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Manchester College, York.
Ar the York Annual Meeting of the Trustees of this Institution, held at Etridge's Hotel, in York, on the 25th June last aud, by adjournment, on the two following days;
gards the classical and arithmetical atThat it is desirable, that so far as retainments of candidates for admission, as Divinity Students, every such candidate should, previous to his admission, un
The proceedings of the Committee, dergo an examination by some individual
or individuals, to be selected for the purpose, by the Trustees.
since the last York Aunual Meeting, were reported; and the Treasurer made a statement of the present state of the funds, from which it appeared that the expenditure of the current year will exceed the income about 2007.
That the admission of Students on the Foundation be henceforth limited, so as not to exceed one admission for every two removals, until the total number be reduction has been carried so far, furreduced to twelve, unless, before the ther reduction should be rendered unnecessary, by an increase in the College
The following resolutions, amongst others, were then passed, viz.
That the best thanks of this meeting be given to Dr. Carpenter for his very excellent sermon, delivered in the chapel
in St. Saviour Gate, on Sunday last; and
that it is hoped he will allow it to be published at the expense of the friends of the College.
That the Visitor be requested to accept the best thanks of this meeting for his very excellent address, delivered at the close of the examination; and that he be requested to transmit such parts of the same, as he may think proper, for insertion in the Monthly Repository.
That the grateful thanks of this meeting be given to the Tutors, for their most valuable and important services to this academical institution during the past session.
That the cordially, thankful acknowledgments of this meeting be presented to the Committee, for their most valua ble services during the past year.
That the very close examination of the Students, instituted this week, has been in the highest degree satisfactory.
That in the printed regulations for the admission of Divinity Students, the following alterations be made; in lines 3 and 4, the words, "That no candidate shall be admitted on the Foundation," to be struck out, and the words, "That no Divinity Student shall be admitted," to be substituted in their place; and in lines 9 and 10, the words, "that no candidate shall be eligible as a Divinity Student on the Foundation," to be struck
out, and the words, "that no Divinity Student shall be admitted," to be substi. tated in their place.
instance, on probation, in the same man. ner as Divinity Students on the College Foundation.
That it is expedient and proper, that Divinity Students, on their own Foundation, should be admitted, in the first
That this meeting, feeling the great importance of the measure determined
upon, at the last Manchester Annual
S. D. DARBISHIRE,
Manchester, July 19, 1823.
Manchester College, York.
DURING the course of the last week in June, was held the Annual Exami→ nation of the Students educated in this
College, which was attended by Daniel Gaskell and Abraham Crompton, Esqrs., and the Rev. John Kentish, Vice-presidents; Messrs. G. W. Wood, Treasurer; R. Philips, Assistant Treasurer; Bealby, Bell, Crompton, jun., Darbishire, Ewart, juu., Howse, Kinder and Talbot, and the Rev. W. Turner, Visitor; L. Carpenter, LL.D., Assistant Visitor; J. G. Robberds and Joseph Hutton, Public Examiners; J. J. Tayler, Secretary; Heinekin, Hyudman, Johnstone, Mallison and Tayler. On Sunday the 22d, Dr. Carpenter addressed to the Students an admirable discourse from 2 Tim. ii. 1 -7, of which, as it is to be published, it
will he sufficient now to say, that it was listened to with close attention and deep interest for an hour and thirty minutes. Monday afternoon was devoted to the Mathematical Examinations, (which, as indeed all the rest, were conducted on the Cambridge plan, by printed Lists of Questions, drawn up by the Tutors, and first submitted to the Students when seated, with pen, ink and paper before them). The four Classes being arranged at separate tables, and the Examiners at a long table at the lower end of the hall, the papers were collected from each Student as produced, and submitted to the scrutiny and arrangement of the Examiners. This exercise lasted four hours. Tuesday morning at eight, the three Hebrew Classes were examined, translating passages selected from various parts of the Old Testament, and answering grammatical and critical questions formed upon them. This lasted nearly three hours; after which Orations were delivered, by Mr. E. Busk, on "the Connexion of Religious Liberty with National Prosperity;" by Mr. Crompton, on "the Objections which have been made against the moral tendency of the Study of History; and by Mr. Christie, on " Duelling." At twelve, the Classes of Ancient and Modern History, and on the Belles Lettres, took their places at the tables, and continued nearly three hours; and the day concluded with Orations, by Mr. J. Busk, on "the Objection that Christianity does not inculcate Friendship and Patriotism;" by Mr. Howorth, on "the Influence of Civilization on Benevolence;" by Mr. Mitchelson, on Capital Punishments;" and by Mr. R. Brook Aspland, on "the Liberty of the Press." Wednesday, the fourth and fifth years' Students were examined during three hours in Theology, and the second and third at the same time in Logic and Ethics, (chiefly in that important branch of it, Political Philosophy;) after which Orations were delivered, by Mr. Lee, on "the Effects of the Reformation upon England;" by Mr. Hawkes, on "Slavery;" and by Mr. Tagart, on " Human Perfectibility." The three Greek Classes were then examined for three hours and a half; and Orations, by Mr. Wreford, on "the Comparative Evidence for Christianity and Mohammedism;" by Mr. Car ter, on "Patriotism;" and by Mr. Ryland, on "the Institution of Prophets among the Jews," concluded the business of this day. Thursday, the Students were examined on the Evidences of Revelation; after which Orations were delivered, by Mr. Beard, on "the newlydiscovered Fragment of Cicero de Republica;" and by Mr. Payne, on "the Book of Job;" and a Sermon on Matt. v.
43-45, by Mr. Shawcross. Specimens were then given of proficiency in Reading, and the Examination concluded with Orations, by Mr. Brown, on "Providence;" and by Mr. Worthington, on "the Evils of Slavery in the countries where it prevails, and the means of overcoming them;" and a Sermon on Lam. iii. 39, by Mr. Bowen.
The Visitor then distributed the Prizes, viz. those for Regularity, Diligence and Proficiency, to Mr. J. H. Worthington, Mr. J. R. Beard, and Mr. W. S. Brown, (it being understood, at the same time, that Mr. James Martineau was so nearly equal in all respects, that considerable difficulty was experienced in awarding this last prize). There was, however, no question as to his being entitled to the first Mathematical Prize, as was Mr. Edward Talbot to the second. The first Prize offered by Mr. Philips for proficiency in Classical Learning, was awarded to Mr. Beard, and the second to Mr. George Lee. Mr. Beard also obtained the Prize offered by Euelpis for the best translation into Greek. The Prize for proficiency in Elocution during the Session, was given to Mr. Brown, and that for the best-delivered Oration to Mr. Carter. Mr. J. H. Ryland, as first Prizebearer in 1820, is entitled to Books, value Five Guineas.
The Visitor then addressed the Students in nearly the following words :
"Gentlemen,-After the able and excellent discourse which you heard on the first day of this week from my much-esteemed friend and colleague, you will be aware that there remains very little more for me to do, now that we are arrived so near the close of it, than to express the satisfaction of this assembly in the attentive and patient diligence with which you have gone through the fatigues of this long examination; which proves that you have in general very creditably availed yourselves of the advantages you have enjoyed in this place, for preparing yourselves, I trust, to become eminently useful in your several walks to the rising generation. The distinctness and propriety of the answers which so many of you have given to the series of questions which have been proposed to you, has been highly honourable to the ability and exactness with which you have been taught, and to the attention which you have paid to your studies. And though the mode of examination which has this year been exclusively pursued, may not perhaps be so interesting to by-standers, it is certainly better calculated to give fair scope to the talents of those examined, to shew the application which they have made of them, and to enable
the Examiners to estimate both more accurately, without exposing the modest, though well-informed, to the mortification of making a less respectable appearance than their actual proficiency could have led us to expect. At the same time, though accurate recollection, and quickness of expressing the ideas upon the spur of the occasion' with the pen, are very desirable qualifications, and perhaps more certain proofs of the solidity of knowledge acquired; yet presence of mind and readiness of expression with the tongue, are also very desirable. I am glad, therefore, to understand, that you continue to be daily examined vivá voce by your Tutors in their several classes; and perhaps a mixture of methods on these occasions, might give exercise and display to a greater variety of ta lent.
"I trust that you have made a due advantage of the opportunities of improvement in Elocution, which have this year been again afforded you; and I hope you do not content yourselves with giving your attention to this accomplishment, of such importance to a public speaker, during the mere residence of your Teacher among you; but that a due sense of its importance, and a wish to be prepared for receiving his instructions with advantage, has led you to make it an object, through the whole of the session, to exercise yourselves in a just and natural delivery. I hope you have always made a point of reading correctly, both in public and in private; that you have never allowed yourselves to mumble your ordinary college-orations, (as I have heard such exercises delivered,) as if the great business were to get over the periodical season for their delivery as quickly as possible; more especially, that you have been careful to read the Scriptures, and conduct the devotional services of the College with a due sense of the solemnity and importance of the duty you were discharging. This College has often been charged with mannerism in public speaking, and the York Tone' has been made a frequent subject of sarcasm; in most cases, I persuade myself, without sufficient ground: but I would hope, my young friends, that it may never be charged with the mannerism of carelessness and negligence. On the other hand, I should be sorry to see its public speakers running into an artificial, theatrical manner, speaking always by rule, and raising or sinking the voice according to specific directions. And if you, my young friends, were to resolve, upon your return to college-business, to pay particular attention to an easy and natural, but a just and forcible utterance, your own exerVOL. XVIII.
tions, and mutual criticism and correction, would do more to qualify you for becoming useful, acceptable, impressive preachers, so far as delivery is concerned, than any systematic instructions; which, however, I would by no means be thought to undervalue. And surely you must be sensible that it is an object of great moment, that you should not only feel, yourselves, the supreme importance of the truths and duties of religion, but also that you should not neglect any means within your power to qualify you for communicating similar impressions, with full practical efficiency, to the minds of those whose highest interests it will be the duty, and I trust the pleasure, of your future lives to promote. For what will signify your utmost proficiency in private studies, though you should understand all mysteries and all knowledge, if you possess not the ability to communicate their result? And how will you be able to excuse it, to your friends or to your own minds, if through some strange perverseness you should slight the proper season and measures for acquiring this ability?
"I promise myself, that I shall another year (if we be spared to meet again) observe much improvement in this, and in many other important respects, from the exertions which I understand that several of you have this year been mak ing to render yourselves useful to the best interests of the inhabitants of some neighbouring places by a course of missionary preaching. As this labour of love has been undertaken of your own voluntary choice, I persuade myself that you will discharge the duties of it with diligence and affection; and that it will be a happy means of leading you to cultivate the religion of the heart as well as of the head, and contribute to your gradually acquiring such a system of preaching, as, while it shall inform the understandings, will, at the same time, warm the hearts and animate the lives of those who shall be the objects of your instruction. And when you shall proceed from these preparatory services, and from this place of education, and you shall devote your time and your acquirements to more stated and settled services, may the prayer for himself and his flock, of a young and ardent fellow-labourer in the northern part of our island, be applicable to each of you, and to all those whom you may be called to serve.-' May the
See an Introductory Address to an Unitarian Church in Dundee, by David Logan, p. 8, well worthy of the notice of our Tract Societies.
love of God abound among your people; may it not die, may it not fade, may it not waver; may the love of man also abound among them through your successful labours, the same mind of gentleness, generosity and forbearance, which was also in Christ Jesus; and may you keep them faithful unto death: may it be yours to see the prize of their high calling secure in their possession, to see the crown of glory which fadeth not away placed upon their heads by the Judge of all the earth: may your bliss be multiplied into the bliss of them all: may you have it to say to your Father, Here we are, and the brethren whom thou hast given us;' and in the presence of Jesus, your eldest brother, and the great high-priest of your profession, may you evermore dwell with them, and in the glories of paradise be evermore partakers with them, and in all the songs of paradise be joined by them!'
"And now let me be permitted to address a few words to our young layfriends, particularly to those who are to leave us but who will not, I trust, dissolve their connexion with us, or let their good wishes and exertions be wanting for the future prosperity and success of their Alma Mater. May she have proved indeed a mother to them! May they continue to exemplify the principles and habits to which it has been her wish and her endeavour to form them and may they never find cause to regret their ne glect of her instructions, or feel that, when the knowledge which they should have acquired here shall be called for, to be applied in the discharge of the duties of life, it is not at hand, as their friends might have expected!
But I hope better things of you all, Gentlemen, although I may thus speak, in the language, I trust, of caution rather than of reproof. It is also my earnest desire to caution you against imagining that your education is concluded when you leave this place. On the contrary, you will find that it is, in fact, only begun that the path is pointed out to you, indeed, which leads to knowledge, virtue and happiness, but that you must yourselves proceed in it according to the directions given, if you would successfully travel through the journey of life. It is, however, a circumstance of great encouragement, that those of you who have, on this occasion, exhibited specimens of your proficiency in composition, have chosen subjects connected with the maintenance of piety and virtue, and consequently of happiness, both public and private that you have read the history of mankind with a view to its moral application, that you are aware of
the natural (unperverted) connexion of civilization with general benevolence, and of religious liberty with national prosperity; you feel that the duellist can claim no discipleship of him who commanded us to love our enemies, you are, therefore, determined never to break the laws both of God and man, in mean submission to the barbarous maxims of falselycalled polished society; and are animated with that ardent, but liberal and enlightened patriotism, which, while it begins at home, by no means ends there, but embraces the whole race of mankind.— Let me cordially exhort you to carry with you into the world the principles which you have here been forming; and by a wise and faithful application of them, do honour to the institution in which you received them."
It would have been highly gratifying to have been able to report the spontaneous effusion of the Assistant Visitor, in which the sentiments contained in the Address were illustrated and beautifully enforced, and much additional advice was given to the Students in a very interesting manner, but the surprise and delight of the audience precluded the thought of taking notes; and your reporter would not venture to give a sketch of it from memory.
On Friday morning the Trustees met for business in the Common Hall, when it was a matter of regret to find that the Funds of the College had rather declined than advanced during the past year, particularly in the article of congregational collections, which, with one or two handsome exceptions, (from Hackney and Bristol,) appeared to have been nearly given up. The proceedings of this meeting will be regularly advertised: at present it will be proper to report, that the Trustees" finding that the present state of the funds did not admit of any increase in the expenditure, and there being only two removals of Divinity Students this year, while there were seven candidates, conceived it expedient to select four out of the number, and to grant half of the usual exhibition to each, provided that such an arrangement should prove accep table to their friends; it being understood that these should have a preference to succeed to full exhibitions as they fall out; the order of succession among them to be hereafter decided upon:" that "the number of exhibitions should be gradually diminished to thirteen, unless the public should enable the Committee to provide for a larger number;" and that "the usual addition to the Permanent Fund, to replace the depreciation of the house-property, be suspended for the present year."
The reporter, however, presumes to
understanding, however unequal it may have been to their discovery; calculated to illumine its conceptions, to dispel its errois, to strengthen and exalt its powers, to regulate and animate its pursuits, and thus to produce a wise and virtuous conduct. The discourse was heard with marked attention, and the interest which it excited, was manifested in the warm and unanimous vote of thanks with which it was followed. Almost the whole congregation were present at the business of the meeting. From the reports which were now read, it appeared, that in consequence of the plan of village preaching having been adopted in the neighbourhood of Tenterden, congregations, consisting in general of more than a hundred church, Appledore, Bennenden, Fauston persons, have been collected at WoodGreen and Halden. Of the four first, Mr. Harding remarks, that "could these places be regularly supplied on Sundays, there is not a doubt that a respectable society might be formed in each of them." He expresses himself much indebted to Mr. Taylor, of Tenterden, and Mr. Payne, of Rolvenden, for their frequent assistance in preaching to several of these congregations. The benefits of the library at Tenterden have been more effectually extended to the surrounding villages, by means of committees and librarians at
the respective places. The congregation at Maidstone has been considerably increased by their new pastor, Mr. George Kenrick, whose discourses have uniformly excited great attention. His Lectures on Unitarianism, and its application to public social worship, have been numerously attended, and together with the distribution of tracts, have promoted a spirit of inquiry, have made some converts, and confirmed the convictions and animated the zeal of others. Mr. Hobcroft, of Gravesend, was so powerfully impressed by two of Mr. Kenrick's lectures, which Kent and Sussex Unitarian Associ- he attended, that after having purchased and read the Christian Reformer for the year, he made an application to him for aid in propagating Unitarianism at Gravesend. Tracts were accordingly put in circulation, and a course of lectures were delivered by Mr. Kenrick, Mr. Chapman, Mr. H. Green, and Mr. Harding, to very attentive audiences of from 120 to 150 persons: great interest has been excited, and at least 30 subscribers have united to form "a Society for maintaining Unitarian worship at Gravesend." A unanimous vote was passed by the association in favour of the continuance of Mr. Harding in his sphere of increasing usefulness, with a warm expression of gratitude to the Unitarian Fund, and the Hackney Fellowship Society, for their kind and
hope, that the Committee will be enabled to carry into full effect the objects of the Institution, and, particularly, that a considerable sum will shortly be raised by congregational collections; a mode of supporting its funds peculiarly eligible, not only as it increases the acquaintance of the Unitarian public in general with the state of the College, and their interest in its success; but gives an opportunity to ministers to discuss particular topics of high importance, which might not otherwise so readily occur.
Manchester College, York.
THE next Manchester Annual Meeting
of the Trustees of this Institution will
be held at the Cross Street Chapel Rooms,
Manchester, July 19, 1823.
New Chapel, Stamford Street. The Trustees of the late Chapel in Princes Street, which was sold under the Act of Parliament for the improvement of Westminster, have nearly completed an elegant chapel on the south side of Stamford Street, Blackfriars' Road. Having failed to obtain a suitable piece of ground for the re-erection of the Chapel in Westminster, they were induced to build on the present spot, in consequence of an application from the congregation late of St. Thomas's, whose lease the Governors of St. Thomas's Hospital had refused to renew, and who will now unite themselves to the Princes Street congregation. The New Chapel, it is expected, will be opened for divine worship on Sunday, the 17th of this month (August).
THERE was a numerous attendance at the Eleventh Anniversary of the Kent and Sussex Unitarian Association, on the 16th instant, at Battle. Mr. John Kenrick preached from 2 Tim. i. 7, shewing with great perspicuity and force of reasoning, that as, according to the apostle, “a sound mind" is one of the blessings imparted by Christianity, so the views of it which are entertained by Unitarian Christians, entirely coincide with this account of its happy tendency. The doctrines of the strict unity of God, of a future life, of equal recompences, the pure effect of his power, and resulting from his infinite goodness, were stated to be congenial with the dictates of the