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Account of the Esatblishment of Presbyterianism in Manchester, 275 nished us with several forms of prayer give satisfaction concerneinge his takeanciently made use of; but in tran- ing ye nationall Covenant, and doe scribing them here, I should anticipate either cleare himselfe to bee free from what I propose to make the subject of malignancie, or give sure satisfaction distinct corsideration, namely, the in that point as they shall thinke design of sacrifices under the Mosaic meete for the removeall of ye skanlaw. It will be sufficient to adopt the dall hee lyes under in that respecte, remark of the learned author already and shall also testifie his readinesse quoted, that it is highly probable that to concurre in the present Church the prayers which were wont to be government, they cannot give way to uttered by the side of the victim, had the approveall of hiin as the Pastor of reference to the same object as the the Church at Prestwich. victim itself.. Outram, Lib. i. c. 15, “11. A day of thanksgiving to be $.9.
on Thursday, ihe 21st of June instant, Lastly, The priests ministering at for the supply of corn, the seasonablethe altar, were required to be free ness of the weather, the safe and free from corporal blemish, and to be returne of our Ministers, the late seapurified by water and the use of vari- sonable victorie God hath given our ous ceremonies from all uncleanness brethren in Scotland against the maor occasional pollution.
lignants there, and for preserveinge (To be continued.)
these parts from the infection, and preventinge the rageinge of it in the
places where it is. Account of the Establishment of Pres- “ 12. A letter delivered to this byterianism in Manchester. Classe, expressing the desires of sunNo. V. *
dry of the Inhabitants of the Parish
of Rostourne to have Mr. Adam MarSir, April 20, 1823.
tindale for their Vicarr." SEND you farther extracts from
“By the Provinciall Assemblie at classical meeting in Manchester.
Preston, May 1, 1649.
“1. Resolved upon the Question, “ The 33d Meetinge at Manchester, That intimation bee given to everie June 12th, 1649.
Classis, that this question is to be dis“ 2. A letter of excuse from Mr. cussed, the next Session of the ProJones, and it was accepted.
vinciall Assembly, viz. Whether the “3. Mr. Benson and Mr. Clayton dalous parents, so known to bee, as
children of grossely ignorant and scanappeared, theire excuse was accepted, alsoe of Papists and excommunicates, and they promised to attend ye Classe for aftertymes.
as alsoe bastard Children, are to be “6. A letter to be sent unto cer
baptized. taine of the Inhabitants of the parish deration of the account given in by
* 2. This Assemblie, upon consiof Rostourne, which formerly appear- the Delegates of the Classes, coned against Mr. Adam Martindale.
“8. John Taylor and John Hilton cerneinge the condition of theire redoe undertake to bringe in sufficient spective Classes, accordinge to a forwitnesses (to make good the excep- solemnly admonisheth the severall
mer order given out by this Assemblie, tions whereupon theire petition for a new election of Elders at Ouldham each of them within theire respective
Classes within this province, that was grounded) the next Classe at Manchester, the seconde Tuesday in bounds, put on, and execute with all July next.
vigor and dilligence, the discipline of “9. Whereas the Parishioners of the Church, and for that end that Prestwich have presented a petition to they use all meanes within the utterthis Classe, expresseinge theire desire most extent of theire poiver, to proto have Mr. Isaac Allen for theire
cure the settleinge of congregationall Pastor, this Classe returnes them eldershipps and theire acteinge in this answeare: that untill Mr. Allen everie congregation, and the due obeverie one of them, and that what ob- himselfe unwillinge to proceed any structions they meete with, and cannot farther in this Classe touchinge his possibly remove, they make knowne ordination. by theire Delegates to this Assemblie, “8. It is ordered that a publicke upon theire first opportunity.
servation of theire Classicall inect.
ings by the members thereof, both * For No. IV. sce Vol. XVII, p. 732. Ministers and Ruleing-elders, and
course of catachiseinge bee set on “ 3. Resolved upon the question of foote in every congregation by every the meeteinge of anie number of a minister in this Classe, and the Ascongregation on a weeke day, whereof semblie's Catachisme to bee used. there hath not beene publicke notice And that the ministers and elders of given before to the congregation, is every congregation use theire indeanot a sufficient assemblie wherein the voure to bringe all the inembers of sacrament of Baptisme may regularly theire respective congregations to the be administered.
knowledge of the Christiane faith by “4. Resolved upon the question, any way whereby they can bringe it that everie Classis, and other Judica- best about, as they can agree amongst tory, is admonisht to bee carefull in themselves. proceedeinge without delay after sus- “ 9. It is agreed that every notori. pension of a delinquent, and upon his ouse, scandalouse person within there persistencie to excommunication. severall congregations, though they
“5. Resolved upon the question, doe not offer themselves to come to that where there is a libertie for the the Sacrament, shall bee dealt withall Church publickly to convene, private by there severall eldershipps, with the communions are not to bee allowed or censures of admonition and suspenpractised.
sion, in order to excommunication “ 7. In consideration of the heavie upon there contempte.” judgment of God beinge upon this County by famine, and alsoe by pes
“ The 35th Meeteinge at Manchester, tilence in some parts thereof, and in
August 14th, 1649. regard of other troubles and dangers “ 5. Agreed that a publicke day of upon us, it is judged necessary, and humiliation bee kept at Manchester, accordingly ordered, that a publicke upon Wednesday next, the 22d of fast bee observed in every congrega- August instant, in regard that the tion within this province, with solemne hand of God is thus fully gone out and earnest seekeinge unto God for against us, in a violent fever, and the the aversion of the said judgments small poxe. and evills, and this to bee on the 4th “7. Wee the Classe at Manchester, Tuesday in this instant month of upon the desire of severall of the May.”
Members of the Congregation at El“ The 34th Meeteinge at Manchester, to Mr. George Tomson, to the end hee
lingbrooke, doe give our approbation July 10th, 1649.
may receive the benefit and encourage“ 4. John Hilton, one of them that ment of the Sequestration." did undertake to bringe in witnesses No extracts are made from the to make null the election of Elders at “36th and 37th Meeteinges," as they Ouldham, appeared and brought no consist of matter similar to what has witnesses; whereupon the Classe or- been already selected; except a suinders that the Elders elected for Ould- mons to George Grimshawe to appear ham come in the next Classe to bee before the next Classe. examined. “5. Twoe letters beinge this day
By the Provinciall Assemblie at received by this Classe from some
Preston, the 18th and 19th of Sepgentlemen in Cheshire, one froin the
tember, 1649. Baron of Kinderton, and another from “ 2. Resolved upon the question, some other gentlemen of the parish that a child born of Papist parents of Rostorne, whereby it appeared presented to baptisme by a person that there would bee some demurre or persons of the Protestant faith made to Mr. Martindale’s ordination, amongst us, the said persons underand Mr. Martindale not beinge willinge takeinge the education of the child in to stay so long a tyme of delay as hee the said faith, and the parents, or apprehended would thereby bee occa- those who are otherwise interested in sioned to his settlement, did declare the child's bringinge up, consenting to Account of the Dutch Jews.
277 the said undertakers soe educateinge the preacher at Prestwich, and Mr. the child, may be baptized in our Robi. Symonds, Minister at Shawe churches.
Chappell, to attend the next Classe. “3. Those persons beinge delegated to bee Members of this Assemblie, and beinge absent, or not continues Account of the Dutch Jews ; with a inge dureinge the Session, are admo- Hymn by Da Costa, who is said to nisht of theire default, and the admo. have lately embraced Christianity. nition is to bee delivered them by there respective Classes at theire next
(From “ The Inquirer," No. IV.) meeteinge.” [In the margin.]
« None of the Throspanistoran di Bermoses e distinfirst Classis.
guished of the Dutch Hebrew families “4. The Assemblie earnestly ex- are descended, were renowned among horteth the Members of the severall their nation for their superior talents congregationall and classicall Presbi- and acquireinents, and we believe teries to renewe theire endeavours in maintain even to this day an almost theire disciplinary duties within theire universally admitted pre-eminence. respective Charges, and to attend con- Under the tolerant and comparatively stantly theire classicall, congrega, enlightened Mahomedan conquerors tionals and provinciall meeteings, and of Spain, their property was protected, to suffer no discouragements from their toleration was encouraged, and anie disaffected partie to weaken theire their persons loaded with favours, hands in that worke. The Elders of Their writers boast with delight and the third Classes are more particu- enthusiasm of “ the glory, splendour larly exhorted herein.”
and prosperity in which they lived." No extracts of sufficient interest Their schools in the south of the Pecan be made from the 38th Meeteing; ninsula were the channels through but it may be observed, that the depu- which the knowledge of the East was ties from the congregational Elder- spread over western and northern ships are more numerous, and from a Europe. Abenezra, Maimonides, and greater number of churches than at Kimki, three of the most illustrious first.
ornaments of the synagogue, rank “ The 39th Meetinge at Manchester, among the Spanish Jews. Through
out the twelfth and thirteenth centuDecember Ilth, 1649.
ries, while knowledge among, Chris“ George Grimshawe declared him- tians seemed at the lowest ebb, the selfe willinge to give publicke satis- catalogue of Hebrew writers is most faction to the congregation for the extensive and most varied. Mathegreat sin of Incest, before the next matics, medicine, and natural philosoClassicall Meeteinge at Manchester, phy, were all greatly advanced under and the congregation is to have notice their auspices ; while the pursuits of of it, the Sabbath before he manifest
poetry and oratory adorned their his Confession.
pages. They obtained so much con“ The 40th Meeteinge at Manchester,
sideration, that the ancestors of almost January the 8th, 1650.
noble family in Spain may be every
traced up to a Jewislı head. “6. It is agreed that George Grim- The fifteenth and sixteenth centuries shawe give publicke satisfaction to are crowded with every calamity which the congregation, the next Sabbath- could aflict a nation, pursued by all day, in the church of Manchester, be- the blindness of ignorance and all the tweene neene (nine] and tenn o'clocke hatred of infatuated and powerful main the aforenoone.
levolence. Their sacred books were
destroyed; their dwellings devastated; The 41st Meeteinge at Manchester, their temples razed; themselves viFebruary 12th, 1650.
sited by imprisonment and tortures, “ 3. George Grimshawe made pub- by private assassinations and extenlicke acknowledgment-accordinge to sive massacres. When the infamous order."
Fifth Ferdinand established or re-orNos. 4 and 5 contain orders of sum- ganized the Inquisition in Spain, the mons to be sent to Mr. John Leake, Jews were among its earliests victims. Two hundred thousand wretches were widely, it shall gather the people unpursued by fire, sword, famine and der its shade. pestilence, and he who should offer We know of nothing more touching, them shelter, food, or clothing, was nothing more sublime, than the feelto be punished as a felon. Of those ings with which an intelligent Hebrew who fled to the mountains, many were
must review the past and present, murdered in cold blood, and others while he anticipates the future hisdied miserably of hunger. Of those tory of his race. That history begins, who embarked, thousands perished as he deems it will end, in triumph with their wives and children on the and in glory. Yet mists and chilling pitiless ocean. Some reached the desolation envelop all the intermemore hospitable regions of the North, diate records. With what proud and and preserved the language and the glowing emotions must he trace the literature of their forefathers; yet the origin and the progress of that reliepoch of their glory seemed departed, gion, which he and his fathers have and the names of the Arbabanels, of professed through trials sharper than Cardozo, of Spinoza, and a few others, the fiery furnace, for which all of glimmer only amidst the general ob- them have suffered, and millions have scurity. The Jews, as a people, ap- died ! With Israel the living God peared wholly occupied in selfish condescended to covenant, and called worldliness, scarcely producing such them "his chosen, his peculiar peoa man as Mendelsohn, even in a cen- ple.” Miracles and signs and wonders tury, and claiming for him then no cover all their early wanderings with renown in his Hebrew character. ligbt, fair as the milky-way across the
The Jews seemed to have partaken arch of heaven. For them the cloudy of the general character of the age; pillar was reared in the desert; for and scepticism or incredulity took them the column of fire dissipated their stand where ignorance and su- the gloom and the terrors of night, perstition had existed before. Yet Amidst thunderings and lightnings, the changes which had been exten- and the voice of the trumpet and the sively in action in the religious and presence of God, their law was propolitical world, could not but produce inulgated; the bitter waters of Marah some effect upon their situation. They were made sweet to them; and manna had become too important a part of fell from heaven as the nightly dew. society to be passed by without no- Well might they shout, with their tritice ; while their wealth and their umphant leader, “ The Lord is our great financial operations gave them strength, and our song, and our salextraordinary weight. They have been vation !" courted by Kings, ennobled by Empe- Then come the days of darkness,rors. All the concerns of States have and they are many. The glory of the been obliged to turn upon their indi- temple is departed. They are scatvidual will. They have become, in a tered like chaff among the nations, word, the very monarchs of the earth, Opprobrium and insult hunt them deciding the great questions of peace through the earth. Shame and sufor war; the arbiters, in truth, of the fering bend them to the very dust, destinies of man.
till degradation drags them to the But it is not in this point of view lowest depth of misery: All the cruthat we mean to consider the Jews ; elties that ferocity can invent; all the nor are these “lords of the ascen. infatuation that furious blindness can dant” the individuals among them that generate; all the terrors that despointerest our affections or excite our tisin can prepare, are poured out upon regard. The revival which we con- their unsheltered heads. Warrants go template with delight is the revival of forth for their extirpation ; yet the those old and holy associations which race is preserved. Those who most seemed buried in the abyss of worldli. bate and persecute one another, all ness, of that enlightened, that literary unite to torture them. Exile, imprispirit which gives the promise and is sonment, death,—these are the least the pledge of brighter and better days. of their woes. Why should the picWe see the young tree of truth and ture be drawn? the soul is lacerated inquiry springing up in the waste. Its with the contemplation. Those generoots strike deep, its branches spread rations are gathered to their fathers.
Account of the Dutch Jews.-Hymn by Da Costa. 279 Stilled are their sorrows and their O sunk in shame! in sorrow straying ! joys.
Ye sinn'd--now suffer and atone ! Next, a few dim rays play across In agony and exile praying
For that bright land ye call'd your the path of time. Civilization and freedom, gathering the human race
Ye from God's beaten track departed ; beneath their wings, and protecting
Poor homeless pilgrims wand'ring them all by the generous influence of a widely-pervading benevolence, raise His arm abandon'd you, proud-hearted! the race of Israel to their rank among
To trembling helplessness and fear. the nations.
Then, hidden in the deeper recesses What prophets have foretold comes o'er of futurity, what visions of splendour are unveiled! The gathering of the
The sceptre from our grasp is torn ; tribes, Jerusalem, the glorious temple, Our rank and glory fade before us ; their own Messiah ;—but the thoughts We, chosen erst from chosen nations,
Our godlike kingdom given to scorn. falter, the spirit is troubled. Yet
Now writhe beneath the scoffer's rod; “ the mouth of the Lord hath spoken Bare to the ineanest slave's vexations, it.”
We, who were subjects once-of God! Under the influence of thoughts like these, Da Costa must have com
Ah! safety, comfort, all are reft us, posed the hymn of which we venture
Exild by God's almighty hand; to give a translation. It breathes, it Nought of the glorious Orient left us, burns with all the blended emotions Far from our sires” remains—ill-fated,
Our true—our only father-land ! of pride and indignation; of recol
The abject race of Abraham weeps ; lected and anticipated triumphs ; of His blood, in us degenerated, hope deferred that sickeneth the heart; Now thro' a crumbling ruin creeps. of confidence; of despair ; of virtue wounded by contumely, and true no
Redeemer ! Sire! be our defender ! bility insulted by contempt: there is
()! turn not from our prayers away : a spirit roused by a contemplation of Give Israel to her early splendour,
Or let her joyless name decay! injustice, and a sense of wrong soaring No! Hopes deferr’d and memories vafrom eloquence to sublimity. Such
nish'd minds as these would redeem from
Our trust in Thee could never bow; heavier bondage. Such compositions We are the Hebrews still—tho' banish’d, are a pledge of the regeneration of a Thou art the Hebrews' God-e'en people. The Hebrew harp is hung upon the willows no longer.
Yes! thy Niessiah, soon appearing,
Shall burst these bonds of slavery ;
Thine anger-mists again are clearing,
Our day of victory is nigh.
Behind the clouds of earthly woe : Yes! hear-confide-be patient ever Shout, Israel ! shout, with joy adoring, My brethren of the chosen race !
Your Prince's-Saviour's advent show. Whose name oblivion blighted never,
Whose glories time shall ne'er efface : Liou of Judah, roar and greet him, Vanquish the Atheist's desperate bold- Hail his majestic march once more; ness,
Come, Adani's race ! with blessings meet Shame the presumptuous threats of
And rank again as rank'd of yore. The age's apathy and coldness
Announce him from on high, thou thunYe are the race of Israël.
Bend your proud heads, ye hills Their blood who were, in years long around ! faded,
Fall, kingdom of deceit, asunder
In ruins at our trumpet's sound !
Behold the long-expected gladness !
Salvation's morn again appears ; God's earthly treasure, hope and claim, The need for suffering, scorn and sad. His favourites, his first-created.......
ness, O let us still deserve the paine !
The citadel 'gainst foes and fears.