and depravation of man. of London.

Aug. 4. The duke of Orleans, in the Dec. The French king, by raising and rename of the French king Lewis XV. and ducing the coin at pleasure, brought his bis proxy, married the princess Mary Leca subječts under great difficulties. zinski, daughter of Stanislaus, late king of Dec. 4. An order of the court of Chane Poland, in the cathedral of Strasburg. cery, for the masters of that court to lodge

Aug. 12. Cid Mabammed Ben Ali Abgali, the money and effects of the suitors, in amballador from the emperor of Morocco to their hands, in the bank of England. the court of England, arrived here.

1725-6. Jan. 3. The king landed at Rye. Aug. 25. The French king was married in Sujex after a tempestuous paffiige. at Fontainé leau to princess Mary Leczinski. Jan. 14. Mr. Samuel Peplce, vicar of

Jobri Ker Juke of Roxborough, refigned Preftan, was made bishop of Cbefter. his office of one of his Majesty's principal Jan. 20. The parliament of Great Brisecretaries of state.

tain met, and the King delivered a speech Aug. 30. Reynold Campbel, efq. was ap- to them, wherein he acquainted them with pointed keeper of the lignet in Scotland, the Hanover treaty, which he bad enunder the duke of Newcastle, and the lord tered into, to defend them against the efviscount Townshend, secretaries of state for fects of the Vienna treaty, and desired the England.

fame number of forces and supplies they Sept. 1. James ford Waldegrave, one of gave the preceding year.. the gentlemen of the bed-chamber, was Jan. 21. The Lords presented an address Sent to the court of France, to compliment of thanks to his Majesty, and the Comthe French king on his marriage.

mons another the next day.® Sept. 3. A treaty of alliance was con- Jan. 26. After a long debate in the cluded at Hanover between the kings of House of Commons, it was resolved to raise England and France, and the king of Pruf- the same number of forces for guards and fa; called the Hanover treaty.

garrisons as the preceding year. Sept. 21. The parliament of Ireland re- Feb. 1. Resolved to raise two thillings in turned thanks to his Majesty for vacating the pound for the year ensuing. Mr. Wood's patent for coining halfpence Feb. 15. Maximilian-Mary-Emanuel, elecand farthings.

tor of Bavaria, died at Municb. Srpr. 24. The French crown appeared to Feb. 19. The Commons presented anbe near two hundred millions sterling in other address to his Majesty, the principal debt about this time, to discharge which drift whereof was to assure him, that they they imposed heavy taxes for twelve years, would stand by and assist him in defence of and oppressed the subject intolerably. bis German dominions, if they were at

Sept. 29. Sir Francis Forbes, knight and tacked by the Emperor,

The The House of Peers also presented an the laws, and of his acting as a member address to his Majesty, to aflure him they to the Commons; he hoped he fhould would exert themselves to the utmost, in meet with relief. defence of his foreign dominions, if they March 6. Thomas lord Trevor was apwere attacked ; but these addresses met pointed lord keeper of the privy-seal. with great opposition in both Houses, be- Marcb 10. A child was born this day, fore they were resolved on.

at Lyford in Berks, whose father's name Jobs Hedges esq. was appointed one of was Benjamin Loder, who, when fix years bis Majesty's envoys extraordinary to the old was five feet high, and his arms and king of Sardinia.

legs pruportionably large; he at that time Feb. 24. The royal eflent was given to, could easily lift one hundred weight with

An act for granting an aid to his Ma. one hand, and half a hundred with one jefty by a land-tax, for the year 1726. finger,

An act for granting to his Majesty the Marcb 11. Richard Hampden, efq. late sum of one million, to be raised by way of treasurer of the navy, having trafficked lottery.

with the public money in the year 1720, An ad for punishing mutiny and defer- and loft near 100,000l. of it, had the af. tion, and for the better payment of the are surance to petition the Commons, that his my, and their quarters.

estate might not be applied to make good William Cabey, esq. was appointed consul the deficiencies, and did in some measure at Cadiz and Port St. Mary's.

succeed, by the assistance of his friends of

in the court-party. Scorlord was about this time presented to One half was ordered to be sold towards his Majesty ; wherein they declared, that paying what he had defrauded the public of, the mait-tax was a burden too heavy for and the rest settled upon bis wife and fatheir country to bear; that their poverty mily. and want of coin, and great decay of their Marcb 12. Colonel Gordon was appointed trade, and the meannels of their grain, governor of Pensylvania in the room of Sir were melancholy truths, too certain, and William Keith, bart. universally known; and were so many Marcb 18. The Commons resolved, that proofs of their inability to support the satisfaction be made to Daniel Campbel, esą. weight of this new tax.

for the damages he sustained by the rioters That this burden rendered them incapa- at Glasgow, amounting to four thousand pable of carrying on the fishing-trade, and pounds and upwards. such other branches of commerce and ma- It was ordered, that several clauses be in. sufacture as Scotland was proper for, and serted in the malt-tax bill, for the satiswhereby they had hoped to improve that faction of the Scorch ; viz. That the propart of his Majesty's dominions, and ren- duce of it in Scotland, after 20,000l, should der themselves more able to serve his Ma- be paid into the Exchequer, should be applied jeity; and therefore desired his Majesty towards the encouragement of the trade would grant them some relief in this par- and manufactures in that kingdom; that ticular.

the deficiency of the last year should be Marco 2. Several petitions were also made good out of the produce of the next. presented to the Houfe of Commons on Marcb 24. His Majesty sent a message the same subje&t.

to the Commons, to desire he might be Mareb 3. On the other hand a petition enabled to encrease the number of seamen, of Daniel Campbel, esq. was presented to already voted for this year; and to enter the House, thewing that great tumults had into and make good such engagements as been raised in Scotland, in order to prevent the circumftances and exigencies of affairs the levying of the malt-tax in that king- may require. dom, and those people insulted and abused This occafioned a debate, and was comthat were supposed to have had any hand pared to another message fent to the House in it; that on the 24th of June laft, the in 1717, to enable his Majefty to defend rioters broke into the petitioner's house, and himself against Sweden, when the parlia. arried off all the ready money, plate, ment granted him 250,000l. but could nge jewels, furniture, and moveables, and de- ver get any account of it, molished part of the house and gardens ; However, an address was agreed on, to ar. and, as this damage had happened to the sure his Majesty, they would effectually petitioner, on account of his adherence to provide for, and make good, all his expences



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