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became considerable, and it was growing delicacy of feeling and simplicity and peryearly until the time of his decease. spicuity of style. The earliest of these, This was without any contrivance or known to the present writer, is a short scheme of his own, and wholly owing to account of the late Rev. Henry Moore, of his character, his talents and his man. Liskeard, [Mon. Repos. XVII. 163,] inners. He was averse to the usual, and in serted in Dr. Aikin's elegant memoir of most cases necessary measures for ad- that amiable man, prefixed to “ Poems vancing his professional career. He was Lyrical and Miscellaneous," in quarto, once an unsuccessful, and, the writer sus- which Dr. A. edited for the Author, and pects, an unwilling candidate for the office which appeared as a posthumous publicaof physician to the Charter-House, and tion in 1803. Dr. Pett was connected by he allowed himself to be proposed as a his family with the Presbyterian congrecandidate for the same office to the Lon- gation at Liskeard; and Mr. Moore's don Hospital, but shruuk back in the character and taste were too congenial with midst of his canvass from the toilsome his owo not to attract his cordial esteem. drudgery which such a pursuit imposes, -It may be here added, that Dr. P. was and from which it is strange that some one of the Trustees of the Meeting-House means should not be adopted by the pub- in that place, and that upon the extinc. lic, or at least by the directors of chari- tiou of the old congregation he consented, table iustitutions, to save the members with his usual liberality, that the building of a profession, whose education and should be occupied by another denominasocial habits may be expected to train tion, rising into importance, but unprothem to delicacy of feeling. - Dr. Pett vided with a suitable chapel.—The next cheerfully accepted and conscientiously occasiou on which he employed his pen fulfiled the duty of Physician to the for the public information, was on the Refuge for the Destitute in Hackney death of Mr. Gilbert Wakefield, for whom Road : he was also Physician to the as a scholar, a Christian, a patriot and a Albion Fire and Life Jusurance Office, friend, he felt the highest admiration. In which appointment he held from the tine conjunctiou with other medical men, Dr. of the institution of the Society. In the Pelt attended this truly eminent man in regular and unambitious practice of his bis last illness, and at the instance of his profession, Dr. Pett's life was varied by biographer, Mr. Rutt, he contributed a few incidents. His studies of later years letter containing a well-drawn up and were chiefly medical, and few persons in very interesting detail of the malady that the profession were better acquainted deprived the world of so distinguished an with the history of disease and with the ornament. This is inserted in Vol. II. of discoveries made in the healing art. His the Memoirs, pp. 289—295, and will be leisure from his increasing medical duties read with eager, but melancholy interest was devoted to general literature and by the friends of Dr. Pett, as it has long science, and to the enjoyments of social been by those of Mr. Wakefield.-The intercourse, in which he took lively plea only fruit of Dr. Pett's pen, besides these, sure and to which he largely contributed. was also produced at the call of friend. By a liberal education he had acquired ship, in the case of the late much-lagreat mass of general knowledge, and no mented Mr. Dewhurst. In a letter to small share of elegant learning; and by a Mr. Rutt, who compiled the account of judicious disposition of his acquirements, this distinguished scholar, so prematurely appeared competent to the discussion of taken away from the world, printed in any subject, whether scientific or literary. our VIIth volume, pp. 729749, Dr. He read all new works of merit with avi- Pett both related with great succinctness dity, and was rarely seen in his walks or the progress of his rapidly-fatal disease, rides without a book in his hand. His dif- and sketched with great felicity his gene. fidence restrained him from employing ral character. (Pp. 741–743.) From his pen for the public benefit. His stand frequent and familiar intercourse, he ard of literary excelleace was very high, kuew well the powers of Mr. Dewhurst's and he seemed to feel that he could not mind and the rich acquisitions of knowwrite to his own satisfaction. When ledge which he had stored up, and no urged to publish cases that occurred in one more deeply and permanently lamenthis own practice, he was accustomed to ed his loss. The readers of this work disparage his own opinion and to remark may remember that it was not long ago that the publication of medical cases had proposed to publish a collection of Mr. grown into an evil. It is to be regretted Dewhurst's papers : for the success of that an unjust estimate of his own powers this project Dr. Pett was very anxious, kept bim from the exercise of literary and the last letter that he ever wrote, composition, since the few specimens of penned after the insidious disease that his writing that are given to the public, terminated his valuable life was at work, erince remarkable sounduess of judgment, contained a reference to the favourite Obituary.-Dr. Pett.

111 scheme. In the exercise of his profes- fact, a deep sense of the obligation that sion, Dr. Pett always appeared in his own lies upon a Christian to do good; and character, disinterested, condescending, such was his humility that he frequently liberal and generous. After the first lamented the small amount of his userisit, he was no where a stranger. His fulness. There was scarcely a public patients were his friends. This was the object dependent upon private liberality case no less with the poor than with for support, within his own religious depersons in good circumstances. The poor nomination, to which he was not a subknew and felt this, and hence he was scriber; and many were his contributions always denominated by them “The Poor to distressed individuals and decayed faMan's Friend." The blessing of them milies, kuown to few besides the recipi. that were ready to perish came upon ents of his bounty and Him who seeth in him. A great number of individuals in secret. To improvements in the condihumble life, to whom he had been a be- tion of his fellow-creatures he was eagerly Defactor, bewailed his death, and still devoted, especially such as came within lament bitterly their own loss. No man, the scope of his profession. Having perhaps, in his station, was ever followed thoroughly studied from the beginning, to the grare by more or deeper mourners; and watched the operation of Dr. Jen. consisting 100 of that class of persons ner's discovery, he was a zealous advowhore mourning is the dictate not of cate for vaccination, which he believed fashion but of the heart. He was, indeed, would finally exterminate the small-pox, “ wortby, for whom" they “ should do or at least take away the malignity of this." He took real pleasure in being the disease. He therefore discouraged serviceable to his poor neighbours. Fre- the variolus inoculation, and partly as a quently, after a fatiguing day, and when trustee of the parish of Hackney, and he was beginning to enjoy the conforts partly as a physician, he procured the of his fireside, he has called to mind disuse of the practice amongst the paro. some parieut of this class who expected chial dependents. He drew up a paper his visit, and regardless of weather and on the comparative advantages of the every other inconvenience, has proceeded two inoculations, to which he gained the to the abode of want and disease, at a signatures of the medical practitioners at considerable distance from bis own habi. Hackney, and this determined the reso. tation. Oue of the last efforts of his lution of the guardians of the poor.-failing speech, as it is stated in a note Without any ostentation of profession, to the Funeral Sermon, p. 44,) was an Dr. Pett was a decided Christian. He explanation to his servant of the re. had little relish for theological and mesidences of some poor patients, whom taphysical nieeties, but he entered with he was anxious to inform of his illacss, his heart and soul into those great views lest they should suffer in mind or body of religion which regard the perfection of from his Don-attendance. · Nothing the Divine character, and the improvecap more strougly illustrate the power ment and happiness of the human race. of Dr. Pett's excellent character than He despised the mummery of superstithe degree of respect and esteem which tion, and shrunk with abhorrence from he enjoyed amongst the members of the appearance of bigotry. He was a Probis own profession, whom he concili- testant Dissenter, because he believed ated, amidst differences of opinion and that the principles of Protestant Dissent interest, by his frank conduct and amia- lie at the foundation of truth and liberty; ble manners. He was a bond of union he was an Unitarian, because he viewed to such of them as were in his own Unitarianism as the only scheme of peighboarbood : those that were at a Christianity that represents it to be wor. distance put confidence in him, on thy of a Divine author. His connexion account of his wide-spread moral repu- with the Gravel-Pit congregation at Hacktation. In general society, Dr. Peit was ney was, it is believed, a source of satisan unirersal favourite. His manners faction to himself; it was, certainly, a were easy but diguified, indicating all that matter of rejoicing to his Christian breis intended by the word gentleman. He threu. Many instaaces were there in was diffident, but not reserved. As oc. his conduct, of the interest which he casion offered, he took his share in con- took in the diffusiou of scriptural truth : Fersation, and his remarks displayed a it deserves to be mentioned that he was highly-cultivated and well-stored 'mind. one of a small number of liberal and His countenance bespoke his character; enlightened individuals who, both to ex. it was manly, ingenuous and benignant. press their cordial friendship for Mr. He had a peculiarly benevolent smile, Belsham, and to promote the knowledge which was irresistibly fascinating. Bes of the Scriptures, which Mr. Belsham's yond the circle of his profession, his life has been spent in advancing, formed charities were very great. He had, in the plan for bringing out the « Com

mentary on the Epistles of Paul," in the without falling into this strain. He had,
very handsome form which the first or doubtless, his defects ; but they derogate
4to edition, lately published, exhibits.- little from his worth. He was, as has
In his political sentiments, Dr. Pett was, been said, very diffident, and his difti-
as might have been expected from his dence might sometimes resemble weak-
family and his education, a Whig, and ness. Akiu to this failing, was occa-
friendly to every real and salutary reform. sional indecision of mind, leading to pro-
He rarely expressed strong indiguation, crastination. Judging favourably of hu.
except when the arrogant assumptions of man nature, and warm in his affections,
oppressors, and the invasion of the inde- he reposed too large a confidence in some
pendence of nations, and of the rights of whom he admitted to his friendship. By
man were the topics of conversation. constitution he was extremely irritable,
His best affections were with the nations and this temperament might, though of
now struggling on the continent of Eu- late years more rarely, be occasionally
rope for their liberties, aud he expressed seen in his language and manners : this
to the writer, not long before his death, natural disposition being considered, it
that he felt too keenly on this subject is wonderful that he should have obtained
for his own comfort. The opinions, such a command over himself, and ac.
both political and religious, of Dr. Pett, quired such an habitual kindliness of
had their root in benevolence, and hence demeanour : the fact shews the power of
they produced no unpleasant feelings to- his benevolent principles and feelings,
wards such of his acquaintances and and deserves to be recorded in recom-
friends as differed widely from himself mendation of the rare, because difficult,
in both. No one could be more remote and therefore meritorious rirtue of self
in belief from the Roman Catholic reli. government. On the whole, Dr. Pett
gion : yet he sympathized with the Ro- was an extraordinary instance of moral
man Catholics as far as they were op- goodness. In any one good quality he
pressed for conscience' sake, and would might have many equals, though few
have scrupled no exertion within his superiors, but in the aggregate of his
power on their behalf. When the absurd character he excelled most persons. He
and hypocritical cry of " No Popery" had his peculiar place in society, in which
prevailed in 1813 and 1814, and a peti. his death bas created a total blank. No
tion echoing it was got up in the parish one can be expected to be to his friends
of Hackney, he associated with a few and neighbours exactly what he was.
neighbours to ascertain the practicability By all that knew him, it will be long be-
of a parochial meeting in order to pro. fore he is thought of without pungent
test against the measure : through the regret, or spoken of without strong emo-
prejudice of the many, and the timidity tion.
of the better-informed, it was found that

A.
public opposition would be fruitless or
rather injurious to the cause of liberality ;
but Dr. Pett was not satisfied without

Dr. T. F. Middleton. making some attempt to stem the torrent of bigotry, and accordingly, having ob

(See Vol. XVII. p. 772.) tained permission of the author, he was 1822. July 8, at the Presidency of chiefly instrumental to the reprinting of Calcutta, after a short but severe illness, a considerable impression of Mr. Charles in the 53d year of his age, the Rev. ThoButler's admirable " Address to Protes- MAS FANSHAW MIDDLETON, D.D., F.R.S. tants," (inserted in our Villth volume, His Lordship was in the full possession pp. 149, &c.), and to the circulation of of his health on the preceding Tuesday, it, by leaving a copy at every respectable when he visited the college. On the day house in the parish. In the same liberal of his death, he was considered to have spirit, he was a subscriber to the Roman passed the crisis of his disorder, and to Catholic School at Somer's Town, where be out of danger; at half-past seven he he also sometimes attended gratuitously was thought much better than before, in the exercise of his profession; induced but at eight he was seized with a violent to this partly, no doubt, by his frieud- paroxysm of fever, and at eleven o'clock ship for the excellent patroness, Miss he expired, to the great grief of all who Trelawney, daughter of Sir Harry Tre. had the honour of his acquaintance. lawney, with whom in earlier life he was Dr. Middleton was born in Jan. 1769, very intimate, and for whom, amidst all at Kedleston, in Derbyshire, and was the the Baronet's vicissitudes of faith, he en- only child of the Rev. Thomas Middleton tertained sincere respect.—This brief me- of that place. He was educated at moir will appear to strangers to be a Christ's Hospital, under the rigid discipanegyric; the writer can only say that pline of the Rev. James Bowyer, who has he could not trace the life of Dr. Pett been not iuaptly termed the Busby of

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Obituary - Dr. T. F. Middleton.

113

that establishment. Here he was con- of St. Pancras, in which he found a potemporary with Sir Edward Thornton, pulation of upwards of 50,000 persons, our present ambassador to the court of with only the ancient very small village Sweden; the Rev. George Richards, D.D. church, which could not accommodate F.R.S., author of the Aboriginal Britons, a congregation of more than 300. Orr and Bampton Lectures ; and Mr. Cole. this occasion he published “An Address ridge the poet, from whose fertile pen to the Parishioners of St. Pancras, Midhas issued a just tribute of gratitude to dlesex, on the intended Application to the zeal and ability of their tutor. Parliament for a New Church." Dr.

From Christ's Hospital he proceeded, Middleton's influence and perseverance upon one of the school exhibitions, to caused a Bill to be brought into Parlia. Pembroke Hail, Cambridge, where he ment, for powers to erect a New Church ; took the degrees of B.A. 1792 ; M.A. but the Bill was lost in the debate upon 1795 ; and B. and D.D. iu 1808.

the second reading. lo March 1792, after taking the de. In 1813, the Rev. C. A. Jacobi, a Gergree of B.A. and being ordained Deacon, man divine, having been appointed one by the then Bishop of Lincolu (Dr. Pret- of the missionaries to India, Dr. Middletyman), he entered upon his clerical du. ton was requested to deliver, before a ties at Gainsborough. In 1794, he was special ineering of the Society for proselected by Dr. John Prettyman, Arch- moting Christian Knowledge, a charge to deacon of Lincoln, and brother of the the new missionary, previous to his deBishop, to be tutor to his two sons; and parture. it was probably to this circumstance that About this time the friends of the esta-' he was indebted for the future patronage blishment of Christianity in our Eastern of the Bishop, who presented him, in dominions, were very active in prevailing 1795, to the rectory of Tansor in North- upon Government to establish an episamptonshire, vacant by the promotion of copacy in those vast regions; and Lord Dr. John Potter to the see of Killala, in Castlereagh, in a debate on the renewal Ireland. About this time he published of the East India Company's Charter, ada periodical essay without his name, en- verted to the expediency of such an estatitled “The Country Spectator." blishment. It was subsequently enacted,

In 1797, Dr. Middleton married Eliza- that the Company should be chargeable beth, eldest danghter of John Maddison, with certain salaries, to be paid to a Esq., of Gainsborough, and of Alving- bishop and three archdeacons, if it should ham, in Lincolnshire.

please His Majesty, by his letters patent, In 1798, he published “ The Blessing to constitute and appoint the same. In and the Curse; a Thanksgiving on oc- the autumu of 1813, Dr. Middleton recasion of Lord Nelson's and other Victo- ceived an order to wait upon the Earl of ries ;" and in 1802, obtained from his Buckinghamshire, President of the Board former patron the consolidated rectory of of Controul, by whom he was recomLittle Bytham, with Castle Bytham an- mended to His Royal Highness, the Prince nexed, which he held with Tansor, by Regent, as the new Bishop of Calcutta. dispensation.

He was consecrated on the 8th of May, In 1808, Dr. Middleton established his 1814, at Lambeth Palace, the Archdearepatation as a scholar by the publica- con of Winchester having preached the tion of his celebrated “ Treatise on the consecration sermon. On the 17th of Doctrine of the Greek Article, applied to the same month, he attended a special the Criticism and the Illustration of the meeting of the Society for promoting New Testament ;" and the following Christian Knowledge, to receive their year, “. Christ divided ; a Sermon preach- valedictory address, delivered by the Bi-'. ed at the Visitation of the Lord Bishop shop of Chester; on the 19th, he was of Lincolo."

elected a Fellow of the Royal Society; lo 1810, he began to act as a magistrate and on the 8th of June, took his deparfor the county of Northampton ; but in ture for Bengal. 1811, resigned his livings in that county, Upon his arrival in India, Dr. Middleupon being presented, by the same gene. ton was mainly instrumental in founding' rous patron, to the vicarage of St. Pau- the Mission College at Calcutta, for the cras, Middlesex, and Puttenham, Herts; following purposes: 1. For instructing and shortly after took up his residence at Native and other Christian youth in the the Vicarage-house, Kentish Town. doctrine and discipline of the Church of

la April 1812, he was collated by the England, in order to their becoming Bishop of Lincoln, to the Archdeaconry preachers, catechists, or school-masters;

Huntingdon ; and in the autumn of 2. For teaching the elements of useful the same year, he directed his attention knowledge, and the English language, to to the deplorable condition of the parish Mussulmans and Hindoos, having no ob.

VOL. XVII.

ject in such attainments beyond secular pel in Foreign Parts, and the Society for advantage ; 3. For translating the Scrip. Missions to Africa and the East, have tures, the Liturgy and Moral and Reli- each contçibuted 50001, gious Tracts; 4. For the reception of Uuder any circumstances, the death of English missiouasies on their first arri, such a man as Dr, Middleton would be a val in lodia, for the purpose of acquiring great loss to the profession of which he the languages. Toward the erection and was so distinguished an ornament, and endowment of this college, the Society has caused a chasm that will with great for promoting Christian Kuowledge, the difficulty be filled up worthily, Society for the Propagation of the Gos

The Inquirer, No, Ill,

1823. Jan. 21, at Chichester, in his one who, of unobtrusive habits, wished 72d year, Mr. Street, surgeou. Mr. S. in the most unobtrusive, and unostenta was one of the oldest members of the tious mauner, to be carried to the land Vnitarian Chapel iu that city, and the of his fathers. He rests in peace : bus eveut of his death was improved, ou the ! while the virtues mourn, Friend, Parent, Sunday following, the day of his funeral, Pattern,' it may be allowable for a few by Mr. Fullagar, in a discourse, founded moments to cousider his excellence. on the remark of Jesus, recorded John Belonging to a profession in which, it is xvi. 32: “ Behold the hour conoch, yea, notorious, many holding Deistical opi. is now come, that ye shall be scattered yiops are found, but from which remark, every man to his owo ; and shall leave generally speaking true, there have been, me alone; and yet I am not alone, be among the worsbipers in this house, many cause the Father is with me."

konourable exceptions, our deceased After enumerating the comforts arising friend was not tainted with the too much froun a sense of the Divine presence and prevailing moral disease of his brethren > favour, amidst the loss of friegds, the he was not tainted with that religious decay of nature, the vacancies occasioned indifference, too. common among them, by death in our religious assemblies, and and among us all; his general conversiin the prospect of dissolution; the habi- tion and demeanour, bis, regularity in tual piety of our Lord, his frequent com- attending the public services of religion, munion with his God, his imitation of demonstrated that devotiou had taken the Divine Being in acts of kindness and possession of bis soul. Nor was he merely benevolence, and his uniformly bearing devotional, as far as correct views of the witness to the truth, were stated as the greatness of the Almighty, and of the probable grounds, on which he could as insignificance of man, are calculated to sure himself that the Father was ever inspire awe and veneration for the Deity; with him. " Many," then continued the he was ready to endure difficulty, and in preacher, "actuated by such feelings, the course of his professional labours he have on their death-bed, invited spec- experienced some slights and inconveni. tators practically, if not verbally, to ence on account of his steady attachment see how a Christiau cap die. And the to what he deemed Christian truth. It thoughts of those before me have, I doubt was not merely, in the sanctuary of his pot, coincided with my owu, in tracing a God that one deceased friend took his similarity between these principles and constant seat; but he worshiped from those of that old member of this religious conviction with those who are more on assembly, oĄ whom the grave has this less contemned by the ignorant and inweek been closed. Flattery becomes not terested in what is called the religious this place; but there are characters to world, especially in the vicinity of aspirwhose goodness silence is injustice ; in ing cathedrals. A hope of professional respect of whom, silence is injustice to- lucre did not tempt him to make shipwards survivors ; in respect of whom, wreck of faith, nor could faction draw silence is injustice towards the Unitarian him, as it sometimes does those who are faith ; which is sometimes declared by only on chietly anxious to appear unto those who reject it, to have in it nothing men to fast, from what he believed to be capable of supporting us in the prospect the path of Christian duty, the asylum of dissolution. If the memory of the of Christian truth. He drauk deeply of just be blessed, to trace the actions of the beperolent spirit of Jesus; this made. the just is a respect due to their memory. bim, while following a profession in which If there be an undecaying nature in virtue, there is great opportunity either of imit is necessary to perpetuate the remem- posing on the credulity of man, or brance of that virtue, that by'imitation of being his friend and helper, pre-emiit may itself be perpetuated. This must nently attentive to all the sons and danghplead my excuse, if I call to your minds ters of suffeving, whatever the ranks of

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