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Mr. Rutt on the Character of the late Mr. Lewin.

235 tracts, I know froin repeated expe- of suffering one of the most useful rience that they would of their own institutions among us to sink to the free choice be induced to spend many ground. hours in the perusal of them, which I am aware that Unitarian congregawould otherwise be spent in idle or tions have inany and pressing calls in vicious pursuits. And the good upon their liberality. But this is a impressions thus derived would not way in which so much good may be terminate with themselves, but would done at such a trifling expense, that be conveyed to their posterity: and cannot help strongly hoping it may thus, by a very trifling expense and be thought entitled to some share of trouble, we might be conferring the their attention. If every Unitarian somost important benefits on future ge- ciety throughout the kingdom would nerations, and continue to be doing average a collection of one pound, it good long after our bones shall have would probably set this excellent inmouldered to ashes.

stitution free from all its difficulties, But, alas ! truth compels us to ac- and place it upon a comfortable and a knowledge that the present state of respectable foundation. Our contrithe funds of this institution bears butions ought not to be wholly enwitness against us of our apathy and grossed in endeavouring to make prowant of zeal in its support. A request selytes to our opinions. Let us never was some time ago made by the com- forget the paramount obligation of mittee, through the medium of the endeavouring to induce Unitarians to Monthly Repository, that Unitarian act up to their principles, and become congregations would endeavour to aid ornaments of their profession. them, by making collections in their Neither is it necessary that these behalf; but to this just, reasonable congregational collections should be and proper request, I fear but little gratuitous. On the contrary, I think attention has been paid. I know it it highly desirable that every society, to be a fact, that there are many per- sending a collection, should claim sons in the Society, to which I have tracts, and distribute them in their the happiness to belong, who are Sunday Schools, and among any of warmly attached to this institution, their members to whom they may be and who would exceedingly regret to likely to be most useful. This excelsee it sink for want of support. If lent institution needs not the aid of these persons would agree to make a charity for its support; all that it recongregational collection in its behalf, quires is a sufficient number of active, I would pledge myself to contribute zealous subscribers, who will industwo sovereigus to the collection, and triously distribute their tracts. if I fail in this engagement, I will

A FRIEND TO RELIGIOUS freely consent for the Editor of the

INSTRUCTION. * Monthly. Repository to expose my Dame, with all the odium which such an act of perfidy would merit. But

Clapton, if I fulfil my engagements, I depend

SIR,

April 19, 1823. upon his honour to keep it a profound I HAVE too long ceglected to gra, be the means of inducing only a few of the late Mr. Lewin, by offering you Unitarian societies to make such col- an addition to the Obituary, p. 57. lections, I shall think this money bet- Those who knew my excellent friend ter employed than any I have ever yet must, I think, have perceived and reexpended. But this, perhaps, is in- gretted an extreme diffidence which dulging vanity too far: yet if our

too often withheld from his associates Almighty Father bas it in view to much of that various knowledge which bless and prosper this institution, he he had derived from long observation, can do it by means of the humblest and roost obscure instruments, as well

* The name of our correspondent is as by the most brilliant and splendid. given to us, and we think it proper to At present, it seems very evident that state that the writer is wholly unconunless some such means are adopted, nected with the manageident of the Sowe must incur the indelible disgrace ciety in question. ED.

and a highly rational occupation of on the result of our friend's trial. leisure in his most valuable library. This projected subscription (of which I have also good reason to believe that there is an account in the Memoirs, II. Mr. Lewin was equally reserved, as to 155) was first mentioned by me in a numerous instances of his benevolent conversation with Mr. Lewin. His consideration for want and misfortune. immediate approbation encouraged me But it is his ready attention to the to proceed, while his own very liberal call of friendship, on an occasion which contribution to the design afforded an could not fail to interest me, and early example, without which I have which cannot easily pass from my re- always doubted whether that tribute collection, which I would now record of regard to a victim of ministerial in your pages. This I knew my vengeance would have become, at friend's disposition too well, to have length, so worthy of the occasion. attempted, till he was beyond the I beg leave to add, that I have acted reach of human approbation.

with Mr. Lewin in various societies, My intimacy with Mr. Lewin was and he was one of those whose silence much advanced by our mutual attach- I peculiarly regretted. Yet this indisment to Gilbert Wakefield, especially position to publicity I have observed when he became the subject of a Court him to overcome on a few very partiprosecution. Our friend's trial came cular occasions, when, by a declaraon at Westminster, Feb. 21, 1799. tion of his opinion, beyond a silent The Attorney-General of that day has vote, he would either recommend long ago reached the splendid goal some liberal proposal, or else bear his which urges a court-lawyer's progress testimony against some servile comeither through primrose-paths or iniry pliance or courtly adulation. ways, just as the service of his masters I cannot help regretting that you may require. He now connected his are yet unfurnished with a few dates, name with that of one of the first such as are expected from an Obituscholars of his age, prevailing with a ary, and some notices of Mr. Lewin's willing jury, to consign to the tender family, such as only his immediate mercies of the King's Bench, (as, ac- connexions can easily supply. cording to legal calumny, « a false,

J. T. RUTT. scandalous and malicious libeller,'') an unguarded, because a fearless cen

Wolverhampton, sor of “ wickedness in high places,”

April 19, 1823. whose life had been devoted to the VROM a perusal of the interesting investigation of truth and the promotion of virtue. The Court-Prosecutor, ther with the advertisement of Dr. however, was in no haste to worry the Thomas Rees, both prefixed to the prey of which he was sufficiently.se. Monthly Repository of December last,

He readily consented to suffer I was led to expect that an active and Mr. Wakefield to be at large till called liberal subscription would have immeup for judgment.

diately commenced in aid of the cause In this emergency, for which no of Unitarian Christianity in India. It provision had been made, I was anx- is, however, to be presumed that conious immediately to find a colleague tributions have been received for this who would publicly appear with me purpose by the different gentlemen in the Court, as Mr. Wakefield's bail. named in Dr. Rees's advertisement. There was probably in that Court no But, excepting the solitary instance individual more disposed than Mr. of your correspondent C. B., [p. 11,] Lewin to slirink from such publicity, the Unitarian public has yet to learn and the usual consequent exhibition whether any subscriptions have been in the newspapers. "He, however, received or not. Since this time a came forward most promptly, and, by most important communication has such a seasonable assistance, not a lit. been made by the Rev. W. Adam, tle relieved our friend and his family. from Calcutta, to the Secretary of the

To Mr. Lewin I ought, also, to Unitarian Fund, and I fully agree with acknowledge my peculiar obligations him, that “all these considerations for the highly gratifying success of combined seem imperiously to call the project which I was led to form, on English Unitarians to exert them.

Sir,

cure.

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Gleaning's.

237 selves, according to their ability, in tleman, he saw some people on the spreading the gospel in this country.” highway before hiin, with their Bibles I rejoice to find that the Committee under their arms. Said the Doctor to of that Fund“ bave pledged them. his companion, ‘Here are wise Preselves to bring Mr. Adam's applica- cisians; I do not believe they can tion for assistance before their bre- tell me how many commandments thren in this country.” I flatter my- there are, as zealous as they seem to self the Unitarian body will not suffer be. Up gets he to them: “You are themselves to be appealed to in vain, going, I suppose,' said the Doctor, and from their number, consequence,

to hear some sermon this afternoon." wealth and liberality, an ample fund Yes, we are,' said they. You canwill be promptly created for carrying not stay at home with your neighbours, on this great work with success. But, to divert yourselves ! No, we canindependently of the zeal and exertions not and will not.' Pray,' said he, of the Committee, I think a direct 'how many Commandments are there? public appeal may be made to advan- One that knew him stepped up and tage, through the medium of the said • Eight.' 'I told you,' said the Monthly Repository and other chan- Doctor to the gentleman, 'how wise nels, and congregations and individuals these zealous Precisians are.' 'Nay,' invited, without any further delay, to said the plain,

man, I know furnish contributions. Being fully there were Ten Commandments; but convinced that the most happy and the Papists blotted out the Second, important results will follow our unit- Thou shalt not make to thyself any ed endeavours, I very cheerfully in- graven image, &c.; and one Dr. Ironclose you. Ten Pounds to be applied sides blotted out the Fourth, Rememexclusively to the promotion of the ber the Sabbath Day to keep it holy: Unitarian cause in India, and shall be and between the Papists and him, they glad to become an annual contributor left but Eight.' You may easily imawhenever a plan is properly organized gine how the Doctor looked; and how for carrying on this great work. merry the gentleman was, that he was

J. P.

so caught in trying ignorant, zealous Precisians.'-Vindiciæ Anti-Baxteri

12mo. 1696, pp. 21, 22. GLEANINGS ; OR, SELECTIONS AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE

No. CCCCIV.

ana.

OF GENERAL READING.

Virtuous Eurl of Pembroke.
No. CCCCIII.
Anecdote of Dr. Ironsides.

When Queen Anne ascended the

throne, the Earl of Pembroke resigned Dr. Ironsides was one of the High his post of Lord High Admiral of Churchmen in the time of Charles I., England, to make way for her conwho wrote against the morality of the sort, Prince George of Denmark. Sabbath :* a zealous Independent, of From this circumstance, he was ofabout the same period, has preserved fered a large pension, to which he rethe following tale relating to him.

plied, “ That however convenient it It is storied of Dr. Ironsides, that, might be for his private interest, yet riding on the Lord's-Day with a gen- with his principles, and, therefore,

the accepting of it was inconsistent

since he could not have the honour • Seven Questions of the Sabbath. of serving his country in person, he Oxon. 1637, 4to. On the Restoration, would endeavour to do it by his exhe was raised to the See of Bristol. He ample.” died there, Sept, 19, 1671. Wood. Athen. Oxon. 4to, III, 940.

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REVIEW.
" Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."--Popr.

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Art. I.--Memoirs of the Life of the other benevolent exertions ; of which the
lale Mrs. Catharine Cappe.

intention now carried into effect of ino

culating, at their own expense, for the
(Continued from p. 167.) small-pox, then very fatal, all the poor
ОТ

children of Catterick and its vicinity, is a
of these “Memoirs" is that
which relates to Mr. and Mrs. Lindsey, her excellent husband on the business of

begun by Mrs. L. during the absence of
with whose private life Mrs. Cappe the petition, to whom, in zeal for upwea-
was intimately acquainted. A great ried usefulness, in ability to accomplish
part of what she here communicates it, and in utter disregard of money, whe-
was given by herself to our readers ther for its own sake or as the means of
(Mon. Repos. III. 637, and VII. procuring any selfish indulgence, she was
109); but some further particulars not inferior.”—Pp. 150, 151.
are added. On this subject the writer It is well known that the fate of the
has felt warmly, and expressed her Clerical Petition, in 1773, decided Mr.
feelings with considerable energy; but Lindsey's mind. He was in London
much as she admired Mr. Lindsey, she attending its presentation, and the
could not overrate his moral worth. meinorable debate to which it gave
It has been coldly remarked, by a rise.
living orthodox divine, that he did no

« One characteristic anecdote of Mr.
more than his duty in quitting a Lindsey I must here mention, merely for
church whose doctrines he had ceased the purpose of shewing that he excelled
to believe. True, but though every as much in the smaller as in the greater
virtue is a duty, some virtues are of and more exalted virtues. After the fate
high praise, and the highest praise of of the petition was decided, anxious as
all belongs to that integrity which, for he was to return, oppressed by disap-
the sake of a pure conscience and for pointment and harassed by fatigue, he
the glory of God, welcomes the pro- yet took the trouble, on the morning of
spect of poverty and degradation in his leaving town, of going to the 'Tower
society. Mr. Lindsey, indeed, was not to purchase a quantity of new half-pence,
suffered to remain in obscurity or to

to be given to the poor children as reendure want; but when he made his

wards for taking their medicines.”—Pp.

151, 152.
magnanimous sacrifice of his ecclesi-
astical rank and emoluments, he went

Amongst Mr. Lindsey's friends was
out into the world “not knowing Mr. Mason, the poet ; and this gen-
whither he went.”

tleman used all his influence to pre

vent the conscientious divine from
“Mr. Lindsey had no private fortune ; plunging himself into worldly difficul.
his father, who had been proprietor

of ties by a step which probably appeared
some salt-works in Cheshire, had been
deeply injured in his circumstances by to him the fanaticism of virtue.
the extravagance of his eldest son, the “ One of the first persons, I believe,
child of a former marriage ; and the re- to whom Mr. Lindsey fully communicated
maining property, which would have de his intention of resigning his living, was
volved on him, he had generously given his former college friend, the late Rev.
up, on his coming of age, to his only Wm. Mason, who was at that time pre-
sister, who was married, and had a fa centor in the Cathedral of York, and so
mily in Leicestershire. Mrs. Lindsey's justly celebrated for fine poetical ta-
fortune was also at this time very incon. lents. It happened in the following man.
siderable, and they had not saved any ner: Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, a friend of
part of their income; it being their con- Mr. L.'s, being High Sheriff, he was re-
stant habit to give away in books and quested to preach the assize sermon in
medicines, and sometimes in money, the Minster, in July, 1773; and, being
whatever they could spare to the sick invited to lodge in the house of Mr. M.,
and needy in the parish. Neither did their former intimacy induced Mr. L. to
they at this time make any alteration in impart to him the resolution he had made.

Review.comMemoirs of the Life of the late Mrs. Catharine Cappe. 239 Mr. Mason was electrified with astonish- the liberality and friendship of the late ment and grief. He really loved his old Earl of Huntingdon upon this occasion. college friend, thought justly of the It is, I believe, well known that, revolted soudness of his head, and very highly probably by the superstition and enthuappreciated the goodness of his heart; siasm which mixed with the genuine piety he was himself a very worthy, respectable of his otherwise excellent and exemplary character, but, having devoted his time mother, he had run into the opposite more to the study of belles lettres than extreme, and had become a decided unof the Scriptures, mixing much in the believer. It is probable that he consiworld, and viewing the subject through dered the foreign appendages unhappily the false medium of its mistaken princi- interworen in the Established Creed, as ples, he could not feel the necessity nor a part of the religion of the gospel. comprehend the duty of making such a What became of the universe,' he was sacrifice. Strict integrity, he was ready wout exultingly to inquire of Mr. Lindsey, to admit, in all the transactions of social when its great Creator hung lifeless or commercial life, was an indispensable upon a tree in Judea ?_ I am not conduty; it had ever been the rule of his cerned, my Lord, to answer that question, own conduct ; in respect to these, no the foundation on which it rests not mental reserve, however slight, ought on forming any part of my creed.'— But any account to be allowed; but to ex- the belief of it forms a part of the creed teud this to the usage of mere forms, by of that church in which you weekly oftiwhich no one was injured, and which ciate as a minister,' was the heart-piercmight be considered as being simply offi- ing reply. To the honour, however, of cial, was, in his mind, to the last degree Lord Huntingdon, when he heard of Mr. visionary and absurd. He was indefati-. Lindsey's determination to leave the gable, therefore, in his endeavours to Church, he wrote him a very handsome dissuade his friend from persevering in letter, saying, that how indifferent soever his resolution : he stated to him the de- he might be respecting subjects of mere privations he must suffer; the difficulties theology, he greatly honoured the intehe would have to encounter; the oblo- grity which could lead to such a sacrifice; quy to which he would subject himself; and he offered Mr. L. to appoiut him his and, at length, when he found him im- Librarian, with a handsome salary, and moveable on every consideration that re- an apartment entirely to himself, where spected his own sufferings, he changed his time for literary pursuits should be the mode of attack, and asked him if he completely at his own disposal.”—Pp. had a right to subject Mrs. L. to so many 161, 162. inconveniences and hardships? Here he found that his friend was not invulnera. Our biographer became an inhabi. ble; his final resolution, indeed, being tant of York in the year 1782, and the calm and deliberate result of many became the wife of the late Rev. Newan anxious hour, he could not shake, but come Cappe in 1788. Never, perhaps, he could pour into the appointed cup a was a matrimonial connexion entered tenfold portion of bitterness. I was at into from purer or higher motives, and Catterick when Mr. L. returned thither, and never can I forget his altered looks

never was conjugal union more sacred and depressed countenance :-his

or more happy. The reader must con

vers recollection seemed to be impaired, as he sult the volume for the details of this asswered our anxious inquiries about his interesting event, which Mrs. Cappe health, as he feebly ascended the few relates with all the ingenuousness and steps leading from the garden to the en- simplicity of a mind conscious only trance : “ how is all this,' he said, can of Christian sentiments. Mr. Cappe one indispensable duty ever really be in- would under any circumstances have compatible with another?'-We did every been respectfully remembered by the thing in our power to sooth and calm his denomination of which he was mind; and in a very few days he was bright an ornament ; but it is chiefly enabled to recover his usual serenity.This was in truth his hour of darkness, industry that he has established a

owing to Mrs. Cappe's affectionate but it happily soon passed away." --Pp. claim upon the veneration and grati156-158.

tude of posterity by his eloquent DisMrs. Cappe has recorded, with due courses, and his learned and original praise, the noble conduct of Lord critical Dissertations. His Memoirs, Huntingdon, whose family had patro- by the pen of his widow, is one of nized Mr. Lindsey, towards the Chris- the best

tributes of conjugal affection tian confessor :

which English literature contains. “I must not omit to mention here Neither her temper nor her Chris

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