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do practically destroy all pastoral responsibility. The but the mass itself has remained unleavened. It could parish of St. Giles in the Fields contains 36,432 im- not be otherwise. And what has been the consemortal souls; that of Bethnal Green, 62,018; and yet quence? First, that there are thousands, nay, bunthe former is still entrusted to the care of three, and the dreds of thousands, who, although baptised with us latter of four, parochial clergymen. Nor are these into the same body, are not only, as we have seen, solitary cases: in St. George's in the East there are without any parochial ministry, and so are not invited 38,505, with two clergymen; in St. Leonard's, Shore- to the house of God, and as the Lord commanded, ditch, 33,000, with two; in Stepney, 51,000, with “compelled to come in from the highways and three; in St. Luke's, 46,642, with two; in St. Mary's, hedges;" but for whom, moreover, there is no room, Whitechapel, 31,100, with one. And taking an average should they desire to come: they cannot, if they of thirty-four parishes, we find the proportion of pas- would, assemble with their brethren, where Christ has tors to their flocks to be one to 15,100. Such is the promised that he will be in the midst and will grant condition of our metropolis. Many of the manufac- their requests; they are aliens of necessity from bis turing and commercial towns are not much less desti- Church. tute. In two parishes in Liverpool there are but four What number of our fellow-subjects are thus exclergymen to 34,000 souls; in Macclesfield, three to cluded from the common blessings of Englishmen and 23,000; in Oldham, four to 32,000; in Leeds, nine to Churchmen, it is as yet impossible to calculate. That 71,000; in Sheffield, the same number to 73,000. In there are many hundreds of thousands is certain and other instances we find large districts (not towns, and notorious. In the absence of accurate statistical intherefore called villages), where, from the discovery of formation with regard to many parts of England, we coal, and other causes, a scattered population has may safely infer something from the facts which have rapidly accumulated, and a flock of ten or fifteen thou- been ascertained and made public by the most meri. sand, dispersed over a surface many miles in extent, torious labours of the Glasgow Church-building Soare still entrusted to a single pastor.

ciety, and especially of their secretary, Mr. Collins. In all these cases our parochial system is little more Of the population of Glasgow, which amounts to about than a delusion; we retain the name and the form, we 240,000, there are, it appears, above 90,000 who, from call the incumbents the pastors of the whole flock-they age and circumstances, might attend church, but for are charged by the bishop with the spiritual care of the whom no accommodation could be found in any place whole; but in the sight of God and man they are not, of worship whatever; although all, both of the papists and cannot be, responsible for the performance of im- and of all Protestant sects, Socinians included, and possibilities. They are the ministers of their own even of the Jews, should be thronged to the utmost. churches--they are the heads, too, of a sort of mission, In this city, therefore, ninety churches at least, for bound to labour according to their power for the spi- one thousand persons each, would be requisite, in ritual good of the multitudes around them; but to order to offer access to all. require that they should penetrate the mass, and Such is the state of one district, where inquiries become personally acquainted with the thousands who have been made. Have we any reason to believe that compose it, that they should distinguish the several the spiritual wants of our own manufacturers are more characters of those committed to their care, should fully provided? We find that in and round Birmingwarn the careless, should reprove the gainsayers, ham there are 101,292 immortal beings, who could should build up the weak, should direct the inexpe- not, if they would, attend the house of God. At rienced, -in short, that they should duly exercise the Leeds, only 14,393 out of 123,393 can find room in pastoral care, would be extravagant. The people

the churches. At Manchester, about the same proaccordingly do not, and cannot, regard them as their portion ; at Sheffield, one-ninth ; at Wolverhampton, appointed pastors. They feel themselves to be as one-fifth; and this seems about the average of the sheep without a shepherd, and have generally no other great manufacturing towns. In London, meanwhile, notion of the very nature of a parish, than that it is a there are thirty-four parishes, in which alone there are district relieving its own poor.

756,754 beyond the capabilities of the existing churches; There has been, until very recently, only the erec- and, if we calculate that one-half of a city population tion of proprietary chapels, and the labours of pious ought to attend church (an estimate very low, in the individuals and societies. That a considerable amount opinion of those who have most accurately inquired of good has resulted from these means is unquestion- into the habits of a town population), we need churchable; without them our state would have been worse room for 378,477, or more than 378 new churches, for than it is; but they are palliatives, not remedies of a 1000 each, in order to supply the deficiency. disease, which, if not radically cured, must in the end be fatal. If we suffer ourselves to account them an

The Cabinet. effectual cure, we do but deceive ourselves to our ruin, and change them from a good into an evil. They can

The Heart." Blessed are the pure in heart, for

they shall see God." The heart on which our Lord but be palliatives, because, from the necessity of the

here pronounces a blessing, is an heart that is not only case, they have been directed by an imperfect principle. inclined to God, but to him only, and to nothing else Chapels have been erected, indeed, and congregations but in obedience and subordination to him. An heart gathered, but no account has been taken of those who that really loves God above all things else, and all remain behind. We have seen only what is done, not

other things only for his sake; an heart that is always what remains undone; and the result has been, that

flaming up to heaven, in ardent and fervent desires to

please and honour God in time, and to enjoy him for one here, and another there, has been snatched from ever ; an heart that sanctifies the Lord of hosts himthe surrounding mass of ignorance and profaneness, self, making him its only fear and only dread; an

BY CHARLES BAYLY.

Frume.

heart that is never afraid of evil tidings, but is always hand of the owner, out of sight. The time present, fixed, trusting in the Lord; an heart that is continually that is a vanishing, a running hour, nay, less, a flying rejoicing in the Lord, whether it bath or hath not any minute, as good as nothing. The time to come, that's thing else to rejoice in; an heart that prefers the uncertain; the evening sun may see us dead. Lord, least duty to the greatest gain, and the greatest suf- therefore, in this hour make me sure of thee; for in fering before the least sin; an heart that is never the next, I am not sure of myself. -- Lucas's Divine shakeu either by hopes or fears, but remains stedfast Breathings. and immovable as a rock, whether the sun shines, or tempests beat on it; an heart that is sound in the faith, submissive to the will, obedient to the law, con

Poetry. stant in the service, and zealous in the glory of God; but meek, and humble, and kind, and gentle, and true, TO A LADY, ON THE DEATII OF A FRIEND. and just, and charitable, towards others; in short, an heart that exercises itself to have always a “conscience void of offence towards God and towards man."

(For the Church of England Magazine.) Bishop Beveridge.

On, do not weep, though life is frail, The CHRISTIAN'S GAIN. - How delightful a thing And death takes those we love away; it is to count, and not to count but feel, the Christian's Grief for the dead cannot avail, gains--faith and fidelity, peace with God through

But Faith points out a brighter day. Christ, a renewed will, increasing love, and a hope full of immortality! And how short is the time of Whe in the midst of youth and health, our suffering ! if upon the whole we do suffer, and are

We see some lov'd one droop and die, not richly compensated, even here, in every condition, by the afore-named advantages. Go on, knowing

How mean appears the pomp of wealth ! whom you have chosen; and let neither your own

How dearer far the mourner's sigh! weakness, nor the frowns of the world, terrify you :

Oh, then, when earth can yield no more, Christ will have his grace exalted in opposition to all discouraging, unbelieving thoughts from the former;

When nature bends to nature's God, and a faithful acceptance of it, and establishment in May we his mercy still adore, it, will make you victorious over the latter. --Rev. T. And humbly bow beneath his rod! Adam, of Wintringham.

Nor let us wish to stay on earth TEMPTATION.-Whenever a companion of the mo

The spirit from its native skies, ment wishes us to do what suits or pleases him, however objectionable we may think it, or it really is, the

But joying in its second birth, constant observation from the persuader is, that it will

Believe that God's decrees are wise. do no harm; that it is not wrong; that no evil will follow from it; that it will be gratifying; that it will be beneficial: whether it is to take liquors or food that we think we ought not, or to join in any scheme or action

PRAY WITHOUT CEASING.* that we disapprove of, or that is forbidden to us.

Go when the morning shineth, Every solicitation of this sort is a temptation to us, and is meant to have an inducing effect. Temptations

Go when the noon is bright, in this shape occur almost every day, and we have Go when the eve declineth, always to resist them at every opportunity. Every

Go in the hush of night; pleasure is a temptation, and instead of yielding to its

Go with pure mind and feeling, persuasion, we must learn to persist in acting as we ihink or know to be more proper. In this respect we

Fling earthly thoughts away, are all tempters to each other-sometimes fatally so,

And in thy chamber kneeling, even with much good meaning. All human beings

Do thou in secret pray. must therefore be trained to hear a tempter's voice, and to endure his persuasions, without being influ

Remember all who love theeenced by them to do what we ought not.-Sacred His

All who are lov'd by thee; tory of the World, by Sharon Turner.

Pray, too, for those who hate thee, A Godly Home. - O great, unspeakable, is the

If any such there be; blessedness of a godly home. Here is the cradle of Then for thyself in meekness the Christian; hence he sallies forth for encounter

A blessing humbly claim, with the world, armed at all points, disciplined in all And link with each petition the means of resistance, and full of hope of victory

Thy dear Redeemer's name. under his heavenly Leader. Hither he ever afterwards turns a dutiful and affectionate look, regarding it as

Or if 'tis here denied thee the type and pledge of another home; and hither,

In solitude to pray ; when sore wounded in that conflict, he resorts to repair his drooping vigour; and here, when aban

Should holy thoughts come o'er thee, doned by the selfish sons of this world, he finds, as in

When friends are round thy way, a sanctuary, the children of God ready with open arms E'en then the silent breathing to receive him ; and here, the returning prodigal, en

Of thy spirit rais'd above folded in the embrace of those who know not, dream

Will reach His throne of glory, not, of the infirmities of the world with which he has been mixing, feels all at once his heart burst with

Who is mercy, truth, and love. shame and repentance. Merciful God, what a city of

O, not a joy or blessing refuge hast thou ordained in the Christian home!

With this can we compare, Rev. R. W. Evans.

The power that He has given us Tue VANITY OF Human Life.-Good Lord, what a

To pour our souls in prayer. shadow is the life of man! what a nothing is it! The tiine past, that's nothing ; just like a bird fled from the

. From the Hampshire Advertiser.

ment.

Whene'er thou pin'st in sadness,

power of self-righteousness and self.complacency in Before his footstool fall;

man, when comparing himself with others, rather than And remember in thy gladness

with the standard of the Gospel, is strongly evinced

in the following fact, related by Mrs. Farrar:-" The His grace who gave thee all.

Parsee servant of a gentleman with whom we were acquainted, was, upon one occasion, very attentive to

Mr. Farrar's preaching, and remained the greater Miscellaneous.

part of the day in the room where Mr. Farrar was PARSEES.—The Parsees are a numerous body, re- addressing successive parties of Hindoos. His massident in the Bombay presidency. They profess the ter, pleased to observe this, asked him what he thought religion of Zoroaster, and are consequently worship of the preaching: upon which he observed, that it was pers of fire; but, like many others, they conform, in all very true and very good. A hope was then exsome measure, to the usages of different religions pressed that he would profit by what he had heard : around them. Mrs. Farrar, now on a visit to this to which the Parsee replied: Master, what for I country with her husband, the Rev. C. P. Farrar, want to profit? I not say prayer to stone god and writes as follows concerning their general character: monkeys, like poor foolish Hindoo.'”—The Parsees -" There are only one or two individual Parsees at are very jealous of their burying-places, to which they Nassuck: the largest bodies of them are congregated attach a religious reverence. The one near Bombay, at Surat and Bombay. They are a busy, enterprising, a model of which is in the possession of the Royal and thriving people : they deserve the praise of pro- Asiatic Society, is calculated to receive the bodies of viding for their own pocr; so that a Parsee street- thirty-five men, thirty-five women, and thirty-five beggar is rarely met with. They are generally en- children: its circumference at the base is 175 feet, gaged in mercantile pursuits, in ship-building, and and at the top 170 feet. It is open at the top. various kinds of handicraft. Some of their merchants Within is a kind of circular platform, divided into are very wealthy; and many of their artisans display three rows; the outermost for the reception of men, great skill in the higher branches of the art of cabinet- the next for women, the inner one for children. As making. Many of them find employment as head this platform is exposed to the atmosphere, the sun, servants in the families of gentlemen in the civil and and the rain, the human remains are carried off into military services, where they exercise the functions the well in the centre; at the sides of which are doors of an English housekeeper; and some of them hold perforated with holes, to carry off putrid matter, and honourable and lucrative situations under govern- also rain; these doors communicate with wells under

Such honourable posts, and their wealth, give ground. Eventually, therefore, nothing remains in them much influence over the llindoos, who, in gene- ihe well but human bones, which fall into it. When ral, fear them, and shew them much outward respect. the well is filled, the cemetery is left, and a new one I have heard the Brabmins greatly laud their gene

is constructed. The door is of iron, with inscriptions rosity and gifts to Hindoo gods and timples. The

on both sides. To the left is a small hole, from which is Hindoos are flattered, too, by their worship of the exhibited what is deemed by the Parsees the sacred sun, and their reverence for the cow, both which are fire.' Thus it is that hundreds and thousands of our objects of adoration with the Hindoo himself. The fellow-creatures, perishing in ignorance and sin, are latter superstition-reverence for the cow—was not at length carried to the house appointeil for all originally a part of the creed of Zoroaster; but when living," while their souls return to give account to his disciples sought refuge upon the shores of India, the Judge of quick and dead.-Missionary Register. the condition of abstaining from beef was imposed

GRAÇE BEFORE MEALS.-- The most ancient example, upon them by the Hindoo prince who granted them an asylum. Ówing 10 this circumstance, the cow has perhaps, to be met with of a grace, or short prayer

before meat, is at the feast which Ptolemy Philadelphus been reverenced among their generations. The Parsees have the appearance of being more liberal

gave to the seventy-two interpreters; and it is thus minded than other bodies of the native community.

mentioned by Josephus :--"When they were thus sat They are very sociable with Europeans; and readily down, he (viz. Nicanor, who had been appointed by adopt European luxuries, elegancies, entertainments, Ptolemy) bade Dorotheus attend to all those that

were come to him from Judea after the manner they equipages, and other modes of display. I have heard

used to be ministered to in their own country. For of one or more Parsee gentlemen, who had sent their sons for education to England; and of one gentleman,

which cause he sent away their sacred heralds, and

those that slew the sacrifices, and the rest that used who was anxious to bestow education, or rather accomplishments, upon his daughter : but I am sorry to

to say grace; but called to one of those that were add, from Christianity they stand completely aloof;

come to him, whose name was Eleazer, a priest, and

desired him to say grace, who then stood in the midst worldly. mindedness, the love of gain, the love of pleasure, surround them, like other lieathen, with, lumanly the king, and those that were his subjects. There

of them, and prayed, . That all prosperity might attend speaking, an impregnable barrier. They seem ready

upon an acclamation was made by the whole company; enough to patronise the follies and superstitions of

and when that was over, they began to sup.' The the nations among whom they dwell. I bave known

next example we have is the practice of the Essenes, them to bring votive offerings to the shrine of the Virgin Mary upon the hill at Bandura; but pure

both before and after meat, related in Josephus's

" Jewish War;" and the next is that of our Saviour, religion and undefiled' appears to have no attractions

Mark, viii. 6. And we have also a form of grace or for them. I have seen them assemble in large numbers to worship the setting sun. Every individual,

prayer for Christians at the end of the fifth book of or head of a family, must keep up a sacred fire in his

the Apostolical Constitutions, which seems to have

been intended both for before and after meat. dwelling; and, on certain festivals, they worship divers kinds of fires—fires, I suppose, produced from various kinds of combustibles. To extinguish fire is thought a great sin or misfortune; on which account

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, some Parsee servants are very unwilling to snuff a

Portran Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St.

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town candle, lest they should accidentally put it out. They and Country. suppose the world, and individuals, to be under the influence of a good and of an evil principle. They wear next the skin a garment which is never removed,

PRINTED BY till, of its own accord, it decays, and drops off.” The

ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 16 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.

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sure, the

THE BENEFITS OF CHURCH PSALMODY;

rupt and sensual passions of mankind. That WITH HINTS FOR ITS IMPROVEMENT.

God, who is the “lover of concord,” hath

“shewed us a more excellent way" of emBY THE Rev. John Eden, B.D.

ploying this great talent. His gracious purVicar of St. Nicholas, Bristol,

pose in bestowing it was, that it should be II.

conducive to the solemnity of public worship, It was the wisdom of the English Church, to the earnestness of our supplications, to when she reformed her doctrine and disci- the fervour of our thanksgivings. And who pline, to retain instrumental melody, that no- among us has not experienced, in some meable and primitive part of public worship; and

potency of sweet sounds, when assothough, at a subsequent period, the sour and ciated with appropriate sentiments, in procold-hearted fanaticism of the Puritans at- ducing these happy effects? Who has not tempted utterly to banish it from the Jand, felt the holy influence of music in tranquil. yet it has been happily preserved to us, and lising the breast, and in preparing it for the our temples still echo to the sound of the sacred duty of prayer ? Who has not known organ, as well as to the voice of sacred song. its power in withdrawing the thoughts from Had these wretched and infatuated men, to earthly objects, and lifting them up to an inwhom I have alluded, been able to accom- tercourse with heaven? Who has not found plish their full purpose; had they, as one its efficacy in reviving the languid affections, step in their progress, destroyed every organ in renewing the energies of devotion, in givin the kingdom, we might, at least with ing fresh life and vigour to the exhausted respect to this beautiful science of church- spirits ? Who of us is not so painfully conmusic, have been at the present moment in a scious of the deadening effects of his ordinary state of comparative barbarism. Whilst we worldly occupations, as to rejoice in cherishare congratulating ourselves on this happy | ing any influence which may be of a counterescape from the effects of their ignorance and acting character? Who has not so often felt bigotry, we should remember that the most my soul cleaveth to the dust," as to hail expressive way of shewing our gratitude for any expedient which may help (even though it, is to cherish and improve the blessing thus it be only transient) to raise up his soul preserved to us, and to honour our holy tem- from that prostrate state, and carry it heaples, and our pure and scriptural liturgy, by venwards ? Now, there is nothing which a punctual and devout attendance upon them. does this so directly as divine music; and it It is evident, then, from the view which we would be well if, sometimes, when we are have taken of this sublime subject, that the joining in this part of our worship, and feel. benevolent Author of our being hath im- ing strongly its elevating power upon ourplanted in our breasts a love of harmony for selves, lifting up our minds to high and heavery high and dignified purposes, and that venly things we would lift up a secret asthey shamefully abuse this admirable gift of piration to God, that he would continually Heaven, who compel it to minister to the cor- keep us in this frame; and that if these VOL. VII.—NO. CXCVI.

(London : Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]

сс

delightful sounds cannot always vibrate on celestial fountain yieldeth.” And the same our ear, the heavenly emotions that attend admirable apologist of the Church of England them may remain, or never completely die goes on to observe, that she desires to make away. Might we not also, occasionally, in the Psalms “especially familiar" to all, bethe midst of worldly business, and when we cause of their transcendent excellence. This find our heart (as the Scripture speaks) is the very reason why she repeats the Psalms "going after our covetousness," might we more frequently than any other portion of not go back to some late occasion fresh in the word of God; why she accustoms the our recollection, when our voice blended with people together with the minister alone to the sounds of the organ, and we joined in repeat them, as he doth the other parts of imagination and in desire with the songs of Scripture.

is As the first Psalm," says a angels that are around the throne of God ? living author of a metrical version of the At all events, if we cannot thus beneficially Psalms, conveys the blessing of God to summon up impressions of divine harmony man, so the last offers the blessing of man that are gone, we may make an important to God. It calls on all his intelligent creareligious use of it when it is present, and tures, nay, on all that have ‘breath,' to unite immediately acting upon us.

in praising Him in his sanctuary upon earth, It has been affirmed that the bite of some and in his firmament above, for his external poisonous reptiles may be cured by the sound acts and for his essential greatness - to emof musical instruments: whether this be merely ploy all instruments in his service, to call in fabulous or no, it is most certain that the in the aid of music and song; and, in short, to fluence of evil spirits and malignant passions omit no expedient by which we may be enhas been suspended and assuaged by the abled to perform that most noble act which power of music. Of this we have an eminent can be performed by any creature, the act of instance recorded in the life of the royal giving glory to the God who made him.” Psalmist. “It came to pass, when the evil It will be acknowledged that nothing can spirit from God was upon Saul, that David be more impressive or affecting than the union took an harp and played with his hand ; so of a multitude of voices harmoniously and deSaul was refreshed and was well, and the evil voutly singing the praises of the Almighty. spirit departed from him." And here I may The delight imparted by such a scene as this properly observe, that as the association of is like a foretaste of that joy which will be particular airs with certain words or senti- the portion of those who stand before the ments, is apt to fix them more firmly in the throne and before the Lamb, saying (with a memory and to carry them more deeply into loud voice), “Worthy is the Lamb that was the heart, it becomes most desirable that the slain to receive power, and riches, and wisexpression of our profoundest reverence to- dom, and strength, and blessing. Blessing, wards God, and our most affectionate con- honour, glory, and power, be unto Him that cerns for our neighbour, should be connected sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb with the simplest and most intelligible airs or for ever and ever.” If such, then, be the melodies. And where shall we find airs more combined effect of many voices uniting in natural and impressive than many of those sacred harmony; if this holy exercise be notunes and chants which have been framed thing less than a training, a rehearsal for the for the use of our cathedral and parochial minstrelsy of heaven, how highly do they apworship? or where shall we meet with words prove themselves in the sight of God, and or sentiments more suitable to them than in of his Church, who, by the exertion of supethe book of Psalms ? For this reason the rior musical powers, become instrumental in Church has embodied them in the liturgy the improvement of their fellow-worshippers, (pointed as they are to be sung in churches), inspiring them with a portion of their own and has also sanctioned the use of them in a spirit, and fitting them to bear a part in the metrical form adapted to musical composition choral songs of Sion. In this particular the of a different kind; fully persuaded, as the zeal of other reformed churches may well be admirable Hooker speaks, " that there is no- proposed to our imitation. The Lutheran thing necessary for man to know, which the churches, in particular, are assiduous in the Psalms are not able to teach. Heroic mag- cultivation of sacred music. An eminent nanimity, exquisite justice, grave modera- Swedish professor has stated that he has had tion, exact wisdom, repentance unfeigned, a class of two hundred persons at one time, unwearied patience, the mysteries of God, the and some among them of the highest ranks sufferings of Christ, the terrors of wrath, the in society, who thought it no degradation to comforts of grace, the works of providence associate with persons of much humbler conover this world, and the promised joys of the dition than themselves in the practice of world which is to come-all good necessary to sacred music, and in preparing themselves be either known, or done, or had, that this one for the public service of God.

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