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some on their knees, adoring their Maker. Others there were running into one another's arms, rejoicing in their existence! An air of cheerfulness and brotherly love animated every countenance.
"In a public calamity, in which the Turk, the Jew, the Christian, the Idolater, were indiscriminate victims, or objects of the care of an impartial Providence, every one forgot, for a time, his religious animosities; and, what was a still more universal feeling, in that joyful moment, every one looked upon the heaviest losses with the greatest indifference. But as the sun's rays increased in intensity, they were gradually reminded of the natural wants of shelter and of food, and became at length alive to the full extent of the dreary prospect before them, for a greater mass of human misery has not been often produced by any of the awful convulsions of nature. A month has now elapsed, and the shocks continue to be felt, and to strike terror into every breast, night and day. The fear that they may not cease before the rainy season commences, has induced those whose business cannot allow of their quitting the ruins of their towns, instead of rebuilding their houses, to construct temporary hovels of wood without the walls; and many families, who thought themselves, before this calamity, straitly lodged in a dozen apartments, now exult at the prospect of passing the winter in a single room, twenty feet square.
"The houses of the public agents and private European individuals at Aleppo, have been entirely ruined. At Aleppo the Jews suffered the most, on account of their quarter being badly built, with narrow lanes. Out of a population of three thousand souls, six hundred lives were lost. Of the Europeans only one person of note, Signor ESDRA DE PICCIOTTO, Austrian Consul-General, and ten or twelve women and children, perished; but the greater part are now suffering from ophthalmia and dysenteries, occasioned by their being exposed to the excessive heats of the day, and the cold dews of the night. When it is considered, that two-thirds of the families in Aleppo have neither the means of making a long journey, to remove to a town out of the effect of the earthquake, nor of building a shed to keep off the rain, it is impossible to conceive all the misery to which they are doomed the ensuing winter, or ever to find more deserving objects of the compassion and charity of the opulent, whom it has pleased God to place in happier regions of the globe.
"Here planks and fuel are cheap, and the people have the resource of tiles, which they were taught to make by the
crusaders, in their long residence at Antioch; but in Aleppo, where wood is very dear, they have no contrivance to keep out rain but freestone walls, and flat roofs, made of a very expensive cement."
The Committee have already transmitted one thousand pounds through the niedium of the Consul General of the Levant Company, at Constantinople, with particular instructions to cause it to be distributed, without regard to nation or religion. They solicit, therefore, the contributions of the benevolent, with an assurance that the utmost attention shall be paid to the distribution of the funds which may be committed to their care, and that an account shall be hereafter rendered of the manner in which they may be appropriated.
Subscriptions continue to be received by John Theophilus Daubuz, Esq., Treasurer to the Levant Company, No. 2, New Broad Street; Mr. George Liddell, Secretary to the Levant Company, at their office, South-Sea House; by all the Bankers in Town and Country; and at the Bar of Lloyd's Coffee-house, and the City of London Tavern.
THE Winter Quarterly Unitarian Meeting of Ministers in South Wales, was held at Aberdâr on the 2nd day of the year. In the evening of the 1st, Mr. D. John of St. Clears, preached from Matt. vii. 11. In the morning of the 2nd, Mr. J. Davies of Capel-y-Groes and Ystrad, preached from Jude 3. Mr. T. Evans, the minister at the place, having been called to the chair, the nature and end of future punishment was the subject discussed in the conference. The same subject has been proposed for consideration at the Spring Meeting, which is to be held at Wick, on Easter Thursday, whereat Mr. D. John, of St. Clears, was requested to preach.
MINISTERS have it seems filled up the see of Clogher, vacant by the deprivation of the infamous though Hon. PERCY JOCELYN, by translating from Killaloe Lord ROBERT TOTTENHAM, brother of the Marquis of Ely. We take for granted that Lord Tottenham is an eminent divine, whose episcopal character is of weight sufficient to bear down all the odium raised agaiust the sec of Clogher * by its late bishop; though we confess
* The very name of this see is omitted in the "Clergyman's Almanack" for the present year, and the Dean, &c. are described as of
we have never heard, and doubt whether the intelligence has ever reached this side of the water, of the services rendered by his Lordship to theology in general or to the Church of Ireland in parti
Bishopric of Calcutta. The Rev. REGINALD HEBER, who has been mentioned as the probable successor to the see of Calcutta, is a very elegant poet, and deemed by his brethren a purely orthodox minister. He is the editor of the new edition of the works of Jeremy Taylor, to which is prefixed a life of the Bishop, which has been much admired. Mr. HEBER is the brother of the learned member for the University of Oxford, whose renown as a liberal and extensive book collector is diffused throughout Europe-Morn. Chron.
We have it from authority on which we can rely, that the Rev. REGINALD HEBER is appointed to (and has accepted) the vacant see of Calcutta. Mr. HEBER goes out to India forthwith.-Evening Paper.
Dr. CHALMERS.-This distinguished divine, says the Glasgow Chronicle, has been unanimously elected Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of St. Andrews, and he has notified to the congregation of St. John's his acceptance of the office. Some time since he received fifteen hundred pounds from a lady to lay out in any way he thought proper. Of this sum he gave 500%. to the Rev. Dr. Burns for the purpose of assisting in the erection of a chapel; 5007. to the Rev. Mr. Marshal; 5007. to Mr. Muir for the same laudable purpose. He has also given 5004, out of his own pocket for aiding the erection of a chapel in the parish of St. John's.
comparatively harmless. We had a slight visitation of the kind in 1819; before that, it was unknown since 1805. The present season about 400 cases were reported, about half which were fatal; its appearance nearly banishes all other forms of sickness. Accordingly, our bills of mortality for the summer shewed a smaller ratio of deaths than usual, Out of 130,000 or 135,000 inhabitants of the city, 120,000 are supposed to have remained in the city and suburbs during the summer. The part deemed infected' was very circumscribed, compared with the area covered by a dense population. I am persuaded you will pardon these details on a subject not uninteresting to philanthropists of whatever nation or latitude, and which is the occasion of so much terror to the species. I am tempted to add, that two things seem to be settled respecting yellew fever; 1st. that by removal from the infected locality, fatal consequences are prevented. It travels or enlarges its district, only by means of victims. 2d. that beyond such locality the sick do not communicate the infection to their nurses or attendants."
We understand that FRANCIS MASERES, Esq., Cursitor Baron of the Exchequer, whose liberal exertions for the restoration of the older mathematical writers are so well known to the mathematical world, has nearly completed a collection of those which relate to Optical Science. Amongst the interesting treatises which are reprinted in this volume are the Optica promota of James Gregory, containing the first publication of the reflecting telescope; the Traité de la Lumière, of Huygens; and the Lectiones Optica of Dr. Barrow, a work which has become exceedingly scarce. under the superintendance of C. Babbage, Esq., F.R.S., &c.
This work is edited
The present threatens to be an eventful year. The horizon is dark on every side, and the gathering clouds must soon burst. The contest that has been carrying on for thirty years between the kings and the people of Europe, is coming to a crisis, and the result will be, either the
subjugation of the civilized world to an universal barbarous despotism, or the attainment, in all the nations of Christendom, of a more entire and better defined, and more solemnly sanctioned state of freedom than has yet been enjoyed. To which side our wishes and prayers lead us, we need not say; but we have been so often disappointed that we dare not assume the tone of prophecy: we must content ourselves with the persuasion and belief, that He who has all hearts in his hands, and who is King of kings, will overrule all things to the furtherance of his infinitely wise and merciful government, which involves by necessary consequence the final happiness and dignity of the human race.
The royal combination, taking the name of The Holy Alliauce, is displayed to all Europe in its true character, as a league of brute force against opinions, These Holy Leaguers," acquiring courage from partial success, and calculating (erroneously, as we trust,) that the quiet ness of nations is the settled submission of fear, have openly announced it as their will, which is to be sovereign law, that no changes shall take place in the European nations without their fiat. None but legitimate kings, that is, kings who are such in spite of the people, are to be acknowledged, and from these vicegerents of Heaven are to emanate all law and all policy. Every expression of the popular will and feeling is to be treated from the first as high treason. The Greek, on one side of Europe, and the Spaniard, on the other, are to be coerced and chastised by the myrmidons of the northern powers, if they touch the anointed Mahmouds or Ferdinands. Hundreds of thousands of armed machines are to be let loose at once against any refractory people that shall question "the right divine of kings to govern wrong," and dispute the restoration of the Inquisition, or resist the robbery, violation and massacre of whole islands and provinces of Christians.
Our indignation at the assumptions of the allied despots, is mixed with unspeakable disgust at their hypocrisy. Of three different and incompatible religions, these men affect a pure zeal for truth, and plant in their assem the standard of the cross. Under this banner, they proclaim the persecuted Greeks as rebels, and declare their fraternity with the fanatical barbarian of Turkey. Is there a man living, 'with the heart of a man, who does not pour scorn upon the dishonest faction, though kings compose it, Who e'en while plundering, forge Religion's name, To frank their spoil, and, without fear or shame,
Call down the Holy Trinity to bless Partition leagues and deeds of devilish
Notes from the triple alliance have been delivered to the Spanish Government, and have been promptly and suitably answered. The ambassadors have, in consequence, demanded their passports, which have been readily granted, accompanied by laconic messages for their masters, which will shew them that eleven millions of people are not to be juggled out of their liberties, or intimidated into a surrender of their independence by a despotic rescript, The temperate firmness of Spain is the theme of universal praise, and is justly considered as a pledge of union and perseverance, which it may be hoped will ensure the success of their righteous cause.
Before this falls under the eye of the reader, the part that France is to act in this critical state of affairs will probably be determined. All speculation upon it is, therefore, useless. This only seems certain, that with war or peace it will not be easy for the Ultras in that country to proceed in their attempts to nullify the Charter, without endangering the throne of the Bourbons. Superstition is called in as the ally of this party. The priests are every where employed to preach up the sacredness of kings and the nothingness of the people. Festivals, consecrations, processions, are got up to dazzle the public eye and to keep men from thinking. At Lisle, where twelve royalist deputies were elected, a 'Te Deum was sung in the Cathedral for their success, and in a loyal song they were compared to the twelve apostles. A peculiarly magnificent mass was performed on the 21st instant, to celebrate the martyrdom of Louis XVI. And with all this, the volatile French seem amused, and they will continue to be amused with the same scenes, unless circumstances should call them to witness and to halloo around spectacles of a very different nature.
Portugal and Spain hare entered into a treaty for mutual protection. The former country has received assurances of the friendship of the English Government, which perhaps have kept the Holy Alliance from putting the Portuguese also out of the ban of their empire. Portugal has notwithstanding shewn little reverence for royal personages, as such: its Queen has been called upon to take the oaths to the new constitution, and on her refusal is obliged to quit the country: she has sent a leave-taking letter to the King, her husband, containing all the vapouring pretensions and high-sounding menaces which might be expected from a weak
woman, inflated by the Bourbon pride and excited to anger by a crafty priesthood.
The English_Parliament is about to meet, and the Session will be one of the most interesting in the memory of man. The King's speech will probably avow a pacific line of policy with regard to the Continent, but at the same time recommended mend preparation for any unfavourable contingency. There will be work enough for the ministers at home. Chauges have taken place in the administration which foreshew some new plan of finance. It will not be easy by any measures to concillate and satisfy the ruined agriculturists. Retrenchment and economy must be se riously adopted. The question of Par liamentary Reform will be discussed under more favorable circumstances than the reformers have known for forty years. Catholic Emancipation will take a new shape in consequence of the late outrages of the Orange faction. With this measure will come (when it comes) the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts: at least, the Dissenters should take care that the two measures are not set apart in point of time. It is intended, we understand, to bring before the legislature the subject of religious liberty on its broadest ground, including the claims and the operation of
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the Church Establishment, and the justice and expediency of prosecutions and punishments for the publication of mere opinions; and though we cannot expect the sudden renunciation of ancient prejudices, or the adoption at once of the' liberal course which is equally recomby philosophy and religion, we anticipate much good from the discussion; all that is wanted to meliorate the public mind is light: the parliamentary advocate of truth may not succeed, as far as the proportion of ayes and noes is considered, but his efforts are never lost: good and great measures may be perfected by being delayed: the present majority have the command of their own votes, but not of the minds of the community, by which all votes are ultimately swayed; and reason and truth, superior in this to parliaments, may be prorogued, but can never be dissolved.
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P. S. Jan. 30th. The die is cast. The Bourbon of France has announced to the Chambers that the Duke d'ANGOULEME. is about to march into Spain at the head of 100,000 Frenchmen. He has thus staked his crown upon the issue; prepared, no doubt, to become either a wanderer or a martyr.
thesis, that the Greek Text of many
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Examples of Juvenile Delinquency no
Communications have been received from Mr. Mardon; A General Baptist ; F. B. ; and Northumbricus.
The controversy on Chapel Trust Deeds is at an end,
We present our readers in this Number with an Engraving of the UNITARIAN CHURCH, WASHINGTON, a liberal contribution to our work by Mr. GEORGE COOKE.
Since the Number was completed, we have received the following letter from Dublin, enclosing a donation of £2. for WILLIAM ROBERTS, the native Unitarian Missionary at Madras, the miscellaneous contents of which will gratify our readers : To the Editor of the Monthly Repository.
Dublin, 17th January, 1823.
I wish that a daily or weekly paper could be generally made use of by Unitarians,