Imatges de pÓgina
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the conviction, that they have neglected to ments of literature and science, are comprework out their salvation while it was yet hended in this concise sentence, “a dark called to-day, and by the retrospect of the place !" One “light” only is spoken of; warnings to flee from the wrath to come and that extinguished, all would be involved which they slighted, and of the many invita- in one mass of confusion and darkness. A tions to be gathered under the wing of the little consideration will shew that this would Saviour which they persisted in refusing. be strictly true. We are told that “the The "convenient season ” which they pro- world by wisdom knows not God" (1 Cor. i. mised themselves never arrived. The tree 21). Reason can cast no light upon the falls, and there it lies; the door of mercy is inscrutable judgments and providences of now shut; and the pearl of great price, once God, nor “find him out by” the strictest so frequently offered to their acceptance, for “ searching." It cannot unfold to us the ever hid from their eyes. 0, may the result mystery of our actual existence, or give us of these considerations be, to ponder upon information respecting man's past history or the blessings we are now enjoying, to weigh | future destiny. The mind of man may inthem more carefully, and by thus ascertain deed theorise and reason, may assist his reing, in a degree, their worth, to prize them searches after knowledge, but the light it more and more highly.

affords is but feeble; a faint glimmering, Now, of all the blessings we possess, what when compared to that pure and steady ray, do we deem the most valuable ? Doubtless which faith sheds upon our path. Reason the answers to this question will be various, can conjecture, and speak of probabilities according to the leanings of the mind: one and consistencies ; while the confidence of may be influenced by pleasure, another by a well-grounded faith produces assurances, ambition or interest. But a moment's reflec- promises, certainties. We may see the diftion will suggest the awful truth contained in ference of the operations of reason and faith that question of our Saviour's, “What is a in the following examples :- The nobleman man profited, if he gain the whole world, and of whom we read in 2 Kings, vii., could not lose his own soul ?" Therefore we must con- receive the truth spoken by Elisha, that on clude, that any thing that concerns the soul, the morrow a measure of fine flour should which must exist for ever, either in a state be sold for a shekel, because such an extraof ineffable felicity or of inconceivable mi- ordinary circumstance could not be reconsery, ought and must obtain the highest place ciled to the finite comprehension and reason in our affections, and be ranked paramount of man. The conduct of Zacharias also to every other consideration, as most valu- (Luke, i.), and the cry of the Israelites, “ Can able, and of an importance which it is impos- God furnish a table in the wilderness ?” sible to estimate.

(Ps. Ixxviii. 19), afford instances of the inAs there is only one name given under clination of the human heart to look to exheaven whereby we may be saved, so also ternal circumstances, and to measure God's there is only one means instituted by which power with our own ideas of possibility. On we may obtain either the knowledge of that the contrary, faith feels that nothing is too "name," of ourselves as lost, or of that won- hard for God (Jer. xxxii. 17); “ Hath he drous scheme of free and sovereign grace, said, and shall he not do it? or hath he which it reveals "in the redemption of the spoken, and shall he not make it good ?" world by our Lord Jesus Christ.” By con- With God all things are possible. "Behold sidering the character and effects of the the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me Bible, we shall see something of the beauty according to thy word” (Luke, i, 38). Our and force of that expression of David's, Saviour has given us an example, that we " Thy word is a light;" and by pursuing the should follow his steps. We may see him, plan which has been adopted with reference then, surrounded by his enemies, and in a to the mercies previously mentioned, we shall situation which, to the human eye, was hopebe enabled to form a higher and more accu- less ; but what is his language to Pilate? rate idea of the preciousness of its sacred “Thou couldest have no power at all against pages, and of the great value of those oppor- me, except it were given thee from above tunities of becoming acquainted with its eter- (John, xix. 11). What is the condition of nal truths which we so richly enjoy.

the heathen ? Is not their situation well St. Peter, in speaking of the word of God, defined by Scripture, when they are said to says, " Ye do well to take heed unto it, as “sit in darkness and the shadow of death ?", unto a light that shineth in a dark place' The work of the law, indeed, " is written in (2 Pet. i. 19). How mortifying an expres- their hearts, their conscience also bearing sion to the human heart! what a blow to them witness, and their thoughts the mean “fleshly wisdom,” to think that all the plea- while accusing or else excusing one another" sures, refinements, yea even the high attain- (Rom. ii. 15); but this is all they possess.

Now we may conclude that the sons of truths which constitute wisdom, and the only Noah, by whom the whole earth was over- source from whence we may derive comfort spread, were believers, from the circumstance and support under the painful occurrences of of their profiting by the advice of their this transient scene : so that by receiving father, that “preacher of righteousness," to these truths in their fulness, and placing escape the coming destruction by entering them as the foundation of our plan, we may the ark. Is it not, therefore, probable that then proceed to raise the superstructure, they would impart the knowledge of the true which shall stand firm amid all the storms God, and the wondrous things he had done for and trials of life, “ for it was founded upon them, to "their children, that their posterity a rock.”

S. S. might also know it, and the children which were yet unborn ?" Such undoubtedly were their endeavours; but what a lamentable MEMOIR OF BISHOP CHASE. proof does the present state of the world

[Continued from Number CLXXXIX.) afford, of the tendency of the human heart to degenerate, to turn back, and to "start

The succeeding June, 1818, being the time specified

by the constitution for the meeting of the convention, aside like a broken bow !"

it was very generally attended, and a bishop was, What imagination can apprehend the dread- under an existing canon of the general convention, ful state of those who, in distant lands, are

unanimously elected. His consecration took place in totally ignorant of God, and strangers to

the following February, 1819. From this time a new

era commenced, of labour and care. The newlyChrist, the hope of glory? Subject to the formed parishes were nearly all visited. Other memevils attending a life of sin, and yet uncon- bers of our communion were sought out and found in scious of the cause of their misery, or of the

the woods; and considerable numbers, who had never remedy which has been brought in by the professed any sense of religion, were disposed, by the

grace of God, in the preaching of the word, and the Gospel, they know not Him who comforteth

administration of the ordinances, to forsake their sins, in affliction, and who can bestow strength and join the body of the faithful. and aid in every time of need ; and thus Our clergy this year consisted of the Rev. Mr.

Searle in the north; the Rev. Mr. Johnston, of Cincinthey travel onward, and find this "vale be

nati ; the Rev. Dr. Doddridge, of Virginia, officiating low” not only one “ of tears,” but one also as a missionary a part of the time in the state ; and of darkness; for no bright ray illumines them, the Rev. Mr. J. Morse, whom, in June, I admitted to to cheer, to solace, or to guide their way. the holy order of the priesthood; and by these, all our After considering the condition of the hea- parishes, however distant and scattered, were to be

sustained. This work, though difficult, was attempted. then, we should, perhaps, be inclined to attri

In March, 1820, came into the diocese my son bute the atrocities so frequently committed Philander, a candidate for holy orders, who was orby them to the absence of civilisation'; and dained the following June. Taking charge of a school, doubtless we should proceed to remedy the be assisted me in parochial duty, and thus enabled me

to be more extensively useful to my beloved people defect, by introducing a system of our own, througliout the state. independent of religion (which we should The labours of the past year were continued with deem a secondary object), by enlightening renewed vigour through this of 1820. Cheered by the the mind, to check the commission of crime. foud hope, and relying on the promises of God to his

Church, that he would raise up and send forth labourers But how futile would be the knowledge we

into his vineyard, we went on in our exertions to susshould impart, and the sciences that we should tain and keep together our infant parishes; and though encourage, in accomplishing the end designed! some of them were permitted to enjoy the ministration It is unnecessary to tell a husbandman how of a clergyman but once or twice in the year, yet even

that was attended with such evident blessings as for a to plant a tree; and yet how often do we

while to keep them from desponding. act, in a case somewhat similar, though of The only way of visiting the infant settlements is infinitely greater importance, in direct oppo- on horseback; and in 1820 I travelled in that way 1271 sition to the truth, ihat “the branches bear miles, and performed Divine service and preached not the root, but the root the branches." eighty-two times, besides attending the sick, the dying,

and the afflicted. “ The fear of the Lord is the beginning of In performing this almost cortinual and fatiguing wisdom;" and all education in which religion duty, it is no wonder that I found my constitution imis not made the basis of the scheme, will paired and my voice almost gone. In consequence of a house built upon the sand,” and

the view 1 presented to the convention of the spiritual prove as

wants of the diocese, they authorised me to prepare which must consequently meet with "the and transmit to the several bishops of the United great fall,” which such an absurd building States an address, setting forth the great necessities would inevitably sustain. On the contrary,

of the Church within the diocese of Ohio, and soliciting the knowledge of God and of his glorious The statement I drew up was in substance as follows:

their aid in procuring missionaries to reside therein. attributes, as obtained not by the poor de- The map of Ohio will shew the extent of our charge. ductions of reason, but as developed in the Our extreme parishes, as those of Cincinnati and AshBible; the lost condition of man by na

tabula, are distant each from the other nearly 300 ture, and his restoration by Jesus Christ, and miles. In other directions the distance is not much

less. the operation of the Holy Ghost; are the On this vast surface our settlements are thinly scata tered, and among these settlements are mingled the hopeless solitude. But the Lord hitherto hath helped. members of our primitive Church. Having emigrated their faith in the expected relief which this instrufrom places where the pleasant things of Zion were ment implores, has as yet borne up their spirits. “We freely and in abundance ministered, they remember will make this effort," say we, “and God of his mercy their past enjoyments as hungry persons think on their will smile on us." The fathers of our common Church, former feasts of plenty. In this situation they sit like the chief labourers in Christ's vineyard, will not suffer the captive Israelites by the muddy waters of the this rose in the West, which God's own right hand hath Euphrates' stream, waiting with sighs and tears for planted, to be blasted in its bud; its beauty to fade redemption to the Church of God, for that blessed thus untimely, and its fragrance to cease from us for time when the word and sacraments can, with any ever. They will, under God, send forth labourers, thing like constancy, be ministered among them. faithful ministers; they will incite their people to give

Besides innumerable individuals dispersed through- liberally of their abundance; and we yet shall see the out our state, there are forty-eight places containing prosperity of our beloved Zion. our little flocks, mostly in circumstances similar to the With prayers the most sincere, I commit the event above: these I have hitherto visited once a-year. I of this address to the wisdom, the goodness, and mercy have witnessed their joy at meeting, and their grief at of Him, who, to found and erect a kingdom here on parting; their ardent inquiries when faithful ministers earth, shed his precious blood for us. Whatever this would be settled amongst them, almost every where event may be, whether prosperous or adverse, I humbly repeated, have sunk deep into my heart.

implore his divine grace to make nic subinissive to Our parishes and places of holding Divine service are his holy will and pleasure. mostly distant from each other from fifteen to sixty miles; and the amount of parocliial services is hardly so much The result of this application in a pecuniary point as the inadequacy of five clergymen to support them all: of view was too favourable to be passed over in silence. though these are faithful, 1 fear beyond their strength, Three thousand dollars were collected for the support yet what are they among so many congregations, and of such clergymen as might be induced to exercise at such distances ? To keep from ecclesiastical ex- their ministry in Ohio. Withi sentiments of sincere tinction the little flocks already formed, they have in gratitude to God and man, we received the bounty, many instances encompassed so great a field of duty, fully purposed to spend as little of it in the support that before they have finished their circuit, their of the clergy already in the state, and to reserve as former labours are no more seen; their fences against much to defray the expenses of other missionaries, error are thrown down, the weeds of sin are grown, and whom we might induce to come among us, as possible. their whole ground is laid waste. Too often have 1 Accordingly our prayers were renewed with redoubled witnessed this with mine own eyes; too often have I earnestness, and through every channel that promised seen the lambs of the fold devoured because a shepherd success, to our eastern brethren, for some faithful was too far distant to hear their cries. What must labourers to come over and help us. The Rev. Spencer be my feelings, under such circumstances, the beat- Wall this spring appeared among us, and gave hopes ings of your own bosoms, as you read this, can best of some assistance; but the excessive fatigue obliged express.

him soon after to leave the diocese, to the great regret In doing the duty above alluded to, I have found the of the parishes which had indulged hopes of his minislabours of a missionary inseparable from those of the trations, episcopate ; and to a person of my age, this assemblage Other disappointments followed, one after the other, of fatigue is more than can be borne. Incessant till the time of the convention of June, 1823. speaking in private, as well as in public, in teaching All our clergy residing in the state (six only in the rudimenis of Christianity to the young, in explain number) were present at this convention. Though ing and defending the first principles of our religion cheered by Gou's grace, and I hope supported by his to the ignorant opposer, have already much impaired Spirit, we had but a gloomy prospect before us. my general health ; and should this state of ihings Too well was it known among us, that some of our continue, to all human view, my strength will soon be parishes had, by reason of a want of any thing like brought down in my journey, and my days will be constant ministrations, become discouraged, and had shortened.

ceased to be : others had complained that the promises So circumstanced, where can I, under Divine Pro- of missionaries had not been fulfilled; that they had vidence, look for aid in the arduous work assigned me, kept together under the benefits of lay reading; but but to you, my brethren in the Lord ? Think not, I that unless some new hope should arise, they could not entreat you, that I do this without due consideration. do so much longer. By what is in print, I am apprised of your wants among Addeıl to the complaints of the destitute laity, we your own flocks, I see the need you have to apply had mutually to endure those of the clergy. Their your own resources at home; but wants, as well as labours were more than the human constitucion could riches, are relative,--they are small or great only by reasonably bear. Their parishes and places of preachcomparison. A family may be in want, and charity | ing were so distant; their travelling, in most seasons should begin at home; but if a neighbour be dying of the year, so bad; and the pressing importunities to for want of relief, who can refuse that relief and be officiate so frequent, that not only all opportunities of innocent?

study and improvement were cut off, but their famiThis, in the eyes of all reflecting persons, is our lies were suffering for things needful and necessary.

Our parishes and people are too dismembered "When,” said they, “shall we have that assistance and too poor to maintain qualified ministers of the from our brethren in the East which we had hoped tor, word and sacraments. They have made their efforts and which our distressed condition, and the very existaccording to their utmost ability, and they find all is ence of the Church as a diocese, so imperiously demand ! insufficient. Should they be suffered to fail in the After so long a period has elapsed since the aliectiondiocese, what will remain of the Church in the West ? ate and supplicant appeal was made for missionary aid, - they will soon disperse. No funds-no clergy-and and after so many have been ordained to the ministry, soon no people. Thus, even should prosperous days is there not one found who is willing to encounter return, there will be no foundation on which to build what we have encountered for the glory of God in the a future superstructure. Seeing so little hopes of good of the Church? If we are to wait till all the fostering our little flocks, which we had formed in the Atlantic states are supplied with clergymen, does not wilderness, even some of our few clergy began to think the increasing state of the Church there not only of removing to more flourishing regions, and leaving bedim but for ever extinguish the eye of liope here, the rest to mourn out their days in useless efforts and that any will ever come from thence? And this befing the case, who will supply our places when we are consideration was deemed sufficient to warrant an gone, to say nothing of the numerous parishes unsup- appeal to Great Britain for assistance in this important plied? So poor are we, in such confined and uncom- undertaking The interesting attitude which the fortable dwellings to the most of us reside, so scanty General Theological Institution had assumed in being so are our libraries, and so incessantly engaged are we in harmoniously established in New York, and the pressing parochial and missionary duties, that we can neither and peculiar demands which she had for all the aid of assist, nor direct, nor teach the young men who apply episcopalians in the Atlantic states, forbade us to apply to us for orders, though they are not a few. If the to them. Generous as they had been to us, we could qualifications for the ministry are kept up to their never think of soliciting their beneficence while their present standard (and we pray that they may ever be own institution required all their means. Under these so), hy what, except a miracle, can we be supplied with circumstances, and thus situated, we turned our eyes clergymen ?"

case.

to the land of our fathers,—to that land whose enThe only answer to this question was given by | lightened inhabitants are spreading the glorious Gospel stating the imperious necessity of having an institution throughout a benighted world. Could men who were for the education of young men for the ministry among suffering so many privations, who were worn with fathose who are to be benefited by their labours. tigue and dejected in spirit,—who were strangers to

Bishop Brown, in a letter to me on this subject, all political considerations but such as they had learned emphatically says_“Your clergy must be sons of the from their Bibles,-could they be censured for a measure soil: a mission to the Western Ocean Islands does not which naturally arose from the truth, that all Christians more require an adaptation of character to circum- are brethren, of whatever nation they may be? stances in the ministry, than an effectual propagation A mission to England was therefore decided upon ; of the Gospel, according to the doctrine and discipline and when my son, who was appointed to make the of our Church, in the western territory of the United application, so far failed in his already very infirm States. Wales must not more of necessity have clergy- health as to give up all hopes of his ability, the last men who are Welshmen, than Ohio, Illinois, &c., resort, as conceded by all, was for myself to go. Comclergymen who by early training and habit are ca- mitting my beloved people to the care and protection pable of assimilation to the character of thcir inha- of almiglity God, and begging their prayers in my bitants generally, and of enduring the travel and behalf, I left my home in Ohio on the 4th of August, exposure of their woods and hills."

1823, and after a journey of more than 800 miles, The missionary Baldwin, in his powerful appeal, arrived on the 16th of September in Kingston, New speaks thus:-" The planting of a Church in any York, designed as the place of residence for my family country must be by foreign ministers; but the watering during my absence in Europe. of a Church therein, its preservation and increase, I carried in my hand a document from the presmust be by the labours of domestic ministers, men

and deacons of the diocese of Ohio, in which who have been brought up and educated in the country they stated, that it was upon the impulse of hard newbere the Church exists." He urges the establish- cessity they had deputed me as their representative ment of a general theological seminary, and considers to appeal to the mother country, and in which they the diocese of Ohio the most eligible situation, and most affectionately and piously committed me to the that 50,000 dollars would be requisite to carry the guardianship and blessing of almighty God, and introplans into effect. If, therefore, a seminary should be duced me to the English public. erected for the diocese of Ohio in the first instance, it Many letters, both from clergy and laity, expressing might be capable of extension hereafter.

prayers and blessings on my errand, met me on my • The institution,” says Mr. Baldwin," might be a arrival in New York, especially one from Dr. Ravensperennial spring. Look on the map of America, and croft, the Bishop of North Carolina, which bore the compare the western states—Transalpine America” most gratifying testimony to the motives which led to with the rest of our rising empire: observe the faci. the mission, and the great importance of the object lities of intercourse in the mighty rivers that wash the in view. Under such circumstances, my constant and western parts of Pennsylvania, Virginia, the states of fervent prayer was, that I might be directed in the Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Tennessee, Missis- right way; and I embarked at New York for England. sippi, and Louisiana. Suppose a theological seminary

(To be continued.) established near Cincinnati, how great the facilities of visiting it from every part of the western states, and some of the southern! How many and great would be

THE GLORY OF THE GOSPEL. the blessings flowing from it to the numerous people living in those extensive and fertile regions ! From The Gospel is a glorious Gospel, because it is the

Pittsburgh to the mouth of the Ohio is 800 miles, and htlie Mississippi is navigated from its mouth to the

Gospel of the blessed God. There is glory in all the Falls of St. Anthony, a distance of 2000 miles. From

works of God, because they are his; for it is imposthe Missouri also, the Arkansaw, and other large

sible that so great a workman should ever put his rivers, on which our brethren are fixing their habita- hand to an ignoble work. And therefore the prophet tions, behold the numerous people who will, in every David useth his "glory' and his “handiwork” prosucceeding age, receive inestimable benefits from the founding a theological seminary in the West, and you

miscuously for the same thing; “ The heavens dewill see that an institution there will be above all

clare the glory of God, and the firmament sheweth his price."

handiwork," to note that there is an evidence of glory The Rev. Dr. Morse, in a report to the Secretary in every thing which he puts his hand unto. And yet of War of the United States on Indian affairs, estimates the prophet there sheweth that there is more glory in the aborigines now dwelling within the territories of the “law" of his mouth than in the “works" of his the United States at nearly five hundred thousand.

hands. The Lord is better known by Sion, and his Almost the whole body of these Indians lie west of the Alleghany mountains. The increase, therefore, of

name is greater in Israel, than in all the world besides. devout and zealous ministers in the western territory

The more God doth communicate himself unto any is the most direct step towards reclaiming these nu. of his works, the more glorious it is. Now there is merous tribes from the dominion of darkness and sin.

nothing wherein God hath so much put himself, whereOf six thousand persons occupying the state and diocese of Ohio, one-third are emigrants and their

in he may be so fully known, communicated with, families from England, Scotland, and Ireland. This

From Bishop Reynolds on Psalm cx.

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ness.

depended upon, and praised, as in his Gospel. This was the fall of man, that it wanted the infinite and is a glass in which the blessed angels do see and unsearchable wisdom of God himself to find out a admire those unsearchable riches of his mercy to the remedy against it. Church, which they had not by their own observa- We must not, then, look upon God only in Mount tion found out from the immediate view of his glori- Sinai, in his law; but we must acquaint ourselves ous presence. 'In the creatures we have him a God with him in his Son ; we must know him, and whom of power and wisdom, working all things in number, he hath sent, together; there is no fellowship with weight, and measure. In the law we have him a God the Father, except it be with the Son too. We may of vengeance and of recompense; in the publication have the knowledge of his " hand,” that is, of his thereof threatening, and in the execution thereof works, and of his punishments, without Christ: but inflicting, wrath upon those that transgress it. But we cannot have the knowledge of his “ bosom," that in the Gospel we have him a God of bounty and end- is, of his counsels, and of his compassions, nor the less compassion ; humbling himself that he might be knowledge of his image, that is, of his holiness, grace, merciful to his enemies, that he might himself bear and righteousness; nor the knowledge of his presence, the punishments of those injuries which had been that is, of his comforts here, and his glory hereafter, done unto himself, that he might beseech his own pri- but only in and by Christ. We may know God in the soners to be pardoned and reconciled again. In the world, for in the creation is manifest his "eternal creature he is a God above us; in the law he is a power and Godhead.” But this is a barren and fruit. God against us ; only the Gospel he is Immanuel, less knowledge, which will not keep down unrighta God with us, a God like us, a God for us.

eousness ; for the wise men of the world, “when they There is nothing doth declare God so much to be knew God, they glorified him not as God, but became God as his mercy in the Gospel. He is invisible in vain in their imaginations," and held that truth of him, himself; we cannot see him but in his Son. He is which was in the creation revealed, in unrighteousunapproachable in himself; we cannot come unto him We may know him in his law too ; but this is but by the Son. Therefore, when he maketh himself a killing knowledge ; a knowledge which makes us known in his glory to Moses, he sendeth him not to flee from God, and hide ourselves out of his presence ; the creation, nor to Mount Sinai, but putteth him and therefore it is called “the ministration of death," into a rock (being a resemblance of Christ), and then 2 Cor. iii. 7. But to know the glory of God " in the maketh a proclamation of the Gospel unto him. face of Jesus Christ,” is both a fruitful and a comfort. Moses' prayer was, “ I beseech thee, shew me thy able knowledge; we know the pattern we must walk glory." How doth the Lord grant this prayer? “I by, we know the life we must live by, we know the will make all my goodness to pass before thee" (Exod. treasure we must be supplied by, we know whom we xxxiii. 18, 19), and then revealeth himself unto him have believed, we know whom we may be bold with almost all by mercy.

“ The Lord, the Lord God, in all straits and distresses; we know God in Christ merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant full of love, full of compassion, full of ears to hear in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, us, full of eyes to watch over us, full of hands to fight forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin ” (Exod. for us, full of tongues to commune with us, full of xxxiv. 6, 7); to note unto us that the glory of God power to preserve us, full of grace to transform us, is in nothing so much revealed as in his goodness. full of fidelity to keep covenant with us, full of wisdom “Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, to conduct us, full of redemption to save us, full of and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of giory to reward us. his people ?" (Mic. xii. 18.)

Besides, though the law be indeed from God, as from the author of it, so that in that respect there

FROM JEREMY TAYLOR'S “ MARRIAGE. may seem to be no difference of excellency between

RING." that and the Gospel, yet, though God should not have The first blessing God gave to man was society, and revealed his law again unto Moses in the mount,

that society was a marriage; and that marriage was much of the law, and, by consequence, of God him

instituted in paradise, confederate by God himself,

and hallowed by a blessing. Marriage is the seminary self, might have been discovered by human industry:

of the Church, and daily brings forth sons and daughas we see by notable examples of the pluilosophers ters unto God. The first miracle that ever Jesus did and grave heathen. But the Gospel is such a mystery was to do honour to a wedding. Marriage was in as was for ever hidden from the reach and very sus

the world before sin, and in all ages of the world the picion of nature, and wholly of divine revelation.

greatest antidote against sin ; and although sin hath

soured marriage, and stuck the man's head with cares, “ Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have en

and the woman's bed with sorrow in the production of tered into the hearts of men, the things which God children, yet these are but throes of life and glory hath prepared for them that love him." The apostle and "she shall be saved in child-bearing, if she be speaketh of the mystery of the Gospel ; noting that found in faith and righteousness.". Marriage is a it is above the observation, or learning, or compre

school and exercise of virtue ; and though it hath hension of nature, so much as to suspect it; nay, the

cares, yet they are but instances of duty and exer

cises of piety. . . . Here is the proper scene of piety natural inquiry of the angels themselves could never and patience, of the duty of parents and the charity have discovered it; even unto them it is made known of relations; here kindness is spread abroad, and love by the Church (Eph. iii. !!, 10); that is, if it had not is united and made firm as a centre. Marriage is the, been for the Church's sake that God would reveal so nursery of lieaven, and fills up the number of the elect

and hath in it the labour of love, and the delicacies of glorious a mystery, the angels in heaven must have

friendship, the blessing of society, and the union obi been for ever ignorant of it. So extremely desperate hands and hearts. Marriage hath in it more of safety

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