Imatges de pÓgina

wholly overthrown; and it continued to lurk in secret, the Gospel, and a departure from the simplicity of the when an open avowal of its tenets would have called truth as it is in Jesus.

Y. forth bitter persecution. In 1750, it was resolved by the clergy to demand confessional notes of dying persons; and it was ordered that these notes should be

MYTHOLOGY.THE SCLAVONIC. signed by priests adhering to the bull, without which no viaticum, no extreme unction, could be obtained. BY THE Rev. Henry CHRISTMAS, F.S.A. And these consolatory rites were refused, without pity,

Author of " Universal Mythology." to all recusants, and to such as confessed to recusants. The new archbishop of Paris engaged warmly in this

[Concluded from Number CLXXXVII.) scheme; and the parliament supported no less warmly

VI. Of the Greenland Mythology. the cause of the people. Other parliaments followed

We must not conclude our account of the Sclavonic the example of that of Paris; and those clergymen who refused to administer the sacrament to persons in mythology without noticing the cognate superstitions their last moments were thrown into prison. The of the Greenlanders; a people who, low as they did Church complained of the interposition of the civil and still do stand in the scale of civilisation, were not power; and Louis XV., by an act of his absolute

without ideas upon supernatural subjects worthy to be authority, prohibited the parliaments from taking cognizance of such points.

recorded. They believed that the soul was immortal, In reviewing the character of the Jansenists, and

though not necessarily so; for there were accidents more especially the members of Port-Royal, while we by which after its separation from the body it might fully admit that it strikingly contrasted with that of become totally extinct; and they also believed that it their adversaries, we must beware lest, led away was material, might lose a part of its substance, or be by a romantic admiration of their devotedness to religion, we should hold them up as exemplifying, skill of an angekok or sorcerer. Many imagined that

injured in its members, and be again repaired by the as far as human frailty will admit, the beauties of the Christian character.

they might go on a long voyage and leave their souls In the work to which allusion has been already behind them, to avoid any possible accident. They made, in speaking of their piety, the authoress says, distinguished between the life and the spirit, calling “it arose from the same immutable source from which

the former "the breath," and the latter" the shadow;" all true religion has ever flowed, and from which alone the word of God assures us it can flow, however various

and they thought that during sleep, the volatile spirii, the denominations by which its faithful followers may

being free from the body, wandered about wheresoever have been distinguished amongst their fellow-men. It it pleased. There was but little unanimity among was successively grounded on a supreme reverence for them on these topics—some believed and others denied the word of God, and a daily and diligent study of its the transmigration of souls. This doctrine was somecontents; a deep, practical conviction of the utter aberration of the human heart from God; of its entire help

times made very useful; a widow, for instance, would lessness, and its insufficiency by nature for any orie

tell a parent that the soul of one of her deceased good thing; a firm confidence in the atoning blood children was again incarnate in the person of one of and merits of Christ for pardon and reconciliation with his, or that the soul of his child had migrated into one God; bearing the fruits of unreserved obedience to his

of hers. In the latter case, the man thought himself Spirit shed abroad in the heart;-in short, an entire

somehow related to the widow, and bound to protect renunciation of self, and an entire trust in Christ for all that must be done for us by his merits, and in us

her accordingly; and in the former, she obtained a by his Spirit.”+ We cannot doubt the source whence

second father for her child. The angekoks, who preevery holy desire and every good thought proceeds : tended to have been to the land of souls, described it at the same time, we must bear in mind, that the Jan

in its disembodied state, as "pale and soft, and devoid senists, as adherents to the Romish see, were enveloped of flesh and bones;* so that if any one would try to in much darkness ; nay, their opposition to heresy, as it is termed their condemnation of the Protestants

grasp it, they would seem not to touch any thing." was quite as vehement as that of their adversaries. That the soul is immortal, was universally admitted; When it is recollected that their famous leader, the but as to its destination after death, each sect held a Abbé de St. Cyran, of whom we found not a little to different opinion. The most popular was, that at the admire in a former paper, when obliged to read, for the

bottom of the sea is a glorious abode, where the sun purpose of controversy, some books deemed heretical, first signed them with the sign of the cross, to keep

is ever shining, and a perpetual summer reigns. The out or drive away the evil spirit,—we cannot but be

deep cavities in the rocks are the avenues to this amazed that such superstition should lurk in a mind delicious dwelling. There dwell Torngarsuk, the chief apparently under the influence of divine truth. The of the gods, and his mother. The land is diversificd circumstance sets forth, in strongest colours, the weak

with the most beautiful hills, dales, and crystal rivers ness, with reference to some particular points, which often manifests itself in minds by no means destitute

an abundance of fowls, fish, reindeer, and seals, are to of sound reason.

be found; and food is ever ready in a vast self-boiling The pretended miracles wrought by the Jansenists cauldron. The title to a place in tliis paradise was also—and their endeavour to adduce these as argu- obtained by killing many whales and seals, and by ments in favour of their system-give us an unfavour- general success and industry in fishing. As soon as able opinion of their common sense, if not of their

the soul was separated from the body, it had to glide honesty of principle. And on the review of the whole of their history, their views, principles, and conduct,

down the rough ways that lead to this paradise; and we are led to the conclusion, that much as we may find so rugged was the path that it was all red with the to admire in any class of men connected with the blood of souls shed in passing down it. During the Church of Romc, the very connexion with that Church first five days after death, the relations of the deceased necessarily leads to a corraption of the pure faith of

abstained from certain meats, and from all labour not • See Russell's “ Modern Europe."

• "Handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, + Schimmelpenninck's Lancelot's Tour, &c.

as ye ses me have."- Luke, xxiv. 39.


absolutely necessary, lest the soul should be disturbed by the magic of this nameless spirit ; and accordingly in its perilous passage. Many perished on the way, sent an angekok or sorcerer to set the captives free. particularly those who died in winter or in rough The angekok, being well paid, summoned his tornboisterous weather. This the Greenlanders called the gak, a familiar spirit, and set out on his perilous ensecond death, and described it as annihilation. It

terprise. First, he passed through the earth into the was to them the most dreadful of all considerations.

sea, till he came to the kingdom of souls, where he Another sect maintained, that the spirit after death recreated himself awhile with the spoils of successful soared beyond the rainbow to the loftiest part of the hunters and fishers; then he arrived at a vast chasm, sky, and that so rapid was its flight, that it rested the over which was a bridge in the shape of an ever-refirst evening in the moon, which was once (they said) | volving wheel as smooth as ice : passing over this, he a Greenlander. There the soul could dance and play beheld the palace of the evil spirit, the portals of which at ball with the rest of the spirits; for they say of the were guarded by savage seals, and by a huge dog, aurora borealis, that it is “ the dance of the blessed."

which never slept longer than the twinkling of an The North American Indians, according to Adair, eye, and could never therefore be taken unawares. have much such a notion of this phenomenon; and In the midst of the palace was the lamp of the evil the Mexicans gave a not very different account of the spirit; and in the oil-jar beneath it, the captive seapursuits in which souls are engaged after death. The birds were fying about. Guided by a rope held by the believers in a submarine elysium admitted that some torngak, the angekok made his appearance before did ascend beyond the rainbow, but contended that the goddess, who immediately raged and foamed with only the idle and worthless were sent there, and that anger, and endeavoured to burn certain feathers, it was not a state of happiness, but of great annoy- which, by their intolerable stench, would oblige both ance; there was no food, and the souls suffered from

the angekok and the torngak to retire or surrender. extreme hunger; and on account of the rapid rotation

It was necessary to seize her before she could do this, of the heavens, they had no rest. The inhabitants of and to despoil her of those spells by which she held these high and frozen regions were also infested with the animals captive. When this was done, the whales, ravens to so great an extent, that their very hair would seals, and other fish, immediately darted away into the be torn off by those birds. The other sect, on the open sea, the birds ascended to the surface; and the contrary, maintained that they should be warm and angekok was permitted, with liis attendant spirit, to happy, and that they should feed upon seals' heads, make his way back without molestation. These two which would never be consumed. Others supposed spirits, Torngarsuk, and his female malignant comthat, after a few days, the spirit recovered the shock panion, were the only beings whom the Greenlanders of death, and found itself in a world like this, where it considered as gods : they believed that all nature was procured its subsistence in the same way. There was full of spiritual essences, presiding over winds and one point of their mythology in which they agreed

waves, rocks, crags and caves, fires, seals, whales, with the Scandinavians, viz. that these states of niate- birds, and all animals; these spirits were innumerable rial existence were destined to endure but for a time,

-they had no names, nor was worship paid to them. and afterwards their souls will be conveyed to " the Their


is very simple: they content thempeaceful mansions ;" but where “the peaceful man

selves with saying that the heavens and the earth were sions" are, and what will be their employment when created by Pirksoma; that the first man was the offthey arrive there, they do not pretend to know. Hell spring of the carth, and that his name was Kallak; they suppose to be in the centre of the earth, devoid

that a woman arose from his thumb; and that from of light and heat, and filled with perpetual cares and these are all the inhabitants of the earth descended. anxiety. The chief of the gods they named Torngar- The origin of the Europeans is thus accounted for:suk, though they had an indistinct idea of a far greater the dogs of a certain Greenlander, whose children they and absolutely eternal spirit, whom they named Pirk

were, devoured their father: they were transformed soma (he that is above); this great being was not the

and called kablunat. These kablunæt inobject of adoration. Torngarsuk dwelt; as we have vented bows and arrows, and shot birds--a custom been, in a blessed habitation beneath the sea, and was

adopted by the other Greenlanders ; but one of the described by some as being in the shape of a great kablunæt, boasting of his superior skill in archery, inbear; by others as a man with one arm; and by others, sulted a Greenlander, and was immediately shot to again, as having a human shape, but being in size nó

the heart by him ;-a war ensued, in which the kabbigger than a man's finger. He held his immortality lunæt were driven out to seek another settlement. on a singular tenure,* but was not essentially eternal.

Fishes were made by one of the first men taking the Not he, but Pirksoma, was the creator of all things; shavings of a tree, drawing them between his knees, fet in his hands were the fates of men, and to him did

and casting them into the sea, where they immediately they desire to go after death. With liim, in his para

became living animals. They had an idea that the dise, dwelt a female spirit, who had no name, but who world was Aoating in an illimitable occan, and once was supposed to be either his wife or his mother. Un

was overset;-on this occasion all men perished, save like Torngarsuk, she delighted in evil, and had the

one who was far out at sea in his kajak: on his return, power to detain in captivity all the animals of the sea

he found the earth righted, but covered with slime ; by her incantations. When there occurred a dearth

he struck the ground with his staff, and a woman arose, of seals and whales, the Greenlanders supposed it was by whom the man became the second parent of man

kind. It is singular, that like the inhabitants of the "Wenn man sich der Blähungen entlerdigt während dass ein Zauberer macht seine Hexerey, Torngarsuk muss sterben."

South Sea Islands, the Greenlanders pointed to the fosChartz, Geschichte der Grün.

sil-shells and other marine remains found in elevated

into men,

situations, as a proof of the flood. Bones of whales have | rality. “Sir," said he to a friend of the writer, who been found on high mountains, and marine relics in was beyond his hour of appointment, and who was situations where no men could ever have lived; hence begging the doctor's pardon for his omission, “ beg the Greenlanders deduced an argument for the fact of a pardon of a higher Power; for a breach of an appoint

ment is a breach of promise, and a breach of promise general deluge. With regard to the ultimate fate of is a great moral offence." the world, they believed that in some distant futurity A gentleman punctual of his word, when he heard the human race should become totally extinct; then that two had agreed upon a meeting, and one neglected the world should be dashed to pieces, reduced to pow

his hour, would say of him, “He is a young man then."

-Bacon. der, and washed by a second deluge from the blood

GEORGE The Third is well known to have been both of the dead. Then a wind should come from the four

an early riser and extremely punctual in all things. It quarters of the heavens, blow the clean-washed dust is related of him, that he had bespoke of Ramsden, the together, and replace it in a form more beautiful than celebrated optician, an instrument which he was pecuever. There should be no more barren rocks, no more

liarly desirous to obtain. He had allowed Ramsden to crags nor shoals; but the whole earth should be a

name his own time ; but, as usual, the work was gently diversified plain, extending along the coast of however, when it was finished," he took it down to

scarcely begun at the period appointed for delivery: a stormless sea. The animals should be reanimated Kew, in a post-chaise, in a prodigious hurry, and in more perfect forms; and as for man,* “ upon their driving up to the palace-gate, he asked if his majesty bones Pirksoma shall breathe, and they shall live."

was at home. The pages and attendants in waiting expressed their surprise at such a visit ; he, however, pertinaciously insisted upon being admitted, assuring

the page, that if he told the king that Ramsden was at ANECDOTES AND EXTRACTS.

the gate, his majesty would soon shew that he was On Punctuality.

glad to see him. He was right; he was let in, and

graciously received. His majesty, after examining the “Method is the very hinge of business, and there is instrument carefully, of which he was really a judge, no method without punctuality. Punctuality is im- expressed his satisfaction; then turning gravely to portant, because it subserves the peace and temper of Ramsden, said, “ I have been told, Mr. Ramsden, you a family; the want of it not only infringes on neces- are the least punctual of any man in England: you sary duty, but sometimes excludes that duty. The have brought home this instrument on the very day calmness of mind which it produces is another advan- that was appointed-you have only mistaken the year!" tage of punctuality: a disorderly man is always in a hurry; he has no time to speak to you, because he is going elsewhere; and when he gets there, he is too

The Cabinet. late for his business, or he must hurry away to another before he can finish it. Punctuality gives weight to

RetireMENT.-A retirement consecrated to relicharacter. "Such a man has made an appointment— gious uses is what the pious soul aspires after : how then I know he will keep it.' And this generates

often does he exclaim with the Psalmist, “ Oh! that punctuality in you ; for, like other virtues, it propa

I had the wings of a dove, for then would I flee away gates itself. Servants and children must be punctual

and be at rest." But the retirement he longs for is where their leader is so. Appointments, indeed, be

not a monastic seclusion, abstracting him from the come debts. I owe you punctuality, if I have made an

relations and duties of social life; but a relief from appointment with you, and have no right to throw

those secular concerns which engross the bulk of his away your time, if I do my own."-Cecil's Remains,

time, and render him either less willing or less able to

hold frequent communion with his God. He seeks John Newton.-" That celebrated and pious cler- retirement

, that he may have leisure for the active as gyman, John Newton, is said by one of his biographers

well as the contemplative duties of the Christian life. to have been distinguished by his punctuality to his

He remembers, however, that submission to bim, who engagements; and that he has been known to keep

hath assigned him his station in life, is his indispenhis watch in his hand when it drew near the time of

sable duty: he murmurs not, but obeys; knowing that appointment, lest he should fail to keep his promise.

the period of his release from care and labour is not In one of his letters, he thus addresses a young friend :

distant, and is daily approaching.-P. Melvill, Esq. • I much wish you to acquire a habit of punctuality Sin.-It is a fearful thing to sin, more fearful to with respect to time, as the want of this is very incon- delight in sin, yet worse to defend it, but worst of venient in the person who fails, and gives trouble to all to boast of it. If, therefore, I cannot avoid sin, others. If you follow my advice, you will find the because I am a man, yet I will avoid the delight, de advantage long before you are as old as I am. I began fence, and boasting of sin, because I am a Christian. to aim at this almost fifty years ago, and I have sel

Bp. Hall. dom, if ever, been five minutes behind my time, unless FATAL STUPIDITY.—The lesson of our mortality unavoidably prevented, for nearly fifty years past.'" divine Providence doth every day, yea every hour and Dr. Parr, the late great oracle in Greek erudi

minute, press and inculcate on us, and as it were bea tion, was remarkable for punctuality. The habits of

into us.

The funeral-bell ever and anon rings in ou this eminently learned man were favourable both to

ears, and we daily tread upon the graves of others long life and literary occupations. “I am a six-o'clock Many of us already find the harbingers of deat man,” he used to say when in the seventy-sixth year of

within us; we all see the triumphs of death withcu his age. The time he thus gained in the morning was

us, and (as our Church expresseth it) " in the mids devoted to study, and the rest of the day to various

of life we are in death." Alas! that among so inare duties which had claims upon his time. In his engage- remembrancers wherewith Providence hath surrounde ments he was strictly punctual, and exacted the same

us, we should, with that monarch in story, need y punctuality in return. By this means he was able to

another monitor to tell us every day, Rememb. transact a prodigious quantity of business, and to give that thou art mortal." Yet this is our case. advice and still more important assistance to the

fatal stupidity is it that hath seized upon us ? Ha numbers who applied to him. He considered a breach

the frequency of these admonitions made them to lo of the rules of punctuality as no small violation of mo- their force and virtue on us? Are we become li • Crantz, Hish Green. book il. chap. 3, seot. 38.

sextons or grave-diggers, that by living as it were

p. 344.


When fond affection's ties are riven;

When joys depart, and mercy's rod Compels, from each vain idol driven,

My wayward soul to own its God; When sorrow bows the suppliant knee, My chasten'd spirit turns to thee. And when night's veil doth shroud the skies,

And all this darken'd world beneath,
When oft a thought of thee will rise,

Who dost sustain my fleeting breath,--
Ruler from all eternity,
My soul adoring turns to thee,



the charnel-house, and daily conversing with the bones and skulls of dead men, at last become hardened, and of all mortals are the least apprehensive of their mortality ? Or, rather, are we affectedly ignorant; and do we wilfully put the evil day far from us? Whatever the cause be, the effect is sadly visible.—Bp. Bull.

PRAYER A PRECEPT TO ACTION.-Every petition to God is a precept to man; and when, in your litanies, you pray to be delivered from malice and hypocrisy, from pride and envy, from fornication and every deadly sin; all that is but a line of duty, and tells us we must never consent to an act of pride or a thought of envy, to a temptation of uncleanness or the besmearing or evil-paintings of hypocrisy. But we, when we pray against a sin, think we have done enough ; and if we ask for grace, suppose there is no more required. Now prayer is an instrument of help, a procuring auxiliaries of God, that we may do our duty; and why should we ask for help, if we ourselves be not bound to do the thing? Look not, therefore, upon your prayers as a short method of ease and salvation, but as a perpetual monition of duty; and by what we require of God, we see what he requires of us; and if you want a system or collective body of holy precepts, you need no more but your prayer-book; and if you look upon them first as duties, then as prayers - that is, things fit to be desired, and fit to be laboured for, your prayers will be much more useful; not so often vain, not so subject to illusion, not so destitute of effect, or so failing of the promises.-Bishop Taylor.

The BELIEVER's Only Rest.-If you are a child of God, wherever you propose to nestle, there your heavenly Father will plant a thorn, until you are driven, like a bird from spray to spray, and from leaf to leaf, and taught by painful experience, that God, and God alone, is from everlasting to everlasting the "dwelling-place" of his people.- Rev. H. Blunt.

CHRISTIANITY.—It would be a deplorable consideration indeed, if the great and important points of Christianity, those upon which men's eternal salvation depend, could not be judged of without learning, or were to be determined for men not by their own capacities, but by the decisions of others called learned men, who are constantly differing and wrangling with one another.--Bp. Horsley.

(For the Church of England Magazine.) As Salem's king the patriarch met

Returning with the spoil,
And bread and wine before him set,

Refreshment from his toil;
So in his courts, upon his day,

And at his table spread,
The Saviour meets us on our way

With sacred wine and bread,

The patriarch, wearied with the fight,

His sinking strength restor’d;
And we would seek new life and light,

And victory through our Lord.
Melchisedec the patriarch bless'd ;

And, O thou Priest divine,
Upon our hearts thy blessing rest,

And consecrate us thine!



(For the Church of England Magazine.)

“I lift up my soul unto thee."-Ps. cxliii. 8. When in the kindling eastern sky

The radiant hues of morning shine,
And earth's rich beauties testify

The hand that fashion'd them divine,
Ruler from all eternity,
I list my heart, great God, to thee.
When 'neath the noonbeam's sultry ray

The herdsmen seek some shadowy nook, And flocks in sportive gambol play

Where freshly winds some purling brook Near woodland bower or leafy tree, I lift mine heart, O God, to thee. When mid the golden clouds of heaven

The sun sinks gloriously to rest ; When seeks the herd its fold at even,

The turtle dove its balmy nest; When day's declining shadows flee, I lift mine heart, O God, to thee.

(For the Church of England Magazine.) “ Endue her plenteously with heavenly gifts; grant her in health

and wealth long to live; ... and, finally, after this life, may she attain everlasting joy and felicity, through Jesus Christ

our Lord. Amen."-Liturgy. Pray for your Queen : upon your sovereign's brow

Youth lingers still, nor has experience there

Written her duties in the lines of care ;
The hand that holds fair England's sceptre now

Is but a gentle maiden's ; can it clasp

That mighty symbol with a steady grasp ? Dark clouds are louring o'er our sunny sky;

If they should gather, could that fragile form

" Ride on the whirlwind and direct the storm ?" Wisdom, strength, energy, are from on high ; Wouldst thou enrich her with these blessings?

One reigns above whom heaven and earth obey.
Pray for your Queen: her's is a woman's heart,

And woman's perils lurk around her way;

Pleasure may lead her heedless steps astray,
Or Aattery soothe when conscience wings its dart.

Love, that sweet well-spring of domestic joy,
Scarce rises in a court without alloy ;

And woman's sorrows may be her's to share :

promises a great durability. The entrance is on the Sunshine has beamed upon her path thus far, eastern side, by a portico or corridor thirty-six yards But this bright scene one sudden storm would mar,

in length, and three in breadth, supported by plain And England's rosé might droop, though now so fair.

rectangular pillars, without either bases or pedestals,

upon which there are smooth square stones of more Say, wouldst thou shield her from these perils ? than a foot in thickness, forming an architrave, while Pray :

on the exterior superficies are species of stucco shields; Strength shall be granted equal to her day.

over these stones there is another plain rectangular

block five feet long and six broad, extending over two Pray for your Queen: for an immortal soul

of the pillars. Medallions or compartments in stucco, Is shrin'd within that bosom. Could we see

containing different devices of the same material, Time by the brightness of eternity,

appear as decorations to the chambers; and it is preA shade across life's pageantry would roll;

sumable, from the vestiges of the hands which can Then we should know how perilous is power,

still be traced, that they were busts of a series of

kings or lords to whom the natives were subject. BeNot bounded by the limits of life's hour :

tween the medallions there is a range of windows like Its deeds are stamp'd on history's open page ; niches, passing from one end of the wall to the other, Nor there alone---a tablet is on higli,

some of them in the form of a Greek cross. Beyond Before the Almighty's pure and holy eye ;

this corridor is a square court, entered by a flight of That record fades not by the touch of age,

seven steps; the north side is entirely in ruins, but

sufficient traces of them remain to shew that it once And she must hear its witness. Christian, pray, had a corridor and chamber similar to those on the That joy be written there in heaven's bright ray. eastern side, and which continued entirely along the

several angles. The south side has four small cham

bers, with no other ornament than one or two little Miscellaneous.

windows like those already described. The western

side is correspondent to its opposite in all respects but PALENQUE.-Among the remarkable monuments of in the variety of expression of the figures in stucco; antiquity on the American continent, are the ruins of these are much more rude and ridiculous than the Palenque, in the republic of Guatemala, the existence others, and can only be attributed to most uncultiof which is but little known. About the middle of the vated Indian capacity. The device is a sort of grolast century the ruins of an ancient city, which were tesque mask with a crown and long beard like that of spread over an area of great extent, were discovered a goat, under which are two Greek crosses. It is by in the vicinity of the town of Palenque, in the province no means improbable that these fantastic forms, and of Ciudad Real de Chiapa. They were evidently of others equally whimsical, were the delineations of high antiquity, many centuries antecedent to the con- some of their deities, to whom they paid an idolatrous quest of Mexico by the Spaniards. These extensive worship consistent with their false belief and barbarous and remarkable ruins were subjects of much discussion customs."-British Gazelte. and learned speculation at the zime of their discovery, HEARERS AND Doers. - I remember our countryand at length attracted the attention of the Spanish

man Bromeard tells us of one, who, meeting his neighgovernment. In the year 1776, a royal order was issued to Antonio del Roi, to proceed to the spot, and

bour coming out of church, asked him, “ What! is

the sermon done?" • Done!" said the other, “no; it make a full and minute examination of these interest

is said, it is ended, but it is not so soon done." And, ing monuments of the art and labour of other times. In May 1786, Del Roi repaired to Palenque, taking surely, so it is with us ; we have good store of serwith him a number of labourers, provided with imple and one sermon done is worth a thousand said and

mons said, but we have only a few that are done ; ments to make the necessary excavations and exami

heard; for “not the hearers of the law, but the doers nations. By dint of perseverance,” says he, “I effected all that was necessary, so that ultimately blessed are ye if ye do them."-—Bp. Hall.

of it, are justified: and if ye know these things, there remained neither a window or doorway blocked up, a partition that was not thrown down, nor room,

Egyptian COLUMNS.—The pillar of Pompey, near corridor, court, tower, or subterranean passage, in Alexandria, is a remarkable object, and attracts much atwhich excavations were not effected from two to three tention, which is attributed by some to Cæsar; by others yards in depth.” These ruins are called by the to Alexander the Great, and Adrian. We find in ScripSpaniards Casas de Piedras (stone houses), and are

ture mention made of columns (Gen. xxviii. 18, 22; situated on a plain at the base of a high mountain,

Deut. xxvii. 4; Josh. viii. 32; Judges, ix. 6); and that and extend from east to west between seven and they were also set up sometimes as sepulchral pillars eight leagues; but their breadth is by no means equal (Gen. xxxv. 20; 2 Sam. xviii. 18), or trophies (1 Kings, to their length, being little more than half a league in

vii. 18-21 ; 1 Chron. xxii. 15 ; Is. xix. 19), and defence width, where they terminate towards the river Micol, (Jer. i. 18); also as witnesses to covenants (Josh. which winds around the base of the mountain. The xxiv. 27); and were, further, marks of the Divine vensituation appears to have been well chosen, as the geance (Gen. xix. 26). They remind us also of the climate is described as being beautiful, the soil fertile,

remark of the wise man, in treating of the doctrine of and capable of producing in great abundance every wisdom, who has beautifully observed, that in building thing to satisfy the wants of man. The city probably her house she hath hewn out her own pillars (Prov. commanded other resources to enable it to maintain ix. 1); also of Joash, king of Judah, standing by a as great a population as seems to be indicated by its pillar, when admitted to the throne of his ancestors extent. Del Roi gives the following description of (2 Kings, xi. 14); and of one of his successors, when the largest of the mass of buildings, which stands on a he made a covenant before the Lord. - Travels in mound twenty yards high, and is surrounded by other Egypt, by W. Rae Wilson, Esq. edifices-namely, five to the northward, four to the southward, one to the south-west, and three to the London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portnian Street, eastward; while in all directions the fragments of

Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. other fallen buildings are to be seen extending along and Country.

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town the mountain. “The interior of the large building is in a style of architecture strongly resembling the Gothic, and from its rude and massy construction, ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 16 6T. MARTIN'S LANE.


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