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Execution, that it opposes not Civil Dean sent it as a present (as he usuGovernment in any one instance of ally did most of the pieces which he it,' printed at London, 1685, in 8vo. published) to Mr. John Howe, one of This discourse had been seen in ma- the most learned among the Nonconnuscript by the Dean and his friend formist ministers, and who had been Dr. Stillingfleet, who was also severely chaplain to the Protector Oliver Cromreflected upon in it for his Irenicum; well. Mr. Howe immediately perused and the author called upon them by a it, and was not a little troubled to letter, printed afterwards in the pre- find a notion there of so ill a tendency. face to that book, to retract their own Upon this he drew up a long letter, opinions, or to confute his. But the in which he freely expostulated with Dean of Canterbury did not think the Dean for giving such a wound to proper to take the least public notice the Reformation, intimating to him, of so confused and unintelligible a that Luther and Calvin, and the rest writer, * whose style is a mere jargon, of our Reformers, were (thanks be to though Dr. Hickes † is pleased to God) of another mind. The Christian style him a very learned and orthodox religion, says he, both as to its predivine, and his book an excellent one; cepts and promises, is already conand King James II. had so great a firmed by miracles : and must it be regard for him, as to nominate him to repealed every time a wicked governor the Deanery of Rochester, in the lat thinks fit to establish a false religion? *ter end of October 1688, which Mr. Must no one stand up for the true Lowth could not obtain possession of, religion, till he can work a miracle? for want of the degree of Doctor of He signified to him how much he was Divinity, before that King's abdica- grieved, that, in a sermon against Potion. I

pery, he should plead the Popish cause “ But it will be now requisite to against all the Reformers; and insee how the Dean's position, above- sisted upon it that we had incontes mentioned, was received by the Non- table evidence of the miracles wrought conformists. Dr. Calamy's account by the apostles, and that we are bound is, that King Charles II. having slept to believe them, and take religion to most part of the time while the ser. be established by them without any mon was delivered, a certain nobleman farther expectations. Mr. Howe carstept up to him, as soon as it was ried the letter himself, and delivered over, and said, 'Tis pity your Ma- it into the Dean's own hands; and he, jesty slept; for we had the rarest taking a general and cursory view of piece of Hobbism that ever you heard it, signified his willingness to talk that in your life.' Odds fish, he shall whole matter freely over; but said print it, then, answered the king, and they could not be together where they immediately called the Lord-Cham- were without interruption, and there berlain, and gave him his command fore moved for a little journey into to the Dean to print his sermon, the country, that so they might have When it came from the press, the freedom of discourse. They accord

ingly agreed to go and dine that day

with the Lady Fauconberg, at Sutton “ • Dr. Stillingfieet made some remarks Court, and Mr. Howe read over the on Mr. Lowth's book in his Epistle De- letter to the Dean, and enlarged upon dicatory, prefixed to his Sermon, preached the contents of it as they were traat a public Ordination at St. Peter's, velling along together in his chariot. Cornhill, March 15th, 1684-5. To which The Dean at length fell to weeping Mr. Lowth replied in a letter to him, freely, and said, that it was the most printed in 1687, in 4to."

unhappy thing that had a long time † Some Discourses, p. 48." “ Wood. Fasti Oxon. Vol. II. col. he had offered was not to be main

befallen him; and that he saw, what 138."

tained. But he told him, that it was § Memoirs of the Life of Mr. John Howe, pp. 75, 76, edit. London, 1724, not his turn to preach as on that day ; in 8vo. Dr. Calamy says, p. 78, that the but the person who was to have done person from whom he had the story, that office falling sick, the Dean was committed it to writing presently after sent to by the Lord-Chamberlain to he had received it from Mr. Howe him- supply his place. He added, that he self."

had but little notice, and so considered

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Dr. (afterioards Archbishop) Tillotson.

201 the general fears of Popery, anl his the gospel; yet he was so far pleased text offering itself, lie thought the with the rest of the discourse, that notion resulted from it. •And,' said I do,' says he, ‘for myself, and I he, immediately after preaching. I dare venture, in the name of all Disreceived a command from the King senters, to give him thanks for what to print the sermon, and then it was he hath said in it in defence of the not in my power to alter it.' It was Protestant religion, (that nogen-190probably one of the Nonconformists, gen thing, as a late dialogist, who and no inconsiderable writer among would be thought a Protestant, is them, who, soon after the publication pleased to call it,) and to aver, that if of the Dean's sermon, printed in 4to. there were no more said by any in the Short Animadversions upon it, so world to loath people of that religion, far as the said Sermon asserteth the and to make it an abhorrence to ali power of the Magistrate in things of good princes and all good men, than Religion over his Subjects, the same he hath said in thirteen or fourteen with that of a Master of a Family lines, p. 31, nor any more said than he over his family. The Unlawfulness of hath said to baffle their popish argupreaching the true Religion by Minis. ments from universality and antiquity, ters, where a false Religion is esta- yet there needed no more ; for all the blished by Law, without an extraor- Papists on earth can never either wipe dinary Commission confirmed by Mi- off the first or answer the latter.' The racles; and the Hypocrisy of sucht Animadverter then remarks, that all Ministers as think themselves obliged that he had to enter his dissent to, lies to preach Christ (though contrary to in five pages, the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, a law) in their own country, because 13th, of the Dean's sermon; nor should they do not go and do the same in he have done that, if he had not judgTurkey or Spain. All which Asser- ed, that by some assertions in them the tions are shortly examined. The first magistrate is warranted, if not in the prored to be uncertainly true. The slaying, yet in the banishment or sesecond condemning the practice of all vere punishing of his subjects dissentthe first Ministers of the Gospel after ing, not in the essentials of religion, the Apostles, and of those that have bat only in the circumstantials, yet laboured in Reformation. The third such, as in the doing, or not doing most uncharitable and groundless.' of them aright, the soul may become This piece is written with the utmost guilty before God: and also that hy civility to the Dean, whom the author those assertions, whosoever succeeded aequits of any thought of encouraging the apostles in the plantation of the a persecution of Protestant Dissenters, gospel, in countries where a false reliat a time when it was the most ad- gion was before established by a law; visable project for the popish design and all those glorious martyrs, who imaginable, because,' says the ani- had suffered for publishing the gospel madverter, * ' he hath appeared to the in England, while Popery was here world such an eminent assertor of the established by law, or in other countrue religion against Popery; and as tries ; ` and so,' continues he, all the he is a man of judgment and learning Reformers are most inconsiderately above thousands of others, so he hath condemned, as doing that they had no always appeared a man of temper and right, no authority to do; and all exceeding great moueration. He de- those divines condemned for hypodares himself likewise far from the crites, who take themselves bound in base disingenuity of those who can their native country, and to their see nothing good in their adversa- neighbourhood, under å necessity to ries, that though he thought himself preach the gospel, and cannot think obliged to enter his dissent to some that they have an equal obligation things said by the Dean concerning upon them to traverse the world, to the power of the magistrate in mnats make the gospel abound from London ters of religion, and the force of some to Constantitiople, Romè or Madrid. human lavos prohibiting men to preach He assents to the main proposition of

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the Dean, pp. 9, &c., that, 'to counte- cess ; and this principle is the true nance and support the true religion, ground and bottom of my assertion : and to take care that the people be so that unless upon the sanie principle instructed in it, and that none be per- contrary conclusions can be built, mitted to debauch and seduce men there must be some mistake in the from it, properly belongs to the civil reasoning of one side. But whether I magistrate :' but then proceeds to his be really concerned in it or not, I have exceptions against some of the subse- great reason to think that it will genequent passages in the sermon. And rally be believed that this discourse is the Dean himself thought proper particularly designed against ine; and to review it, and to publish a new that the same malice which raised so edition of it the same year, though groundless a clamour against my late without taking notice in the title-page sermon will be very glad to find me that it was a second edition; in which struck at in the odious company of he made an alteration or two in the Spinosa and Mr: Hobbs, as of the passages excepted to; particularly in same Atheistical principles with thein; that, where in the former edition he a blow which I least expected, and spake of religion's being the strongest for that reason should be very much band of human society, and God 80 surprised to receive from your hand. necessary to the welfare and happiness I could be glad to meet with that of mankind, as he could not have been kindness and candour which I have more, &c., he changed the word he ever used towards others; but if that into it; and in p. 12, after the word may not be, I must content myself permission, he added, (or connivance,] with the conscience of having endeaof the magistrate. These alterations voured to deserve well of all men, and were preserved in all the subsequent of the Truth itself. editions: and in the first in 8vo., in “ I am, Sir, with great sincerity, as the third volume of his sermons in I have always been, 1686, Sermon IX. he added a para

“ Your affectionate friend graph of near a page after the words

and servant, permission or connivance of the ma

JOHN TILLOTSON.” gistrate, beginning thus : Not but that every man hath a right,' &c. and ending with the word sufferings. “ The Animadversions above men

The second of these letters was adtioned came to his hands while he was

dressed to Mr. Sylvester, the friend in residence at Canterbury, in July and biographer of Baxter, and was 1680; but they did not seem to him sent by post with the superscription very considerable, as he wrote on the that will be found at the end. The 27th of that month to his friend Ro. signature is only T., but the handbert Nelson, Esq. “However,' added' writing is Tillotson's, and the contents he, 'I am sorry that any thing of are such as Tillotson would have writmine should occasion so much talk ten upon the occasion, which was an and noise.'"

answer to an application from Syl

vester for information concerning BaxLetter I.

ter, whom the Archbishop had known June 2d, 1680. intimately for a great many, years. “ REVEREND Sir,

Tillotson's newly-acquired ecclesiasti

cal dignity in the see of Canterbury I received your letter and the pa- might cause him to feel the expedipers enclosed, which having perused ency of not subscribing his name at I do now return. And I cannot think length to such a letter, but it is truly myself to be really much concerned pleasing to see his Christian affection in them, because they grant all along for the veteran Nonconformist, lately that the obligation of duty ceascth deceased, his catholic spirit towards when there is no probability of suc- the Nonconformists in general, and

his anxiety that the projected work

should be honourable to the subject Life of Tillotson, 2d ed. 1753, pp. of it, and useful to the cause of truth 59-67.

and freedom.

Dr. (afterwards Archbishop) Tillotsoni.

203 LETTER II.

and that if he lived in a place where Wedn. Feb. 3rd, 9.

it was wholly at his liberty, he would

worship God sometimes with the Epis" DEAR SIR,

copal, sometimes with the Congrega“I return you my thanks for yours, tional, sometimes with the Anabapand am glad to hear you intend to write tists, if they would permit bim, to our Rev. and beloved Mr. Baxter's shew his union with them, but usually Life. You do it not only or chiefly to in his own way he thought the best. satisfy some people's curiosity, nor to . " Riding with him one day, he told honour him who will live in his works, me the fable of an old man and a but to give glory to God and benefit young boy, that rode to the market those that shall read it. And, there- on a poor little ass. As they went, fore, Sir, I would not have you make the people cried to this old man and too much haste in it, (to which many boy, ' Are you not ashamed both to will be pressing you,) but take time ride on the poor ass and kill him ?' enough to do it well; and not (as too Then the boy alighted. The next that many others in the like cases have met them said, “Thou old fool, art done) to murder him while you would thou not ashamed to ride and let the make known his life. I need not de- little boy go on foot ?' Then the old sire you to set before you the lives man alighted, and set the boy on his that have been written of late more back. The next that met them said, accurately, as that of Mr. John Bruen, •You young jackanapes, are you not Dr. Hammond, Mr. Elliot, and others ashamed to ride and let the poor

old ainongst us, Scultetus Curriculum

man go on foot ?'

Then the boy Vitæ suæ, &c, &c. abroad, and of M. alighted, and went on foot with the de Renty, and Philip Nerius, &c., by old man and led the ass empty. The the Romanists, which greatly instruct next that met them said, “Thou old and move while they are read; and I fool, dost thou and the child both go doubt not but you will digest things on foot, and have an ass unloaden with under several heads, as concerning his you?' &c. Saying he could never do piety, temperance, charity; preaching, any thing to purpose till he was got writings, reproaches, sufferings, (insist- above the censures of people, it being ing especially on that before my Lord impossible to please all. Jeffreys,) his patience, &c., and of his * He told me another time, that life in the several places where he re- one discoursing with him, asserted, sided. His writings, his conversation that besides the Understanding and with you, and many others in London, Will, there inust be a third Principle will furnish you abundantly, and í of Action ; because we oft cannot cannot pretend to add any thing ma- perform many inward acts, though we terial, yet I will scribble something heartily will to do them ; which he said while I take the pleasure to recollect he closed with, and was useful to bim some few things in my acquaintance in his threefold principle, which from with him, which hath been near forty the Trinity he insists upon downward years.

I remember I heard him relate, • At Kidderminster he practised that when he was at Ludlow in his the physician amongst the country youth, having some thoughts of be- people, and gave them the plıysic also longing to that Court, there were two freely ; some commending him much young men of his acquaintance that for that, some others said, though he were deeply convinced of sin, earnest will take no money, lis housekeeper in prayer and profession of religion, will take as many pigs and liens, &c. that fell away after notoriously; the as you will; so finding that ill requital, particulars, which were very affecting, he sent for Dr. Jackson amongst I have forgot, but that wrought much them, and let them pay for their physic upon him, and the sense of it abode and their doctor too. on him when he related it to me, “ They kept many private thanks. many years after.:

giving as well as fast-days ; (it were “One of the chief things, for which I well if we did so ;) and then had a first began and always continued to love good dinner, and only the cold incat and honour lim, was his profession of that was left at supper. One of the love unfeigued to all that love Christ, good men (whose name I remember

very much.

not) said, they ought to have good on him, you !pill not-forget. Tis said hot meat at supper as well as at din- of Calyin, scarce ever any was more ner, for else it was but a fast--and all belied and abused than he; so that, that he and others could say, could besides many others, M. Drelincourt, not move him from the conceit. one of the Protestant ministers at

“I heard him say he would not be Paris, anno 1667, printed a handsome willing to have an account to give to large book in defence of hin, which God for above a hundred pounds a is worth the reading, year for his maintenance in the minis- “Of his great and many sufferings try.

from the high episcopal party, though “I have admired his discourse above he was so much for peace, (which bis writings; for putting him upon many others of them much disliked,) any point that was more difficult and to the everlasting slamne of such; esintricate, I have observetl, he would pecially that carriage of my Lord take his rise a good way off, and by Jeffreys, when before him in his house, several steps fairly linked together, (Mr. Jacomb, as I remember, was by with much clearness go on to what he then,) when his lady (yet living) deasserted.

sired him to be more fair; and how You will mention his writings in used in Westminster Hali; nothing the order he wrote them, with the more honourable than when the Rev. occasion and some plain though brief Baxter stood at bay, berogued, abuaccount of them; and especially I sed, despised ; never more great than would have you clearly and briefly lay then. Draw this well. (You will say, down his judgment concerning justi- this will not be borne; it may, if well fication, (which few do clearly and done; and if it will not be borne now, fully understand, which of late some it will hereafter, and the time will in the city have so opposed,) and come when it may and will be known.) shew he really magnifies Christ and This is the noblest part of his life, and faith and grace, and doth not really not that he might have been a bishop. differ from honest, true Protestants; The apostle (2 Cor. xi.) when he and that his hypothesis may differ would glory, mentions his labours and from others, (as many of the astrono- stripes and bonds and imprisonments; mers do,) but that he asserts the same his troubles, weariness, dangers, rerealities with them.

proaches; not his riches and coaches "I have oft pressed him to let his and honours and advantages. God lead books lie by him some time, and to us into this spirit, and free us from the review them again and again, but worldly one which we are apt to run could never prevail with him, who into. said, they must come forth so or not “And be sure to give a clear account at all. And, Sir, as God is pleased of the transactions at the Savoy in the Holy Scriptures to mention the (1660), of which he hath told me he failings of his greatest saints, so you had a fuller account amongst his will take a fit occasion to do it hand. papers than any yet extant, and how somely, and that ainongst his great truly he foresaw and told what would excellencies he was not to be looked follow, on the course they took; and on as infallible, nor without some take notice of the misrepresentation failings, one of the chief of which of him by Bishop Morley, and the was, his bigh and peremptory censur- rather because Dr. Turner, (since ing those he dissented from, the fa. Bishop of Ely,) in his Animadversions mousest writers, synods, &c., with on the Naked Truth, (1676,) licensed too much magisterialness, and all by the Bishop of London, p. 14, menother Protestant divines in managing tions the notable effect that conferthe controversies with the Papists, ences with the leaders of the Nonconespecially concerning the Revelation. formists might have ; which (says he) It will be to his honour to have a appears in what the Bishop of Winhandsome veil drawn here, and that chester (then of Worcester) printed of herein he is not alone, but in the same what passed in that short one of the fault with divers of the ancient fathers Savoy; that so soon as it came to and modern writers, Hierom, Luther, writing in syllogism, they were driven &c.

to assert, that whatsoever may be the “The horrid lies and reproaches cast occasion of sin to any person must be

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