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Review.-Memoirs of the Life of the late Mrs. Catharine Cappe. 165 ages, by whom he made the worlds, and Sir Patience Warde, her paternal uncle, who repeatedly appeared to Abraham, was the intimate friend of the virtuous Isaac and Jacob.' 'I instantly and eagerly Lord Russel, who was beheaded in the imbibed this sentiment; this, I thought, reign of the second Charles, and he had is the very truth, I will trouble myself himself narrowly escaped the like fate. no more about understanding the mean- He was afterwards one of those who had ing of a Trinity in Unity, (about which the happiness of conducting King William my mind had really been perplexed,) and to this kingdom; and my grandmother, from that moment, without knowing the then a girl, having money given her on meaning of the word, I became what is that occasion to throw among the popucalled an high Arian.”-Pp. 31, 32. lace in London, considered herself as enAt ten years of age, Mrs. Cappe
titled to be a partaker in her uncle's was sent to York for the purpose of triumphs. With what majesty and im
when I had afterwards obtained acquiring the female accomplishments a small portion of favour, by listening to then in vogue. In this period of her her stories and Aying to obey her comnarrative she introduces to the reader mands, did she detail to me these hisher maternal grandmother, who had tories! adding many an anecdote of the lately resigned the family mansion to exemplary conduct of Queen Mary, of the ker son, just returned from the conti- fortitude of Lady Rachael Russel, of the nent, and with her two maiden daugh- disinterested patriotism of her virtuous ters had come to reside in that city.
lord, and of the piety of Archbishop Til
lotson, contrasting with these the infa“ I had never seen her, but I had
mous character of the licentious Charles pleased myself with anticipating how well and his equally licentious and still more i would behave, and how delighted she tyrannical and bigoted brother. She would be to receive me. She was a very had the offer, she said, of being one of stately old lady, between seventy and Queen Mary's maids of honoar:-1 durst eighty years of age, a complete aristocrat
not ask her why she refused, but I rememof the last century. When I entered the ber thinking that I would not have done room, she was sitting on a great chair as on a little throne, her two daughters hap- 38-40.
30. She died the following year."--Pp. pening to be standing near her, as if they were ladies in waiting. When she saw
Mr. Harrison, the father of Mrs. me, vot a muscle of her face relaxed. Cappe, died at 57 years of age, July • Is this her?" she haughtily inquired; 22, 1763; and this event broke up • Well child, how do your father and and dispersed the family. Mrs. Cappe your mother do?' I was probably re- was sent to Nostel, the seat of her strained at the moment by fear from mother's first cousin, Sir Rowland bursting into tears, but wheu I returned Winn, whose baronial hospitality is to my lodging, excessive disappointment pictured by her with all the liveliness and sorrow brought on a riolent head- with which we recollect the principal ache. York, I told Mrs. D. (the person with whom I boarded,) did not agree
scenes of our youth. with me, and that I must return home “ Sir Rowland, the second of the immediately. My elder aunt was sent family who had borne that name, was at for, who being both kind and judicious, that time between fifty and sixty years of succeeded perfectly in composing my spi- age, and had been a widower many years. rits. My grandmother, she said, would His manner of living was not wholly love me when we were better acquainted, dissimilar to that of an English baron in and in the mean time I should be dis. ancient times, and was at once impressive graced for erer if I returned home with- of awe by its magnificence, and of respect, out accomplishing the purposes for which by the general happiness it appeared to I had been sent. This last argument was diffuse. The splendid mansion, situated decisive, and although I continued silently in an extensive park, approached by a to count days and weeks, I never sor- long avenue of trees and sheltered on rowed very deeply any more.
the north-east by a wood of stately oaks, “ This old lady had but two crite which had firmly withstood the winter rions for estimating character-rank and blasts of successive centuries, had all the beauty: she did not consider the daugh- · grandeur, without the terrific gloom, of ter of a country clergyman as possessing the ancient Gothic castle. The family the one, and the small-pox had deprived consisted of not fewer than sixty or me of all pretensions to the other. She seventy persons, among whom were many was herself a woman of rank; and her workmen and artificers, who were confamily had risen, from the circumstances stantly employed in it and dined reguof the times, into great consideration, larly in the servants' hall. A pack of
fox-hounds was kept, not so much for He had been early left a minor, under the amusement of their master, although the guardianship of his uncle, my mother's he was himself partial to the exercise of father, and of Dr. Trimnell, Bishop of hunting, as for a sort of rallying point Winchester, who had married one of his that should draw around it the neigh- aunts; his father and mother having both bouring gentlemen. But it was at Christ- died at Bristol, within a week of each mas that the resemblance to the seat of other, when he was very young. He was the ancient baron was most striking. At sent by his guardians to Geneva, where this cheerful season, open house was kept he principally received his education, and for three days ; all the farmers and cot- where he imbibed those principles of civil tagers upon the estate were invited along and religious liberty which afterwards with their wives to dine in the great united him in close friendship with the hall, precisely at two o'clock; where the late highly revered Lord Rockingham, worthy master of the whole family (for and 'the upright, virtuous Sir George they all appeared as his children) presided Savile. Before their day, however, (about at one long table with the men, and his 'the year 1732,) he stood a contested elecamiable daughters at a second table with tion for the county of York, on the Whig the women.
interest, against Sir Miles Stapleton ; but “ The venerable boar's head, decorated losing his electiou, and not choosing to with evergreens and an orange in his represent a borough, he never had a seat mouth, according to ancient custom, was in parliament : but as a magistrate, he was the centre dish at each table. A band of active, judicious and indefatigable, regular - music played during dinner ; after which, in his hours of doing business, exact in the the particular circumstances of every far- distribution of justice, and very careful of mer and cottager were carefully inquired his time. It was his constant custom to into, aud many little plans formed for rise early in a morning; in winter, long the alleviation or relief of their various before day-light, and to kindle his own anxieties or distresses. In the afternoon, fire. His letters were usually written some of the daughters of the most re- before the family breakfast, which was spectable farmers were invited to partake always exactly at nine o'clock; and he of tea, coffee, cakes and sweetmeats; afterwards gave audience to a crowd of aud the evening concluded with a dance, various descriptions of persons, in succesin which they were permitted to join with sion, who were generally in waiting for the young ladies of the family and their his assistance or advice. He was not posother visiters, of whom there were sey- sessed of shining talents, or eminent for 'cral from Wakefield, Pontefract and the literary attainments; but his judgment surrounding neighbourhood. At nine, the was accurate and discriminating; and danciug ceased; the farmers' wives and although he was uniformly cheerful and daughters returned home, and the family condescending, yet there was an air of and their guests adjourned into another dignity about him which forbad every apartment to supper.
approach to undue familiarity. No oue “ The broken meat was regularly dis- ever thought of asking him an improper tributed three times a week, and milk question or of making him an impertigiven every day to the poor inhabitants of nent reply: and he possessed a certain two large villages, which adjoined the readiness and point in his manner which west side of the park. I do not affirm seldom failed of producing the desired that this mode of charity was, of all effect. I shall give the following speciothers, the most useful or enlightened, men related to me by one of his daughbut to a passing observer it was strikingly ters. impressive ; and the whole effect on a “Being in want of a servant to attend young mind was greatly increased by the upon his person, one, who he thought other appendages of a large establishment, would suit him, declined the place, besuch for instance as the number of cause he could not submit to clean his orderly attendants, all arranged in their master's shoes. "If that be the whole proper ranks, and the respectful manner of your objection,' returned the baronet, of the neighbouring gentry. The fascina- ' it may be easily removed ; you can fetch tion, however, would not have been com- the brushes and the blacking and I can plete, or at least it would have continued clean the shoes myself.' The difficulty but a very short time, had not the appear- was instantly overcome; the man ashamed ance, character, manners and occupa- of his folly, requested that he might be tions of the possessor himself supplied engaged on any terms his future master the finishing charm. His person was sin. might think proper, and he lived with gularly graceful, his countenance beamed him afterwards above thirty years, until with benevolence, and in his address the time of his death. there was all the politeness, without the “ Sir Rowland attached himself with foripality, of what is called the old school. great earnestness to the Foundling Hos
in consequence of a fall from his horse, Thatsted the case of Mr. Bowring,
Review.-Details of the Arrest and Liberation of an Englishman. 167 pital at Ackworth, three miles distant Sir Rowland died in the year 1765 : from Nostel, for the reception of deserted “ The fatal disease was a pestilential young children, which was at that time carbuncle, which was not understood by an appendage to the Foundling Hospital the surgeon who attended, and a mortiin London. It was his delight to visit fication came on very rapidly. In the these children, which he generally did delirium which preceded death, the two or three times in the week; examin. worthy patriot repeatedly desired his iug their diet, inquiring into their health attendants to take away that man from and respective improvements and inves- before the king,' meaning Lord Bute, tigating the conduct of the matrou, mas. whose maxims of government he wholly ter and other assistants. Many of the disapproved. So strikingly in him was children, and especially the boys, he knew exemplified the elegant compliment of and distinguished individually, and had
one of our most popular poets to Lord great pleasure in observing whatever ap- Cobham :peared promising in their disposition and
“ Such in those moments, as in all the talents; never shall I forget the animation and fine expression of his countenance,
past, wheu, on his return, he delighted to detail
"O! save my country, Heav'n,' shall the various little occurrences which had
be your last." interested him, to an attentive and affec
Pp. 94, 95. tionate group of family auditors.”—Pp.
(To be continued.) 80-84.
Art. II.—Details of the Arrest, ImBesides the writer of these Memoirs,
prisonment and Liberation of an Mr. Harrison left a son, who was educated for the church, but who was
Englishman by the Bourbon Go
vernment of France. 8vo. pp. 160. of too unsettled a turn to distinguish Hunter and E. Wilson. 1823. 48. himself in his profession, and who died,
THIS Sept. 2, 1787. To him the following of it, already freely expressed, is fully
stated by . interesting extract refers :
justified by the “ Details" here pre“ Such was the state of the family at sented, which are authenticated by Nostel, when I became an inmate in official documents. The pamphlet November 1763. I was received by Sir proves beyond dispute, that the French Rowland in the kindest manner : Assure government had not even the shadow yourself, my dear, and tell your mother,' of a reason for their oppressive and said the honoured invalid, as he lay upon cruel conduct towards our enlightened a couch in his library, on my first entrance, and virtuous countryman. His im• that I will take care of the interests of your brother;' and he lost no time in prisonment was the result of some endeavouring to fulfil his promise. As dark intrigue; the wanton act of a soon as he was able to sit up, he wrote faction which has for some time a long letter to Archbishop Drummond, swayed the Bourbon counsels, and who then filled the see of York, and with which has put the very existence of whom he was in habits of great intimacy, the dynasty in jeopardy. requesting his advice respecting the course The British minister conducted himof study which a young man intended for self in the affair with an appearance, the church ought especially to pursue; at least, of decent regard to the hoadding, that he made the request in behalf of a near relation about whose
nour of the country. Had he shewn welfare he was very solicitous. The
more sympathy with the injured inArchbishop returned an answer at great dividual, and a greater indignation length ; filling many sheets of paper with against the lawless proceedings of the a detail of the authors that should be Court of France, he might not merely studied, and the books consulted ; adding, have avoided blame, but have earned that he had copied it from a plan he had a title to praise, and have conferred a lately sketched out for the use of a near new and noble character upon our own relation of his own." 1.-P. 87.
government in the eyes of Europe.
As it is, Mr. Bowring is left to enjoy "This very sketch of a course of his liberation and to obtain indemnity study for the ministry was published in (if he chooses to seek it) by a suit 1804 by his son, the Rev. Hay Drum- against Louis the XVIIIth. or his mimond, Prebendary of this Cathedral, toge- nisters, in his own courts of justice ! ther with a selection from the Sermons of We must refer the reader for an the Archbishop.".
account of this memorable achieve
ment of the Bourbons to Mr. Bow. maker who was confined there, and ring's own pages, which his ingenious from a collection of stale butter, apples pen could not fail to render interest- and fragments of food, was often er. ing, but in which he has, by a sacrifice ceedingly offensive. A carpenter, a mild of his feelings, confined himself for and amiable man, who had been imprithe most part to a narrative of events, fixed some pegs, on which I was enabled
soned for some smuggling transaction, and to a statement of the alleged rea
to hang up my clothes. The same man sons in justification of his persecutors. had, at the instigation of an old eccleWe cannot, however, forbear giving siastic, erected a neat and commodious an extract or two describing the inte chapel for the unfortunate worshipers, rior of a French prison, and shewing within the walls of the prison, as menwhat it is for an Englishınan to be- tioned before ; and there I was accuscome the victim of French espionage. tomed to attend sometimes, to listen to
the feats of the saints and martyrs of old “I was conducted then to prison" (at time,-to drink in sound legitimate docBoulogne), “and kept for some time in trines, delivered no doubt with great arthe outer apartment. The jailor, who, dour, and for aught I know, resulting though sufficiently rapacioas, was on the from strong conviction. On one occawhole benevolent, seemed disposed to sion the preacher narrated the miraculous exact what he could for the use of the conversion of Clovisma ferocious, per only tolerable apartment in the prison, jured man-destroyer he, by the way which was his own bed-room; but I was and explained to his hearers that he was told I could, in no case, have it at night, a most valiant fighter, who • covered and must share the common fate of the himself with glory,' and who led on the prisoners, and be locked up in their Frenchmen of old times to gather (as apartments. All complaint was of course they always gathered) the laurels of vicunavailing, and I was glad to get, on any tory : but once, when he was about to terms, and for any part of the day, an be beaten back, and finding his prayers abode less wretched than that to which to his own gods most uppropitious, he those who surrounded me were con- exclaimed,' I'll try a new God--the God demoed. Within the prison at Boulogne, of the Christians--the God of my wife as in the majority of prisons in France, · Clothilda.' On a sudden a bright cross all crimes are blended without distinction, appeared in the heavens (that was a plaand the alleviations of imprisonment de giarism—but the prisoners were no propend wholly on the pecuniary resources fessors of history,)-he dashed among of the prisoner. There the debtor and the foe ; they fed at the strokes of his the maniac are confounded with the felon mighty arm; they were scattered like and the murderer-the youngest pilferer dust in his presence. • And so, my be. with the most practised thief-the inno- loved hearers, (said the priest) Chriscent mendicant with the hardened ruffian. tianity became the religion of the Francs, No employment, but gambling; no habits, and travelled down even to you.' The but drunkenness. For spirituous liquors, prisoners are not compelled to attend the sold by the jailor for his own profit, i celebration of mass. I observed that the have seen the wretched inmates pawn young and the old were habitual worthe most necessary articles of dress shipers. The middle-aged seldom crossed There were nakedness, and misery, and the threshold of the chapel, and dealt profligacy-and daily masses, and great liberally the appellations of bigots and concern for the spiritual interests of the hypocrites upon their companions. In prisoners. It were well if those who the prison the state of the women is built a chapel there, (as was lately done,) incredibly bad. There was among them had given half its cost for the purchase one, a poor maniac, who was in the haof soup or straw."-Pp. 17, 18.
bit of tearing off her clothes till she was “ The crowded state of the prison pre- naked ; she sat through the day on a vented the orders for my seclusion from dunghill, which she had collected from being absolutely obeyed, except by day; the filth of the prison, dashing her head for at night I was shut'up as usual with constantly against the prison wall: her the other prisoners, that is, with those body was covered with sores and bruises, who could afford to pay to the jailor ten so as to be intolerable and inapproacha. sous (five-pence) per night, for the ac- ble, from its stench. Her gestures were commodation of a bed; the rest, without horrible beyond any thing I had ever any distinction of crime, being allowed witnessed ; and she sat, rotting, upon only straw, and that in insufficient quan- the rottenness beneath her, the subject tity. My apartment was in a state of of all the jests and ridicule of the terrible dilapidation; and from the grease wretches who surrounded her. There and other materials belonging to a shoe, was another woman,-driven to insanity
Review.-Wallace's Sermon at Leicester.
169 by a love affair, whose beauty, wild and Mr. Wallace has been trained in a frenzied as it was, could not but instantly better school. Of his attachment to arrest and fix the attention, --who had scriptural studies, and of his profici, who dealt out her measure of scorn and ency in them, he has given undoubted contempt on the criminals who laughed proof in a former publication. The at and tormented her. They were all
sermon now to be reviewed, contains mingled together-maniacs and prosti- some ingenious criticism; and, whetates, female thieves and debtors. Therether we invariably agree with its auis a Prison Society at Paris ; the Bour. thor or not, we must commend his bous are its patrons, and they receive attempt, and thank him for his lafrom time to time its laudatory hom- bours. mages."-Pp. 22–25.
His text is Exod. xx. 24, “ In all
places where I record my name, I will Art. III.- Omnipresence an Attribute which promise, he well observes,
come unto thee, and I will bless thee;" of the Father only: a Sermon, virtually fulfilled, whenever any token preached at Leicester, on Wednes of the Divine favour appeared, alday, July 26, 1821, before the Unitarian Tract Society, established at though, God himself was not visibly Birmingham, for Warwickshire and makes a transition to Matt. xviii. 20,
present.” (7, 8.) This preacher then the neighboaring Counties. By Robert Wallace. Birmingham : printed rance which he considers as allusive to
" Where two or three, &c.;" an assuand sold by Belcher and Son; and sold by Hunter, in London. 1822. forms in the sacred writings of the
a proverb found under a variety of 12mo. pp. 33.
Jews. That the declaration is perCH YHRISTIAN truth will be most sonally applicable to Jesus, and that
effectually taught and vindicated it constitutes an irrefragable demonby men, whose knowledge of it is stration of his omnipresence, are very derived from the Scriptures, in the current, but, as Mr. W. justly reasons, original languages. An acquaiņtance very erroneous opinions. Our Lord's with the productions of its ablest un- parting, address to his apostles, in inspired advocates, is, no doubt, bene- John xiv. 25, is conclusive against the ficial, but should not be generally supposition of his literal presence with substituted for the critical study of them after his ascension.
“ Admit," the volume of Revelation. It was the says the author before us,
“ that this opinion of a late excellent man and passuget establishes the doctrine of distinguished scholar,* that “the New Christ's omnipresence, and by the Testament should be read, as if the same rule you may prove in a manner book were newly published in the equally satisfactory the onnipresence world, and, if possible, every interfe- of Moses." I "Be strong and of a rence of any sentiments professed good courage, for thou shalt bring the among different sects of Christians children of Israel into the land which most scrupulously shut out. Let the I sware unto them, and I will be with student,” he adds, “ thoroughly un
thee." He argues this point with derstand the diction and style of his great force and success, ş and appeals author's composition, and deduce his further to Deut. xi. 13, 15, xxix. 5, 6, own creed accordingly.” The same as containing examples of similar phrawriter then condemns that superficial seology: “What language,” he asks, and ill-considered mode of education,
can be bolder and more figurative “whence springs, with other evil fruit, than this ? Yet no one ever hinted or a harvest of theological coxcombs, de- even conjectured that such language voted to a system, and puffed up with afforded any ground for the supposia vain conceit of profound knowledge tion that Moses was invested with the not worth possessing: the building may look fair and stately to the eye of an unskilful or inaccurate observer, * Mon. Repos. XV. 44, &c. but its foundation is on the sand." + Matt. xviii. 20.
I Deut. xxxi. 23.
Ś We say, with great force and success, Memoirs of the Life of Gilbert Wake. because a mere identity of words and field, (1804, Vol. 1, 341, &c.
sound is insufficient, VOL. XVIII.