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Yet so it is—along thy streets
The winds loud curses waft, And vice the idle passer greets
With sparkling, burning draught; The drunkard sits within the gate,
And Christ is made his song, And jokes and gibes upon him wait,
In careless, reckless throng.
Lady of kingdoms ! doff thy crown,
And bow thee to the dust; Thou canst not stand God's withering frown,
Thou knowst that frown is just :
The cry is loud and deep ;
Shake off thy fatal sleep!
firmament sooner than expunge from the oracles of God the vital doctrine of spiritual regeneration. The question may be asked - the question was asked, by one of no mean report or limited acquirements in Israel" How can these things be?" But the doctrine is indelibly engraven on the records of God's revealed truth. God grant that the power of the doctrine, and its momentous reality, may be experienced by the hearts of all now before me. -Rev. T. Bissland.
COMFORT IN SORROW.—The utmost that philosophy can pretend to have is words only, and empty sounds in comparison. Ten thousand such volumes at Seneca and Epictetus can never lie so close at our hearts, or give that sweet repose to spirits in perplexity, as this single text from St. Paul rightly applied would do:
Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory."-Dean Stanhope.
Good WORDS.—Good words will do more than hard speeches; as the sunbeams, without any noise, made the traveller cast off his cloak, which all the blustering of the wind could not do, but made him bind it the tighter.- Archbp. Leighton.
THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. If we believe and know that the Scripture is inspired by God, then we can entertain it with no other than an awful address; and we cannot be Christians if we do not so believe. Every clause, therefore, of that God - inspired volume must be as reverently received by us, so seriously weighed and carefully laid up, as knowing that there is no tittle there without his use. What we read, we must labour to understand ; what we cannot understand, we must admire silently, and modestly inquire of. There are plain truths, and there are deep mysteries. The bounty of God hath left this well of living water open for all : what runs over is for all comers; but everyone hath not wherewith to draw. There is no Christian that may not enjoy God's book, but every Christian may not interpret it; those shallow fords that are in it may be waded by every passenger, but there are deeps wherein he that cannot swim may drown.
“How can I, without a guide ?" said that Ethiopian eunuch: wherefore serves the tongue of the learned, but to direct the ignorant ? Their modesty is of no less use than the other's skill. It is a woful condition of a Church when no man will own himself to be ignorant. —Bp. Hall.
I cannot sing as poets sing,
My harp is faint and weak; And yet the sounds within me ring,
My very soul would speak. The levelling cry is heard around
More loud its thunders swell : England ! 'tis thine alarum-sound,
Neglected, 'tis thy knell !
OUR OLD CATHEDRALS.
Poetry. NATIONAL BALLADS.-No. V. IMMORALITY THE BANE OF ENGLAND.
BY M. A. STODART. (For the Church of England Magazine.) ENGLAND! a crown is on thy brow,
Thy sceptre's on the sea,
The mighty and the free;
Around thy path is thrown-
And trembled at thy frown. My country! tear-drops force their way
In thinking what thou art-
So frail and false of heart !
And scarce can I record
Rebell'st against his word.
(For the Church of England Magazine.) I Love our old cathedrals,
When the morning sunbeams shine Through the richly painted windows,
Above the altar-shrine ; I love our old cathedrals,
When the evening lamps burn bright, And through the lofty arches stream
Their rays of softest light. I love our old cathedrals,
With their organs pealing high, While the choristers are singing,
And the vaulted roofs reply; I love our old cathedrals,
With the anthem pealing loud, When praises are ascending
From the densely mingled crowd.
When heaven-devoted zeal
For man's eternal weal;
Where truths divine are taught, The myst'ries of that holy faith
For which our fathers fought.
I love our old cathedrals,
When silence reigns around, And the faint footstep's hardly heard
To break the still profound ; I love our old cathedrals,
The cloisters' solemn gloom, Where I may muse a pensive hour,
And wand'ring thoughts call home.
I love our old cathedrals,
thieves, and of the most depraved of both sexes; and Whether amid the choir
who existed upon the depravity of the lower orders. My every word and every thought
Such, according to the authorities we have quoted, are To the heavenly realms aspire ;
the towns to which transportation has given birth ; and
such are the inmates furnished to them by the criminal Or whether slow I pace the aisles,
tribunals of this country. In the country districts of In melancholy mood,
New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, the proI love our old cathedrals
portion of convict men to women is as seventeen to J. R.
one. That have for ages stood.
As the greater proportion of the agricultural labourers belong to the criminal population, they constitute a peasantry unlike any other in the world
peasantry without domestic feelings or affections, withMliscellaneous.
out parents or relations, without wives, children, or
homes--one more strange and less attached to the soil STATE OF SOCIETY IN SYDNEY.-In 1836 the free
they till than the negro slaves of a planter. They population of New South Wales amounted to 59,257, dwell crowded together in miserable liuts; the hours of whom about 17,000 had been convicts. In 1834 the
of recreation which they can steal from the night are free population of Van Dieman's Land did not exceed
usually spent in the unlicensed spirit-shops to be 23,315, of whom about 3000 were expirees. Of the found in the vicinity of every estate. In these places, state of society in the towns of these colonies, a gene- kept by some ticket-of-leave man or emancipated conral idea may be formed from a description of the town vict, the assigned servants of settlers generally purof Sydney, according to the accounts given of it by chase the means of gratifying their appetites for liquor, its chief police-magistrate, and by Mr. Justice Burton. gaming, and every species of debauchery, by the proIn 1836 Sydney covered an area of about 2000 acres, ceeds of their depredations on the flocks and herds, and contained about 20,000 inhabitants; of this number
and other property of their masters.- lieport of House 3500 of them were convicts, most of them in assigned ser- of Commons' Committee. vice, and about 7000 had probably been prisoners of the
Religious Destitution of TROOPS ABROAD. -Next crown. These, together with their associates amongst the free population, were persons of violent and un
in importance, if not even more important than any controllable passions, which most of them possessed
considerations connected with the arrangements of no lawful means of gratifying—incorrigibly bad cha
the medical staff, I would call your lordship's attention racters, preferring a life of idleness and debauchery
to the great, and I might almost say criminal, negliby means of plunder, to one of honest industry.
gence of the government, in not providing a sufficient Burglaries and robberies were frequently perpetrated
number of chaplains for the forces on foreign stations. by convict servants in the town and its vicinity, some
While a regiment continues in Great Britain or Ireland, times even in the middle of the day. No town offered
the men are made to attend divine service regularly, so many facilities for eluding the vigilance of the
at some church or chapel, on every Sunday throughpolice as Sydney did. The unoccupied bush, near and
out the year; but the moment they are embarked on within it, afforded shelter to the offender, and hid
board ship for colonial service, all care for their souls' him from pursuit. He might steal or hire a boat, and
welfare is entirely lost sight of. There is not, in the in a few minutes place an arm of the sea between him
whole of our West India possessions, a single church self and his pursuers. The want of continuity in the
or chapel where a regiment can be assembled to hear buildings afforded great facilities for lying in wait for
the prayers of the Church read, or the Gospel of
Christ preached. There is not even a shed where they opportunities of committing crime, for instant concealment on the approach of the police, and for obtaining
can meet to receive any religious or moral instruction.. access to the backs of houses and shops; and the
They are literally compelled to live without God in drunkenness, idleness, and carelessness of a great
the world; and Sunday becomes, of all days, the most portion of the inhabitants, afforded innumerable op
distinguished for drunkenness, and all manner of irportunities and temptations, both by day and night, hospitals
” than all the other six days of the week.
regularity; and generally sends more patients to the for those who chose to live by plunder. The greater
There is, it is true, with the early dawn of every portion of the shopkeepers and of the middling classes had been convicts; for the tradesmen connected with
Sunday morning, what is generally (I had almost said, the criminal population have an advantage over free
in mockery) called a church parade. The men are
assembled in front of their barracks, exposed to the emigrants. Those of the emancipatists possessed of
damp and noxious exhalations from the moist earth, property had generally gained it by keeping grog
and the slanting beams of the rising sun; when some shops, gambling-houses, by receiving stolen goods, and by other nefarious practices: they led a life of gross
clergyman of the colony, in a hurried manner, reads licentiousness; but their wealth and influence were
over the prayers of the morning service, or perhaps such, that one-fourth of the jurors who served in the
only a part of them; and of what he does utter, few, if civil and criminal courts during the years 1834,
any, of the soldiers can hear one word. The men are
then dismissed, and the day is spent by the great 1835, and 1836, belonged to their number. More immorality prevailed in Sydney than in any other
portion of them in listless idleness in their barracktown of the same size in the British dominions;
rooms, or in sleeping exposed to the currents of air in
the verandas or corridors; while the more profligate there the vice of drunkenness had attained its
crowd into the canteens and grog-shops, to get drunk highest pitch. The quantity of spirits consumed in Sydney was enormous. Even throughout the
and quarrel with each other. From this Sabbath whole of New South Wales, the annual average for
idleness, and these Sunday broils, arise many of the
diseases which prove most fatal in the colonies.-From every human being in the colony had reached four gallons a-bead. With a free population little exceed
a Letter to the Right Hon. the Secretary at War, fc., by
Sir Andrew Halliday, M.D. ing 16,000, Sydney contained two hundred and nineteen public-houses, and so many unlicensed spiritshops that its chief police - magistrate felt himself London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, incompetent to guess at the number. The great por
Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. tion of these public-louses were kept by persons who
Paul's; and to be procured, by order, or all Booksellers in Town
and Country. had been transported convicts, and who were notorious drunkards, obscene persons, tighters, gamblers, receivers of stolen goods, receivers and harbourers of
ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
THE NEW CREATION.
not. Satan labours to keep up the delusion,
to silence the appeals of conscience, and to By the Rev. Charles RAWLINGS, A.B.
confirm his tyrant power.
The voice of Curate of Towednack, Cornwall.
warning is addressed to us in almost every II.
page of the inspired volume. It is solemnly It should ever be borne in mind, that the declared, "there is a way which seemeth right new creature is a complete creature. The unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways moral change produced on him is an univer- of death ; " " there is a generation which are sal change; the energy of the Spirit's work pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed pervades the entire man. Not one, but all from their filthiness ;' there are who name the powers and faculties of the new-born soul, the name of Christ, and that is all they do ; are enstamped with the sacred seal of heaven. to whom it will be said another day, “I never There is a constant, a persevering, mortifica- knew you; depart from me, all ye that work tion of the lusts of the flesh; for they that iniquity." A conscience penetrated with the are Christ's have crucified, and do crucify arrows of conviction, a trembling apprehenfrom day to day," the flesh, with the affec- sion of the wrath of the Almighty due to sin, tions and Justs." There is the habitual exer- a feeling of intense earnestness about the salcise of self-denial carried out and exhibited vation of the soul, a fleeing for refuge to lay in a thousand ways; and there is a growing hold of the hope set before us in the Gospel, victory over the world in the power of divine even a crucified Redeemer,—these are among faith.
the decided evidences of the new creation : Immeasurably important is it to be the all this must be the experience of those who subjects of the new creation in Christ Jesus. are in Christ. There must have been a sense It is the exhortation of an apostle, “ Examine of disease, before there could be an applicayourselves whether ye be in the faith; prove tion to the Physician for a cure; there must your own selves.” Self-examination cannot have been a consciousness of guilt, before be too often enforced, because it is always there could be a desire to wash in the founa necessary task. There are who labour tain of a Saviour's blood ; there must have under a delusion in reference to the state been a dread of condemnation and eternal of their souls: and almost innumerable are vengeance, before there could be an anxiety the sources of delusion to the fallen spirit to escape both, and find shelter in the ark of of man. In the presumptuous confidence of safety. An humble submission to the terms the Laodicean Church, we may say we are of Gospel-mercy, a grateful welcome of Christ "rich, and increased with goods, and have to the soul in the glory of his Person, the need of nothing ;" whilst the deeply humbling perfection of his righteousness, and the allfact is, “we are wretched, and miserable, sufficiency of his atoning sacrifice,—this must and poor, and blind, and naked.” This is precede and does accompany the new creation. the awful reality of the spiritual condition of There is nothing of equal value and importmultitudes before God, and yet they know it ance to an interest in the Redeemer's merits; VOL. VII.-NO, CLXXIII.
с (London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]
there is nothing which will support a man in “ I think by your dress, sir," said the old woman, the sick and dying hour, but a persuasion
" that you are a clergyman; and I am always glad to
see you gentlemen. I am thankful to say, sir, that that Christ is ours and we are his. Here is
our good vicar, who lives there (pointing to the the true rest of the soul amidst all the fluctua- house already referred to) is a very kind friend to tions of time, and in the deeply solemn pro- His good lady and himself generally come and spect of eternity: But once more: a renewal
see me two or three times a-week, and read and of the heart and affections, by the power of into the hall, sir, and rest? for it is very hot.” There
explain the Scriptures. But should you like to walk the Holy Ghost, is discovered at once by its was something peculiarly interesting in the scene, blessed effects on the disposition and practice. and in the demeanour of the good old woman; and í “ The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace,
gladly accepted the offer. The hall was a noble build
ing, in the Elizabethan style of architecture ; but its long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
damp walls,— damp and desolate even amidst the meekness, temperance." Those who
bright sunshine of a bright July day,--told a melancreated in Christ Jesus are sensible of a con- choly tale ; and while under the guidance of my con
ductress, who hobbled along as fast as rheumatism straining power to the performance of good works, which God has before ordained that bers, on the walls of which were here and there sus
would permit, I passed through the magnificent chamthey should walk in them ;" they seek in- pended some fading and mouldering portraits,- I creasingly to realise in their souls the life and was insensibly led to indulge very melancholy feelspirit of religion ; they labour to abound yet
ings. One portrait for a moment riveted my atten
tion. It was that of an elegant girl, probably about more and more in the fruits of righteousness,
seventeen, and bore all the marks of being the prowhich are by Jesus Christ unto the glory duction of a master-hand-perhaps that of a Kneller. and praise of God."
“ We know," says St. " Ah, sir,” said the old housekeeper, observing that I John, “ that we are passed from death unto
was attracted by the painting, " that is the picture of
the old squire's mother, Lady Alice Blanche. The life, because we love the brethren." Love of old squire by his mother's side was of noble blood. the brethren in Christ Jesus, is one striking She died in childbed of her first-the old squire that proof that we are spiritually alive unto God; was. Old squire's father married again, an excellent careful and anxious should we be to exhibit
lady, as I have been told, kind to the poor, and
beloved by all the neighbourhood: a fine family they this proof. Let us love the people of God
had; and she loved the old squire as much as if he because they are his people, and bear his image were her own; but, some how or other, my own father, enstamped upon their souls. Let us love the the old squire's father's butler that was, has often
told me his master never was the same man after people of God with a tender and an affectionate
Lady Alice's death. Father has often seen him leave love ; consider them " fellow-citizens with us,
the drawing-room when all was gay and cheerful and of the household of God;" think of them around him, and his merry family were in high glec, as children of the same Father, heirs of the and come and look upon this picture; and has seen same glory, and travellers to the same home.
his large fine eyes filled with tears as he sat on the chair opposite to it. They say, sir, there is no love like youth's first love ;" and she wiped a tear away
with the corner of her white apron; but, sir, we THE OLD HALL.
must not set our hearts and affections on things of BY THE AUTHOR or " THE STUDENT."
earth.” Perhaps even the experience of this good “Yes, he who roams in deserts bare,
old woman bore testimony to the truth of her remark. That were not always wild,
I confess I was amazingly struck with the scene Will sigh to think how sweetly there
around me. The mansion was obviously that of a Full many a flow'ret smil'd;
family of the highest grade among the commonalty of Will pause to mark th' uncherish'd bcam, The tree uprooted torn;
the land ; and curiosity would have prompted me to And sit immers'd in pensive dream
inquire beyond what was right into the peculiar circumBy many a now-deserted stream,
stances which had led to the desertion of the mansion. To meditate and mourn.'
I found, however, my conductress silent upon the Travelling, a few years ago, in a midland county, subject. She spoke much of the days of her youth, while my horse was resting at the village-inn, I when she recollected the old squire's marriage. She strolled through some neighbouring fields, until I descanted largely, and with apparent satisfaction, on suddenly arrived at a dilapidated gateway, ornamented the magnificent style of the establishment; on the with mortuary coats of arms, which was obviously the festivities which used at certain seasons to be kept entrance to a park of considerable magnitude. The up. “ I think I see the squire," she said —" I was rusty gate was open; and I proceeded for upwards of but a child then going to church of a Sunday with a mile on a broad, grass-grown walk, before I reached all the family and servants. It was a noble sight. a large and stately mansion, the appearance of which The old squire's half-brother was the vicar, and much betokened marks of decay. The approach to it was liked he was ; faithfully he preached the Gospel, when almost a wilderness of rough weeds, and strikingly such preaching was rare; but he died of a decline. contrasted with the neatly trimmed lawn of a new- There was not a tenant that thought of being absent built parsonage, on which were some blithe children from divine worship. We were all like one family, at play, and the equally well-kept burial-ground as it were; but now things are all contrary. It of an ancient Gothic church at no great distance. makes my heart sad of a Sunday to see the old Seated at the principal door of the mansion was an family-pew with no one in it; and the old crimson old woman, exceedingly neatly dressed for her rank lining does look so faded and worn.
I need not, in life, knitting stockings, to whom a girl was read- however, tell you more." ing from a large Bible. Proffering a kind of apology I saw there was a keeping-back on her part, which for my intrusion, to which she curtsied in return, I prevented my questioning her further -- keepingmade some observation as to the exquisiteness of the back which raised her the higher in my estimation ; weather, and the beauty of the surrounding scenery. for it is peculiarly disgusting to find the domestic of a
family, as I have often found, expatiating on its faults: but I afterwards learned, that this good woman had,
NATIONAL EDUCATION. from a very early age, been under the influence of BY THE Rev. NEWTON SMART, M.A. deep religious feelings; and these feelings led her, as Master of Farley Ilospital, Wilts ; and Chaplain to the they invariably do, to dwell but slightly, if at all, on
Bishop of Ripon. the faults and failings of others. Alas, how fearfully do they deceive themselves who think that calumny
II. and slander are consistent with a profession of the In considering the subject of national education, the Gospel of Christ! It may safely be affirmed, that no first inquiry which naturally presents itself is, as to the individual who has been brought to a saving knowledge of Divine truth can ever feel inclined to ex
existing provision for the education of the children of patiate on the errors of others, however truly he
the labouring classes. It would seem, indeed, hardly may deplore them; and the very fact that there is necessary to bring proofs of a fact which all admit, such an inclination, is an unquestionable evidence of that such provision is totally inadequate, but it is dethe want of true religion in the soul.
sirable, as far as possible, to ascertain the amount of Returning to the small inn, I there found from the landlord the true cause of the desolation of this once
popular education supplied by the various societies, splendid mansion, of its dreary chambers, and the
and by private schools, by which, though imperfectly, decay manifested all around it. The old squire, so
the ground is already occupied. It is, however, designated by the housekeeper, having died, the estate impossible, from any documents yet furnished, to came into the possession of his only son, nay, only obtain accurate information upon this point. The child, who squandered his fortune in vice and riotous
select committee appointed by parliament in 1838 to living. Gambling, horse-racing, and cock-fighting, were the chief amusements of the day, and deep
consider the best means of providing useful education drinking the business of the night ; and many a young
for the children of the poorer classes in large towns man might trace his ruin to his intimacy with this throughout England and Wales, state in their report new squire. Hall became notorious for its that they “ have to lament that the materials are so profligacy; and no one who valued his own or his family's reputation would visit there.
scanty which are afforded them for giving an account of
It became the haunt of characters, male and female, of the
the present state of education of the humbler classes. worst description, who lived on the wealth of its Until very recently, the subject appears to have entirely abandoned possessor, until that wealth was entirely escaped the attention of government. There appear to squandered. It was in vain that the vicar, his uncle, be no returns to parliament of any authority on this expostulated with him. He forbade the good man entering his door; and he never went to church him
point; nor, indeed, are there at present adequate self. Sunday was one of his most riotous days. In
means of making them. The returns made to queries youth he had been sent to travel in foreign countries,
sent out by the committee on education of 1835, are and had imbibed not a few of the lax notions too pre- found to be incorrect as well as defective ; and on this valent on the subject of religion. He became, in matter, important as it is to the welfare of all classes, fact, a confirmed unbeliever; and the fruit of his unbelief was a total disregard of the restraints of
there seem to exist no sources of information in any morality, or even the common decencies of life. He
department of government.” In the absence, therehad found an early grave while resident on the conti
fore, of a full body of authentic documents, an approxinent; for he fell a prey to his licentious habits; and mation to the amount of popular education is all that those present at his last hours declared that nothing can be obtained, and is sufficient for the present purcould exceed the horror and agony of his mind. He died intestate ; and the estate became the subject of
pose, which is not to supply an accurate list of schools endless litigation. It was now suffered to go to ruin
and scholars, but to shew that the existing provision during the uncertainty of a long-pending Chancery for the education of the labouring classes is, however suit. The advowson had gone into other hands; and excellent in part, deficient in quantity and defective in the old housekeeper and an old gardener were the quality, when taken as a whole, and considered as a prosole inmates of the hall, kept there by trustees, who vision for the nation. scarcely allowed them the means of support.
England is suffering deeply at this time from having " The stately homes of England, How beautiful they stand,
outgrown the provision made for the instruction of the Amidst their tall, ancestral trees,
people. In 1710, the population of England and Wales O'er all the pleasant land ! The deer across their greensward bound,
was 5,066,000; in 1831 it was 13,897,187; now it is Through shade and sunny gleam ;
more than 15,000,000. The numbers between the ages And the swan glides past them with the sound some rejoicing stream."
HEMAXS. of 2 and 16, requiring cheap education, have been cal“Stately and beautiful,” to use the language of the
culated at nearly 4 millions. The results of the parpoetess, the old Hall still stood, though the voice of liamentary inquiry in 1833 were, upwards of one milmerriment no longer resounded in its chambers, and lion of day-scholars, and upwards of one million and a its tall, ancestral trees were fast hastening to decay. half of Sunday-scholars. These results have been It stood a monument of the ruin which inevitably fol- rejected, as deduced from inaccurate returns; but it is lows in the train of guilt. It seemed to speak, with the voice of solemn warning, “the wages of sin is
probable they are below the real amount of day and death." It read to all a valuable lesson, that “ he that
Sunday scholars, allowing for duplicate returns where soweth to the flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption." the same child attends both a day and Sunday school. Few incidents in my life, I confess, have made a It appeared in evidence before the select committee of deeper impression on my heart than the desolation
last session, that the statistical society of Manchester and stillness of old Hall.
states, “ That the gross amount of error actually detected by the committee in the government-tables, in the 5 towns they have examined, is, 34,000 scholars ; and the real error is probably considerably more :" " that is to say, there was a return of fewer scholars