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elemention to a remarkable passage in a Mi Commentary on Paul's

of him. I cannot refrain from intro offer any comment; I have merely ducing one or two documents on the wished to record soine observations subject to which I have adverteid.”, which appear to me worthy of a few (Mr. Gurney here referred to the remarks from some intelligent Chrisphrase "Son of God, and to the tian critic. , manner in which it was, understood

, E. by the Jews, maintaining the opinion that with them it implied divinity.) He proceeded

SIR,

August 6, 18:23. a

Vol. II book called Zobar, a cabalistic ac. count of the transactions recorded in Epistles," feels a difficulty in seeing Genesis, a great part of which is the force of the reasoning of the very old, of about the third century, Apostly in 1 Cor. xi. 2: Do ye not a book of great importance among know that the saints will judge the Jews, I quote it on the authority of world? And if the world shall be judged the German critic Schotgen. In it, by you, are ye unwortlayt&c. May Messiah is denominated in his pre I be permitted to say, that I am rather existing character by the titles Je, surprised that he should feel this diffihovah, Angel of God, Angel of the culiy? Whatever be the meaning of Covenant, the Word of God, the Image the Apostle in the former clanse of of God, the Lord of Hosts, the Son the verse, viz. “Do ye not know that of God, the Son of the Highest, the the saiuts will judge the world ?” he faithful Shepherd, Lord over things, allıules to an office superior in dignity below, Lord of all ministering An. to that of the determination of civil gels. In this book it is likewise said, cases ainongst the brethren, and rea, that the spirit of God moved upon soning à fortiori, he urges upon thein the world in the beginning, and was the consideration, that it worthy of the spirit of King

Messialı, The same the superior, they cannot be unworthy doctrine is plainly recognized in the, of the inferior office. Now, this ara: Jewish Targums, which are transla- gument seems perfectly, clear... tions of the Llebrew Scriptures in the inan be thought worthy of a higher Chaldaic, for the use of the Jews oflice, he cannot be thought unworthy, after their return frain Babylon, when of the lower. The lower office, it is they had forgotten their vernacular true, may be unworthy of him, though tongue. These recognize the same he be not unworthy of the office. But character in the word of God, who is it does not seem to have been insinu. by them repeatedly identified with ated by the. Corinthians, that the oflice Jehovah as being that personal existe of the determination of civil cases ence, who is one with Jehovah, and amongst the brethren, was an office by whom the wonderful works of God, unworthy of them, and therefore the are carried into effect. By this word Apostle docs not conibat that idea. of God was the world created, by him, It will not signify shether the Apostle were the children of Israel led into, reasons in the above passage from his the wilderness. He it was who ap- own principles, or the principles of peared to Isaiah in the temple; and the Corinthians only) argument where the salvation of Israel is spoken is equally conclusive on either suppoa of, it is particularly, attributed to the sition. If the Corinthians thought word of God. Thus when Hosca says, , themselves worthy of the higher oilice, • And Jehovah shall save his people the Apostle inight well ask them, by Jehovah, their God, the Targum, though lie did not himseli think them paraphrases it, Jehovah shall save worthy of the higher, how they could his people by the word of Jehovah, be unworthy of the lower Agun, it their God.?The speaker concluded will not signify whether the higher by observing that he believed the office alluded to is one, in possession Jexcs never would be converted till or one only in reserve. Suppose it brought to recognize their degeneracy one only in reserve, the conclusiveness in this point. On this opinion, su' of the Apostle's argument may be different from that entertained by, illustrated by the following similar Vnitariaus, it is not any, design 10. one. Suppose I was desirous to press

If a

The

A Protest of Sir Isaac Newton's.

591 upon the rich members of a Christian likely that he who shed such a profucongregation the propriety of conde- sion of communications upon the priscension and courtesy to their poorer mitive Christians, as we see somewhat Christian brethreri, I might reason in exemplified in the first Epistle to the this manner, “Know ye not that your Corinthians, would refuse to guard an poor brethren will sit with Abraham, apostle from error in an useful argu. and Isaac, and Jacobi, and Jesus, in ment ?" Surely in' an age in which heaven, and if this be their destination, inspiration was communicated so coare they unworthy of your fellowship?” piously-an age in which the words Here would be an argument similar of the prophet Joel, as quoted by to that of the Apostle. Here a claim Peter in Acts ii., were applicable, an to an inferior would be deduced from apostle might expect, and would' exdestination to a superior honour. pect, a communication on every occa.

A distinction lias been made be- sion in which it would be useful. 13 tween the reasonings of the apostles Oar Lord promised to his disciples and the doctrines on which they are that the spirit of truth would abide founded; and it has been contended, with thein, eis ton aiona. From this that the doctrines may be divine though' spirit of truth, then, the apostles the reasoning should be inconclusive. would expect 'every assistance that Now I admit that the divinity of doc. would be beneficial to them and their trines is independent of the conclu. cause. They would never believe that siveness of reasonings. At the same that spirit would desert them at a tinc time, however, it appears to me that when they were in danger of making there was a necessity for guarding the mistakes in their reasonings. apostles from error in reasoning as It is true that the apostles do not well as from 'error in doctrine, and say that they are divinely inspired, or that, therefore,' as whatever was ne. divinely guarded in their reasonings, cessary for the perfection of the Chris. But it was not necessary to say this tian dispensation would not be with in an age in which divine'assistance holden from it, we may believe that was so common, and in which'divine the apostles were guarded from'error assistance on every suitable occasion in their reasonings as well as in their would be taken for granted. Those doctrines. If reasoning was necessary, whom they addressed would take this the conclusiveness of reasoning must for granted, without any special dehave been necessary. 'A necessity for claration respecting it. rcasoning is just the same thing as a

ALIQUIS. nécessity for conclusiveness of reasoning, and, therefore, if it was necessary

Sir, for the 'apostles to' reason, it was ne- PTVE following morcenu" is from cessary for them to reason conclu D' Israeli’s Second Series of Cușively. Now, if reasoning had not riosities of Literature. (Vol. I. pp. been necessary, it would never lave, 65, 66.7 Should you be able to give been used. It could be only a neces- the protest of Sir Isaac Newton's, to sity for it that could suggest thc adop.' which it alludes, entire to your readtion of it.

ers, it would, no doubt, be generally Perhaps, however, it will be said, acceptable.

in LA PURVEYOR. that the mere statement of the doc. trines upon the authority of God was 6. When the fury of the civil wars sufficient--that reasoning was no fara' had exhaused all parties, and a breatlıther necessary than as suitable to ing time from the passions and mad. illustrate thém-that reasoning was ness of the age allowed ingenious men advantageous rather than necessary, to return once more to their forsaken and that independently of it the bare stndies, Bacon's vision of a philosoword of God would have been enough phical society appears to have occuto establish the respective doctrines of pied their reveries. It charmed the Christianity. Well, let the premises fancy of Cowley and Milton; but the be narrowed, and let it be allowed politics and religion of the times were that reasonings were only useful, not still possessed by the same phrenzy, necessary in the strict sense of the and divinity and politics were unani. word, it may still be' asked, “ Is it mously agreed to be utterly proscribed

THE

from their inquiries. On the subject the majority probably wished to posa of religion they were more particularly sess the Exposition itself; some few alarmed, not only at the time of the I know, who already had the original foundation of the society, but at a work, subscribed for the sake of the much later period, when under the notes. Every subscriber will consider direction of Newton himself. Even himself as perfectly at liberty to withBishop Sprat, their first historian, oh. draw his name if he pleases : it will served, that they have freely ad. not however, be necessary for him to mitled men of different religions, send me any intiination on this subcountries and professions of life ; not ject. When the new edition appears, to lay the foundation of an English, those who wish for it will be able to Scotch, Irish, Popish or Protestant obtain it, in the regular way, through philosophy, but a philosophy of man. the medium of their respective bookkind.' A curious protest, of the most sellers. illustrious of philosophers, may be

JOHN KENRICK. found: when the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge' were de- GLEANINGS ; OR, SELECTIONS AND sirous of holding their meetings at the REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE house of the Royal Society, Newton, OF GENERAL READING, drew up a number of arguments against their admission. One of them

No. CCCCVIII. is, that 'It is a fundamental rule of Napoleon's Estimate of Valve of the Society not to meddle with reli

T'ime. gion ; and the reason is, that we may All men that have done great things give no occasion to religious bodies to have made much of time. The late meddle with us.' Newton would not Emperor Napoleon was celebrated for even comply with their wishes, lest by punctuality and celerity of movement, this compliance the Royal Society and his faithful friend the Count de might dissatisfy those of other reli- las Cases has preserved some anecgions. The wisdom of the protest by dotes illustrative of his rules of conNewton is as admirable as it is re- duct in this particular.. markable,-to preserve the Royal So .“ After having given any one an ciety froin the passions of the age.” important mission, or traced out the

plan of any great enterprise, the Em SIR,

peror used frequently to say, "Come, S inquiries are occasionally made Sir, be speedy, use despatch, and de tion of the late Rev. T. Kenrick’s Exa in six days," position of the Historical Writings of "On an occasion of this kind, he the New Testament, I have to request concluded by observing to the indiyour insertion of the following state- vidual whom he was addressing, Ask ment. More than two years have now me for whatever you please, except elapsed since the proposals for a new time; that's the only thing that is edition with additional notes were first beyond my power.' circulated, and the number of names « On another occasion, Napoleon received has been so small that the commissioned a person to execute plan has been renounced as far as soine important business, which be concerns the publication of additional expected would be finished in the notes. It is still, however, the wish course of the same day. It was not, of the author's family that the original however, completed until Jate on the work should be reprinted. This will following day. At this the Emperor be done as speedily as possible, and I manifested some degree of dissatishope that the new edition will be faction; and the individual, in the ready for delivery in the spring. The hope of excusing himself, said that price will be considerably less than he had worked all day. But hadi that of the first edition.

you not the night also replied NaOf those who kindly gave me their poleon." names as subscribers to the enlarged Memoriul de Sainte Hélène, Vol. IV. edition which I once contemplated, Pt. 7, p. 242.

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e ors, and of the Progress instructor, which is far from being so

REVIEW 1 '13 114 - Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame." - Pore. Art. I.-A Course of Lectures, con Now to this statement we cannot

tuining a Description and Syste- subscribe without reserve and expla-
matic Arrangement of the several nation. “That arrangement may be
Branches of Divinity: accompanied "the most satisfactory," or, in other
evith an Account both of the princi- words, extremely commodious, to the

. ,
Periods, in Theological Learning. selves, and on such a theme, we shall
By Herbert
Marsh, D. D. F. R. S. always prefer

best borough, and Margaret Professor of tion, which is the fairest, the most Divinity Part. VII. On the Au- ingenuous and legitimate, and which thority of the Old Testament. Cam- shall be least exposed to objections bridge : printed by Smith; sold by from the impugners of Revelation: Deightons, &c.; and in London by But, says the Margaret Professor, c. and J. Rivington. 1823, 8vo. and he says justly, the records

which contain the "Mosaic and Chris

tian religions, must not be confounded I believe the Christian reli"T

gion,” says Dr. Hartley, " is with the religions themselves. He to believe that Moses and the prophets,

further reminds us, that “the authoChrist and his apostles, were endued rity of the record which conveys the with divine authority, that they had Christian covenant, may be examined a commission from God to act and without reference to the record which teach as they did, and that he will conveyed the former covenant :” and verify their declarations concerning

hence he would infer, that as the aufuture things, and especially those thenticity and credibility of the Neiv concerning a future life, by the event;

Testainent were established by arguor, in other words, it is to receive ments which are wholly independent the Scriptures as our rule of life, and of the Old Testament, so we may the foundation of all our hopes and legitimately reason from the authority fears.”. Cordially assenting to the of the records of the Christian, to the justness and importance of these re- authority of the records of the Jewish marks, we are happy that the subject dispensation. (2, 3.) of the Seventh Part of Bishop Marsh's

We adınit the mutual independence Course of Lectures is “the Authority of the two grand divisions of the of the Old Testament :” nor could we Scriptures: yet in the practical aphave objected to its having been made plication of the principle we differ the topic of a foregoing set.

from this writer. The Professor's The Professor's thirty-first lecture, observations prove no more than that begins with a statement of his reasons we may treat of the evidences of the for treating previously of the authen- authority of the Old and of the eviticity and credibility of the Christian dences of the authority of the New Scriptures :

Testament in an inverted order: but

he does not shew that this arrange“ When we undertake to establishment ought to be adopted. Since the the authority of different records, the Jewish revelation was of far earlier question, which of them shall be first date than the gospel, its pretensions submitted to examination, inay depend on seein to demand a prior examination : circumstances unconnected with priority of composition : and that arrangement the rather, as the evidence is, for the must always be preferred, which enables most part, historical, and as the aid of us to conduct our proofs in the most sa- chronology must be extremely desiratisfactory manner.”—P. 1.

ble, if not, indeed, absolutely requi

site. When a very young pupil is Observations on Man, &c. Vol. II. introduced to an acquaintance with (1749,) 71, 347, 348.

languages, or with science, there may VOL. XVIII,

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be no impropriety, but even an advan- ed by the Bishop of Peterborough, tage, in pursuing a series of instruc, bis difficulty in respect of a definition, tions perfectly unconnected with the would not have been greater than it descent of those languages, or with is at present. It would still have been the periods of the several discoveries incumbent on him to state the meanand inventions of science. Yet in a ing in which he uses certain terms, course of lectures, delivered to an, and to have employed no other words academical audience, and laying claim than what, agree with the character to the praise of systematical arr, and circumstances of the records on rangement," we might well expect which he lectures, the strictest regard to the order of We cordially wish that he had the Divine dispensations. Here, if judged it consistent with his underany where, we might suppose, that taking to give, in this part of his the " stream which maketh glad the course, a repetition, or, at least, an city of our God,” would be regularly ample summary, of those arguments traced from its fountain head.* We for the authenticity of the Pentateuch, can least of all overlook inattention which he delivered, from the pulpit to this kind of method, when num- of Great St. Mary's Church, more bers of young men are listening to a than thirty years ago, and the pamProfessor of Divinity, with the ex- phlet containing which bas deservedly press view of qualifying themselves to reached a third edition. In the same instruct others. Bishop Marsh can compass, scarcely any topic has been appeal, no doubt, to the example of better discussed. But we must follow eminent men, who have preceded him, in the path which the Professor himas lecturers and writers on the evi- self selects. dences of Judaism and of Christianity : To the greater part of the historiwe, too, should make a counter ap- cal books of the Old Testament the peal, did we place the issue of the term "authenticity” is inapplicable. question on anthority, rather than on We cannot say, that a book is exprinciple.

thentic, or written by the author to Another reason for his “ beginning whom it is ascribed, when the writer with the New Testament (3), is, that of that book is unknown. Now by the proofs of authenticity and credi- whom the several books of Joshua, bility, in reference to individual books, Judges, Ruth, Samuel, Kings, and may be conducted more easily and Chronicles were composed, we, unmore intelligibly, than the similar questionably, are ignorant. Neverproofs in regard to the Old Testament.” theless, the term credibility” is apIn somewhat different language, wri- plicable to them all., Even where we tings of high antiquity, are involved in cannot argue from the known situagreater darkness, with respect to the tion and character of the writer, we composers and occasions of them, may have reason to believe, that the than writings of a later date. This anonymous author wrote under cirmay readily be allowed: but the fact cumstances which enabled him to will not justify the deviation upon acquire a perfect knowledge of the which we have animadverted. Let facts recorded. There is nothing which the books of the Old Testament be more displays the accuracy of an hisexamined on their own ground, and torian, or excites greater confidence we feel not the slightest apprehen, in the truth of his narrative, than sions for the result of the investiga. references to books of authority, as tion: let them be considered in the youchers for his own history. And order in which they claim to have it is worthy of notice, that such re. been written; and we entertain not a ferences occur chiefly, thongh, not doubt of their authority being esta- solely, in the books of the Kings and blishedat Had that order been adopt of the Chronicles, where we are inost

at a loss to discover the authors. * This is admirably done in Dr. John

The fidelity of the sacred historians Taylor's Scheme of Scripture Divinity, &c., which a late Regius Professor (Bp. Watson) inserted as the first article in some account of a course of Theological his Collection of Theological Tracts. Instruction, in which this order is ob

+ See in Mon. Repos. XI. 406, 407, served.

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