Imatges de pàgina

believed came within the compass of writings of Barrow, Tillotson and his pastoral office. In this view of Hoadley; among our own, those of his duty, as a minister, much of his Charters had inuch of his esteem; time was occupied in providing for and, as philosophical divines, Butler the comforts and necessities of his and Price were his favourites. As an parishioners ; in difficulty, he afforded author, he was extremely fastidious, them advicc.--in distress, comfort, being well aware that no published in want, pecuniary assistance; nor did work can su ed unless of the first be think it unsuitable to his character, excellence. The only composition of to point out to the unskilful and im- his, to which publicity has been given, provident the best modes of improving is the Account of the Parish of Cairnand enjoying the earnings of their in- ton, printed in the Statistical Account dustry.

of Scotland, and often quoted with “ His sermons, for several years approbation, for its enlightened and after his settlement at Primrose, were solid remarks, written and composed with much care, “No onc entertained a higher value, and display great vigour of mind and or a more ardent love, for civil and powers of illustration, which, under religious liberty, than Mr. Fleming. favourable circumstances, might lave He mentioned to some of his intimate been polished to 'excellence. But friends, that he felt this disposition being destined to instruct plain people strongly from his earliest recollection; in a country parish, he soon perceived and he believed that it was cherished, that such sermons were not fitted to in a great degree, from hearing, in his produce their full effect upon his au- infancy, that his great-grandfather had dience. His ambition was to be use- suffered death as a Covenanter, under ful rather than admired, and, there. the arbitrary reign of the Stuarts.f fore, he studied to prepare such This feeling increased with his years, discourses as the most illiterate might and inspired him with a hatred of arbiunderstand ; and, latterly, seldom trary power, which he never failed to wrote thein out. He did not, at any reprobate, on every occasion where be time, make a practice of reading saw the slightest desire to stretch the his sermons in the pulpit, which, in- law, at the expense of justice or budeed, his extreme shortness of sight manity. would have rendered very inconve- " While Mr. Fleming resided at nient; he thought a short outline Primrose, that remarkable event, the better for his purpose; and having French Revolution, was too intimately adjusted the heads, he preached from connected with the principles which careful meditation, inaking the sim- he had imbibed, not to excite in him plicity of the gospel his model. Con- the deepest interest; and when, by the scious of the sanctity of the message Constitution which the King accepted which he delivered, he studiously in 1789, the French nation seemed avoided every thing mean or colloquial likely to enjoy a portion of rational by which it might be degraded. "His liberty, he heartily rejoiced in it; but delivery was not remarkable for grace was indeed mortified that they had not or elegance, but there was in every wisdom to retain that constitution, sermou so much sound sense and and shocked at the excesses comgenuine piety, that they never failed mitted by the anarchists during the to command attention, and some were highly valued for their just observation and reasoning; particularly one on this text, Seek, that ye may excel • “Ou Preparation for Death: a Ser. to the edifying of the church,'* which mon preached at Colinton on the 2d Fehe preached at the induction of Mr. bruary, being the first Sabbath after the Kelloch, of Crichton, and which, when interment of the Rer. John Fleming, late delivered on other occasions, was

Minister of that parish; with a short Megreatly admired. Among the English Minister of Corstorphine, Edinburgh.

moir of the deceased. By D. Scot, M. D., divines, he particularly admired the


† "While in health, Mr. Fleming used

to give an annual dinner to his most * 1 Cor. xiv, 12.

intimate friends, in honour of his ances tor."

Memoir of the late Rev. John Fleming, of Craigs, Minister of Colinton. 581 reign of terror. He did not, however, to the character and intercourse of only think that just notions of human li- vain and frivolous men. For this reason, berty were to be despised, because bad the parade of verbal gratitude shall, on men had embarked in the cause, any the present occasion, be forborpe. It is, more than he was of opinion that our notice, that the unsolicited and sponta

however, a fact too obvious to escape religion was to be considered as contaminated, because it had been for neous offer which your Lordship has been ages defiled by the impurities of su. that there remains, even among the Peers

pleased to make me, furnishes proof perstition. He maintained, also, that of Scotland, one whose liberal and disinGreat Britain had no right to interfere terested mind considers an uniform adin settling the French Government, herence to those priuciples and measures and that the destructive war in which which are favourable to the liberty and she afterwards engaged on that ac- "happiness of mankind, though unsupcount, might have been avoided. The ported by any other claim, as deserving local politics of Scotland were at that patronage and

and encouragement. Permit period so virulent, and parties so much me to assure your Lordship of another divided, that those who thought dif- fact, that the satisfaction of miud arising ferently on these subjects, did not from reflection on my conduct, and which hesitate to brand him as an enemy to nience which the temper of the times

has greatly overbalanced every inconvehis country. Those, however, who may have occasioved, has been heightened knew Mr. Fleming's genuine worth, by this testimony of your Lordship’s apand that he differed with them purely probation, and that it is one of the few upon principle, continued their friend- things by which this effect could have ship, and never ceased to cultivate his been produced.ow allowsa 1908 acquaintance.

-UE & Whether your Lordship's generous About 1793, when political feeling intention shall ever be realized, like erery was at his height, and Muir, Marga- future event, depends upon contingencies, rot and others, were transported for many of which are beyond the reach of the crime of sedition, under sentences

human foresight or controul. But whatof the High Court of Justiciary, Mr.

ever may be the event, I trust the kindFleming's friends were not, for some intention shall always be sufficient to

ness and generosity of your Lordship's time, without anxiety

, on his account, keep in my mind a just sense of the oblithough he had certainly never attended gation, and lead to an independence and any of the societies or meetings which propriety of conduct which will shew were held at that period ; but as the that your Lordship's favour has not been free expression of liberal opinions entirely misplaced only ad 383 could not be characterized as criminal, * Mr. Fleming had previously to he was never on that account made this been offered two other livings in the object of any hostile measure. the Church, which he did not accept.

Mr. Fleming was, in 1804, trans- We have reason to believe, that at lated to the parish of Colinton, within first he was not very cordially received four miles of Edinburgh, on the unso- by his parishioners at Colinton; but licited presentation of the Earl of the real worth of his character was Lauderdale, the patron. This arrange- soon discovered, and during the rement appears to have been commu- mainder of his life, he enjoyed their nicated by his Lordship to Mr. Fle- full regard and esteem. He thought ming, through the medium of a mutual that he could never serve God better friend, previous to the death of Dr. than when doing good to men, and Walker, the then incumbent. A copy continued to make himself useful to of Mr. Fleming's letter to the Noble his parishioners as a friend and adEarl on this occasion, has been pre- viser in their secular affairs, as well as served, and its insertion here may not in religion and morality. Being a be deemed unsuitable.

APEC yaiad cyteund scholar by education and taste, and a soimalladoled odio boronto man of business by habit, he was a fit Mode & 10 a Primrose, Dec. 20, 1802,

a companion for men in all ranks of “ MY LORD, 1 b355909h do 1o Tour Our very excellent

o friend
Mr. 30. and from the natural frankness

his disposition, his society contiGibson, has sent me your Lordship's let- nued to be much courted. He was ter to him, dated 26th of last month. often consulted by gentlemen for his The quaintness of compliment is suited opinion on the value of land, and was

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frequently taken to distant parts of still sufficiently collected to be much the country for this purpose, without, affected by finding that he was now however, neglecting the duties of his altogether useless in the discharge of charge. He was particularly strict in his ministerial duties ; to the last, keeping up public worship in his however, it remained perfectly sound, church, and was seldom absent on the although his power of expression by Sabbath. The keenness and intem- words became gradually less : but the perate zeal about trifles which often same benevolence of disposition which appeared in ecclesiastical courts, in- characterised him in health, nerer duced him, in a great measure, to deserted him, as was manifest to his absent himself; for it was his settled friends, by his appearance when he opinion, that the ministers of religion, could no longer articulate. He died by servility to the rich and great, and of pure exhaustion, with hardly any by making themselves the tools of po- struggle, on the 23rd of January, litical faction, degrade their office and 1823, in the seventy-third year of his their characters in the estimation

of age, and was by his own desire, buried their flocks, and consequently diminish in the family sepulchre at Bathgate. the extent of their own usefulness.. ad

“Mr. Fleming indicated strongly, In his new charge at Colinton, by his appearance, the ideas which Mr. Fleming continued to indulge his attach to his character;

he was indiftaste for elegant literature ; and while ferent about dress, excepting, as to in vigorous health, he often devoted cleanliness, and used no more of the eight or nine hours in the day to study, clerical babit than a black coat on His desire of knowledge was insatia- Sunday, and the Geneva band when in ble, and his reading unwearied to the the pulpit. Yet, notwithstanding the last. He understood Latin and French plainness, and even occasional negliremarkably well; and some of the gence of his dress, his appearance and best authors in these languages, as personal manners were free from vulwell as the classical writers of our garity, and always bespoke the man own, were the constant companions of of education and refinement of mind. his leisure hours. In French litera- Simplex munditiis was his motto, and ture, Vertot, Fenelon, Le Sage, Ro- extended from his person to the fruchefoucauld, (whose moral maxims he gality of his domestic arrangements. constantly perused,) Raynal and Say, 1. But however frugal he might be were his favourite writers ; Cicero, in his own pecuniary disbursements, Sallust, Horace, Lucan, and particu- he was nobly generous on proper oclarly Juvenal, the greatest part of casions, and by his judicious economy, whose Satires he had completely by was enabled to give more assistance heart, among the Latins. In our own to others, by lending money, someliterature, he put a high value on the times to his great loss, than any other works of Adam Smith and Samuel man in the same rank of life. He Johnson; and Shakespeare, Addison, attached much importance to the sciPope, Crabbe and Campbell, were his enee of political economy, not from frequent companions.

any selfish or party motive, but from In the beginning of the year 1818, a pure and honest regard to the inhe suffered by a stroke of the palsy, terests of his fellow-men. He was which very much debilitated him, and well versed in this science, and conwas, indeed, the cause of his death ; sidered the study of it of so much for althongli he lived nearly five years importance to mankind, that he made afterwards, he never recovered com- an eventual bequest of a considerable plete health, either of body or mind, part of his fortune, to establish proIn this condition, he once attempted fessorships for teaching it, in the Colto address the congregation at the leges of Edinburgh and Glasgow. time of the Sacrament, but was unable > The education of youth was also to proceed; he continued, however, a favourite object with him, and he to perform the offices of marriage and left a legacy for keeping a certain baptism until about a year before his mimber of free-scholars in the parodeath, when he found it necessary to chial-school of Colinton ; bequeathing, desist, even from the exertion required also, to the parish-library the remainon these occasions. But his mind was der of his valuable collection of books,

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The Charge of Presumption retorted on Athanasians. 583 after his particular friends had each The Charge of Presumption retorted selected a book as a token of reinem

on Athanasians. brance. He died unmarried. In his

« Quis tulerit Gracchos de Seditione person he was bulky, rather than

querentes?" muscular ; his features were large, SIR, and strongly marked ; * and his counaddressed him, indicated at once the know not any that comes with so ill a sense and benevolence of the indivi- grace, as that capital one commonly dual. His manner in private society, preferred against her, of not approachthough plain, was manly and engag. ing the divine oracles in' a spirit of ing; he knew what was due to others, comparative humility. Athanasianism as well as to himself, and neither con- is, I will not say; the creed of human ceded nor demanded more. He en- reason, but it is cmphatically the creed joyed an equanimity of temper, and a of human reasoning. In ratiocination How of good spirits, which rendered (sucli as it is) did it originate, and by him at all times social and cheerful. ' ratiocination (such as it is) only can it

“ His character, in two particulars, be maintained. Its patrons plead, that was well expressed in his own words, Christ is called God in the Scriptures ; -tliat he was a Presbyterian in his that the titles and attributes of God religion, and a Republican in his po- are repeatedly assigned to him ; that litics. He thought with Milton, that he has, in so many words, identified the trappings of a monarchy were himself with the Supreme Being, and sufficient to set up an ordinary com- that St. Paul hesitates not to speak of monwealth; a sentiment to which he him as 16u eq. On the other hand was fond of recurring, and wliich was they admit, Chow could they indeed frequently the occasion of a good-bu- deny ?) that the Son invariably promoured banter among his friends. claims his inferiority to the Father; his But while his affection to the Prese entire dependence upon him; his abbyterian Church was 'not' of an ex. solute impotency without him, and clusive or bigoted description, so his but for him; his ignorance of the republican principles were not adopted “ day and hour' of final judgment; from passion, or a restless impatience his want of authority to dispose of the of superiors, but on a conviction of higher places in his kingdom, &c.; their truth and utility, and because he and that St. Paul as categorically thought that this form of government affirms that, at the consummation of was best adapted to the general wel- his mediatorial office, when he is to fare, and gave a freer scope to the resign the kingdom into the hands of exertions of merit. He entertained his heavenly Father, he is to be suba bigh veneration for the characters ject to him that did put all things of Washington and Fox. He thought, under him, that God (the Father) truly, that the fame which the former may be all in all. Now here is a had acquired, as the founder of the puzzle undoubtedly, but only to a independence and freedom of Ame- reasoner. A “ prostration of the unrica, was far greater than the laurels derstanding" would teach, what ? that, which accompany the mere victories as Dr. Carpenter says of the doctrines of a successful general. He revered of Liberty and Necessity, they are both the memory of the latter, as the uni- true, 'though he cannot understand versal friend of humanity, and the how they should be; that the Son is firm and fearless champion of British an emanation from the Father, like liberty.

him God, still deriving his Being from

him, the creature of his will, the de*" At the desire of some friends, he pendent on his power, one with him sat for his picture to Watson,

about ten only by unlimited and complete sub. years ago. It is in the possession of jection, the delegate, not copartner of David Wardlaw, Esq., and a good en his jurisdiction, the image, not coungraring has been executed from it, by terpart of his person, cognizant only Mr. Young, of London."

of what he is pleased to reveal, pow. erless beyond what he is pleased to impart, circumscribed as to know


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ledge, finite as to authority. But them substitute a new nomenclature this degree of “docility” does not for the fundamental articles of the suit our theologians. No. "The faith, and many of them compel every Logos God, and not all that God him- candidate for the ministry within the self is !” exclaim our logicians. This pale of their respective sects, to subcan never be. The Father and the scribe as a sine qua non of admission Son ly--they idust be then two per. into it, a creed drawn up in unseripsons, les eos. There can be no de tural language, while their Bibles are grees in infinite. The amoyavo juce 1796 just then suffered to sleep on their 805ns and the Scen itself inust be com shelves, as books of remote appeal, mensurate. The apartup Tog Útio- or of occasional reference!!! the Tarews and the tootasis of which it mote in a brother's eye, the beam in is the xapaktnf, must be in every rew our otvn ! spect identical. The being tra mig,

*:44 CLERICUS. must be the being soos eqs. But if the Son be an equal person with the Fa. BIR, ** High Holborn.

TOUR inferiority, though that inferiority is Hinton, in his reply to an obexpressly predicated of the Son in jection of mine to a paper of his on terms, must be, somehow or other, the Origin of Evil, admits, (p. 529,7 explained away. Accordingly, one of that on his theory it is impossible our dialectricians qualifies it by the "any created intelligence can exist supplementary phrase " as touching without some portion of evil,” even his manhood" another refers it to his in heaven itself ; " that not only all mediatorial office: a third discovers creation, but that all happiness is that when the Son says " he does not necessarily inseparable from evil." know," he means, that he is not This reasoning may be allowed to be pleased to disclose what he does know: conclusive as to this world. But how a fourth, that when the Son interdicts can it apply to a future state, to "a petition to himself, and says that even new world," of which we know inox upon the occasion of an address to thing, but which we are assured will his Father, his intercession were a be altogether different from the prework of supererogation, for that as sent? The argument from what God believers on him their petitions to can do, and what he cannot do, is God would be granted as a matter of scarcely becoming such frail and ignocourse; he only intends to say, that rant creatures as we are, for the least they are not in future to put imperti- flaw in our conception and argument nent questions to bim, for that prayer, destroys our conclusion. "We know direct and ultimate prayer, is always but in part, we see through a glass to be offered to the Son as well as to darkly. Can any Christian so safely the Father, and that instead of making and confidently rely on the soundness use of his name only, or presuming of his metaphysical abstractions and on its mediety in their behalf, they conclusions, as to place them in oppoare to prefer one petition after an- sition to the plain language of scripother by the half hour together to him ture? What may be true of this alone, and Karl Eboxny, as if he were state may not be true of the future; the sole or supreme dispenser of spi- and what may apply justly to than ritual and temporal blessings: 'to his here, who is a bundle of passions, disciples. Now all this may be very feelings, and affections, of low, earthy sound and conclusive reasoning ; but origin and tendeney, may not apply reasoning it is, and that as latitudi- to a "spiritual body," clothed with narian as possible, in the teeth of as immortality. No one will hesitate to catégorical averment as ever fell from admit that all created beings, bowthe lips of inspiration. And are these ever perfect and exalted, must ever then the men who talk of "question- remain finite and at an immeasurable ing rather than learning'? In good distance from the peerless glory and truth are they, though in pursuance excellence of their Creator." But the and “confirmation strongs of their question is not whether man will ever unique adherence to the litera scripta of possess infinity and absolute perfecholy writ, its ipsissima verba, many of tion, but whether the Deity can place

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