Imatges de pÓgina


his called on him not long since. It have seen that they have drawn me was difficult to make him recollect-out into the arena of the newspapers. who he was, and sitting one hour, be Although I know it is too late for me told him the same story four times to buckle on the armour of youth, over. Is this life ?-ivith lab’ring yet my indignation would not permit step

me passively to receive the kick of an To tread our former footsteps ! pace

To turn to the news of the day, the round Eternal ? to beat and beat

it seems that the cannibals of Europe The beaten track-to see what we have are going to eating one another again, seen

A war between Russia and Turkey is To taste the tasted-o'er our palates like the battle of the kite and snake; to decaut

whichever destroys the other, leaves Another vintage ?

a destroyer the less for the world.

This pugnacious humour of mankind It is, at most, but the life of a cab

seems to be the law of his nature, one bage, surely not worth a wish. When of the obstacles to too great multipli. all our faculties have left, or are leav- cation provided in the mechanism of ing us, one by one, sight, hearing, me

the universe. The cocks of the hen. mory, every avenue of pleasing sensation is closed, and athumy, debility rams, do the same; and the horse, in

yard kill one another ; bears, bulls, and malaise left in their places, when his wild state, kills all the young the friends of our youth are all gone, males, until worn down with age and and a generation is risen around us whom we know not, is death an evil ?

war, some vigorous youth kills him.

* I hope we shall prove how When one by one oar ties are torn,

much happier for man the Quaker Aud friend from friend is spatch'd for. policy is, and that the life of the feeder lorn;

is better than that of the fighter: and When man is left alone to mourn, it is some consolation that the deso

Oh! then, how sweet it is to die! lation by these maniacs of one part of When trembling limbs refuse their it in other parts. Let the latter be

the earth, is the means of improving weight, And films slow gath'ring dim the sight;

our office; and let us milk the cow, When clouds obscure the mental light, while the Russian holds her by the "Tis nature's kindest boon to die !

horns, and the Turk by the tail.-God

bless you and give you health, strength, I really think so. I have ever dread- good spirits, and as much of life as ed a doting old age ; and my health you think worth having. has been generally so good, and is

THOs. JEFFERSON. now so good, that I dread it still. The rapid decline of my strength dur- MR. ADAMS' REPLY. ing the last winter has made me hope soinetimes that I see land. During

Montezillo, June 11, 1822. summer I enjoy its temperature, but DEAR SIR, I shudder at the approach of winter, Half an hour ago I received, and and wish I could sleep through it this moment have heard read for the with the dormouse, and only wake third or fourth time, the best letter with him in spring, if ever. They say that ever was written by an Octogethat Starke could walk about his narian, dated June 1st. rooin. I am told you walk well and firmly. I can only reach my garden, I have not sprained my wrist; but and that with sensible fatigue. "I ride, both my arms and hands are so overhowever, daily; but reading is my strained that I cannot write a line. delight. I should wish never to put Poor Starke remembered nothing and pen to paper; and the more, because could talk of nothing but the battle of of the treacherous practice some peo- Bennington.

**** is not quite so ple have, of publishing one's letters reduced. I cannot mount my horse, without leave. Lord Mansfield de- but I can walk three miles over a clared it a breach of trust, and pu- rugged rocky inountain, and have done nishable at law. I think it should be it within a month; yet I feel when a penitentiary felony; yet you will sitting in my chair as if I could not

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Dr. Priestley and Mr. Winchester.

41 rise out of it ; and when risen, as if I Paternoster-Row, Spitalfields, could


January 10, 1823

NOME memory poor enough.

I answer your question--is death an intercourse between the late Dr. Priestevil ?-It is not an evil. It is a bles. ley and the Rev. Elhanan Winchester sing to the individual, and to the in America, and I beg leave to offer world; yet we ought not to wish for them as deserving to be recorded in it till life becomes insupportable. We the Monthly Repository: In convermust wait the pleasure and conveni- sation with a respected friend, I reence of the “Great Teacher.” Win- marked that I was informed from unter is as terrible to me as to you. I doubted authority, that the late Mr. am almost reduced in it to the life of Winchester, the Universalist, though a bear or a torpid swallow. I cannot a Trinitarian, was a most liberal Chrisread, but my delight is to hear others tian, and possessed a truly Catholic read, and I tax all my friends most spirit, which he evinced by his friendly unmercifully and tyrannically against conduct towards Dr. Priestley in Ametheir consent.

rica, after the Doctor had been exThe ass has kicked in vain ; all pelled from his native land, by those men say the dull animal has missed whose intolerant spirit could not bear the mark.

the freedoın and energy with which This globe is a theatre of war ; its that great man advocated the cause of inhabitants are all heroes. The little truth and unalloyed Christianity. eels in vinegar, and the animalcules in Wishing to possess a correct statement pepper-water, I believe are quarrels of the particulars, I requested my sissome. The bees are as warlike as the ter, who resided at that time in PhilaRomans, Russians, Britons or French- delphia; to furnish me with any that men-Ants, caterpillars, and canker fell within her knowledge, which she worms, are the only tribes among kindly and readily did in a letter from whom I have not seen battles ; and which I have made the following exheaven itself, if we believe Hindoos, tracts, and which place both of those Jews, Christians and, Mahometans, eminent characters in an estimable has not always been at peace.-We light.

SAML. HART. need not trouble ourselves about these things, nor fret ourselves because of

Exeter, December 10, 1822. evil-doers; but safely trust the “Ru- DEAR BROTHER, ler with his skies." Nor need we It is now nearly five-and-twenty years dread the approach of dotage ; let it since I was in America, having sailed come if it must.-*****, it seems, therefrom for England in the spring of still delights in his four stories; and 1798, and in the lapse of a quarter of a Starke remembered to the last his century many circumstances have faded Bennington, and exulted in his glory: from my mind : at your request, howthe worst of the evil is, that our

ever, I will with cheerfulness endeavour friends will suffer more by our inbe- rences of those long-departed days. It

to call back to remembrance the occurcility than we ourselves.

is ever a pleasure to me to reflect on the

character of the late Mr. Wiuchester, in In wishing you health and happi- which were combined uniformity of Chrisness, I am very selfish; for I hope tian conduct and deportment with great for more letters ;-this is worth more urbanity and benevolence of heart; and than five hundred dollars to me, for what renders his memory peculiarly estiit bas already given ine, and it will mable to me, was that artlessness of continue to give ine, more pleasure manners, singularly his own, and an unthan a thousand. Mr. Jay, who is affected liberality which he manifested about your age, I am told, experiences towards Dr. Priestley the first winter the more decay than you do.

Doctor came down to Philadelphia to

preach, and for which I was quite unI am, your old friend,

prepared. JOHN ADAMS.

I believe that Dr. Priestley's and Mr. President Jefferson

Winchester's being first made known to each other arose from the following circoming to Philadelphia, in the autumn not believe in Christ, they are Deists. of 1795 or 6, I think, to deliver his first The idea was, that an Unitarian and a course of Lectures, (afterwards' privted,) Deist meant, on the whole, the same the Unitarians of Philadelphia, who were ching ; 80 concluding the former lo belong lately from England, set on foot and con- as little to Christ as the latter, it natucluded a negociation with the Universal- rally enough followed, in their way of ists for the use, on Sunday forenoons, reasoning, that Unitarians not being of a place of worship then building by Christians, it was truly absurd for them them in Lombard Street, wherein Dr. to commemorate the death of Christ by Pricstley might preach.

cixcynistance : when the Doctor was VOL. XVIII,

receiving the Lord's Supper : however, The four walls were raised and the the Unitarians were glad to assemble roof on, but the internal fittings up had round the table of their Lord, especially not been commenced: however, our with such a ministeriug servant of their friends made an advance of some huu- profession ; and I greatly mistake if Mr. dreds of dollars, and employed great Winchester did not give an indisputable activity and energy, so that very soon aud unambiguous testimony of Christian the house was completely benched, and love and forbearance in partaking with a pulpit erected, and though not quite them; unhappily 100, as by so doing he finished, it was opened for divine service. increased the offence before given to some The congregations that attended were so of his more rigid adhereụts in his friendly numerous that the house could not con- demeapour to Dr. Priestley. Afternoons tain them, so that as many were obliged and evenings Mr. Winchester resumed to stand as sit, and even the door-ways his ministerial labours in his own pulpit, were crowded with people. Mr. Vice. and afternoons Dr. Priestley was as atPresident Adams was among the regular tentive a hearer as in the morning he attendants, and to the best of my recol. had been an excellent speaker. lection, Mr. Winchester was never abseat, On the same day that Dr. Priestley and he constantly gave out the hymns gave out his next Sunday's subject to be when that excellent man Dr. P. did not Unitarianism ; after their own service it read them himself.

was notified that Mr. Winchester would, On the floor, directly in front of the by desire, on that evening, defend the pulpit, and close to it, was placed a long doctrine of the Trinity: He did preach seat, with back and arms, and a table about it to the dissatisfaction of many of before it : ou this seat, which was gene- his friends, and many more thought he rally occupied by elderly men, members had been peculiarly unhappy that evenof the Universalist society, Mr. Win- ing in wielding the weapons of Trioitachester would take his place, unless he rianism. His general preaching was on went into the pulpit with the Doctor, it the love of God, earnestly endeavouring being large enough to hold several : this to persuade men to obedience to the laws I need not say was a strong mark of of their Heavenly Father, on account of friendly-heartedness and liberality, and, his great love and goodness to them. He in fact, gave umbrage, together with his himself appeared to be deeply imbued acting as the Doctor's clerk, to some of with the principle of gratitude: he was his own people, many of whom were

very fond of psalmody, and used to de. Autiuomians. Well, thus did Mr. Wiu- light in pacing his room for a long time chester use to sit, placing himself so as together, singing the following hywu : to have the eye constantly directed to the preacher, the attention riveted to the This God is the God we adore, subject, and a face beaming with hea. Our faithful, unchangeable friend, . venly love.

Whose love is as great as his power, At the close of the course Dr. Priestley

And neither knows measure nor end. gave notice that, on the Sunday following, he intended to preach directly on

"Tis He is the first and the last,

Whose hand shall conduct us safe the person of Christ, explaining the Uni. tarians' view of the subject, and that the

home; Lord's Supper would be celebrated at the We'll praise him for all that is past, conclusion of that service: this intima.

And trust him for all that's to come. tion produced a sensation indeed, among

Your affectionate Sister, the Philadelphians; they were puzzled, not being able to couceive what Unita

SARAH HART. rians or Deists, as they termed them, had to do with it. One exclaims with surprise, they receive the Lord's Supper! Another, what have they to do with Christ? Whilst others asserted, they do


O Friday last

Installation of Sir James Mackintosh at Glasgow. Installation of Sir James Mackintosh and afterwards subscribed his name

as Lord Rector of the University of to the rules and orders of the UniverGlasgou.


Every breath was now held

in suspense, and amid the mute and (From The Glasgow Free Press, Wed- anxious attention of the immense asnesday, January 8.)


SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH rose, and N Friday last, this distinguished statesman and philanthropist was

commenced his speech by expressing installed into his high honorary of his sincere and hearty thanks for the fice. In the early part of the day the high, unmerited and unexpected hoforthcoming scene was the general tbe suffrages of this University. So

nour to which he had been raised by topic of conversation. At the newsrooms, in the shops, and throughout unexpected was the honour, that the the streets, scarcely any other subject

election was completed before he knew

he was a candidate. was talked about.

In addressing A great number of gentlemen assembled in the College tion of great difficulty and delicacy.

his hearers, he was placed in a situaCourt a full hour before the proceed

The tone of those calm and mild ings commenced. At half-past two the doors were opened for the admis. studies to which this University was sion of the students, and in the junior to intrude herself upon them, and his

consecrated, would not permit politics classes rusled, bounding, cheering, voice had for a long time been raised and exulting.

in political contention. Universities " Gay hope was theirs, by fancy fed." are of value only for the production

of those purposes which all good men It was a fine sight. All seemed to of all ages, and sects and parties, he alike ;-jojous even to rapture. equally esteem and equally cherish.. The senior classes followed, and, al- Nothing is to be studied and contemthough the expression of their feelings plated here, but that which is to renwas not so exuberant, it was evident der men good subjects of a just gothey participated equally in the de- vernment. (Great applanse.) He felt lights of the occasion. If there were himself honoured by the consideration any-and there must have been a few of the illustrious competitor to whom who would have preferred another he was opposed (Sir Walter Scott). and more poetical Rector, their par. He would with great pleasure have. tiality was for the moment forgotten. taken this opportunity of saying of Every face appeared clad with the him in public, what he had uniformly same smiles, and the same expression said of him in private, if so much of expectation. At three, strangers praise and admiration had not already were admitted. The rush was tre- been paid him by his friend and premendous, and in a minute the hall decessor, (Mr. Jeffrey,)--the effect of and galleries were crowded to excess. whose encomium he would not inar Repeated attempts to force themselves by attempting to repeat it in less skilin, by individuals at the outer-doors, ful phrase. Speaking of his own feeloccasionally, according to the impetus, ings, he would have considered it no gave the dense mass the appearance loss of honour to have been vanquished of a single undulating wave. Shortly by such a competitor. The presence after three, Mr. Jeffrey appeared, of his excellent friend the late Lord escorting two ladies ; he was received Rector restrained him from saying all with considerable cheering. Sir James he could wish to say respecting him, in a few minutes followed, accompa- “but. I am sure," said he,“ no man nied by Lords Belhaven, Gillies and who knows me will think that I unAlloway, Admiral Fleming, Mr. Fin- derrate my own feelings, in the genelay of Castle Toward, Mr.

Campbell ral assertion, that be is a man at least of Blythswood, Messrs. Cranstoun, as much beloved as he is admired by Cockburn, Murray, Moncrieff, Sand his readers and his hearers. He is as ford and Thomson; they were bailed much the darling of those societies of with loud and long-continued plaudits. which he is an individual member, as The oath was read over in Latin to he is almost a solitary instance of a. the new Lord Rector, which he took, long and brilliant literary reputation,

joined to a professional career of equat one of a similar class. I feel a sort length and brilliancy.” He woull be of renovation of the pursuits and careful that there should not escape friends of my youth-my sympathy him a single expression which might rises with your expressions of approcreate the least irritation. He would bation; and I cannot but acknowledge do his utmost to preserve concord and that I feel as if I were sensible that good-will within the University. If were I in your situation, I should long his own character was not sufficient to have done just as you have acted. security, that he would not depart (Loud and continued applause.) It from these rules, he had then beside can be no great infatuation in me, him two of the dearest friends of his therefore, to say that I warmly value youth, (Lords Gillies and Alloway,) the approbation and support of youth, who had raised themselves to the like the poet who revisits the scenes highest judicial situations in the coun- of his early life: try, and he was sure, that even their friendship for him would not sanction " I feel the gales that from ye blow, party politics.

A momentary bliss bestow ; In reverting to the honour done

As waving fresh their gladsome wing, him, he remarked that this was one of

My weary soul they seem to sooth;

And, redolent of joy and youth, the most flattering distinctions that

To breathe a second spring.' could have been conferred upon him, for it is peculiarly gratifying to those But, Gentlemen, no 'delight or gratifiimmersed in political affairs, that any cation could recommend to me an part of their conduct should receive Institution in which such privileges the calm approbation of those devoted were granted to youth, as you enjoy, to study. He greatly prized any lite- unless my reason and experience were rary honour from a Scottish Univer- satisfied of their utility." I am satissity, and more especially from so dis, fed that the privileges of the Acatinguished a seminary, where he had demic youth of this University, which received his own education. It re have been enjoyed for so many ages, minded him of that period of life, and are most beneficial to your academical of those scenes where he derived that institutions. They serve to promote tone of literature which has been the industry-to lighten obedience to never failing, and steady enjoyment, enforce' discipline and to attach the and consolation of his life, and to students to the University. It seems which he could now add, the testimony to me that all great seminaries should of a great Latin orator, as proved serve but as means of preparation for from his own experience : « Hæc the active duties of life. I am satisstudia, adolescentiam alunt, senectu- fied that the original institutions of tem oblectant, secundas res ornant, this seminary, which conferred upon adversis perfugium ac solatium præ- the youth the election of their first bent.” He was verging on those magistrate, have been wisely contrived, years in which he was almost entitled for they have never exercised that to confirm by experience that which valuable privilege without doing hohe felt not to be a panegyric on letters, nour to themselves and the University. but a testimony by hiin who was most In looking over the list of names of eminently qualified to estimate their those who have been raised to that value. He felt in a more sensible distinguished eminence by their sufmanner the honour done him in this frages, I observe no name that I would that the youth of the University have wish to be expunged. They have been principally instrumental in the always used this privilege wisely and election. ' "I must confess there is honourably. Their minds are not yet something in this feeling of approba- influenced by venal or interested motion of youth, (which must of neces- tives, and their voices are more to be sity be pure,) which is extremely gra- valued than if they had been moved tifying, especially to those who pass by considerations which influence perthrough a long and varied life. I sons of riper years, but of less disinrecur to the early period of my ex- terested feelings. Besides, the calcuistence; and I now feel a renovation lations of probability are in this respect of the pleasure I enjoyed when I was confirmed by experience ; the holders

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