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view of the Right Honourable Gentleman, is a mere engine of Governmeut. He had been despoiled. Scripture had been would call on the House to support him quoted to-vight, and he too would quote on his second Resolution. If Ministers scripture. St. Paul said in his Epistle to were left undisturbed, they would conti. the Thessalonians, “ If any man will not nue the same system they had so loug work, neither shall he cat." And all he acted on. wanted was, that those clergy who would On the first Resolution being read, on not work, should not eat. An Honour which, however, no division took place, able Member behind him had said, that some few faint ayes were heard, while in the time of Archbishop Boulter, the the noes broke forth in quite a burst of Protestants of Ireland amounted to one- noise. third of the whole ; at present they only The House proceeded to divide on the amounted to one fourteenth. And the second Resolutionwhole Church Establishment was kept up Ayes, 62—Noes, 167—Majority, 105. for the sake of this sınall part of the people. His wish was to detect abuses,
APRIL 18. and to apply remedies; not to spoliate the clergy. In opposition to what had Quakers Affirmation. been quoted from Magua Charta, to prove the sacredness of Church property, he Williams, the Member for Lincoln, that
Mr. BROUGHAM gave notice for Mr. would quote an Act passed in the reign it was his iutention, on Friday the 2d of of Edward VI., by which, for the better May, to bring in a Bill to amend the erecting and endowment of schools, no other method could be found than to
statute of Anne, allowing members of give to the King certain churches and civil cases on their affirmation, and not
the Society of Friends to give evidence in chapels. Sach a distribution of Church
on vath, and to extend the provisions of property was not spoliation when it was
that Act to Criminal as well as Civil done by Kings. Selden had also stated, that the Church property was originally divided into four parts : “ One part was allowed to the maintenance of the ininis [Several debates have taken place, of try, out of which every parochial minister which we shall give an account hereafter; had his salary; another to the relief of viz. those on the Catholic Question, OH the poor, sick and strangers; a third to the Case of Mary Ann Carlile, and on the the reparation of churches ; and a fourth Free-Thinkers at Edinburgh.] to the bishops." The Church of Ireland
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Letters to and from Richard Baxter.
(From the original MSS. in Dr. Williams's Library.) From R. Barter to Ambrose Upton, concerning Sir Henry Vane. WE occasion of this letter will be correct it (fromwards Italy), but Baxter's in his Life and Times. impression was not. Hereupon Sir Speaking of Sir H. Vane, he charges Henry Vune being exceedingly prohim with obscurity, and says, “ This voked, threatened ane to many, and obscurity by some was iinputed to bis spake against me in the House, and not understanding himself; but by one Stubbs (that had been whipt in others to design, because he could speak the Convocation House at Oxford) plain when he listed: the two courses wrote for him a bitter book against in which he had most success, and me, who from the Vanists afterwards spake most plain, were, his earnest turned a Conformist, since that he plea for universal liberty of
conscience, turned physician, and was drowned in and against the magistrate': intermed a small puddle or brook, as he was dling with religion, and his teaching riding near Bath. his followers to revile the ministry, “ I confess my writing was a means calling them ordinarily blackcoats, to lessen his reputation, and make priests and other names which then men take him for what Cromwell savoured of reproach; and those gen- (that better knew him) called him, a tlemen that adhered to the ministry, juggler ; and I wish I had done so they said were priest-ridden.
much in time. But the whole land " Of my own displeasing him this rang of his anger and my danger ; and is the true account. 'It grieved me to all expected my present ruin by him, see a poor kingdom thus tost up and But to shew him that I was not about down in unquietness, and the ministers recanting, (as his agents would have made odious and ready to be cast out, persuaded me,) I wrote also against and the Reformation trodden under his Healing, Question, in a Preface foot, and parliaments and piety made before my Holy Commonwealth, and a scorn, and scarce any doubted but a speedy turn of affairs did tie his he was the principal spring of all. hands from executing his wrath upon Therefore, being writing against the me. Papists, coming to vindicate our reli “Upon the king's coming in, he gion against them, when they impute was questioned with others before the io us the blood of the king, I fully Parliament, but seemed to have his proved that the Protestants, and parti- life secured. But being brought to cularly the Presbyterians, abhorred it, the bar, he spoke so boldly in justifyand suffered greatly for opposing it; ing the Parliament's cause, and what and that it was the act of Cromwell's he had done, that it exasperated the army and the sectaries, among which King, and made him resolve upon his I nained the Vanists as one sort, and death. When he came to Tower-Hill I shewed that the Fryers and Jesuits to die, and would have spoken to the were their deceivers, and under several people, he began so resolutely as vizors were dispersed among them; caused the officers to sound the trumand Mr. Nye having told me that he pets and beat the drums, and hinder was long in Italy, I said it was consi- him from speaking. No man could derable how much of his doctrine their die with greater appearance of gallant leader brought from Italy; whereas resolution and fearlessness than he did, it proved, that he was only in France though before supposed a timorous and Helvetia, upon the borders of man: insomuch that the manner of Italy, and whereas it was printed from his death procured him more applause Italy, I had ordered the printer to than all the actions of his life. And
; and I
when he was dead his intended speech wrong that ever I did any man, so far was printed, and afterwards his opi- as I am capable : but if God call me nions more plainly expressed by his to a more open testiinony against the friend than by himself.
contrivances of these times, (by which “When he was condemned, some of I may be disobliged from some oblihis friends desired me to come to him, gations to silence that are upon me,) that I might see how far he was from I rest confident that the benefit of it Popery, and in how excellent a temper will be greater to the church than my (thinking I would have asked him peace could have produced. Oh! is forgiveness for doing him wrong): I there any hope that a life so often told them that if he had desired it I rescued from the pit, and trembling would have gone to himn; but seeing now upon the snuff, might be so haphe did not, I supposed he would take pily concluded, as to be a sacrifice io it for an injury; for my conference for a sinking church and state, was not like to be such as would be and that the death that is even at the pleasing to a dying man: for though doors might be thus improved ? It I never called him a Papist, yet I still would be a sufficient recompence for supposed he had done the Papists so my sufferings, if it were but that Sir much service, and this poor nation H. V.'s octrine of liberty might, at and religion so much wrong, that we the entrance, be read by the comaud our posterity are like to have cause mentary of his persecution. I am and time enough to lament it.” confident suffering in that cause will
prove to me as comfortable as preach“ Dear BROTHER,
ing, and I doubt not but it will turn “I am very sensible of your spiritual to a public good, if God so order it. love, that have more care of me than I rest, I have of myself. Coll. Birch brought “ Your thankful Brother, me a message from Sir H. V, to the
“ R. BAXTER. same purpose as you speak;
“ Conceal Mr. Nye's name. told him that I am uncapable of returning him a particular answer, till I ambitious of contending or suffering,
Interpret not this as if I were know the particular words that I am but as expressing what I think will be charged with, and their faultiness; the worst if God shall call me to sufwhich I also must .say to you. God fer in this cause. forbid that I should be só injurious to my own conscience as not most
“ To Mr. Ambrose Upton, concerning publicly to recant any passage, which
Sir H. Vane." I shall be convinced is injurious to another in any of my writings. But Letters from the Earl (afterwards for the words you mention, I never
Duke) of Lauderdale to R. Baxter. did directly or indirectly affirm in any [Of Lauderdale, whose initial furbook that Sir H. V. had a hand in the nished the final letter of the word King's death, or that he was in Italy Cabal, denoting the detested junto (though the latter I was told by Mr. who swayed the profligate counsels of Philip Nye). That liberty for Popery Charles II., Bishop Burnet gives the should be woven into our fundamental following character : “ The Earl of constitution, is a thing that I shall Lauderdale, afterwards made Duke, oppose to the utmost of my weak had been for inany years a zealous abilities, iphoever be for it; and I will Covenanter: but in the year fortybe reconciled to no man's palpable seven, he turned to the King's inte
The Vindication is such a rests; and had continued a prisoner bundle of gross untruths, that I look all the while after Worcester fight, on it as not concerning me. Dear where he was taken. He was kept Brother, I am not so destitute of self
some years in the Tower of Lonlove as to refuse any lawful means for don, in Portland Castle, and in other my peace, nor I hope so destitute of prisons, till he was set at liberty by grace as to deny reparation of any those who called home the King.
So he went over to Holland. And
since he continued so long, and, con* Reliquice Basterianæ, Lib. i. Pt. 1, trary to all men's opinions, in so high
a degree of favour and confidence, it
pp. 75, 76.
Letters to and from Richard Baxter.
259 may be expected that I should be a And, whereas some by a smooth delittle copious in setting out his cha- portment made the first beginnings racter; for I knew him very particu- of tyranny less discernible and unaclarly. He made a very ill appearance: ceptable, he, by the fury of his behahe was very big: his hair red, hanging viour, heightened the severity of his oddly about him : his tongue was too ministry, which was liker the cruelty big for his mouth, which made him of an Inquisition than the legality of bedew all that he talked to : and his justice. With all this he was a Preswhole manner was rough and boister- byterian, and retained his aversion to ous, and very unfit for a court. He King Charles I., and his party to his was very learned, not only in Latin, death.” *] in which he was a master, but in Greek and Hebrew. He had read a
LETTER I. great deal of divinity, and almost all
“ Reverend and much-honoured Sir, the historians, ancient and modern : so that he had great materials. He
“ Last week I received yours of had with these an extraordinary me- the 19th July; all the trouble I shall mory, and a copious but unpolished now give you, as to my outward expression. He was a man, as the condition, shall be only to tell you, Duke of Buckingham called him to that you need not apprehend your me, of a blundering understanding. application did me any hurt, for that He was haughty, beyond expression ; person is so earnestly engaged against abject to those he saw he must stoop me, (if I be not misinformed,) that to, but imperious to all others. He had nothing can take him off, nor set him a violence of passion that carried him more eagerly on. It is a great conoften to fits like madness, in which he fort to me that you did consider me had no temper. If he took a thing so much, and I am sure it can do no wrong, it was a vain thing to study hurt. I pray God forgive him, and I to convince him : that would rather hope (by God's grace) I shall never provoke him to swear, he would never
entertain the least revengeful thought be of another mind : he was to be
against him, but labour patiently to alone : and, perhaps, he would have submit to what the Lord shall do in forgot what he bad said, and come relation to me, knowing that all shall about of his own accord. He was the work together for good. My portion coldest friend and the violentest enem is not here, it is above the reach of my I ever knew : I felt it too much sequestration, and the meditations of not to know it. He at first seemed it may easily sweeten what can befal to despise, wealth ; but he delivered
me in the way himself up afterwards to luxury and
“ Your notion concerning Papists, sensuality: and by that means he ran in relation to the Catholic Church, is into a vast expense, and stuck at certainly right, and the only way to nothing that was necessary to support deal with them; for if we limit the it. In his long imprisonment he had Catholic Church to Protestants only; great impressions of religion on his how can we avoid that charge of unmind; but he wore these out so en
charitable schism which they are deeply tirely, that scarce any trace of them guilty of? I am glad you do proceed was left. His great experience in to unmask that generation more and affairs, bis ready compliance with every more, and if I could serve you in thing that he thought would please providing but straw to such a building, the King, and his bold offering at the should think my time well employed. most desperate counsels, gained hiin You tell me you are promised a transsuch an interest in the King, that no
lation of Moulin, “Of the Novelty of attempt against hiin, nor complaint of Popery!. As for Blondel, De Prihim, could ever shake it, till a decay matu, it is a folio book (I have it in of strength and understanding forced my library beyond sea; for my lihim to let go his hold. He was in brary is safe, and that is all hath scaphis principles much against Popery ed): to translate it all is too great it and arbitrary government: and yet by a fatal train of passions and interests, he made way for the former, and * Life and Times, 8vo. 1809, I. 139, had almost established the latter. 140.