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OBITUARY.

1823. May 13, at Norfolk, in Virginia, SARAI, wife of Mr. Charles BOWRING; and, on the 21st June, Mr. CHARLES BOWRING.

July 28th, when on a visit to his son, at Reading, the Rev. JAMES HINTON, of Oxford, A. M., after a few hours' illness. He had been long the pastor of the Baptist Congregation at Oxford, which by his respectable talents, amiable manners, and high character, he had raised to a very flourishing condition. For many years he had conducted with reputation and success a Boarding School, at which numbers of the leading persons in his own denomination had received their education. Mr. Hinton was in the management of the Baptist Missionary Society, and was much and deservedly looked up to by his brethren,

August 3rd, at Northallerton, in his 68th year, after a long and severe illness, which he bore with truly pious resignation and Christian fortitude, Mr. THOMAS MITCHELL, late of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, deeply lamented by a numerous family and an extensive circle of friends. He was a most excellent husband, a kind and indulgent father, and a most cheer. ful and valuable member of society.

August 19, at Shefford, Bedfordshire, in his 57th year, ROBERT BLoomfield, author of the "Farmer's Boy," &c. &c. His constitution, naturally weak, had of late years become alarmingly impaired; every fresh attack left him still weaker; the last, it was feared, had he survived it, would have fixed him in a state of mental aberration, to which himself and dearest friends must have preferred his death.

Aug. 23, at his apartments, Trinity Square, Tower Hill, aged 75, the Rev. THOMAS DAVIES, once a popular minister amongst the Calvinistic Methodists. He was a native of Wales, and possessed much of the characteristic zeal of his countrymen. His preaching was attractive to the common people from his vehemence and oddity, which was not without humour. He occupied for some years the old meeting-house, or as he was uccustomed to call it, the old barn, in Bartholomew Close; whence he removed to Queen Street Chapel, Cheapside. His popularity was, we believe, never profitable, and we fear he experienced towards the close of life the un

steadiness of popular attachment, when it depends upon the mere manner of a preacher and not upon any distinct theological principle.

Sept. 2, the Rev. THOMAS WINSTANLEY, D. D., Principal of St. Alban's Hall, Camden Professor of Ancient History, and Laudean Professor of Arabic in the University of Oxford, and Prebendary of St. Paul's, London.

Sept. 2, at Aston, Warwickshire, in the 80th year of his age, to the great regret of his friends and his parishioners, the Rev. BENJAMIN SPENCER, LL.D., 52 years Vicar of the above parish; also Rector of Hatton, Lincolushire, and more than 40 years an active Magistrate for the counties of Warwick and Stafford.

Sept. 6, after a short illness, aged 70, HANNAH, the wife of John THOMSON, Esq., of Kendal, and mother of the late Dr. Thomson, of Leeds. Hers was a character in which was found a rare assemblage of the best qualities of our uature. The dignified and graceful ease of her manners, whilst it obtained general respect, peculiarly fitted her for receiving and communicating pleasure in the cheerful intercourse of society-but it was in the select circle of her family and friends, that the true worth of her character was seen and felt-here it was that the wisdom of religion rendered her peculiarly instructive, and the benignity of its spirit truly engaging. In what manner she discharged the duties of a wife and mother, the strongest testimony is the grief of her surviving family occasioned by this bereaving providence;— amongst them will be long remembered the sincerity and tenderness of her affection, and the zeal and assiduity with which she laboured to promote their happiness. In her religious character she was particularly eminent. Her piety was cheerful, and yet deeply rooted, and her attendance upon public worship most exemplary. Religion she had considered with care; and holding to the great leading truths of the gospel, she cultivated that genuine charity which respects piety wherever it is found. It is a satisfaction to add, that as she endured affliction with a patience and fortitude which did honour to Christianity, so the glorious promises of this religion, the influence of which she had felt through life, were her comfort and support in death.

Sept. 6th, at Florence, Mr. LAURENCE Rowe, of Brentford, aged 69; a valua ble member of the Presbyterian congregation in that town, and an enlightened, zealous and steady friend to truth and liberty, whose loss is deeply and will be long lamented by his respectable family and a large circle of friends.

wing had attained to an unexampled prosperity. Upon her return after the late midsummer recess to the discharge of professional duties, her indisposition augmented, and alas! terminated in speedy dissolution. To her truly afflicted partner and to her three affectionate daughters, as well as to all her other relatives and friends she had endeared herself by the many excellencies both of her head and of her heart. They will long cherish her memory! Her removal from an extensive sphere of usefulness in the meridian of life and in the zenith of activity, forms an awful comment on the vanity of human expectations, and powerfully inculcates the wisdom of directing our hopes to the imperishable glories of the heavenly world. This account of a beloved sister shall be closed with lines, of which she expressed her warmest admiration a few weeks ago, when she heard them recited by her brother as a specimen of devotional poetry, at the conclusion of a Lecture on the Belles Lettres delivered at her seminary:

Yes, we shall live for ever! Life's short
years

May bring their destined trials, cares and
And strew the thorns and roses in our

joys,

Sept. 10, after a few days' illness, at his seat, Gatcombe Park, Gloucestershire, DAVID RICARDO, Esq., Member of Parliament for Portarlington. The death of this gentleman, in the midst of days and of fame, has occasioned an indescribable shock to his family and friends. An abscess in the ear, a constitutional complaint, which extended to the brain, put an end to his valuable life. He was the head, and in one sense the founder of a large family, who looked up to him with affection and reverence. His sound mind, sterling integrity, nice honour and amiable manners, made him universally respected and beloved. By his talents he had acquired in the money-market a princely fortune, which was gained honourably and used generously. He is known to the English public, and to the literary and scientific men of Europe by his works on Political Economy, which evince an uncommon reach and peculiar acuteness of mind. He was regarded as the leading political economist in the House of Commons, where all parties agreed to shew deference to his opinions. This universal respect is the more decisive of his great mental powers, as he was scarcely eloquent in the Parliamentary sense of the term, aud as he maintained political principles to which the majority of the House of Commons are strongly opposed. With extraordinary talents he united great simplicity of character and urbanity of manner, and hence he was every where a favourite. On all great public questions he was with the people, and the reader will turn back with new interest to his admirable speech given in our last number, pp. 490-492, in support of the "Christians' Petition against the Prosecution of Unbelievers,"- -a speech the more manly and virtuous on account of the suspicions and opprobrium to which he knew himself to be subject from his origin among the Jewish people.

Sept. 16, in the 43rd year of her age, Mrs. ELIZABETH LUDDINGTON, wife of Mr. William Luddington, of Euston Square. She fell a sacrifice to the inces sant attention and unremitting vigilance with which she conducted a seminary for young ladies, which under her fostering

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This indeed, is the land of shadows, evanescent in its nature, and most transitory in its duration. Substance and permanency are the sole attributes of a superior state of being. "It is congruous to our expectation of so great things after death, that we live in a cheerful, pleasant expectation of it. For what must necessarily intervene, though not grateful in itself, should be reckoned so for the sake of that which is. This only can upon the best terms reconcile us to the grave, that our greatest hopes lie beyond it and are not hazarded by it but accomplished." This mortal must put on immortality.

J. EVANS.

Islington, Sept. 20, 1823.

Deaths Abroad.

Lately, M. LAMBRECHTS. We cannot offer a better sketch of the life of M. Lambrechts than that given by himself, which we extract from a small pamphlet, entitled, Notices found amongst the Pa

pers of Count Lambrechts, and published by his heir:

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"I was born on the 20th of November, 1753; I took my Licentiate's degree in 1774; in 1777, I was appointed a Professor of Law in the University of Louvain. After going through the requisite examinations, I obtained the degree of Doctor in 1782. In the years 1788 and 1789, I visited the different universities of Germany. I undertook this mission at the command of Joseph II., who bore the unusual character of a philosopher on the throne, I was enjoined to lecture, after my return, on a subject hitherto neglected at Louvain, viz., the Laws of Nature and of Nations. It was principally from the conversation of the professors in the universities I had visited, that I derived my political principles that I acquired that love of liberty and that hatred of arbitrary power, which will glow in my breast till its last sigh. I consider it the highest privilege that can be enjoyed on earth, to depend on the laws alone, and not on the caprice of

man.

words, the principal events of his life, M. Lambrechts concludes this manuscript (the last he wrote) with his religious and political creed. Every feeling of his admirable mind is laid open to the reader, who must_behold with the liveliest emotion this virtuous man looking back from the brink of the grave, and giving instructions to his fellow-men worthy the pages of a Fenelon, The sufferings of M. LamErechts, after a long and painful illness, were terminated on the 3rd of August, 1823; he breathed his last in the arms of M. Charles d'Outrepont, his intimate friend, whom he appointed his residuary legatee. By an article in his will, M. Lambrechts left a large endowment to an institution for blind aud sick Protestants. To avoid the appearance of intolerance, he declares that he makes this bequest in favour of Protestants only, because he found that blind persons of that religious persuasion were no longer admitted at Quinze-Vingts. He also bequeathed two thousand francs to the Institute, requesting that literary body to propose, as a prize-subject, a discourse on Religious Liberty, and to present that sum to the author who should be judged worthy of the prize.

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M. Lambrechts published, in 1815, a work entitled, Political Principles; and, in 1818, he wrote a pamphlet, full of erudition and of just views, in answer to the work of the Abbé Frayssinous on the Concordat. Rev. Encyclop.

"In 1793 I took up my abode at Brussels, to practise in the honourable and independent profession of an advocate. After the conquest of the Belgic Provinces by the French, I was successively a municipal officer in the city of Brussels, Member and President of the administration of the Central and Superior Belgic Provinces, &c.; lastly, on the formation of the Senate I became a member of that body, to which very important functions were intrusted. How many indulge themselves in chimerical visions of happiness in the publicity after which they aspire! I gloried in again becoming a private French citizen, after having thus acted my part on the political stage. In the year 1819, however, two considerable departments, that of the Bas-Rhin and the Seine-Inférieure, elected me as their representative in the Chamber of Deputies. In this they conferred on me the most distinguished honour a Freuchmau can receive; and I request them to accept my most heartfelt acknowledgments."

After having related, in these few

THE celebrated CARNOT has died, after a painful illness, at Magdeburg, where he had taken refuge since 1815. He was one of those men who have done honour to France, and retained, amidst many seductions, his character for honesty and firmness. He was a member of the Executive Directory, and of the Academy of Sciences, and a Lieutenant-General in the French army. He accepted of ne conspicuous public employment under the regime of Napoleon till the French territory was invaded. He was born on the 13th of May, 1753.

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laid before the Meeting, duly audited by Mr. Joseph Mason and Mr. S. D. Darbishire, and were allowed.

After passing unanimous votes of thanks to the President, Vice-Presidents, Visitors, Committee, and other officers, for their services during the past year, the meeting proceeded to the election of officers for the ensuing year, when the following gentlemen were appointed, viz. Joseph Strutt, Esq., of Derby, President; James Touchet, Esq., of Broomhouse, near Manchester, Peter Martineau, Esq., of St. Albans, Daniel Gaskell, Esq., of Lupsett, near Wakefield, Abraham Crompton, Esq., of Lune Villa, near Lancaster, the Rev. John Yates, of Toxteth Park, near Liverpool, and the Rev. John Kentish, of the Woodlands, near Birmingham, Vice-Presidents; George William Wood, Esq., of Platt, Treasurer; Thomas Robinson, Esq., of Manchester, Chairman of the Committee; Mr. Samuel D. Darbishire and the Rev. John James Tayler, of Manchester, Secretaries; and Mr. Samuel Kay and Mr. Benjamin Heywood, of Manchester, Auditors. The offices of Visitor, Assistant Visitor, and public Examiners, continue to be filled by the Rev. William Turner, of Newcastle, the Rev. Lant Carpenter, LL.D., of Bristol, and the Rev. Joseph Hutton, LL.D., of Leeds, and the Rev. John Gooch Robberds, of Manchester.

The Committee of the last year was re-elected with the exception of Mr. Samuel Allcock, Mr. Benjamin Heywood, and the Rev. Arthur Dean, who are succeeded by Mr. Robert Philips, Jun. of Heath House, and Mr. Matthew Hedley and Mr. John Bentley, of Manchester. The Deputy Treasurers were also reelected, with the addition of the Rev. Charles Berry for Leicester and the neighbourhood.

they should have a preference to succeed to full exhibitions, as vacancies occur.

Applications for admission for the Session commencing in September, 1824, accompanied by the requisite testimonials, should be addressed to the Secretaries before the 1st of May next.

From the Treasurer's report of the state of the funds, it appears that the new annual subscriptions for the year, rather exceed, in amount, those which have been discontinued.-The congregational collections have amounted to 1377. 168. 6d., the benefactions to 1447. 18., and from Fellowship Funds the Trustees have received 291. 58. Included in these sums the Trustees have the pleasure of noticing a congregational collection from the New Meeting Congregation, Birmingham, by the Rev. John Kentish, being the largest ever made on behalf of the College; a benefaction of 1001. from Robert Gawthrop, Esq., of Kendal, and another from Daniel Gaskell, Esq., of Lupsett, of 217, being his fourth. These sums, which have been received since the York Annual Meeting, and, it is believed, in consequence of the unfavourable report of the state of the funds then made, have reduced the balance due to the Treasurer. The annual expenditure has, notwithstanding, considerably exceeded the income of the year; and the Treasurer, consequently, is in advance to the College, a still larger sum than at the close of the last year. The balance now standing in his favour is upwards of 1601.

Under these circumstances the trus tees have thought it inexpedient to make the usual addition to the permanent fund to cover the annual allowance for depreciation of the buildings at Manchester and York, as directed by the resolutions of the last Manchester annual meeting. They trust, however, thut such an increase will be obtained to the income of the College, from congregational collections and the liberality of individuals, as may enable them in future to carry this object into full effect.

The divinity students in the College during the past session were sixteen in number, fourteen of whom were on the foundation. Of these, Mr. Richard Shawcross and Mr. William Bowen, M. A. have completed their course, and entered upon the duties of their profession as Dissenting ministers. Three of the candidates for admission on the foundation have been received into the College on probation, viz. Mr. Francis Darbishire, son of Mr. Robert Darbishire of Bolton; Mr. Edward Higginson, son of the Rev. Edward Higginson of Derby; and Mr. Francis Rankin, son of Mr. Robert Rankin of Bristol; making the present number of students on the foundation seventeen. It should be stated, however, that the three last-mentioned students are admitted, on a grant of half of the usual exhibition, with the understanding, that

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VOL. XVIII.

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554 Intelligence.-Willington Opening.-Framlingham Commemoration.

funds of the College invested in real estates, and that the present is a favoura ble period for the purchase of land.

That the committee be empowered to make such investment in land on behalf of the permanent fund as they may judge expedient.

The chair was then taken by James Darbishire, Esq., and the thanks of the meeting were unanimously voted to G. W. Wood, Esq., for his services as President.

Secretaries.

S. D. DARBISHIRE,
J. J. TAYLER,
Manchester, August, 1823.

Opening of Unitarian Chapel, Willington, Cheshire.

the service in the afternoon. The Rev.
Mr. Lyons of Chester, took the head of
the table at dinner, and after dinner,
moved the thanks of the meeting to Mr.
Grundy for his very excellent services,
which he eulogized in a very happy and
well-merited manner in a short but ap-
propriate address. Several friends from
Chester, Nantwich, &c., were present.
The collection at the chapel was small,
in consequence of there being but few
able to contribute much who had not
previously contributed handsomely. Mr.
Lyons paid Mr. Astbury, the minister of
the place, a very handsome compliment
for his honourable exertions in the cause.
He has given the
of Unitarianism.
ground on which the chapel is built,
besides contributing in other respects
very liberally towards the accomplish-
J. H.
ment of the object in which his heart,
was much interested.

Nantwich, Sept. 15, 1823. ON Tuesday, August 19, a new Chapel was opened for the worship of the Only True God the Father, at the village of Willington, in Cheshire, three miles from Tarporley, and eight from Chester, by the Rev. John Grundy, of Manchester. A congregation of about seventy heard, with great attention, a very interesting and argumentative sermon from Mr. In this Grundy, from Acts xvii. 20. discourse the leading principles of Unitarian Christianity were perspicuously presented to the view of the hearers, and delivered in an unaffected but animated strain of natural eloquence; and there is every reason to believe, that a number who had not been accustomed to the preaching of Unitarian Christians, will in future entertain not only more correct, but also more favourable views of Unitarians and their principles. The friends to the cause who were present dined together to the number of nearly fifty, at an inn at Kelsal, rather more than a mile from the chapel. In the afternoon, the Rev. J. Philp, of Whitchurch, delivered to about the same number of hearers a very judicious view of Unitarian principles, from Mark. viii. 29. The hearers were very attentive, and many of them expressed themselves much pleased with what they had heard. In the evening, the Rev. James Hawkes, of Nantwich, addressed a somewhat smaller audience than the two former, from John iv. 21. The preacher endeavoured to impress upon his hearers, consisting principally of the labouring class, not only the acceptableness of the sincere worship of the Father alone, but also the correctness of such worship supported by the Saviour himself in this and in other parts of the gospel, sanctioned by his own example and also by the example of the apostles. The Rev. Mr. Bakewell, of Chester, took the introductory part of

Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anni

versary of the Rev. S. S. Toms's Ministry, at Framlingham, in Suffolk.

On Friday, August 22, 1823, a Meeting was held at Framlingham, Suffolk, to celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of Mr. S. S. Toms's ministry in that place. At eleven o'clock in the forenoon, a respectable congregation assembled in the Meeting House for divine worship. There were present persons from Lon-. don, Norwich, Ipswich, Woodbridge, Bury, Diss, Harleston, Laxfield, and Mr. Valentine, of Diss, other places, prayed and read the Scriptures; after which, Mr. W. P. Scargill, of Bury, of fered up an appropriate prayer. Mr. J. Perry of Ipswich, delivered a discourse. from 1 Thess. ii. 19, 20. The leading topics of the discourse were, the important and extensive duties of the ministerial office, and the high, the honourable, and sure, reward connected with a faithful and conscientious discharge of those duties; Mr. W. Clack, of Soham, in Cambridgeshire, concluded with prayer; Mr. T. Cooper, of Newcastle-under-Lyme, read the hymns. At two o'clock, sixty gentlemen sat down to dinner at the Crown Inn, Mr. W. P. Scargill, of Bury, in the chair. As a proof of the esteem in which Mr. Toms is held by all parties, there were present persons of various denominations among the Dissenters, and several members of the Established Church. A large party of ladies dined at the minister's house, and after dinner they were, with other persons introduced into the room, where the gentlemen, were assembled at the Inn. In the course of the afternoon, several appropriate, and

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