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Mr. Holden on the Deuth of Mr. Cornish.
I nish; and
hope for a more particular i conformity, which are now in the
who would be able to call the public congregation to whom he ministered. attention to a subject of very great I have written the above, hoping that, importance, by the strength of their if it shall be judged to be useful, soine appeal, and the authority of their neighbouring minister or friend may
give a more particular account of the JOHN MORELL. unostentatious and retired, but I would
persuade myself useful, life of one Tenterden, who has never ceased to have a place Sır,
November 3, 1823. in my esteem and affection.
L. HOLDEN. (p. 607,) the name of my beloved friend and fellow-student of the same
Plymouth, class, at Hoxton College, Mr. J. Cor- Sır, November 2, 1823.
N the Course of Lectures on Nonaccount of his life and ininistry. He. was much respected by the neighbour- hands of the public in most of the ing ministers, and was upon very counties of England, I have said that friendly terms with the late Dr. Toul- “ with regard to the archbishops and min.
bishops of the Church of England, Whilst at College he published a they can be regarded in no other small tract, entitled “ A Serious and light than as ecclesiastical attorneys, Earnest Address to Protestant Dis. employed to do the work of the senters of all Denominations,” which Church,” (p. 99,) which,“ in point soon passed to a second edition, and of fact, is one of the many branches also a very brief " History of the Pu- of the estate of the realm, over which ritans” of the same size. We carried the king presides as head.” Pp. 87, on an epistolary correspondence to 158, 191. the last, with a full flow of cordial It would, I now think, have been affection, in which time and long se- more correct to have said, that they paration caused no abatement. In one are ecclesiastical magistrates, to whom of his last he writes, “I heartily thank the people are directed to look up you for yours of May 23. Few minis- among other duties for a licence to ters have continued so long with the open a place of worship, in the same same society as you and I. I rejoice manner as others apply to the civil that your society flourishes; mine, as magistrate for a licence to open a to numbers, is much the same." In tobacco or a gin shop. another part he observes, “ Most of I also feel some regret at a passage our fellow-academics are gone before in p. 145. “ Consecrated water to us; but our venerable resident tutor,” sprinkle the living, which is employed referring to Dr. Rees, " brings forth in the Catholic ceremonies, is not in fruit in old age.” In this he well use in the Protestant Church : but, knew that with him I should most in what does this rite, so much laughcordially rejoice.
ed at by Church-of-England men, One circumstance also I had from differ from the consecrated buildings his own pen, which was highly to his without which they are not permitted honour. From the fluctuations in to offer a public prayer, or the consetrade during the American war, his crated ground in which they must father was a sufferer in his circum- bury their dead?” I had recently read stances; and at length called his cre- of the consecration of a church by ditors together, and honestly divided Archbishop. Laud, and of all the mum: his reipaining property among them, inery practised by that zealot upon Many years after this, when my be the occasion; and, in common I beloved friend, by the profits of a school, lieve with the public at large, as well had it in his power to do it, he called Churchimen as Dissenters, I had supthe above creditors together, and paid posed that some superstitious rites them up to twenty shillings in the were observed in the present day in pound. Providence still continued to what is called the consecration of bless him, and he informed me, by churches. I have since learned that a letter, not long since received, that I was under a inistake, and that the he had every comfort which this life good sons of the church in my immecould afford him, still beloved by the diate neighbourhood found themselves
as much mistaken as I was, upon an strument of donation or endowment, occasion that recently presented itself in which provision is in some way in this town, of witnessing the conse- made for a salary for the minister and cration of a Chapel of Ease to the especial care taken not to entrench Church and Parish of St. Andrew. in any respect on the rights, priviThe term consecration I imagine led leges and immunities of the vicar or us all astray; and the Churchmen rector of the parish. The bishop then were as much pleased as I confess bespoke the attention of the audience, myself to have been, on discovering as to the expediency of having fit that there was not even a tincture houses of worship, and observed of superstition in the whole service, " that devout and holy inen, moved which was conducted in its different either by the secret inspiration of the parts by the bishop, his official prin- blessed Spirit, or by express comcipal, his chaplain and the gentleman mand from God, or by their own who is appointed to do the duty of reason and sense of the natural de. the chapel. The ceremony might cency of things,” (which last expresvery well be called a dedication. It sion I am pleased to see inserted after was little different from what might the others,) "have erected houses for be observed in a Dissenting Chapel the worship of God," &c. Then folon a sim occasion ; excepting the lowed suitable prayers, collects and signing of a deed drawn on parche lessons, after which the instrument of ment by the bishop, constituting that consecration, that is the licence, being building a place for divine worship read by the official principal, it was according to the ritual of the united signed by the bishop, and the remainChurch of England and Ireland. A ing part of the prayers and a sermon elergyman, on receiving orders, binds followed. himself to his bishop not to perform The ceremony of consecrating a or assist in divine worship in any burial ground, which took place at building that is not set apart for that the same time in a neighbouring papurpose by a bishop of the English rish, is of a similar character, a mere Church; therefore, until a licence licence to use it for the burial of the had been obtained from the bishop of dead; and, that it is not considered the diocese for using this chapel as a in a religions or sanctifying point of place of worship, no deacon or priest view, is evident from this cireumof the church could do duty in it. stance, that the parish having occaThe ceremonies which were gone sion to make use of it before the through were as follows.
bishop could come down, obtained a On the day appointed, the bishop, dispensation from his office and acattended by his vicar general and tually buried many bodies in the other officers, entered the building by ground before the consecration took the west door, when, having put on place. their respective robes, they went out I had a short time since the pleaagain into the yard, where the pa- sure of hearing the first charge derishioners waited for them. Then a livered by the present Bishop, Dr. person deputed for the purpose offered Carey, to the clergy of this diocese, à petition to the bishop in writing, in which it appeared to me, that he at the same time requesting him in was aware of his duty as chief steward the name of the parishioners, to con- of this portion of the ecclesiastical secrate this chapel to the uses men- estate ; for, excepting a slight hit at tioned in the petition. To which the Antinomianism, which he did not bishop replied that he was ready to consider to belong to the Church-ofdo as they desired, and besought God England religion, his design was evito bless and prosper the good work dently to shew, that he should make they were going about. Then all it his business to see that every one entering together and passing up the of the lessees under this estate did his middle aisle, they repeated the xxivth duty, in the post he held under his Psalm, the bishop beginning, “ The lord. He spoke of service being reearth is the Lord's,” &c. The bishop gularly performed according to law, being seated at the side of the altar, curates being properly paid, too inuch the petition was then read, which service not being covetously underwas immediately followed by the in- taken by one man, parsonages being 637
Mr. Marsom on the Efficacy of the Death of Christ, kept in repair and in creditable ap- conveyed by the sacred writings, in pearance, and the like; his whole which it is treated of at large, and charge bore upon the temporals of from which alone a clear and accurate the Church, and he talked much as knowledge of it can be derived. a steward would talk to tenants about Let us then endeavour to ascertain the cultivation of their farms and the what is stated in those writings upon proper apportionments of their pieces this important subject. And we may of land." I commended him for what observe, in general, that they repreappeared to be a fulfilment of his sent Christ as dying for, or on acduty, and I thought this diocese was count of, the sins of mankind, as the happy in not being plagued, either Lamb of God that taketh away the with a Burgess who thinks himself sin of the world, as delivered for our authorized to enforce the rigid sys- offences, as dying for sins the just for tems of Orthodoxy, or with a Marsh, the unjust that he wight bring us to who will bind the poor candidates for God; in particular, that his dying clerical honours and profits with more for sins was to put them away, to than an Egyptian burden.
make reconciliation for them, to make 1. WORSLEY. an end of transgressions, to redeein P.S. I must not omit the present
us from them, and to purge them opportunity of remarking upon a mis- away ; and all this is represented by statement which a friend informs me
those writings as having been actually I have made in p. 99, respecting the accomplished by the death of Christ. words used by Mr. Jones, Curate of
“ When he had, say they, by himself Bovey in this county, on the Athana- purged our sins, he sat down on the sian Creed. His words are said to right hand of the Majesty on high. have contained a disbelief of the dam- This man after he had offered one natory clauses of the Crced, and not sacrifice for sin, for ever sat down on of the Creed altogether; but if it the right hand of God : for by one were so, it does not invalidate my offering he hath perfected for ever observation. A man who is in the them that are sanctified. Now once Church is not at liberty to believe a
in the end of the world hath he appart of its professed doctrines, and to peared to put away sin by the sacrideny another part; for if this were
fice of himself. He was once offered the case, how could he declare his to bear (i. e. to carry away, to reassent and consent to all and every
move) the sins of many. God hath thing contained in the book of Com reconciled us to himself by the death mon Prayer ? As a faithful steward of his Son; for God was in or by the bishop had no right to admit Mr. Christ, i. e. by his death reconciling Jones to the duties of the Church, the world unto himself, not imputing when his conscience would not per
their trespasses unto them." mit him to fulfil its requirements, Testament on this interesting subject.
Such is the statement of the New one of which clearly is, to consign to The necessity of such a redemption everlasting damnation all those who do not believe the Athanasian Trinity. death of Christ will appear, if we
as that which was effected by the
take a view of the state in which the 2, St. John Street, Clerkenwell, world was when Jesus appeared to Sir,
Nov. 2, 1823. put away sin. With respect to the THERE is no subject upon which Gentiles, the Apostle Paul describes
a greater variety of hypotheses them as sunk into the grossest idol. have been formed than that of the atry and wickedness, and as being redemption of mankind by the death without bope and without God in of Jesus Christ ; particularly as to the world. With respect to the Jews, its nature, and as to the means by he represents them as in no uise in a which it was accomplished. Much better state than the Gentiles, as has been said and written upon the alike afar from God, as being no less subject; but all that I have seen and sinners before God than they were, heard upon it, I confess, appears to and equally with them in a state of me very unsatisfactory, and as not condemnation and death ; so that the entering sufficiently into the ideas whole world was become guilty before respecting it which were meant to be God, subject to the judgment of God,
who had concluded them, both Jews (who seeth the end from the beginand Gentiles, all under sin.
ning, and to whom all futurity is preTo this state of condemnation and sent,) and were contemplated in the death, does the death of Christ for sacrifice of Christ and put away by the sin of the world refer, and the it, will it not follow, that since that design of it was to reverse that state period, no sin, even in the Divine in which all mankind were, to annul Mind, has had any existence in the the sentence of death which they were world, either to be charged to the under by taking away the sin of the account of the sinner, to be repented world, the cause of that condemnation, of by him, or to be pardoned by the by reconciling them to God, who mercy of the Divine Being? These were in a state of irreconciliation and considerations are sufficient, I think, enemies to him by wicked works, and to shew that the death of Christ was by establishing a new dispensation, not intended to put away the future (not of terror, condemnation and transgressions of men, although, (as death, like that under which they then we shall have occasion to observe,) it were, but,) a dispensation of grace, laid the foundation of their remission mercy and free forgiveness, to open under the new dispensation, but that to them a door of hope, and a new it had respect to, and an immediate and living way of access unto God. effect on those which had taken place “ He died for sins," says Peter, “ the prior to that event. This is clearly just for the unjust, that he might implied in various passages of the bring us unto God.”
New Testament, and expressly asThat mankind, universally, both serted in others. Jews and Gentiles, were in a state of The Apostle Paul writing to the condemnation and death, without Romans, tells them that God hath hope and without strength, sinners set forth Jesus Christ as a inercy-seat and at enmity with God, at the time in his own blood,* to declare his when Christ died for them, the apos- righteousness for (with respect to) tle infers from the fact of his dying the remission (the passing over) for them. “ If one died for all," he sins that are past, through the forsays, “then were all dead,” and be bearance of God. (Ch. iii, 25.) These died for all, that they who live might words have an especial reference to live unto him that died for them and the Gentiles with respect to whom rose again. And again,“ When we the forbearance of God had been exerwere without strength, when we were cised in a peculiar manner, in passing yet sinners, in due time Christ died over,t not noticing or imputing to for the ungodly.” And again, “When them their former trespasses. No we were enemies we were reconciled divinely-authorized legislator was ever to God by the death of his Son.” sent to them to instruct them in the
From the above premises we are knowledge of the true God, in the naturally led to an inquiry respecting manner in which he was to be worthe extent of the efficacy of the death shiped, in the knowledge of his will, of Christ. We are told that he ap- or of their obligation to him, conpeared, by the sacrifice of himself, to cerning all which they were in the put away sin. Did his sacrifice effect most deplorable ignorance. From this both prospectively and retro- the time that the long-suffering of spectively? Did he die for the future God waited in the days of Noah, until sins of mankind, as well as for their the coming of the Messiah, no inpast transgressions ? If for the former, i. e. for all the sins that should be committed throughout all the fu
*“ He is the mercy-seat, on which ture ages and generations of men,
the cloud of glory rests ; sprinkled and will it not follow, that he died for a
consccrated by his own blood, as that of ponentity, to put away that which, old was by the blood of the appointed in reality, had no existence? For sin its stand, and proclaiins the commence
victim. On this basis divine mercy takes has no existence until it is committed; it is the act only that gives it a being. sham in loco.
nient of a new and glorious æra." BelShould it be said that the future sins + So the Greek word rendered remis. of mankind were all present to the sion signifies. It does not occur in any omniscient mind of the Divine Being, other passage of the New Testament.
Mr. Marsom on the Efficacy of the Death of Christ. 639 spired prophet was sent to the Gen- was for the remission or passing over tile world to warn them of the evil of the past sins of the Gentile world, of their ways, to call them to repent- that Jesus Christ was, at that time, ance, or to offer any terms of mercy set forth as a inercy-seat to declare and forgiveness. The times of this the righteousness of God. ignorance, (as Paul tells the idola- With respect to the Jews, the writer trous Athenians,) God winked at, but of the Epistle to the Hebrews more now,” when a universal dispensation directly and expressly affirms that the of grace and mercy was opened, in death of Jesus Christ was necessary which a day of future retribution was in order to redeem their past transclearly revealed, in which God would gressions. Speaking of the sacrifice judge the world in righteousness by of Christ, he says,"
« For this cause that man whom he bad ordained, of he is the Mediator of the New Testawhich he had given assurance to all mnent, (covenant,) that by means of men by raising bim from the dead, death, for the redemption of the and having commanded repentance transgressions that were under the and remission of sins in his name, to first testament, (covenant,) they which be proclaimed among all nations, God are called might receive the promise who winked at the
former times of of eternal inheritance ; for where a ignorance, now commandeth all men covenant is, there is a necessity for every where to repent. No such uni- the death of that which establisheth versal command had ever before been the covenant. For a covenant is issued, because the reason of it did not firm over the dead : whereas it is of exist.
no force while that which establisheth The same sentiment respecting the the covenant liveth.” Upon this pasforbearance of God to the Gentiles, sage we may observe, is expressed by Paul and Barnabas in In the first place, that the dispentheir address to the people at Lystra, sation of the gospel is here denomiwhen they, supposing them to be nated, " the neio covenant ;" as the gods in the likeness of men, with the law, the dispensation of Moses is priest of Jupiter, were about to offer denominated the first, or old covesacrifices to therr., “ which when the nant. This covenant was the decaapostles heard, they ran in among the logue, the law of the ten commandpeople crying out, and saying, Sirs, ments written by the finger of God Why do ye these things ? We also are upon two tables of stone, which are men of like passions with you, and called the tables of the covenant : these preach unto you that ye should turn were deposited in the ark, which on from these vanities unto the living that account is styled the ark of the God, which made heaven and earth, covenant. Our translators in these and the sea, and all things that are verses, and in some other passages, therein.” They then inform them have, very improperly, rendered the that this living God, the Creator of Greek here used, with respect to both all things, “ In times past suffered all the Jewish and the Christian covenations to walk in their own ways," nants, by the word “ Testament,” i. e. to pursue their evil and idolatrous thereby conveying the idea that the courses, without interfering to re- latter was the will of Jesus Christ, prove or to punish them. The apos- to the validity and effect of which the tles add, “ Nevertheless he left not death of him the testator was neceshimself without witness,” (that is of sary. If this be the true interpretahis existence, power and Godhead,) tion, will it not necessarily follow, but this evidence of bis being and per- that the victim, whose blood was fections was not afforded them by any shed, and whose death confirmed the divine interposition or supernatural Old Testament, was the testator of revelation, but only by the common that Testament? On the other hand, bounties of his Providence. “ In that,” say they, “he did good, and gave us rain from heaven and fruitful
* Heb.ix. 15. seasons, filling our hearts with food
+ Imp. Ver. That is, of the victim by and gladness."* Thus we see that it which the covenant is ratified. See
Wakefield and Doddridge. # Acts xiv. 13-17.
| See Deut. ix. 9-11; Heb. ix. 4.