Imatges de pÓgina

emblem of locusts; a very appropriate nace; but that it resembled a smoke
emblem of the enemies and persecutors from a great furnace. The vision cou.
of the primitive Christians, for it is a taiced in the twelve first verses of this
most destructive insect ; hence, the leader chapter appears to me to refer only to
has the name of Abaddon, or Apollyon, some severe, though not a long persecu-
given him, for they both mean a destroy- tion of the Christians, since John con.
er; iudeed, the one is merely a transla- cludes it by saying, the first woe was
tion of the other. In Judges, chap. vi. 3, over, and it had continued only fire
we read, that the Midianites, the Ama- months ; ' Behold! two more are yet to
lekites, and other eastern nations,' i. e. come.' No such superhuman, malevo-
the various Arab tribes, 'came against lent spirit, as the advocates of the Devil
the Israelites, encamping on their terri- believe him to be, is described in this,
tory, ravaging the whole produce of the or in any other of the visions of Johu."
ground, as far as Gaza, leaving them nei. Pp. 193—196.
ther provisions, ilocks nor herds. They
came with their cattle and their tents, Scott examines five passages of this

In concluding this Lecture, Mr.
like a multitude of locusts without num-
ber, laying waste the land. The prophet book in which the term Diabolos or
Joel (ii. 3—5) speaks of the locusts, and Devil occurs, and contends that in
describes the devastation they make in all of them none but a human adver-
the following expressive language : • Be- sary upon earth is meant; a position
fore them the land is as the garden of which will scarcely be disputed by
Eden, and behind them a desolate wil. any who have inquired into the sense
deruess.' He compares them to the of the Apocalypse and endeavoured
appearance of horses, and like horsemen
they run ; their leap is like the sound of through this labyrinth of oriental

to find a clue to guide the mind chariots on the tops of the mountains, vision and Jewish allegory. and like the sound of a flame of fire, which devoureth stubble. After giving

[To be continued.] a further account of them, which, in many respects, resembles those mentioned by Johw, and of their rapid, irregular, Art. II. - The Mutuul Relation of destructive and overwhelming march, he the Unity of God and the Humasays, “ Before them the sun and the moon nity of Christ, as Doctrines of the are darkened, and the stars withdraw Gospel: a Sermon, preached July their shining. These locusts are used 9, 1823, at Bristol, before the Sofiguratively to denote the misery, distress

ciety of Unitarian Christians, esand ruin, occasioned by an irresistible tablished in the West of England, attack of a numerous host of enemies.

for promoting Christian KnowThis king of the locusts and his subjects were not, however, utterly to destroy

ledge and the Practice of Virtue, Christianity, nor to consign those who

by the Distribution of Books. By embraced it to the eternity of hell tor

John Kentish. 12mo. ments, which, as the king of hell, he Birmingham, printed and sold by would have done had he been the Devil; J. Belcher and Son; sold also by but to harass and persecute the Christians R. Hunter, London. for a limited time-five months ; upon R. KENTISH has been long answers to the time that locusts generally make their appearance and commit their judicious and candid advocate of Unidepredations—from the beginning of April tarian Christianity, and the present to the end of August. To whatever, discourse lays the denomination in therefore, John referred by this deep pit, which he occupies an important stathis abyss, he could not intend to desig- tion under new obligations to him. nate by it the future abode of the wicked, The Unity of God and the Humanity nor the residence of the Devil, as must of Christ have been often well asappear from the nature of the inhabitants serted and satisfactorily proved from of this pit; who were, probably, from the Scriptures; but we know of no the description of the locusts, military

or treatise in which “ the men, employed in the work of persecu- mutual relation” of these principles tion and death. “ Smoke, in the language of Scrip

doctrines of the gospe!” is so ture, does not necessarily imply the preconcisely stated and argued, and so sence of fire, as its cause, (see Deut. clearly established as in the present xxix. 30 ; Psalm xviii. 7, 8, Ixxiv, 1, discourse. It adds to the merit of eiv. 32, cxliv. 5): nor does John inti: the Sermon that the whole argument mate that the smoke arose from a fur. is deduced from and supported by

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Review.-Kentish's Sermon before the Western Unitarian Society. 661 the text. On this account, as well and destroyed the reigning polytheism, as from its temperate language and by disclosing not only one' eternal charitable spirit, and from the prac

• God,' the sole Lord of nature and Obtical use made of the argument, this ject of prayer, but one mediator, the discourse may be recommended to

man Christ Jesus;' his rank being strictly

human, while his mission was divine and young preachers as a model of controversial sermons.

his endowments were supernatural. Here The text, already referred to, is you discover a key to the apostolic state

ment, upon which I am discoursing. I Tim. ii. 5, which lays down in the Timothy, you will recollect, was now at plainest terms the two doctrines main- Ephesus, the metropolis of idolatry for a tained by the preacher; the Unity of large tract of Asia : * in writing to him, God and the humanity of Christ. his venerable friend virtually addressed The union of these truths, in the the inhabitants of that city. To the original system of Christianity, Mr. Ephesians he represents the unity of the Kentish shews, l. presented a bar. Creator. Yet, seasonable and important rier against Heathen idolatry. 2. It

as was the lesson, there is one God, was opposed to a species of grossly something more was requisite as a remedy erroneous worship, of which Christi. and antidote of dæmon worship, and, ans were even at that time in danger, between God and men.' But who was

therefore, it is added, and one mediator and which prevailed afterwards in the this mediator? Not a deified human apostate church. And, 3, it was re- being, a demigod, or a hero; not, to quisite for the developement of the borrow the language of the same import, extensive pian of redemption by yet proceeding from a much later school, Christ, as well as, 4, for the promul- an incarnate divinity, or a god man, but gation, stability and moral triumphs simply the 'man Christ Jesus. Had of the doctrine of the Cross.

Paul contented himself with asserting Under the first head are the fol- the unity of the Supreme Being, the case lowing judicious and instructive re

of dæmons, and of the religious services ur: arks :

paid to them, would have been left un

touched. If, again, he had only atlirmed, “ Heathen idolatry begun in assigning there is one mediator,' this assertion, to the one God' subordinate agents, however pertinent and momentous, had, who first shared in the worship presented in like manner, been insufficient; since to him, and afterwards engrossed it. he would have passed in silence the docSuch were the deified men of antiquity, or trine of one God, nor eren intimated an its dæmons: 1 employ the tera by which opinion with regard to the superior deiPaul characterizes them, in his speech at ties of the Pagan world. As it is, he Athens, and with which the title lords' aims a deadly blow at the Gentile superis synonymous. For these, astonishing to stition, by stating what was directly and relate! aitars blazed and temples were completely to his purpose. He combives erected. To the notions, whether right tenets, which, in reason, cannot be disor wrong, entertained of dæmons by the joined, and the mutual union of which later Gentiles the statement there is one is everlasting. To the enlightened Chris. mediator between God and men, the man tian it must always be a subject of the Christ Jesus' very pointedly applies. The most gratifying reflection, that, delivered dæmous of our Saviour's age, were hu- from the darkness of Heathen idolatry, mau beings, exalted, on some account, he adores a single and a spiritual Being ; after their decease, to a sort of middle and this in the name of the 'one mediarank between earth and heaven, between tor,' the Great Revealer of his will, to mankind and the primary divinities, of whom the Universal Father has entrusted whom they were regarded as the media. commissions and powers unspeakably surtors, or instruments, in transacting mor- passing in dignity those bestowed on any tal affairs. It was a sentinuent fruitful other individual of our race, and, as far iu error, and even in crime; being often as we are informed, of any creature, of productive of the most vicious and de- any order.”—Pp. 11–15. basing homage-as in much later times it has been of many a superstitious prac. of his text, in reference to his argu

The preacher makes a happy use tice and fancy. Since it could only be checked by means of sensible miracles, ment, under the second head : it demanded the coutroul of revealed “ a little leaven leaveneth the whole religion. Much had been done under the lump. The accumulation and the estaJewish dispensation to weaken its power : blishment of gigantic errors, are the work far more was effected by the progress of the spiritual worship and holy doctrine inculcated in the gospel, which subverted

* Acts xix. 26, 31.


of Time. If a capital article of Revela- or of keeping either out of sight."-Pp. tion be in any degree corrupted, we way 21—24. justly fear, that the corraption will exa

He sums up in the following obtend, in the same measure, to some other revealed teuets ; especially should the servations, the argument from the two propositions relate severally to God language of Paul, under the third and Christ. I entreat you to read again Paul's memorable statement. How de

“ Let us pause, my brethren, and look void is it of obscurity; how entire a cou- back, for a moment, on the train of his trast with werely human creeds, terms thoughts and reasouing. Christianity is and phrases ! We, my brethren, I speak designed to be the religion of wen of without hesitation, we, and they whose every tongue and kindred. Our common adoration is directed as ours is, are the Maker and Father will have all of them only persons in the Christian world, who to be saved, and to come unto the know. can employ this language, as the apostle ledge of the truth. To illustrate and employed it, literally and verbally, with establish this proposition, Paul alleges out the smallest meutal addition or re- the Unity of God and the Humanity of serve. The distinction made between the

our Lord. The force then of the writer's Beings whose deeply interesting names

argument, depends on the literal, unreare introduced, is the clearest which can served acceptation of his words, on God's be conceived. They are distinguished, in being strictly one, on the mediator's respect of the nature of each, as God being absolutely wAN. His language, and man: they are distinguished, with again, mast be interpreted by facts, sot regard to their characters under the gos- by an arbitrary bypothesis; by its coupel, as the fountain and the channel of text, not by the creeds of later agesall spiritual blessiugs in heavenly places. and it is conclusive no less agaiust every Add to these clauses, or take any thing theological system, which destroys or from them, and you are instantly lost in impairs the paternal character of the a labyrinth of error : you exchange apos. Deity, than against the doctrines of a tolic simplicity for the dialect of the conjunction of vatures in Jesus Christ schools. Receive the words without a

and a plurality of persons in the God. gloss : adhere to them strictly, in your head. if the Gospel be glad tidings of speculations and your practice, and you great joy for all people, it is because will neither exhibit nor countenance any there is,' without any qualification, approach to idolatrous devotion. If there

one God, and one Mediator-the man be one God,' and the Messiah be dis Christ Jesus.' Thus, the argument for criminated from him as the man Christ the Divine Unity, from the Scriptores, Jesus,' it is evident that Deity belongs and, I hunbly think, that from creation, not to the Lord of Christians in any of goes further than to an unity of coun. the modifications or qualifications with sel :' it establishes an unity of PERSON." which some hold that he is of divine

-Pp. 35, 36. rauk: it is equally certain that he cannot be the just object of religious homage.

The mutual relation of the tenets From the declaration that he is a human here asserted is shewn, in the last being, it, again, follows undeniably, that head, to be proved by the instruction, he is not a pre-existent spirit; and thus comfort and hope, which they jointly the unity of the Great Supreme is still impart 10 the sons of men. They further guarded. Were Jesus a super- represent God as a Father, and the human or angelic spirit ; were he, under Mediator as a brother. Christ's sameGod, the Creator of the world; were he, ness of nature to man in general is though inferior to the Father, yet, in

the ground of his compassion for some way, uudetined and inexplicable, of identical glory with him, how easily

mankind; it makes him a fit patien and insensibly would men hence be led

of duty and reward; it constitutes to ascribe to our Saviour essential Deity,

his resurrection a pledge of the genethe very nature that he disclaimed, the ral resurrection; and it qualifies him very honours that he prohibited! The to be the Judge of quick and dead. inind that duly reflects on the instructions In applying his discourse to the of Scripture, and ou the aualogy and occasion of the meeting, Mr. Kentish course of Providence, fuds vo resting- takes a brief review of the history of place, in its meditations upon the Au- the Western Unitarian Society, and thor of the blessings of the Gospel, and presents an animated picture of the the instrument of communicating them, triumphs of Christian truth, at home froin the one God' 10 the man Christ and abroad. He then proceeds and Jesus :' and Paul writes, as though he beheld with a prophetic eye the sad effect

concludes, of mutually separating those doctrines, " Why, my brethren, do I remind you

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Review.-Logan's Introductory Address and Defence of Unitarianism. 663 of these things ? Not that boasting may Art. III.-An Introductory Address, be indulged. Let that for ever be ex- delivered on Sunday, Feb. 2, 1823, cluded : Deep humility we should always in the Uniturian Chapel of Dundee; cultivate; and to God let our praise un- to which is adiell, a Summary reservedly be rendered. In glancing at

Statement of the Principles and such facts, I am desirous of suggesting

Defence of ihe Dissent of the Uniencouragement to your exertious. Where so much has been done, beyond our ex

turians in that Town. By David pectations, though certainly not beyond

Logan. 8vo. pp. 32. Dundee, our wishes, aprelaxed and augmented

printed by James Chalmers. zeal will naturally produce effects of far THE greater magnitude; just as additional

quence are felt by all readers, impulses given to a body already iu mo- though they cannot be easily described. tion cause it to adrance with accelerated

This Address” abounds in them, rapidity and a surer aim.

" Christiau zeal is the spirit of love and we wholly mistake it, if it does and of a souud mind, as well as of not mark out its author as destined energy : let benevolence and kuowledge to great usefulness in the Christian therefore, not less than perseverance, be church. He speaks “ to the Reader” eminently the property of ours.

Let us

of himself in the following truly intewatchfully guard against the temptations resting manner : arising from our situation in the religious

“ The author of the following Disworld, from the controversies of which, course, and defence of Unitarianism, is at present, we unavoidably are the ob

not a hereditary Unitarian. He is a jects, and in which some of us may be

convert. The renouncement of the doc. parties. Nothing like railing must be trine of the Trinity cost him many returned for railing : we must reply in

paugs. It was the faith of his fathersmeekness to those who oppose them

the faith which he cherished-the faith selves; we must inform them, plainly

which men hoped he would defend-and and mildly, that what they object to us, glad would he have been, when he behas been objected, and with the same

gan to suspect its erroneousness, if he injustice, to Christians of the earliest

could have excused himself from an im. ages-and in the temper of those Chris. partial inquiry into the evidences of the tians our vindication must be made. If opposite doctrine. But this he could not some individuals, who follow not with do. A strong suspiciou that all was not us, shew a disposition to employ un right in his creed having been excited in hallowed weapons, of attack, or of dehis mind, by a cause from which one fence, let us, with united fortitude and

would not have anticipated such an gentleness, protest against the principle effect-excited by an orthodox sermonand condemn the act. Let every mea- he could not stille it as some can do, by sure to which we have recourse, be wor- calling it a temptation of Satan, or by thy of our high and sacred cause, be the

some other couvenient espedieut. He effect of a happy conjunction of wisdom,

felt himself bound to inquire. He did zeal and kindness. With that cause let inquire, and the result was, what some us not intermix any foreign topics : let call heresy, and what I call truth. us not attempt to support it by any other

“ But, besides the duty of inquiry, he means than those which accord with its felt that he had another duty to perform spiritual and heavenly origin. Let us

that of arowing his belief. This duty refuse to make our individual efforts, our also he performed; and though poverty favourite plans of usefulness, the test of was before him-though obloquy was the benevolence and judgment and piety before him—though it grieved him to of our brethren. Ta one word, let us thwart a father's wishes, who, having adorn our doctrine by the cultivation of conducted him through eight sessions of knowledge, but especially of religious education in the University of Glasgow, virtue; cementing our union by social

was now so near the close of the long acts of worship, and exercising that de preparation, to be so painfully disapvout and moral vigilance, which our pointed, he nevertheless became an Uni. circumstances particularly demand. For tarian preacher ; and now, as a defender solid worth of character recominends

of Unitarianism, he calls upon his Tritruth more powerfully, and subdues pre- nitarian countrymen, as Christians, to judice and opposition more completely, search the Scriptures;' as Protestants, than even the strougest reasoning.''-Pp. to scorn subjection to human authority, 55-58.

to be manly in the exercise of their own understandings-to be unprejudiced, that if his be the truth they may embrace it,

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and that if theirs be the truth, they may from them, 1. Independency both in with some reason reject his error.”- thinking and acting for themselves; P.5.

2. the defence of their principles ; 3.

the assembling of themselves togeThe “ Address” appears to have been delivered by Mr. Logan, though trine' by their conduct ; 5. brotherly

ther; 4. the adorning of their docthe occasion is not explained in the love towards one another; and, 6. title-page or preface, on his taking indulgence to their ininister's labours. the pastoral

charge of the Unitarian He then addresses the fathers, the Church at Dundee, which has been brothers, the sisters, and the children kept together, and we believe partly of his people, and implores for them raised, by the unostentatious but use all the Divine benediction. ful ministry of Mr. Robert Miller.

This whole “ Address" is singu. The young minister adopts a text, larly different from certain inaugural which as applied to himself is rather

sermons of Protestant Dissenting miquaint, but perhaps not ill-chosen for nisters on this side of the Tiveed, à Scottish auditory: it is Acts iii. 6; which betray a hankering after the Then Peter said, silver and gold Established Church. The author is have I none ; but such as I have, gire a devoted champion of religions liberI thee. Appropriating these words, ty. He is ardent and courageous in Mr. Logan tells his flock that he gives the maintenance of unpopular truth. them 1. his prayers : 2. his diligence; His spirit is moved at the contempla3. an honest independence of senti- tion of that cowardice which would ment; and 4. the cordiality of the betray the best of causes; and the brother. His language on this last most eloquent passage of the “ Adtopic is worthy of a disciple of him dress” is that in which he calls upon who came not to be ministered his new flock to stand forward in deunto, but to minister :"

fence of their Christian principles. “ Receive from me all the cordiality We cannot forbear quoting it. of the brother. I am your brother; and

“ But farther, my friends, there is I trust that you shall (will) never find expected from you likewise a serious alme unworthy of the name of brother. I tention to the precept, Hold fast that have no desire to play the priest. I hope which is good." I wish you, in underto be at all times amongst you as a standing, to be men. I wish you, iu brother amidst his brethreo-cordial and zeal, to be the good soldiers of Jesus unaffected. I would (should) wrong you Christ. You are exhorted, not only to did I think that I would (should) expose be inquirers, but also to be defenders, myself to your rudeness, by unbosoming and defenders firm and unwaveriug. How to yon my cordiality. No, surely, while

easy comparatively now your compliance I ensure your respect by diligence, by with the exhortation ! 'If there was a sobriety, by integrity, by decorun, and time, my brethren, when to avow the by piety, I cannot forfeit it by an unas.

truth was to incur the spoiling of your suming intercourse with you. Let me, goods, and the loss of life itself; if there then, never keep any rail around me, to

was a time when the struggle was 110 debar from friendly converse with me,

less a struggle than one between conthe poorest of my hearers. Let my home science and the fear of the dungeon, the be open to all as a brother's house, and gibbet, or the stake, what will those let my heart be open to all, impartially say for themselves, who, ou account of and tenderly. Come, my brethren, to

the comparatively little inconveniences me in your doubts, that I may help you to which they might now expose themto solve them ; come to me in your trou- selves in the cause of truth, skulk from bles, that I may be helping to console her standard, and seek a hiding-place you ;-come to me in your joy, that ļ amongst the crowd? The blood of the may divide it with you. O come, and

martyrs cries out against them. Those though silver and gold I may have none

men, who braved ali the terrors of santo give you, yet if I increase your faith guinary persecution, who counted not and your spiritual happiness, it will never

their very lives dear for the truth-who theless he mine to rejoice in being a

fought the good fight of faith, in spite of benefactor."-P.11.

sword, of fire, of rack--how must they With equal frankness and true sham: the cowardice of him who, only Christian simplicity, the preacher next because of the annoyance of a relation, reminds his people that he expects

or the sneer of the bigot, or the fear of

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