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Christ,”. granting him to have erred, has not noticed. The Reviewer must he has in those instances only been know this to be the case, or he must detected, and most harshly con- not know the compositions he was demned.

abusing, or he must be astonishingly Then comes a list of qualities in ignorant of the language of holy writ; which Unitarian piety is deficient, and the blame does probably fall “no repentance towards God,” á equally upon his head and heart. piety without humility, without con To complete the condemnation, this trition, without love. This is mere Reviewer decides, that “in the polite ignorant rant. Without repentance, world,” (which I take to mean the Unitarianism allows the guilty nó intelligent part of society,)“ Mr. B.'s hope. Without extolling humility, Matins and Vespers' may rank with no man can believe in Jesus ; and the the Hebrew Melodies of Lord Byron, leading sentiment of our religion as and the sicklier strains of Anacreon the religion of Christ is this,“ God Moore;” and thus “ damns hiin to is love." Mr. B. repeatedly speaks everlasting fame” in a breath. If the of mankind and himself in scripture Reviewer allude to the Sacred Melolanguage as “ dust;" acknowledges dies of Moore, which are most beauhis entire obligation to the mercy of tiful and often devotional, I pity his God; deplores the weakness and folly taste who can call, “Othou that and vice that stain our nature, and driest the mourner's tears," or, “Go, throughout his poems exalts the Deity let me weep,” or the fine martial song and praises man only as the image of of Israel's triumph, “ sickly strains.” his Maker, and as deriving all his And Mr. Bowring will willingly take power and goodness from him. But his station by the side of the first this is not enough. He should speak poets of the age in the chaster efforts as sincerity will allow none but the of their muse, if the Reviewer can cust vilest of mankind to speak of them- him, in the public opinion, into such selves. He should extol as mysteries company. What principles of taste, the most blasphemous perversions of then, have guided this modern Edipus the doctrines of Jesus ; or be will so incorrectly and unjustly to judge ? have a piety without cant, which in It is a taste formed in the conventicle, this canting age is more galling to and degraded by constant converse the saints than the most unlicensed with the most faulty class of English profligacy and depravity.

poetry. And as this Reviewer is conOur Reviewer bolder grows as he fident in his religious, so he boldly proceeds to blacken the fair fame of avows his poetic, creed. “But give his author, and charges him “ with us, we say (and affirm) Sternhold and the almost total avoidance of the Hopkins, or the Scotch Psalms, rather dialect of scripture.” By dialect, this than such melo-dramatic devotion as nice discerner means the words or this.” That a man with such taste language of the Bible. What a base, should err in judging of poetry is to impudent and false charge is this ! be expected, but that he should make In the first quotation in the review the illiberal and unjust observations there are eleven passages ; in the se. he has made upon Mr. Bowring's poecond, there are three; in the third, try, merely to abuse a sect, whose there are fifteen ; in the fourth, ten principles he does not understand, is passages where the expressions are a melancholy proof of the power of furnished by the Scriptures. And the bigotry to blight all the best affections whole volume is full of images and of our nature, to pervert the underexpressions taken from the Old and standing, and to deprave the moral New Testament: not to mention the sense. Let him go and sing with the versions noticed by the Reviewer of heart and understanding such devofour portions of the Bible, and a tional and affecting strains of his beautiful version of the beginning of chosen poets as these : the xivth chapter of John which he

“ A man was famous, and was liad
In es-ti-ma-tion,
According as he lifted up
His axe thick trees upon.

Description of the Nero Chapel in Stamford Street.

631

“ But all at once with axes now
And hammers they go to,
And down the carved work thereof,
They break and quite undo.”

Scotch Psalms, lxxiv. vers. 5, 6.

Let him boast that such strains give with pleasure and iinprovement, perglory to God, and exalt the devotional haps as long as bigotry, and something feelings of the pious. They have 00- else as bad, can keep Sternhold and thing“ sickly” about them-nothing Hopkins, and even the Scotch Psalms, to excite «'delusive emotion”-no- in high esteem and pious use. thing to charm “ the polite world :"

A NORTONIAN. but the elect, of which number of course the Eclectic Reviewer is one, can find in them something far above Description of the New Chapel in the Hebrew Melodies of Byron, the

Stamford Street, lately opened for Sacred Songs of Moore, and the Ves

the Use of Dr. Thomas Rees's Conpers and Matias of our Unitarian Bard.

gregation. (See p. 607.) Some of these elect, or eclect, in all (From “ The Literary Chronicle" of Satheir purity, existed in the days of the

turday, October 18. good Dr. Watts, and he describes their WHIS building, which was opened taste in the Preface to his Lyrics : for public worship on Sunday “ They love the driest translation of last, forms a striking and elegant conthe Psalms best ; they will venture to trast with the generality of chapels sing a dull hymn or two at Church” and meeting-houses ; and may be re(daring spirits !) " in tunes of equal garded as a happy illustration of that dulness, but still they persuade them- maxim which ought never to be lost selves and their children that the sight of by architects, namely, that beauties of poesy are vain and dan- beauty is attainable with the most ligerous. All that arises a degree above mited pecuniary means, provided those Sternhold and Hopkins is too airy for means be employed according to sound worship, and hardly escapes the sene economy and pure taste. When we tence of unclean and abominable.” observe the barbarous and truly hideOur Reviewer has advanced a step ous style in which almost, without a farther. Every generation improves single exception, all our metropolitan upon the past. He has imported fo- structures of this kind are erected, reign literature, and finds great grati- their utter insignificance, the despification in the Scotch Psalms, from cable attempt at ornament which they which the two beautiful and pious sometimes display, and the complete stanzas above are extracted.

absence of the knowledge of, or the In one thing Mr. Bowring is supe- least relish for architectural effect, rior to all his predecessors, though he which they invariably manifest,--when modestly disclaims originality. There we consider this, it was not without is breathing through his sacred songs some feeling of surprise that we first a strain of devotion of a more cheerful, beheld this truly unostentatious and elevating and confiding character than simple edifice; and, on viewing it, we in any volume of devotional poetry cannot help considering it, and hailing with which I am acquainted. His it as the indication that a better æra principles lead to this. They put not of architecture is commenced, and vengeance, wrath and fury amongst that a taste for its beauties is becomthe attributes which they extol. They ing more generally diffused : and yet explain strong oriental language, so we musi, indeed, confess, that when as to make it consistent with sense we witness the sad doings and pitiful and justice; and they fill the heart grimaces that our builders-especially with confiding repose, which the ad- those who carry on their exploits in vocates of the gloomy tenets of Trini- our suburbs—daily perform in brick tarianism and Calvinism can never and mortar, we are fain to retract our feel. With very slight exceptions, I opinion, and confess, to our shame, hesitate not to pronounce Mr. B.'s that there is still nothing among us little volume a beautiful treasure of like a popular feeling for architecture, devotional poetry, which will be read else could not such deformity be

permitted, or for a single hour be which is occupied by the pulpit, elejolerated “ tricks that make artists vated on a sort of screen, which occuweep."

pies the lower part of these intercoIn the chapel of which we are now lumns, rising to about one-third of speaking, there is no attempt at no- the height of the columns. This ar. velty of arrangement, or originality rangement is one of the most advanof design, but both judgment and taste tageous that can be devised, for the are displayed in the adoption of clas- pulpit is thus rendered an important sical features. An hexastyle portico object. It is not thrust on one side, of the Grecian Doric order occupies as in our churches, but the preacher is the whole front of the edifice, and in front of all the congregation, and imparts to it a commanding and tein- equi-distant frou either side. Behind ple-like aspect. The wall within this this screen, too, the clergyman enters portico is unbroken by any

other aper- the vestry, or the pulpit, without ture than a single door,'forming the passing through the chapel itself. At entrance to the building. Hence arise the back of this recess are two antæ, a boldness of effect, a greatness of corresponding with the columns, and manner, a chasteness and repose, of between them the wall is hung with a which we should desire to see more plain purple drapery, on which the examples, and which we would most light is thrown down in a rather picearnestly recommend to the study of turesque manner, by a window which our metropolitan architects. On view- is concealed, being above the entablaing this elegant façade, we regret but ture, over the columns. This entablatwo circumstances : first, that the ture is continued quite round the intedoor is not pannelled in a bolder style, rior, constituting the only architec and that it has not been painted in tural embellishment. There are no imitation of some dark, rich-coloured galleries, and the light is admitted by wood,

--secondly, that it has not been three, or rather, perhaps, one window attempted to give more the character on each side, consisting of three arched of stone to the building, by tracing apertures, glazed with ground glass. the jointings of courses; yet these The light thus admitted is quite suffiare trifling blemishes, easily corrected, cient, and the effect is far better than and which we should hardly have now that produced by so many windows as ticed, were it not that we feel some it is usual to have in our places of what impatient at perceiving the ato public worship. Nearly the whole of tainment of perfect beauty in some

ihis interior being of a uniform tint, degree frustrated by what we consider approaching a white, there is a cold mere capriciousness and perverseness. ness and rawness arising from this The interior corresponds with the ex- circumstance, which, we think, de terior, in simplicity of taste, and in tracts from the general effect: had a the style of its decoration, if we can slightly warm bue been given to the rightly apply the latter term to an glass, this would not have been the edifice, where all that comes under case. We would recommend a large che name of ornament seems to have transparent blind, strained on a frame, been studiously rejected. In this re so as to be fixed permanently, before spect, we do not think that it would the window on either side, and painted scandalize even a congregation of in chiaroscuro, in three compartments, Quakers; and yet there is a certain answering to the three-arched aper air of taste, propriety of architec- tures of each window. We really tural feeling, and, withal, a decorum think that this sort of blinds, if exe that satisfies the beholder, and affords cuted in a superior manner, might be him no small pleasure. The chief very judiciously and effectively intro feature, in this interior, is a recess duced into many of our churches and opposite the entrance, decorated with chapels, to subdue the too great body two Anted Doric columns, forming of light now generally admitted, and, three intercolumns, the central one of at the same time, to render these

apertures—what they certainly are not

at present-subservient to decoration • The columns are stone ; but the en- and pictorial display. By way of contablature and other parts of the front are clusion to these remarks, we will add, covered with cement,

that, as we regard the New Church at

Dr. Morell's Proposal of Dissenting Colleges.

633

cause.

St. Pancras as one of the happiest mo wishes and be gratifying to our readdels of the simplicity becoming a

ers if correct views of the more eleProtestant Church, where painting is gant buildings were contributed to so rarely perunitted to display its pow.

our work. We would engage to proers, so do we consider the Stamford cure an engraving of them, if the Street Chapel as one of the best and congregations particularly interested chastest models for that still more would agree to take a certain number rigid and economical style which best of copies at a moderate price. accords with the worship of a Dis. senting congregation. We hope that Hove-House, near Brighton,

Sir,

Nov. 8, 1823. e no discard much of that affectation Toolissent from a National Church, of severity which seems to regard any introduction of the elegancies of art may be presumed to be of sufficient into their chapels and conventicles, as weight in their judgment, to make a leaning towards worldly feelings; them wish well to the Dissenting for, as if to mortify the eye, and to The numbers, learning, moabstain as much as possible from any rals, manners, the worth and the thing partaking of the nature of a weight of the body to which they are sensual gratification, they have hith- united in principle and profession, erto most pertinaciously adhered to, must appear to them to be things of and most pervertedly affected, whato moment. Since it can

never be ever is most barbarous, monstrous fashionable to dissent, it

may

be

supand contemptible, in architectural posed that the greater part of those taste.

who choose to be so unfashionable,

are determined in their singularity by Proposal with regard to Religious principle. They are satisfied that this

is one of those cases in which it is Edifices.

right to be singular, and in which A

CORRESPONDENT suggests conformity would be wrong. They

that as new chapels are now do not deplore their conscientious springing up every where amongst the dissent as a misfortune, entailed upon Unitarian Dissenters, it is desirable them by education, but they think the that the total expense of about a inconvenience well repaid by independozen of the last new ones should be dence of mind, and the goodness of printed in a column of the Monthly their cause. They are happy that Repository. By this means, he thinks, they see reason to dissent froin false congregations meditating new places creeds and intolerant institutions

; of worship, would be able to choose they wish that more saw reason to do their plan without expense or the the same ; and they are especially risque of being misled. They would desirous that their natural successors have only to determine according to in society should inherit the principles their means, whether to consult eco which direct their conduct. nomy, as at Padiham, or elegance of To all who feel thus, (and thus every appearance, as at Brighton and Stam- consistent and enlightened Dissenter ford Street, or to adopt a design be must feel,) it will appear to be their tween the two extremes. The com- duty to protect the minds of their inunication to the Repository should, youth from the influence of situations he advises, record the number of per which are likely to make them indifsons the buildings will seat, and the ferent to principles held sacred by whole cost on their completion. If themselves. They lament that their a duplicate plan were always formed, sons cannot receive the instruction of it might, he says, be lent for inspec- the public colleges, without being extion and the assistance of others en- posed to this bad influence; since it gaged in similar undertakings. We is impossible that they should submit agree with our correspondent's sug- to the necessary conditions of being gestions, and shall be always glad to members of the English Universities, give publicity to the particulars which without injury to the principles of he specifies.' We add, that it would Nonconformity, or to their moral probably further our correspondent's principles. The fact is, that the suc

VOL. XVIII.

4 M

cession of Dissenters of the most opu- public lectures subjects of daily prilent class is continually and increas vate examinations, and of forming the ingly diminished from this cause. The taste and correcting the compositions youth, who have been taught by their and declamations of the pupils. It parents or friends occasional confor- would be easy to obtain the assistance mity, are prepared to be very easy and of lecturers and teachers in those arts pliant conformists for the rest of life. and sciences which would require to If the effect is proposed, the means be taught constantly and carefully are certainly well-chosen. But it can within the walls of the College. Of not be doubted that many, who are this kind, in particular, is all that was not guilty of the dishonest purpose, included in the schools of ancient are, notwithstanding, induced to risk Greece and Ronie in the study and the event, that their sons may not practice of rhetoric. To think, to want the advantages or the reputation write, and to speak always correctly, of a university education. The effect and often eloquently, should be prois, that many men of distinguished posed from the first, and pursued talents, attainments, and place in so- steadily to the last, as the end and ciety, are lost to the Dissenting body. reward of the studies and exercises If the evil is without remedy, it is of every student; and when it should useless to complain of it. Perhaps in be found that this ability in different these times of corrupt flexibility, to degrees was generally produced, the exterminate it is hopeless ; but can place in which it had been reared nothing be done to reduce it? Can would not want public honour and no means be devised by which the patronage. As the prosperity of the Dissenting youth might enjoy thc be- schools would depend principally on nefit of good public lectures, and the fitness of the resident tutors to courses of instruction in all branches maintain necessary discipline, they of learning and science, without being should be appointed with a chief retempted to subscribe what they do gard to this qualification, probably not believe, and what no man under- out of different professions, and with stands; and becoming Conformists different shades of religious opinions. not from principle but submission? This is a broad outline of a plan The design cannot be impracticable, which might easily be filled up, if it with private wealth and public funds were thought to merit the attention amply sufficient to carry it into effect. of the Dissenting public; but whatever Liberality could obtain the necessary may be thought of it, I shall rejoice services of men of talents, attainments greatly if, through the medium of and industry; and if the cause de- your useful Repository, it could draw serves to be supported at all, it ought attention once more to a subject which to be sustained with liberality and has been suffered to sleep too long. judgment.

While Manchester College, York, exIn several parts of England institu- ists under the direction of such men tions now exist, which, if I am not as now fill the chairs of the professors, much mistaken, would afford a great Unitarian Dissenters will have good facility for the accomplishment of reason to congratulate themselves on such a design. In London, Liverpool, an institution which does so much and more recently in Bristol, literary honour to its founders and supporters, institutions have been forined, which and is eminently fitted to provide a offer to students the advantages of succession of able ministers for our public libraries and lectures. Within churches. But a great want remaios, à certain distance of those buildings, for which no adequate provision has houses might easily be found or fitted been made by any description of Disfor the accommodation of as many senters. They want public schools students as it should be proposed to for young men in the interval of leavcollect; for from assembling numbers ing private academies, and entering in one dwelling, little good, and pro- into active life. A better and more bably much evil, would arise. Å fit practicable plan than that which I Moderator should be placed at the have ventured to suggest, could, perhead of each hall, capable of enforcing haps, be comwunicated by some of the necessary discipline of making the your correspondents; and by men

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