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to bring thee into the place which I have pre- | the deep waters of affliction and sorrow, God pared” (Exod. xxiii. 20). Was Joshua com- will support you, that you may not sink; he missioned to succeed Moses as the leader of will bear up your heads above the waterIsrael? the promise to him was, “ There

“ There floods of tribulation and distress; he will shall not any man be able to stand before even comfort you in the midst of your sorthee all the days of thy life: as I was with

“ Blessed be God, even the Father of Moses, so will í be with thee; I will not fail our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, thee, nor forsake thee" (Josh, i. ,5). Was and the God of all comfort, who comforteth Elisha the prophet besieged by the Syrian us in all our tribulation” (2 Cor. i. 3). When army, and his life in jeopardy? who was you pass through fiery trials, which are to try invisibly present to protect and deliver him ? and improve your faith and patience, your “ The Lord of hosts” (2 Kings, vi. 13). When submission to God's will, and perseverance in the three holy children were cast into the the path of life, the Lord will defend you,

for fiery furnace for their faithfulness to God, there shall no temptation happen to you but who was present to protect and deliver them ? what is common to man; and the Lord," who “ The king answered and said, Lo, I see four is faithful, will, with the temptation, make a men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, way for your escape, that ye may be able to and they have no hurt; and the form of the bear it” (1 Cor. x. 13). When you pass fourth is like the son of God” (Dan. iii, 25). through the last and deepest waters, the Jor

It was confidence in God's promises, of his dan of death, the Lord will carry you through, presence and protecting care, that enabled the and safely land you on the shores of the heaChurch of God, though in the prospect of venly Canaan. imminent dangers and distress, to sing so triumphantly in the 46th Psalm, "the Lord of hosts is with us,” &c.

NECESSITY OF ATTENDING THE SERVICES The promise of the Divine presence is re

OF RELIGION. newed in the New Testament. Take this one,

Men engaged in active labours for the good of their made not only to Christ's ministers in their fellow-creatures often find it exceedingly difficult to arduous duties and discouragements, but also, understand the grounds upon which we urge them to

cultivate those habits and attend to those services we opine, to all the faithful in Christ Jesus:

which are technically, perhaps not very happily, dis"Lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end tinguished as religious. They ask whether God has of the world” (Matt. xxviii. 20). When St. not given them an important work to perform, and Paul, for having preached the Gospel at Rome, whether they are not likely to please him better by diswas cited before the emperor Nero, and foró charging it laithfully, than by occupying themselves in saken by all his friends, who was present to

acts of devotion to him? They ask whether it is not

acting more in the spirit of Christ's commands, more support and to deliver him? It was the Lord, in imitation of his example, to be doing deeds of ever faithful to his promise: "At my first mercy, than to be offering sacrifices. I do not think answer no man stood with me; but all men

these questions are always fairly met by those to whom

they are addressed. I fear that we are sometimes forsook me. Notwithstanding, the Lord stood

guilty of confusing men's minds respecting the nature with me; and I was delivered out of the of their obligations to God, and even of converting mouth of the lion.” Paul and Silas found the religion, which should be the great instrument for fulfilment of the promise of God's presence to

overthrowing selfishness, into a means of encouraging comfort and deliver them when they were

it. But I think that the remarks which I made re

specting the kind of blessings which it is your privithrust into the inner prison at Philippi, their lege and your duty to impart to those whom you visit feet made fast in the stocks, and their persons may, perhaps, assist in extricating you from the diffic smarting from the stripes which had been laid culty, If to attend the bed-side of a patient were on them; for at midnight they sang praises required of you than that you should give sound

merely a mechanical act; or if nothing more were unto God, and sang so loudly as to be heard advice, I do not know that I could establish any very by their fellow-prisoners (Acts, xvi.). The clear connexion between your ordinary tasks and those promised Divine presence it was that sustained exercises of which I am now speaking. But it is deand consoled the noble army of martyrs for grading the dignity, of your profession to think this.

Your consciences tell you that more, much more than the truth as it is in Jesus. It is on the pro

this, is required of those who are brought into constant mise of God's gracious presence with his experience of the woes of humanity; you feel that people that those two comprehensive ejacu- the kindness, and sympathy, and sincerity, of which lations are grounded and reciprocated between

I was discoursing, under my last head, are as much

demanded of you as scientific knowledge itself; and the minister and the congregation,-“ The

you feel that these qualities cannot be acquired at the Lord be with you ;" " And with thy spirit.” moment, cannot be got up for exhibition at the bedNow the rich and precious promises con

side ; you feel that the man who merely presents tained in the text are applicable to all God's

counterfeits of them is an impostor and hypocrite, children at this day-applicable to each one

far less to be esteemed than he who honestly shews of us, if we really are the children of God by preached in the Chapel of Guy's Hospital. By the Rev. K.

• From “The Responsibility of Medical Students: a Sermon faith in Christ Jesus. When you pass through | Maurice, A.M., Chaplain to the Hospital.”

I can

ever.

forth the indifference or unkindness that are in him. delighted to mock and deceive limself. You cannot It is necessary, then, that these should form the very be staggered at mysteries in this highest region ; you substance of your characters, that they should be are encountered with them at every turn in the region worked into your very selves.

But, now, consider of your own experience. You will only ask, “Would how this can come to pass. Can you trust to the any other than this suffice me? Can I live without ordinary influences of society to do it ? Do not you this?" Can there be any other way into the presence know perfectly that these influences are adverse to of Him who is perfect love, but through Him with the cultivation of such a character; that they tend to whoin he is perfectly well pleased? Will any thing form in us habits of confirmed selfishness? Can you less than a participation of his substance, of his life, trust to the mere sight of pain and suffering to do of that love which overcame death, and sin, and selit? Have we not said already, that the repetition fishness, enable me to do his meanegl work here on of these sights deadens the impression which they earth, enable me to bebold his glory in heaven? at first produced? Can you trust, then, to your Do not suppose that I am limiting the operations of belief and recognition of the principles which I have God on the hearts and minds of men to these ordibeen endeavouring to assert,--to your conviction that nances; I am urging you to take the privileges which the Spirit of God has indeed endowed you with all they offer you, because I am sure they interpret to us your gifts and powers; that the Lord of man has ap- all his other operations; because they enable us to pointed you to administer these gifts for the good of feel his presence, to hear bis voice in all the common men? But do you not feel that commerce with the events and accidents of life; in sickness and in health ; world is continually corroding these convictions, in the daily pleasures and the daily crosses of life; in changing thein from practical realities into mere the wonders of nature; in the wonders of our own formal phrases; and that if they be honestly held, frame; in the sufferings of our fellow-men; in the they must imply something more; they must imply acts which we are permitted to do for the relief of the desire and necessity of seeking continual help them. The persons whom I ordinarily address from from that Spirit, of holding intercourse with that Lord? this place are men who have neither science nor a Do you not feel that all gifts, all administrations, must profession; they have this only, they are men carrying be profitless unless there were also operations of God about with them the signs of Adam's curse, the marks to renew our minds and characters, and form them of suffering and death. Yet I am bound to look upon into the likeness of his own?

them as the objects of God's Jove; I am bound to tell But you wonder that God should require of you them that all the privileges of the kingdom of Christ acts of prayer and praise. My brethren, ask your are theirs; I am bound to believe that they are as own hearts if they do not require these acts.

able to enter into the deepest mysteries as the wisest not think of a fellow-creature merely as the author of man upon earth; I am certain that they may, if they certain gifts and blessings to me; I cannot think of will, know God and love him, and dwell with bim for him merely as making certain provisions and arrange

In these ordinances you will learn to feel yourments for me. The moment I believe he is the source selves one with tbese poor creatures ; you will learn of these blessings, tlie author of these arrangements, to feel that what you possess in commou with them is that moment I desire to know what he is, and desire more precious and permanent than that which separates to think of him as a person in himself; I desire to you from them; you will learn that you, and they, and commune with him, to contemplate his character, to all God's creatures, have desires which nothing but enter into the feelings in which these kind acts to me God can satisfy ; you will learn to love them, and to originated. Unless I can do this, I feel that I shall care for them, as sharers of the same glory with yournever really preserve a recollection of his benefits; I selves; you will rejoice to meet them in the last day, shall never feel any relationship to him; I shall never when all other voices shall be silent, but when this connect him with others as well as myself; I shall one shall be heard by every true and faithful man, care for him only for my own sake. This is the case “ Inasmuch as ye have done it to one of the least of with us in reference to our fellow-men ; and is it not these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." still more emphatically the case with us in reference to the most high God? If we believe him to be the source of every blessing to us, the ordainer of every A REMARKABLE INSTANCE OF A REVIVAL scheine of lite for us, we must carry our thoughts OF RELIGION IN THE AMERICAN EPIS. beyond these gifts, beyond that scheme of life, to

COPAL CHURCH.. himself. We must desire to enter into holy and awful intercourse with him. We must desire to think of An incident occurred in the course of Bishop Moore's him, and to utter our thoughts to him as a distinct ministry on Staten Island so remarkable, that it deBeing. We must desire to adore, and wonder, and

serves to be recorded. The bishop was never at any worship

time disposed to countenance the unnaturaland feverish Here, then, is the meaning of all the offices and ordinances of Christianity. All those ordinances are

excitement in congregations, which, often the result built upon the idea, that an actual communion has of animal emotion powerfully wrought upon, perhaps been established between God and man; that it is | by artificial machinery of man's inventions, sometimes possible for man to express his sorrows and his wants

passes current for a work of the Spirit of God. He to God; that it is possible for God to communicate

did not, however, perceive why the same Spirit, which, his own life, his own character, to men. This is the meaning of prayer; this is the meaning of the teach

by its blessed influences, operates on the heart and ings of the commissioned minister of Christ; this, conscience of one sinner, bringing him to repentance above all, is the meaning of the sacrament of the towards God, and a living faith in the Redeemer, Lord's supper. Of the deep mystery which is in

miglit not also operate simultaneously on many sinvolved in all these ordinances, and especially in the

ners with the same happy result; though, for the prolast, I will say no more than this, that were there no

duction of such an end, he knew of no means except mystery, every reasonable man would feel that it was not the thing he was seeking after, the thing he was such as were sanctioned in the orderly services of the wanting. He wants something which shull bring him Church to which he belonged, Prayer, public and into intercourse and fellowship with the invisible and private, the stated worship of the Church, her cometernal God; and the man who says that there is no mystery in such a fellowship is not worth listening to; • Prom Dr. Hawks's Contributions to the Ecclesiastical His. he is mocking and deceiving us, because he has first tory of the United States.

fortable sacraments, and the faithful preaching of the upbraid his crime any more. Por we must go for. Gospel, were all the machinery of which he knew give, as that we forget it; not in the sense of nature, either the lawfulness or the use. He had been per

but perfectly in the sense of charity. For to what severingly engaged in the use of these for a length

good purpose can any man keep a record of a shrewd

turn, but to become a spy upon the actions of his of time, until, at an hour when nothing unusual had

enemy, watchful to do him shame, and by that to seemingly occurred to produce any solemn effect, aggravate every new offence? It was a malicious the minds of his people seemed to be simultaneously part of Darius, when the Athenians had plundered awakened to the infinite value of divine things.

Sardis; he, resolving to remember the evil turn, till It was at one of his stated lectures in the church, servants, that every time he waited at supper, he

he had done them a mischief, commanded one of his that after the usual services had concluded, and the should thrice call upon him, “ Sir, remember the benediction been pronounced, he sat down in his Athenians." The devil is apt enough to do this office pulpit, waiting for the people to retire. To his great for any man; and he that keeps in mind an injury, surprise, he soon observed that not an individual pre

needs no other tempter to uncharitableness but his

own memory. He that resolves to remember it, never sent seemed disposed to leave the church ; and after

does forgive it perfectly, but is the under-officer of an interval of a few minutes, during which a perfect his own malice. Por as rivers that run under ground silence was maintained, one of the members of the do infallibly fall into the sea, and mingle with the salt congregation arose, and respectfully requested him waters, so is the injury that is remembered : it runs to address those present a second time. After singing

under ground indeed, and the anger is hid, but it tends

certainly to mischief; and though it be sometimes less a hymn, the bishop delivered to them a second dis

deadly for want of opportunity, yet it is never less course, and once more dismissed the people with the dangerous.-Bp. Taylor on Forgiveness. blessing. But the same state of feeling which had before kept them in their seats, still existed, and

God's FORBEARANCE.- If by the light of nature it

be judged a crime worthy of a burning fiery furnace, once more did they solicit the preacher to address to refuse the worship of what it esteems to be God, them. Accordingly he delivered to them a third ser- although it be but the work of men's hands, how shall mon; and at its close, exhausted by the labour in we escape the far more dreadful punishment, if we which he had been engaged, he informed them of the

neglect the worship of the living and only true God!

On the other hand, if we compare the judgments of impossibility of continuing the services on his part,

almighty God, in regard to this life, and the hasty and once more blessed them, and affectionately entreated

passionate sentence of this enraged king, “ Ye shall them to retire to their homes.

be cast the same hour," &c., how infinitely more It was within the space of six weeks after the scene patient is the great God of heaven towards men, than above described, that more than sixty members of the

man generally is to man! How forbearing is the Divine

justice, though provoked every day by the most enor. congregation became communicants; and in the course

mous crimes, nay, by repeated profanations and conof the year more than one hundred knelt around the

tempts of his holy name, as well as righteous laws; chancel of St. Andrew's, who had never knelt there and especially by refusing honour and worship to that before as partakers of the sacrament of the Lord's image, that only image of himself, the Lord Jesus

Christ, which he hath set up, and commanded all supper. It is not wonderful that in the retrospect of the

people, nations, and languages to fall down and wor

ship! Yet he still forbears, still respites the punishfacts we have here related, the bishop should entertain ment, not only for hours, but for days and years! an opinion best expressed in his own words : " That Experience, then, must needs teach us how full of although we have the promise of Heaven to be always compassion and mercy, how long-suffering and grapresent with the Church, still there are particular

cious the Lord is. And can we forbear to love the

Lord our God, who so loveth us? Such men only seasons in which the Almighty displays his power in

taste not the sweetness of his mercy, who feel not a manner so overwhelming as to command the atten- their own misery. Such only are insensible of his tion of his rational creatures ; to dispel that coldness goodness, who hate not their sins, who love not their which makes them indifferent to the calls of duty; to own souls, who choose death. Did we but know thee, excite their gratitude to God for his mercies; to melt

did we but know ourselves, we could not choose but obdurate offenders into contrition; and to oblige them

love thee. O, may we so know and love thee here,

that hereafter we may know thee as thou art, and love to sue for forgiveness at the throne of grace."

and enjoy thee for ever! Amen. Wogan. Nor is it matter of surprise that the good bishop

Deceitful Riches.-Usually, when a worldling is should be led by this incident in his own ministerial

dead, we ask how rich he died ?“Oh," say many," he experience often to impress, as he does, upon his died rich; he hath left a great estate.' Alas, the poor younger clergy, the duty at seasons in which the Al

man has slept his sleep, lost his dream, and now he mighty manifests his presence in a more than ordi- awakes, he finds nothing in his hand. Where lies nary way, gladly to avail themselves of such propitious

his golden heap? only the rust of that heap is gone times to put forth redoubled efforts in their Master's the unrighteousness of it follows him; others have the

to witness against him: his mansion fails him; only use of it, only the abuse of it he carries to judgment with him: he hath made his friends (as we say), but

he hath undone himself; so that I may justly write The Cabinet.

this motto upon every bag, “ This is the price of Heresy.—Many are the heresies which have sprung

blood.” Shall I then treasure up the price of blood ?

No; Christ hath entrusted me as a steward: therefrom a learned pride : from ignorance alone scarcely fore what I have, and need not, Christ shall have in perhaps a single one; nono certainly from ignorant his members that need, and have not. So the transihumility.-Rev. S. Wilberforce.

tory creatures, when they shall slide away, shall not FORGIVENESS. - He that means to communicate carry me with them; but when I sball pass away, I worthily, must so forgive his enemy, as never to shall carry them with me.-Lucas's Divine Breathings.

cause.

OUR BLESSINGS MORE THAN OUR CROSSES.-Con

“ THY KINGDOM COME.” sider that our good days are generally more in number

BY ALEXANDER STAMMERS. than our evil days, our days of prosperity (such, I mean, as is suitable to our condition and circum

(For the Church of England Magazine.) stances) than our days of adversity. This is most Hasten, O Lord, the long-expected time certain, though most of us are apt to cast up our

When every nation at thy throne shall bend; accounts otherwise. How many days (of at least competent) health have we enjoyed for one day of grievous

When from each kindred, people, clime, sickness! How many days of ease for one of pain!

Hosannas loud the liquid air shall rend; How many blessings for a few crosses! For one dan

When gods of gold and silver, wood and stone, ger that hath surprised us, how many scores of dangers have we escaped, and some of them very narrowly!

As once Philistine Dagon, down shall fall But, alas, we write our mercies in the dust, but our

Before thy awful presence, Thou alone afflictions we engrave in marble; our memories serve Be all-ador'd, acknowledg'd all in all ; us too well to remember the latter, but we are strangely forgetful of the former. And this is the greatest cause

When man no more shall yield to carnal sense of our unthankfulness, discontent, and murmuring.

The honour that alone belongs to thee; Bp, Bull.

When vile affections shall be banish'd hence, SIN IN THE WILL.-" When the blood of thy mar

And those once blind thy radiant light shall see : tyr Stephen was shed," says St. Paul, “ I also was Then shall each warrior drop the martial spear, standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him" (Acts, xxii. 20).

No more be heard the deep-ton'd cannon's roar; God chiefly inspects the heart; and if the vote be

Widows shall cease to shed the plaintive tear passed there, writes the man guilty, though he stir no For those they lov'd, o'erthrown in barbarous war. farther. It is easy to murder another by a silent wish

Love then shall reign supreme. Man nought shall learn or a passionate desire. In all moral actions God values the will for the deed, and reckons the man a

But arts pacific; battle's din shall cease; companion in the sin, who, though possibly he may

And states, by mutual hatred sway'd, shall turn, never actually join in it, does yet inwardly applaud And form strict union in the bonds of peace, and like it.-Cave.

Haste, Lord, 0 hasten that propitious morn, The CHRISTIAN CONFLICT. - The Christian has

When thy believing servants shall rejoice advanced but a little way in religion when he has overcome the world, for he has still more powerful

To see thy universal kingdom dawn, and importunate enemies-self, evil tempers, pride,

And hear thy praise from earth's united voice. undue affections, a stubborn will. It is by subduing No more shall Ephraim envy Judah's lot, these adversaries, that we must chiefly judge of our growth in grace.-Rev. R. Cecil.

Judah shall vex her sister-land no more ; Let those who are instrumental in bringing one

But Jew and Gentile then shall be forgot, sheep into the fold of Christ on earth, remember that

And Jesus' kingdom stretch from shore to shore. they add one harp to the chorus of heaven.--Rev. W. Ulloxeler, Sept. 174, 1839. Marsh.

Poetry.
GOD'S PROVIDENCE.

BY CHARLES BAYLY.

(For the Church of England Magazine.) Oh, think not God is only here,

To guard and bless thee on thy way; His gracious eye is every where,

Alike intent by night and day. Experience bids thee firmer trust,

Dear friend, wherever thou may'st be, In Him who, merciful and just,

Has ever lov'd and car'd for thee. Then go content where duty calls,

Firm on his love and word rely; Remember, not a sparrow falls,"

But God Almighty sees it die. Think, then, if with such tender care

The Lord regards the feather'd race, How dear to him his people are,

Who humbly seek his pardoning grace. Nor God alone shall watch thy way;

Angels with trembling hope look down, And will thy devious course survey,

Till thou hast won the promis'd crown. Prome.

LAYS OF PALESTINE.No. IV.

BY T. G, NICHOLAS,

(Por the Church of England Magazine.)
" As the hart panteth after the water-brooks, 80 panteth my

soul after thee, O God."-Psalm xlii. 1.
The trembling hart, with toils beset,
Pants for the cool bright rivulet;
So longs my soul, great God, to see
Thy greatness, power, and majesty,
When morning gilds with orient beam
Each lofty bower, each rippling stream ;
When western skies encrimson'd glow,
My tears in large abundance flow,
While heathen hosts, insultingly,
“ Where is thy God?" unceasing cry.
When on these things I silent muse,
Mine eyes their copious floods diffuse ;
For with the multitude I went
To hymn thy praise with glad intent,
And 'neath thy temple's sacred wall
To keep the solemn festival,
Why sink, my soul, in deep distress,
While cares afflict and foes oppress ?
I yet will in my God rejoice,
His praise shall swell my raptur'd voice :
His love hath been, and e'er shall be,
A fortress, a defence for me.

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THE JUDGMENT. ALMIGHTY JUDGE, how shall poor mortals brook

Thy dreadful gaze on that appalling day, When thou shalt take each man's peculiar book,

Where all his deeds are set in dark array ? I cannot tell how others hope to gain

Their peace and pardon, and deliverance win; Is there one page so free from spot or stain

That their own merits shall absolve their sin ?
My trust shall be, when thou demandest mine,

To let thy holy Gospel speak for me ;
Then wilt thou find all my transgressions thine,
And borne in thine own body on the tree.

HERBERT.

Miscellaneous. GOVERNORS AND THEIR GRAVES AT SIERRA LEONE. -Whilst at Sierra Leone I visited the grave of Denham the traveller, who after bis many wanderings in Central Africa, died a Lieutenant-Colonel and Go. vernor of Sierra Leone. He lies in the new burialground behind the barracks, under a young plumtree ; and beside him lie also three other goveruorsSir Neil Campbell, Col. Lumley, and Major Temple. A house buili by Sir Charles Macarthy, who fell in the Ashantee war, looks down from a neiglıbouring hill on the field of the dead.” Besides the above, General Turner, who lies under the plum-tree in the old burial-ground, is to be added to the list of governors who have died since 1825. Poor Denham, after long braving the climate of Africa, said that his fate was sealed when he was appointed governor here. He then imprudently exchanged his residence from Government House to a wooden building beside the creek, the mud of which at low-water was most offensive. He also took to physicking himself, became soft and fleshy, and gradually sunk under the fever. His grave is covered almost entirely with grass and bushes, and I was obliged to remove them before I could see the simple superstructure of brick and lime raised over the mouldering remains of a traveller of first-rate enterprise. The governors of Sierra Leone have, in general, when they arrived, been men past the meridian of life, and whose constitutions were not sufficiently vigorous to struggle through either form of the seasoning fever—"the lion," the severe attack-or “the jackal," the milder variety of the disease. As I before remarked, they are harassed with excess of duty and responsibility; and also, like most Englishmen, they will not alter their previous habits, and despise the advice of old residents. Thus, Sir Neil Campbell, an officer of high reputation, said to the colonial surgeon, “ Doctor, there are two things which I wish you to do: tell me when I am really in danger, but give me no calomel whatever." A few months after assuming office he was attacked with fever. The surgeon immediately gave him twenty grains of calomel (disguised), and told his honour to keep the house. Next day the surgeon saw him dressed and out walking! But the same night he was laid on his back, and was quickly transferred to the fatal plumtree. The last governor, Major Temple, said, when he arrived in the dry season, “ It is all nonsense to talk of the unhealthiness of Sierra Leone. I have been in much worse in the Greek Islands. The reason why the climate here is so deadly to Englishmen, is to be found entirely in their indolent habits and dissipation.” Accordingly, his honour was very temperate, though formerly he had been a free liver, was of a gross habit, and past fifty years of age. He was very attentive to his duties, was much liked and esteemed, and would have been a great benefactor to the colony

if he had lived. But whether the season was foul or fair, he took exercise in the middle of the day. In the rains he has been known to ride forty or fifty miles with his daughter; and the day before he was taken ill, in the fatal month of August, contrary to all advice, he set out to ride before a tornado, and got drenched to the skin.- Captain Alexander's Narrative of Western Africa.

The AstaRCHS.-Asiarchs, the official designation of the pagan pontiffs of Asia Minor. In the Acts of the Apostles (xix. 31), the Asiarchs are particularly mentioned. In the commotion which Demetrius the silversmith excited at Ephesus, when the citizens were exclaiming, "Great is Diana of the Ephesians !" and the whole city was in confusion, two of St. Paul's companions, Gaius and Aristarchus, natives of Macedonia, were seized by the people, and were dragged into the theatre, St. Paul intended to proceed thither, for the purpose of making a public defence of himself and his iwo friends; but the Christian converts there would not permit him, while "certain of the chief of Asia," or Asiarchs, which is the literal meaning of the word in the original, “ who were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre." From this circumstance, it has been supposed by some that the public games were then celebrating in the theatre; and it is not unlikely that St. Paul and his companions would have been in danger of being thrown by the populace to wild beasts. The Asiarchs united the functions of the magistracy with those of the priesthood; they were entrusted with the care of the temples and sacred edifices; they bad the charge of all religious solemnities, and were ubliged to celebrate at their own charges the public games in honour of the gods. The expense of the office was considerable, and consequently the Asiarchs were always persons of great wealth and reputation. The Asiarchs were selected from the principal provinces and cities of Asia at the commencement of the Asiatic year, or about the autumnal equinox. In proconsular Asia, assemblies were convened in all the towns, from each of which a deputy was sent to a general assembly of the whole; and of ten persons returned to the proconsul, one was appointed by him to the office of Asiarch. The A siarchs wore a crown of gold, and a toga ornamented with gold and purple. They were continued under the Christian emperors, although the games were abolished, and the temples supplanted by churches. “ Sometimes,” says Mr. Arundell, “the dignities of high-priest, and prætor, and Asiarch, were united in the same individual. When St. Polycarp was seized at Smyrna during the celebration of the public games, probably for bearing too faithful a testimony against them, the people tumultuously demanded of Philip the Asiarch that he would let loose a lion to devour the Christian. Philip excused himself, on the ground that the spectacles of the amphitheatre were at an end. This Philip was of Tralles, and united the offices of Asiarch and high-priest. The etymology of the name would lead to the belief that the Asiarch was the governor-in-chief of the province of Asia ; and perhaps in the earlier period of history he might have been so; but latterly he was only a public officer, invested with a dignity partly magisterial, and in part sacerdotal, who presided over the games of a particular province."--Edinburgh Scriptural Guzetteer.

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