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months. Mr. Austis, who'for many “ After this, J. Cornish regarded years laboured as a most approved himself as fixed at Colyton for life, instructor of youth, and then resident and no 'situation was so well adapted at Bridport, kindly engaged to sup- to the comfort of his declining age. ply Colyton, where he had for a short “ The Monthly Repository for Notime been pastor. Mr. Humphries, vember, 1816, (XI. 649–652,) gives an attorney, was married to the eldest an account of a most extraordinary daughter of the great Dr. Doddridge, attempt made by some over-zealous and was the leading supporter of the Calvinistical ministers to deprive bis Dissenting cause at Tewksbury, and society of their place of worship, and at his house J. Cornish was most to set himself aside as unfit for at. hospitably entertained during his stay. tempting any farther service as a Dr. Doddridge's widow, with her two minister. This proposal was considaughters, and Mr. Philip Doddridge, dered by many of their own party as her son, then resided also in the a very presumptuous one, but from town, and with other worthy hearers, the ministers who signed, no apology three months were most happily ever came. spent.
“When a boarder at Mr. Slade's, he “In 1792, in consequence of repeat- took the grandson of that gentleman ed applications, J. Cornish preached under his care for classical instruction. two Lord's days at Banbury, in Ox. In 1782, several boys were taught by fordshire, Mr. Hampton, a worthy him as day-scholars, and many friends minister, wanting assistance, and not wishing to place their sons with bim likely to continue his iiseful services as boarders, he left Mr. Slade's family much longer. Mr. Hampton's senti- at Midsummer, 1783, to reside in a ments well accorded with his, and house of Mrs. Stokes, who had boardthe principal hearers were desirous of ed forty boys, some of whom were J. his settling there. Many of the com- Cornish's pupils. Twelve, and aftermon people, however, were inclined wards fifteen, had separate apartments to Methodism, and as nothing would under J. Cornish's particular care, have inclined J. Cornish to remove several more attending during schoolbut a very unanimous invitation from hours. This continued till Christinas, some larger society, with a fair pros. 1796, when he bought a house, and pect of greater usefulness, he declined accomodated pupils with board and the offer made. The large church at instruction till Christmas, 1800. His Banbury bad fallen down, and for charge for board and every part of some years the ministers of the Es- instruction was, with one guinea entablishment were accommodated with trance, £18 per annun, which after Mr. Hampton's spacious place of some years was raised to twenty worship, marriages and every service guineas. The expenses of housebeing carried on there, authorized by keeping greatly increasing, and the an Act of Parliament. The hours for prejudices against the friends of liberty worship were so ordered that the operating to his disadvantage, he dedifferent congregations had both morn- clined taking domestic pupils. Daying and afternoon services, and occa- scholars he continued instructing till sionally an evening lecture. On one Christmas, 1819, when, entering on of the sabbaths J. Cornish 'preached his 70th year, and wishing to be quite three times, 'cand besides the usual master of his time, he wholly declined services, the sacrament was adminis. the employment. A school-master, tered to the members of the Establishe especially one who takes boarders, ment. The same, as J. Cornish has must expect various disappointments, been informed, was soon after done but J. Cornish never repented enat Buckingham, an Act of Parliament gaging in the business. Numbers of consecrating these Dissenting places his pupils, as well as their relatives, sufficiently for the temporal uses of appeared thoroughly satisfied with the the adherents to the Church of Ea. endeavours used to fulfil his trust. gland.
His old age is rendered also much happier than it would otherwise have
been, from the kind and respectful at. * See Mon. Repos, XV. 631-633, tention shewn hiin by those whom he Memoir of the late Rev. Joseph Cornish, of Colyton. 621 faithfully endeavoured to improve in ples, persons solemnly declaring that knowledge and goodness.
they subscribed, ex animo, to what “ With the members of the Estab- they inwardly disapproved. Much at lishment he always lived on the most that time had been written on the friendly terms, and was also treated subject, and the pamphlet obtained with great civility by several respecta- an extensive sale. ble vicars and curates who succeeded “ In 1780, J.' Cornish published a each other in Colyton, during his long Life of that excellent citizen Mr: T. abode there. In three fainilies he had Firmin. His venerable friend Mr. seen the fifth generation.
Towgood wished him to decline the “ Before his leaving the Academy, attempt, as tending to revive the SoJ. Cornish published "A Serious and cinian controversy, but on reading it, Earnest Address to Protestant Dis- expressed his approbation of the temsenters.' The first edition of 750 per and spirit with which it was writcopies was speedily sold, and a second ten. J. Cornish neither at that time of 2000 went off quickly, as did a large nor since has ever adopted the Socinumber of the third edition, and they nian scheme, but thinking, with that have long been out of print. The very competent judge Dr. Kippis, low price of 41l. inclined many to dis- that Mr. Firmin was one of the best tribute them.
men that ever lived, he thought a new “ A Brief and Impartial History of account of his Life might be useful, the Puritans, price 4d. also, met a and has some ground to hope its havfavourable reception, 2000 having been ing proved so. The perusalmay sold; about half the number in one soften the prejudices of zealous Triniyear, the rest since.
tarians, and excite Christians of every “In 1775, Mr.Johnson, in St. Paul's persuasion to activity in doing goods Church-yard, who was always ready Mr. Lindsey, whose integrity and disto encourage publications in favour of interestedness entitle him to his praise, liberty, gave J. Cornish five guineas opposed the circulation of this Life for the copy of a pamphlet entitled, amongst Unitarian Tracts, because it
A Blow at the Root of all Priestly contained some apology for Mr. FirClaims.'
inin's continuing in the Church. His “A Letter to the venerable Bishop peculiar circumstances might justify of Carlisle,' who ardently wished for what J. Cornish endeavoured to shew alterations in the Establishment, both could form no rational pretence now. as to the Liturgy and Articles, was par- Yet on that account a former Life ticularly noticed in the Monthly and of Mr. Firmin was circulated, which, Critical Reviews, in 1777. The good whether or no it was so well adapted Bishop wished for Reform, but thought for general reading and usefulness, Conformity justifiable in those who those who have perused both are the could not approve all they subscribed proper judges. The ingenious Mr. to, and yet wished like him for al- Christie, in a volume of interesting terations. J. Cornish endeavoured to Essays, recommended the book, as did prove that the most likely way to the Monthly Review. The whole edibring about a Reform would be for tion has long since been dispersed. all who disliked the terms required, “In 1784, J. Cornish printed, by to imitate Mr. Lindsey, Jebb and request, a Thanksgiving Serinon, on other worthies, in withdrawing from the Happy Restoration of Peace with the Church. No public notice was America. taken of this letter, but the Bishop, “It was in 1783(1785?) his 'Attempt through Mr. Corpe, the Vicar of Sea- to display the Importance of Classical ton, near Colyton, who thought much Learning, addressed to the Parents as Bishop Law did, thanked J. Cornish and Guardians of Youth,' appeared. for the manner in which he had ad- of this Dr. Knox took very polite nodressed him, but said, private reasons tice in a subsequent edition of his justified his conduct in a way satisfac- valuable Treatise on Education, and it tory to his own mind. To this J. was mentioned with approbation in Cornish only replied, that all he tried the Monthly Review. The Messrs. to prove was, that the reasons pre- Robinsons took on themselves the sented to the public did not appear risque, and J. Cornish was to have to hiin to justify, on scriptural princi- half the profits.
"" A Brief Treatise on Divine Ma- J. Cornish, after a comfortable night, nifestations to Mankind in general, arose at six, grateful for the fine apand to some in particular,' was print- pearance of a change in the weather. ed at Taunton in 1787. Soon after, A violent attack of asthma came on; • The Pre-existence of Christ, consi- his faithful domestie was alarmed. dered in a Practical View, endeavouring His apothecary and many kind friends to prove that the Doctrine did not were soon with him, who thought he lessen, but gave great additional force was expiring, but in about two hours to his Example. This was followed the violence abated, and in the conrse by a short "Treatise on Evangelical of the day Dr. Barnes, the vicar, Mr. Holiness.' None of these short trea. Peppin, the curate, and many friends tises are now to be procured.
called. “ J. Cornish's beloved friend, Dr. "On Tuesday, September 2, before Toulmin, who was caudour itself, J. Cornish arose, à second violent kindly superintended the publication attack brought him apparently to of these little tracts, though the lead- death's door, and on Thursday, Seping sentiments of them did not quite tember 4, a third attack so weakened accord with, and in some particulars him, that his apothecary and himself, materially differed from his manner of as well as those about bin), thought expressing himself on these topics. that night must be his last. Blessed
« • A Brief History of Nonconfor- he God, he felt little pain, and though mity,' being an enlarged edition of weak yet lives, and on the whole is the History of the Puritans, was pub- confortable. October 2.” lished in London, in 1797, under the inspection of his valuable friend, Mr. The above is the memorial which Palmer, of Hackney, so deservedly Mr. Cornish drew up, and which was esteemed for his important services closed only seven days before he died. to the cause of religious liberty and He directed that it should be sent Christian piety. This has also been to Mr. Manning, of Exeter, and Mr. long out of print. A new edition has Yeates, of Sidmouth, and inserted in been proposeil
, which any one is wel the Monthly Repository, with such come to set forth who way think it alterations as they should think fit. any way calculated to serve the noble Three days after this, October 5, cause of religious truth and liberty. he found himself so much better that
“ An intended Life of that real pa- he attended the public service at the triot and genuine Christian, Mr. John Meeting on both parts of the day, and Lilburne, was announced, but the assisted a friend who preached for him, times became so unfavourable to all in administering the Loril's Supper, publications in defence of civil and carrying round the bread and wine, religious liberty, that the design was and addressing the communicants in not executed, and by J. Cornish never several appropriate passages of Scrip
A very just account of this up- ture. At the close of the services be right man is contained in Vol. VI. of expressed to his friend the gratificathe British Biography, in 10 volumes, tion he felt from having been permitted 8vo., printed for Mr. Goadby, of to attend the scveral services, and so Sherborne, and sold by R. Baldwin, far was he from being exhausted by in London. 4 Tlris Life might be re- the exertion he had used, that he published in any periodical work with seemed more cheerful, and apparently out any prejudice to the proprietors of stronger, than he was in the morning, that váltiable work, which may yet he and spoke of his intention of preachprocured for £2. 138. 6d., a price faring on one part of the following Sabbelow its value. Mr. Toogood,* a bath. But the great Arbiter of life clergyınan of eininent worth, and a had otherwise decreed, for on Thursparticular friend of Dr. Toulmiu's, day, October 9, at five in the morning, materially assisted in recording many he was violently attacked by water in of the Lives contained in Mr. Goadby's his chest, and could only say to those Biography.
about liim, '" God bless you all," and "On the Lord's-day, Aug. 31, 1823, expired without a groan.
[The remains of this excellent man
were committed to the grave on Fri* See Mon. Repos, XVI. 63 and 77. day, October the 17th, his valued
Note relative aux manuscrits de feu Pascal Alexandre Tissol. 623 friend Mr. Manning officiating on the ses disciples, pour mieux répandre occasion. The corpse was followed sa doctrine, de la cacher sous le voile to the grave by the curate of the pa- de la parabole. rish, and many of the most respecta- A la mort de Jésus, la nécessité ble parishioners.
de taire le secret se fit sentir plus Nir. Cornish's frugality and eco- vivement que jamais ; et plus la thénomy lad enabled him to save a sum ocratie juive et les rois devinrent of money, which to those that should soupçonneux, plus la science des know his circumstances without know. écritures dût se limitter à très peu ing the simplicity of his habits, would d'individus. appear incredibly large. The greater Les disciples de Jésus continuèrent part of this (£400) he had some years dans le silence à répandre sa doctrine before his death put into the hands et à faire des prosélytes. Les initiés of the managers of the Presbyterian devenaient aussitôt de zélés amis de Fund, on condition of receiving the l'humanité, de chauds défenseurs de interest during his life, that on his ses droits, et l'on a vu de célèbres decease it might form part of the philosophes, après avoir reçu la préFund so denominated, the income of cieuse science, abandonner leurs spéwhich is distributed amongst Dissent- Çulations, déserter leurs écoles ; ils ing Ministers.]
possédaient le grand secret, ils av
aient découvert la vérité, ils la proNote relative aux manuscrits de feu pagèrent et la défendirent sans se
Pascal Alexundre Tissot sur le laisser intimider par les persécutions, Nouveau Testament, et addressée les tortures et la mort. au Reverend
à Londres. Cependant Paul, prêchant la doc[We have been not a little embar- Juifs désignaient sous la dénomination
trine de Jésus aux nations que les rassed by the following communica: de Gentils, ne crut pas devoir suivre tion. It is, indeed, one of the most le même système que les autres apôdifficult and painful tasks that our
tres. Il n'avait pas les mêmes motifs office as Editors lays upon us, to des de respecter les préjugés civils et po termine in what manner to dispose of litiques des Hébreux ; pour se faire papers that contain hypotheses con- entendre, il parle donc sans détour, il trary to our own opinions and pro- donne lessor à son génie, il agit bably offensive to the majority of our séparément, sans se consulter avec les readers. The matter and manner of apôtres. Il arriva de la que bien des some communications of this descrip- choses que Panl pouvait dire sans intion render a decision easy; but there conveniens aux Gentils, venant à la are others which we can hardly reject connaissance des Juifs, qui se trou. without seeming to withhold inforina- vaient dans une toute autre position, tion on theological literature and to compromettaient les mystères du Seigoppose religious inquiry and discus- neur et les exposajent à être pénétrés
of this latter kind, is the “ Note” which we are about to in- par Je vulgaire. Dans cette consert. For various reasons, we give it d'autre parti à prendre que de publier
joncture les apôtres ne virent pas in the language in which it is sent to us ; and after this explanation may fausse et qu'il était sans pouvoir pour
que Paul propageait une doetrine we hope disclaim all responsibility
enseigner. L'un d'eux men même with regard to its contents, except as to the correctness of our copy. Ed.] fut Pierre, visita successivespent toutes
tems, et tout porte à croire que ce Paris, le 19 Juillet, 1823, les églises fondées par Paul, dans le A science des écritures, dont il but de donner à leur doctrine la forme et entr'autres par Clément d'Alex- lem. Il était passé chez les Galates andrie, en ses Stromates, est perdue et avait réuissi à les détacher de Paul. depuis longtems. Dans l'origine Celui-ci qui était absent, et, à ce on n'initiait aux mystères du Chris- qu'il parait, retenu à Rome dans les tianisme qu'un très petit nombre fers, n'acquit pas une telle certitude d'élus, choisis parmi des personnes sans éprouver une vive indignation: ce éprouvées, Jésus étant convenu avec fut en ce moment qu'il écrivit son
admirable lettre aux Galates, chef- le sens condamné de Paul que par d'euvre d'éloquence, d'art, de force une dissimulation obligée. de raisonnement et de génie; dans la- La substitution du véritable texte quelle il annonce qu'il ne parle pas de Paul au texte falsifié fit faire à d'après les hommes mais pour les cette époque des progrès prodigieux hommes. Usant dès lors de représailles au Christianisme. Le changement envers les apôtres, il ne les épargne subit des écritures n'eût pas cependpoint, sans cependant les nommer, ant lieu sans opposition et on devait feignant ainsi d'ignorer quels sont ses s'y attendre. Aussi cette époque est adversaires, et se débarassant de toutes elle marquée par une foule d'héréles entraves qui pouvaient retenir sa siarques qui, le texte apostolique à 'plume et sa parole. Il attaque leur la main, arguaient de fausscié le systéme hyperbolique et insinue très texte véritable dont ils n'avaient jaadroitement que les apôtres ne pensent mais entendu parler. On peut s'aspas différemment de lui, et que la doc- surer par les citations des Pères, que trine dont ils font profession ostensible, Marcion, le plus redoutable de tous, n'est qu'un moyen d'éviter l'eil de la avait le texte apostolique. ténébreuse politique et de multiplier Chaque jour, comme je viens de le le nombre des initiés sans les exposer dire, on voyait le nombre des Chréà une persécution certaine.
tiens augmenter et l'on pouvait alors Les deux textes que Alexandre espérer que bientôt luirait le moinent Pascal Tissot parait avoir découvert, où les desseins du Seigneur devaient les divers passages des écritures et recevoir leur entier accomplissement. des Pères qu'il a rassemblés et rap- Mais, Constantin, tyran non moins prochés contradictoirement prouvent rusé que féroce, eût l'adresse de de Pexistence de la double doctrine. tourner le coup qui menaçait le trône Les apôtres conservèrent pour l'usage et devait en lui frapper peut-être le des parfaits l'original de la lettre de dernier des oppresseurs du genre buPaul aux Galates, mais pour l'usage main. Ayant sonde les chefs, il les du vulgaire, ils en firent une édition combla de richesses et d'honneurs, dans laquelle Paul, n'exposant plus et une horrible trahison fut consomla véritable doctrine, et ne combat- mée. Le trône se fit un appui de tant plus la doctrine ostensible, ne l'autel, et l'autel trouva dans le trône parle que dans le sens de celle-ci. un appui nécessaire. Pour consolider Christ partout y cède la place à Jésus cette union fatale, le texte apostoChrist, en d'autres termes Dieu à lique fut mêlé au texte véritable, a-l'homme et l'esprit à la loi. C'est fin de ne plus laisser, par ce mélange ce dernier texte que Tissot appelle bizarre, pénétrer le sens des écritures. apostolique, non qu'il le regardat En effet le texte qui en résulta et comme contenant la doctrine réelle qui est aujourd'hui le texte reçu, des apôtres, mais parce qu'ils en présente le pour et le contre, soufurent les auteurs, et qu'il renferme vent dans une même phrase. leur doctrine ostensible ou apparente. En Orient, les patriarches et les
Le centre d'action du Christianisme conciles placés sous l'influence des resta chez les Juifs à Jérusalem jus- empereurs, altérèrent en consequence qu'à la destruction de cette ville par le texte grec, tandis que Chrysostôme Titus ; de là il fut transferé à Rome. ajoutait à sa confusion en glissant Cette époque fut celle d'une révolu- dans le texte nouvellement reçu um tion mémorable. La double doctrine plus grand nombre de leçons qu'il fut publiquement_abandonnée. Le puisait dans le texte apostolique, et véritable texte de Paul prit la place qu'il réformait la lithurgie pour mieux du texte falsifié, sauf le retranche- les corroinpre et pour unieux dément d'un petit nombre de passages tourner les esprits du véritable sens qui pouvaient donner à connaitre que de la doctrine de Jésus prêchée par c'étaient les apôtres que Paul com- Paul. battait. On accrédita en même temps En Occident, Jérôme, par l'ordre l'opinion qu'il n'avait eu en vue que des Papes, opéra de semblables de faux apôtres ; ce qui, au fond, changemens sur le texte latin ; il était véritable, puisque en effet les dénatura la version du véritable texte disciples de Jésus n'avaient agi dans qui s' était conservé pur chez les