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Obituary.--Dr. Aikin.

55 politics. The candid, equitable and in. was engaged during his residence at dependent spirit which pervades the Stoke Newington. While the infirmities whole, renders them extrenjely valuable, of age pressed with ouly a light hand, not only as materials for thought and the greater part of every day was devoted rules of moral conduct, but as examples to writing or reading. Painful and tryof the temper with which subjects of ing was the period when the decay of such high importance ought to be treated. the mind, in consequence of a paralytic

In 1796, he accepted an offer made to attack, began to precede that of the bohim by Mr. Phillips, of undertaking the dily frame, when the memory became editorship of a periodical work at that less and less capable of recalling the past, time projected by him. This work, the and the intellect of receiving the impress “ Monthly Magazine," was accordingly of the present. One ray, however, still superiatended by Dr. Aikin from its enlightened the gloom, and, when all becommencement; and the numerous pa- sides was dark, conjugal love still conpers furnished by the Editor and his nected him with the external world. He friends, as well as the general spirit in died December 7, 1822, having nearly which the Magazine was conducted, con- completed his 75th year. tributed greatly to establish it in the pub. Dr. Aikin was endowed by nature with lic favour. The connexion of Dr. A. a good constitution, and this original adwith this work was, iu May 1806, ab. vantage he was always careful to preserve ruptly and unceremoniously dissolved by by strict temperance and abundant exer: the proprietor, from dissatisfaction with cise : to this was added an intellect of an award in a dispute in which he was great activity in acquiring and facility in one of the parties and Dr. Aikin one of communicating ideas, and a temper calm, the arbitrators.

well-regulated and cheerful, though far In the same year in which the Monthly from sanguine. Hence he possessed in a Magazine was commenced, Dr. Aikin, very eminent degree the inestimable blesin conjanction with his dear friend, Dr. sing of a sound mind in a sound body. The Enfield, agreed with Messrs. Kearsley and abstractions of mathematical investigaHamilton to undertake a general biogra- tion, and the minute dissection of almost phical dictionary, to be comprised in eranescent ideas which characterizes the about ten quarto rolumes. He did not metaphysician, either were not adapted engage rashly in so serious an occupa. to his faculties, or did not agree with his tion. From his long unreserved inti- taste, which was strongly attracted to the macy with Dr. Enfield, he felt assured useful in morals, in politics, and in the that he possessed a co-adjutor of similar general conduct of life, and to the agree. views with hiniself and of indefatigable able, the harmonious, the elegant in industry, and he anticipated great satis- objects of amusement. Hence his stores faction in the execution of the work. of kuowledge were all producible in the His own health, however, began to be intercourse of society, and thus gave him impaired in 1797 by residence in London, a wide range of subjects for conversation : and his indisposition rapidly increasing these were communicated in simple and and assuming a very serious aspect, easy, though flowing, language, and reguobliged him in the ensuing year to quit lated by a goodness of temper, a decothe Metropolis. He retired for some rum and practical politeness, not often months to Dorking, in Surrey, and in the equalled, never exceeded. The ruling pare air of that delightful valley, aided principle of his conduct in great as in by geotle horse-exercise and an unusually small affairs, was equity; that equity, fue summer, made some progress to which is best expressed by the Christian wards recovery. In the winter he took maxim of doing to others as we would a house at Sioke Newington, in which wish others to do to us. Kind, generous, henceforth be coutinued to reside. In compassionate to all with whom he was the mean time, he had lost by death his connected, either by ties of kindred and friend and co-adjutor in this great work, acquaintance, or in the exercise of his the first volume of which was published profession, he had no personal enemies ; in the Spriog of 1799. Some time and the attachment of his friends was in elapsed before a successor to Dr. Enfield proportion to their intimacy with him, could be found, and theu commercial for there was nothing in his moral characdifficulties on the part of the bookseller ter (using the expression in its widest interposed, materially impeding the suc- extent,) which required to be managed, cess of the work by retarding its regular to be kept out of view, to be glossed progress, so that the tenth and last over. Fare thee well, revered and bevolume was not published till 1815. loved, till we meet in the eternal world! It is not necessary farther to detail the

AR. AIKIN. literary occupations' in which Dr. Aikin

1822, Nov. 27, EDWARD ALEXANDER, distinctions. Devotion was his delight, M.D., of Danett's Hall, near Leicester, studying the Scriptures his dearest emafter a series of intense and protracted ployment, and his hope rested on the sufferings, which were borne with exem- mercies of God in Christ. Perhaps, Dr. plary fortitude and resiguation. As the A. did not entirely agree with any denoparticulars of his distressing case cannot mination of Christians; but serious reproperly be detailed here, it will be suffi- flection and patient investigation led him cient to remark, that his disorder, which to a full conviction of the truth of the had long been making insidious ap- leading tenets of Unitarianism, and from proaches, first manifested itself in June the time of his settling in the vicinity of 1810, and soon began to wear a formida- Leicester, he joined the congregation as. ble aspect. A state of peculiarly painful sembling at the “Great Meeting" in that and complicated disease gradually en- town. In politics, be embraced the libesued, clouded all the bright prospects ral side of the question, and was always which his successful medical career had the firm and strenuous advocate of civil opened to his view, and compelled him and religious freedom. “Every project to relinquish the practical part of an oc- for the benefit of his country, and the cupation to which he was exceedingly advancement of knowledge, liberty and devoted and admirably adapted. The truth obtained his zealous support." few intervals Dr. A. was permitted to en- His judgment of those who differed from joy of comparative ease from agonizing him was uniformly candid and generous, pain, were usually passed in reading, me- and never did he retain the slightest maditation and domestic society. Theology levolent or unkind sentiment against and Medicine were the subjects to which persons from whom he had experienced he principally directed his attention. On undeserved or injurious treatment. The these he had, for many years, read much, subject of this brief, imperfect outline, and thought still more. His purity of was the younger son of the late John character from early life, his extraordi- Alexander, M.D. of Halifax, was born nary moral worth, as well as kuowledge Nov. 25th, 1767, and received his classiand skill in his profession, have rarely cal education at Hipperholm School, been equalled. Nor was his ardent and which then was, and still is under the vigorous mind satisfied with the exercise superintendauce of the Rev. Richard Hudof his medical functions only. Rising son, who, for more than half a century, above every selfish cousideration, he car- has officiated as afternoon lecturer at the ried into his practice the most exalted parish church in Halifax. Dr. A. posChristian virtues. He was not merely sessed the advantage of being well initi. the able physiciau, but the sympathizing ated in the various branches of his pro. friend and comforter of his patieuts. He fession, during his early youth. At the listened to their wants and sorrows, was usual period, he went to London to purprompt to aid them by his advice, to sue his anatomical studies, and there bepour in the balm of cunsolation, or to came a pupil of the late Sir Wm. Blizard. relieve their necessities, as their respec- Having accomplished his object in the tive situations and circumstances might Metropolis, he repaired to Edinburgh, require. la the performance of his pro- and finally took his degree at Leyden, fessional duties he was strictly conscien- with the highest honour, in October tious. No " respect of persous" did he 1791. In the year 1793, he married his shew; the rich and the poor partnok im- first cousin, Ellen, the eldest daughter partially of his care and assiduity. To and co-heiress of the late Samuel Waterthe latter, his services were gratuitous, house, Esq., of Halifax, one of the Jusand likewise, in a considerable degree, tices of the Peace for the West-Riding of to others, who could not, without difti- the County of York, and a Deputy-Lieuculty, afford to make him a suitable re- tenant for the same district. Dr. A. fixed muneration. His bountiful hånd was at Stafford, and was directly appointed ever open to the claims of the indigeut physician to the County Iufirmary. He and the oppressed, and in all the rela- removed into the neighbourhood of Leitions of life, the same ardour, the same cester, October 1797, where he continued uprightness and integrity, the same un- to reside till his deeply-lamented death. wearied activity distinguished his cou- All who knew him must regret him, and duct. A remarkable sweetness of dispo- to his immediate friends his loss is irresition, and strong intellectual powers, parable. were, in him, combined with uncommon “ singleness of heart." His ruling principle was love to God, displayed in a warm and disinterested love of man,

* See Leicester Chronicle, Nov. 30. wholly free from party spirit and narrow

Obituary.-M. Zea.-Samuel Pett, Esq., M. D:-Sumuel Lewin, Esq. 57 Nov. 28, ar York House, Bath, of dropsy, claimed to be treated with the common Dos FRANCISCO ANTONIO Zea, the Co. rights of civilized society. lombian Minister. He had the satisfac. tion in his last moments of having his family (from whom during many years of

1823, Jan. 1, at his house in Clapton, his life he had been necessarily separated) in his 58th year, Samuel Pert, Esq., with him, Madame and Miss Zea having M.D. Known, esteemed, respected and arrived a few weeks since from Paris to beloved throughout a very wide circle, join M. Zea. M. Zea was between 50 his death has produced an impression of and 60 years of age. He was a native of grief and distress rarely witnessed. It the province of Autioquia, in New Gra- came upon his friends wholly unprepared nada, now part of the Republic of Co- for it. He had latterly enjoyed a better lombia. Great part of his life has been state of health than usual : bis spirits spent in Europe. Under the former Go- were lively, and he appeared to feel the vernment of Spain, and previous to the pleasure which he was in the habit of imRevolution breaking out in South America, parting. On Saturday, the 28th of Dehe held at different times several offices cember, he received a slight and, at the under the Spanish Government. The time, imperceptible wound, in performResolution in his own country drew himing one of the painful duties of his proto the side of Bolivar, whose constant fession. Gangrene rapidly followed, with conipanion and assistant in the great its usual consequences. Medical skill work of liberating his country he was for and assiduity were in vain. After a few many years, until his mission to Europe changes, alternately exciting hope and ia 1820. At the time of his quitting fear, Dr. Pett departed this life on the Colombia he was Vice-President of the evening of Wednesday, new-year's day. Republic, and he had the satisfaction, His mental faculties were entire to the before taking his departure, of presenting last. His end was calm. And his surto the Congress the projet of the Consti- viving friends have the consolation of retation of his couutry, which was after- flecting that after the first few hours of wards adopted in all its leading particu- the attack, he endured no positive pain. lars. M. Zea was a man of cousiderable The shock produced at Hackney, and intalent, and of scientific and literary at- deed in the metropolis, by the news of tainments of a very respectable class. He his death, which was carried to numbers possessed great natural acuteness, and a

of his friends without their being apcountenance into which he could at times prized of his illuess, can be couceived by infuse a degree of penetration that few those alone that knew his worth. He could escape. In his address to the Con

was interred on Friday, Jan, 10th, in a gress of Colombia, shortly before his family vault, in the churchyard of Hack leaving that country for England, he has bey, amidst a concourse of spectators, left a memorial of eloquence of no ordi- including very many poor persons, whose nary cast. His manners were those of a tears attested their sense of their loss. gentleman, which, together with the per- On the following Suuday moruing, a fusopal consideration due to him on all neral sermon was preached at the New accounts, procured for him the society Gravel Pit Meeting House, iu which Dr. and the attentions of some of our most

Pett had been a siucere worshiper, by distinguished nobility. His government Mr. Aspland, the minister, to an exceed and his countrynen cannot but have been ingly crowded, highly respectable and fattered with the distinguished mark of deeply-sorrowing audience. The subject attention paid to M. Zea at the public

was “The Blessing pronounced by Christ dinner given to him on the 8th of July

on the Merciful,” Matt. xxv. 34–40. last, at the City of London Tavern, at

At the request of the family of the dewhich the most eminent men of all par. ceased, and of the congregation, the serties joitred in shewing the cordial satis- mon is given to the public. We reserve faction with which the establishment of for our next number a memoir of this another temple of freedom, in a beauti. excellent and much-lamented man. fal, a rich, and an interesting part of the universe, is viewed in this laud of constitational liberty. M. Zea's address to the - 17, SAMUEL Lewin, Esq. of Mare company on that occasion was marked Street, Hackney. He was distinguished by discretion, modesty and good sense. for his steady uprightness of characterThere were no bitter railings again Spain for his generous virtues—for his ardent -o assumption of arrogant expectations and unswerving attachment to the cause from others. As to Spain, he said, his of freedom and human happiness. His country was ready to forget and to for- mind was stored with a variety of knowEire; and as to other uations, they merely ledge, and was as remarkable for its

VOL. XVIII,

strength as for its susceptibility. While among other important plans, that of a he sat in stern judgment on his own con Property Tax was first suggested. This duct-he obtained the affection-the re- plan was submitted to the Government, verential affection of those who surround- and the author had many interviews upon ed him. He was a fine specimen of the the subject with the late Mr. Rose. Mr. unbending and ennobling spirit of the Pitt and Mr. Addington afterwards acted older time, and dignified all his opinions upon the suggestion, but, contrary to the by consistency and the habitual exercise author's intention, adopted a rax upon of benevolence. As a son, he was a model income, instead of property. of attentive and solicitous obedience as a husband, almost uoexampled io courtesy and kindness—as a father, commanding the respect and the veneration of CHARLES HUTTON, LL.D., F.R.S., in the

Jan. 27, at his house in Bedford Row, his children. All these links are broken. 86th year of his age ; eminent as a wri. The virtues which brightened around a

ter on mathematics for upwards of 60 pilgrimage of three and sereaty years, fight the pilgrim's path no longer :-bat years, daring 40 of which he discharged we will cherish their memory—and pa- matics at the Royal Military Academy,

the arduous office of Professor of Mathetiently look onward to their reward.

J.B.

Woolwich, with the highest honour to himself and adrantage to his country.

Jan. 17, iu Loudon, in the 720 year of his age, GEORGE EDWARDS, Esq., M.D.,

While we are engaged in the melanlate of Barnard Castle, in the County of choly task of revising this Obituary sheet, Durham. He was an eminently patriotic we see announced in the newspapers the and benevolent man, and devoted his death of Dr. JENNER, the discoverer of tine and fortune to the publication of Vaccination, who expired on the 26th works on the science of Government, inst. after a very short illness, at his which were less read than from the pa. house in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, in rity of the writer's motives they deserved. the 74th year of his age. As early as 1788, appeared his “Aggrandizement of Great Britain," in which

INTELLIGENCE.

Meetings of the

Protestant Dissent- Bill of the Unitarians made, through mere ing Deputies.

perseverance and frequent introduction DURING the past year, several efforts of its claims on public attention, is one have been made to stiinulate the Deputies proof of the policy of such a course of and their Committee to more active ex- proceeding. The Legislature is only to ertions in the great object for which they be operated upon beneficially by the exwere originally established, The Repeal pression of public opinion ; but the best of the Test and Corporation Acts. After channel for exciting and directing that 80 long an existence for a specific pur- public opinion is a frequent introduction pose, it seemed to many members high of the subject in Parliament, howerer untime that the real business of the So- Successful the first efforts must be ex. ciety should be undertaken in good earn- pected to be, by persons who form a corest; that public attention should be re- rect estimate of the principles and mopeatedly drawn to the subject, so as to tives of those with whom we have there make its partizans know the justice and to deal. On the General Meeting for strength of their cause ; and that the ad- receiving the Report of the Committee, vocates for Religious Liberty should not two special adjouruments took place, and wait as they have hitherto done, for the after much discussion the following resolucky chance of some favourable oppor- lutions were adopted, and we trust that tunities occurring, but should endeavour they betoken å steady and active attento create such opportanities, or at least tion to the important cause confided to place themselves in a situation which may this body, Resolved,-That it is desiraenable them to turn a farourable concur. ble that much more of the active and rence of circumstances to profitable ac- vigilant attention of this Deputation count. The progress which the Marriage- should be directed to the promotion of Intelligence.-Earthquake in Syria.

59

the great object for which it was insti- Adeno and Cyprus. To the east of Diatnted, and to which all the other sub- bekir, and north of Killis, I am not well jects of its attention, however useful, informed how far the effect extended in ought to be considered subordinate: those radii of the circle. The shock was That this deputation is convinced, from felt at sea so violently within two leagues parallel cases in religious and political of Cyprus, that it was thought the ship history, that the end in view can be most had grounded. Flashes of volcanic fire effectually and havourably accomplished were perceived at various times throughby active and upremitted efforts to en- out the night, resembling the light of the lighten the public mind and concentrate full moon; but at no place, to my knowand direct the temperate exertions of ledge, has it left a chasm of any extent ; those who ought to co-operate in the although in the low grounds slight crecause, and by earnest applications to the vices are every where to be seen, and out Legislatnre, renewed on every favourable of many of them water issued, but soon opportunity, and urged on the broadest after subsided. principles of truth and justice :—That “ There was nothing remarkable in every means should be adopted to give the weather or state of the atmosphere. effect to such a course of proceeding, by Edifices on the summits of the highest Amual Reports, by correspondence with mountains were not safer than buildings the country, and by occasional appeals as situated on the banks of the rivers, or well to the public as to the Dissenting on the beach of the sea. body, which shall point out the actual state Although slight shocks of earthof regious toleration in this country, quakes had been from time to time felt explain the relief to be sought, and estao in this country, it is certain that for hlish sympathy and confidence betweco several centuries none had done any ma. this Deputation and its constituents :- terial damage, except one twenty-seven That these Resolutions be printed at the years ago, when a single town, Latachia, foot of the circular conrening the first was partially thrown down. in 1755, an Meeting of the Deputation for the ensu- carthquake was felt at Aleppo and An. ing year.

tioch, which so alarmed the inhabitants,

that they all abandoned their houses for Earthquake in Syria.

forty days, but very little injury was sus

tained, and no lives lost. The following account of this awful “ The appearance of some very ancalamity is distributed by the Committee cient edifices renders it probable that this for the relief of the sufferers, from the country has not suffered from earthreport of John BARKER, Esq., the Bric' quakes since the memorable one recorded tish Consul at Aleppo. We insert it, in by Gibbon, about twelve centuries ago, bope of forwarding the work of humanity, in which one-third of the inhabitants of

« It has fallen to my lot to relate the Antiochi perished, when that celebrated particalars of an event that has thrown city was supposed to contain a population most of the families of this part of Syria of seven hundred thousand to eight hunimo sorrow and mourning, and all into dred thousand souls. the greatest difficulties and distress. " It is impossible to convey an ade

“On the 13th of Angust, at half-past quate idea of the scenes of horror which nine in the evening, Aleppo, Antioch, were simultaneously passing in the dread. Idlib, Riha, Gisser, Shogr, Darcoush, ful night of the 13th of August. Here, Armenas, every village, and every de hundreds of decrepid parents, half-buried tached cottage, in this Pachalic, and in the ruins, were imploring the succour some towns in the adjoining ones, were of their sons, not always willing to risk in ten or twelve seconds entirely ruined by their own lives by giving their assistance, an earthquake, aud are become heaps of “There, distracted mothers were franstones and rubbish, in which, al' the ticly lifting heavy stones from heaps that lowest computation, Lucenty thousand hu, covered the bodies of their lifeless infants, man beings, about a tepth of the popula. The awful darkness of the night, the tion, were destroyed, and an equal num. coutinuance of the most violent shocks, ber mainued or wounded. The extreme at short intervals, the crash of falling points where this terrible phenomenon walls, the shrieks, the groans, the accents was violent enough to destroy the edi- of agony and despair of that long night, fices, seem to be Diabekir and Merkab, cannot be described. (twelve leagues south of Latachia,) Alep- “When at length the morning dawned, po and Scanderoon, Killis and Khan and the return of light permitted the Shekoon. All within those points have people to quit the spot on which they had suffered so nearly equally, that it is im- been providentially saved, a most affecting possible to fix ou a central point. The scene ensued. You might have seen many, skuek was sensibly felt at Damascus, umaccustomed to pray, soine prostrate,

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