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for the salvation of his soul. We know well | dience; and not because you did not give that, in the full sense of words, God does yourselves repentance and faith. We think every thing; we know well that it is a real an injury is done to the cause of religion by absurdity to speak of any cause (in philosophi- telling men they will be condemned, if they cal words) out of the Divine mind. But phi- repent not and believe not.

We should state losophical language is not always the best the truth more practically and literally, if we practical language. And if you talk thus in said, You will be condemned, if you do not this affair, you commit two errors : (1.) you use the means in your power, appointed by reject the language of God's word, which God, for your obtaining these blessings. always addresses man as if he could repent Reason cannot comprehend why you should and believe; and (2.) you make man a mere be condemned for not performing impossimachine, to which exhortation to amendment bilities, i. e. for not repenting and believing; is useless. In practice, for the purposes. of but reason can comprebend, and must be actually directing the sinner, we must tell fully satisfied with the justice of the sentence you, that though you cannot give yourselves which consigns you to punishment for not the thing itself, whether it be repentance, or doing what you could. faith in Jesus Christ, yet you can resort to Strictly speaking, we have as little right to the means for obtaining them. In this view, talk to the believer to do what is lawful and we hold the language of the text is perfectly right, as we have to the sinner : but we cansafe to be used. “ Turn away from your not thus stop to split words. You have a wickedness ; do what is lawful and right; and great work to do, and we must urge you on you shall save your soul alive." The actual to do it-to do it as if it were your own point of your obedience to God is, not in work. In the use of God's means, you have repenting of your sins, and believing in the been enabled to repent and believe in Jesus sacrificial offering of Jesus Christ ; because Christ. These are the stepping-stones. In you cannot render that obedience, for repen- the words of the text, the great work is yet tance and faith are the gifts of God. But before you, " to save your soul alive.” You your obedience, and the only obedience you have got the vantage-ground; the chains are can manifest, and the only obedience, we off your legs (to use the former illustration), believe, upon which the transactions of the and you can walk. On-on-on, then ; and day of judgment, with regard to you, will go, prove the solidity of the foundation by the --the obedience required of you, we say, con- growing size and just proportions of the spisists in your using God's appointed means for ritual building you are daily raising. Prayer obtaining a given end. And what are these to almighty God, now your heavenly Father means ? Are they so complicated, and mys- in Jesus Christ, for the increasing power of terious, and impracticable, as to put them his Spirit's influences in your hearts ; -watchbeyond your reach? Our text mentions one, fulness and courage to obey all his impulses, and clearly implies others to be sought for as, in the deep and unseen solitudes of your elsewhere. "Turn your back upon sin and heart, they urge upon you to give up this and upon the temptations that lead to it; give up the other indulgence, which, in time past, was all sin, by keeping out of the way of it.” allowed you (concessions, it may be, to the Other means are, prayer to God for his Spi- weakness of your faith, or the "hardness of rit's help: reading the New Testament, espe- your heart"), but which can be allowed you cially, for two purposes ; (1.) in reference to no longer, lest they should hinder the growth the sufferings of Christ for you, and his meri- of your spiritual manhood in Christ Jesus ;torious death ; and (2.) in reference to your- the untiring study of God's holy word, upon selves, as guilty by thousands of known sins, which, in your advance onwards, light will be that you may see them, as God sees them, in found to shew you what you saw not before, the broad light of eternity. To these means (or but dimly,) and to make you feel what we add others, well known and of easy prac- you felt not before ; – diligent attendance tice : keeping holy the Sabbath ; attendance upon all the means of grace, most reverently upon God's house to join in public prayer, respecting, and placing your faith in, such as that you may also share the advantages of are of God's own appointment; taking care to the prayers of God's people, and to listen to distinguish between God's means of grace his prescribed word; the partaking of the and between man's means, which may be no sacrament of the body and blood of Christ. means at all, but, in the long-run, hinderSuch as these, we say, are all the acts of obe- ances ;-these-we address the followers of dience you can render to God for obtaining Jesus rist—these are some of those things blessings connected with saving your soul which are so "lawful and right," that in doing alive. And if you are damned at last, you them " you shall save your soul alive.” will be damned for neglecting these plain, We have no time for explaining the pecusimple, and easy means and points of obe- liar sense of the phrase “ save the soul

alive.” The general sense, however, is quite timable love in the redemption of the world by our sufficient. He who forsakes his sins, and Lord Jesus Christ, for the means of grace, and for the does that which is " lawful and right," as has hope of glory." Could parents in England, - who value

the privilege of being enabled to lead their little ones, been explained, shall live in the enjoyment of at the sound of the church-going bell, to the house of God's favour here, and live in his own pre- God every Sabbath, to hear the word of life from the sence for ever in the eternal world. May lips of a beloved pastor, and to bless God, not for an this salvation be given to us; may the pro

occasional mean of grace, but for a constant ministry

of his word,—but behold this sight, surely it would spect of such happiness, whatever the peculiar move them to throw, out of the abundance which God words may mean, urge us on afresh to use the has committed in trust to them, somewhat to promote appointed means for obtaining it. And then the establishment of regular Gospel-preaching in this we may safely leave it to God himself to

spiritually destitute colony.

In taking a review of the labours of the past quarter, explain, in the eternal world, what he means I feel grateful to the Father of mercies, who has by our "saving our souls alive."

counted me worthy, putting me into the ministry, that he has caused my lot to be cast in this country. Doubtless many and great are the difficulties which

an ambassador of Christ has to encounter here; and UPPER CANADA CLERGY-SOCIETY.

perhaps the greatest of these is the want of Christian The following are extracts from the journals of the communion. But what are all these, yea and many Rev. F. A. O'Meara, the third missionary sent out by more, when weighed against the glorious privilege of the society, from Jan. 1, 1838, to Nov. 29, 1838:- being the bearer of the glad tidings of peace to those

May 1.-Went along with the Rev. Mr. Osler to a who sit in darkness and the shadow of death? What small congregation on the borders of Essa and Tecum- are all the inconveniences and discomforts which the seh, which enjoys the privilege of that gentleman's wildest desert on earth could inflict, when compared periodical visits. And here I cannot avoid taking with even the slightest prospect of being the means of occasion to express my thankfulness to the Giver of delivering one immortal soul from the wrath to come, every good gift, for baving put it into the heart of and inducing it to take shelter under the covert of this his faithful and devoted servant to settle in this the Rock of ages? province, as his sphere of usefulness; and my fervent The spiritual harvest in this country is plentiful, and prayer, that many such may be added to the band of ready for the sickle of the labourer. "May our friends faithful men in this country, whose desire it is to at home pray the Lord of the harvest to send labourers know nothing among men, but Jesus Christ and him into his vineyard; and may they not be satisfied with crucified.

praying only, but themselves put their hands to the It was truly delightful to witness the pleasure of work, and give of the abundance which God has given this little congregation in the bush at meeting their them to promote the Gospel among these poor destitute minister, after the lapse of another month, and the exiles from their native land. disappointment which they evinced when informed In my last journal, bearing date July 6, I menthat a stranger was to preach to them; so great is the tioned that his Excellency the Lieutenant-governor love and esteem which Mr. Osler's faithful preaching had, during our interview with lim, expressed a desire and affectionate deineanour have won from these that Mr. Ö'Neill and I should go up with the chief rough backwoodsmen, and that under disadvantageous superintendant of Indian affairs to the Manitonhir, a circumstances, as the inhabitants of those townships large island in the northern part of Lake Huron, which are under his charge are chiefly Irish, of the where the various tribes of the aborigines of the conlower order, and were at first rather prejudiced tinent assemble once a-year, about the beginning of against Mr. Osler, merely because he did not happen August, in order to receive the presents of clothing, to be a countryman of their own,

-(a clannish spirit, &c., which are distributed gratuitously among them at which I am sorry to say pervades most of my country- the expense of the British government. His Excelmen who have emigrated to this province.) After lency's object was, that while these interesting people service, Mr. Osler catechised the children of the were reaping the fruits of England's gratitude for past Sunday-school on the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah, services, they might hear of Him whom England prowhich they had repeated by rote; and I was surprised fesses to worship as her God, and whom she professes and delighted to hear their answers, displaying, as they to regard as the source of all the national prosperity did, so much knowledge of the Gospel-plan of salvation; that she enjoys. and this is the more pleasing, when we consider that, The Archdeacon of York having previously exhefore the arrival of Mr. Osler in these townships, pressed his wish to the same effect, neither Mr. O'Neill those very children were without the means of in- nor myself felt at liberty to decline. Having comstruction, and in a state very little, if at all, superior pleted my journal for the quarter ending July 6, 1838, to that of the children of the savage aborigines of the I waited at Onillia, on the shore of Lake Simcoe, country.

where Mr. O'Neill lead appointed to meet me on the If the friends of Canada in England and Ireland 21st or 22d of July; but owing to some unavoidable could be placed in the heart of this district, and com- delay, the government-party did not arrive there till pare these two townships with those in their immedi- the evening of Wednesday the 25th. ate neighbourhood, which are less privileged, they July 25.—Held divine service in the evening at the would see good reason to thank God and take courage, village of the Narrows, where the Rev. Mr. O'Neill because their labour of love has not been in vain. preached. This gentleman had travelled in this neigh

Sunday, 27th.—Read prayers, and preached at bourhood about two years since; and I am rejoiced to Shanty Bay. It was very cheering to see, when bear testimony to the fact which became known to me the time appointed for service was drawing near, during my sojourn in this and the adjacent townships, the bay as it were studded with boats, carrying that more than one individual who now eminently whole families across the water, to hear the ever- adorns the doctrine of God our Saviour, consider his lasting Gospel; and once more to join in publicly faithful declarations of the Gospel as having been, under approaching the footstool of “ Him in whom they God, the means of leading to the experimental knowlive, and move, and have their being; and praising ledge of that truth in which they now rejoice. It may him for their creation, preservation, and all the therefore be supposed that his appearance again among blessings of this life ; but above all, for his ines- them was the cause of joy to those who had heard him

on his former visit. Instances such as this, in which | votaries are held; and therefore they require nothing the labours of others have not been in vain in the more than a mere assumption of their name, and give Lord, cheer the heart of the servant of God, and en- open permission to continue in the practice of those courage him “in the morning to sow his seed, and in vices which destroy the Indian's body as well as his the evening to hold not his hand ;" remembering the soul. When you endeavour to lay before a heathen's promise, "that in due season he will reap, if he faint mind the claims of Christianity to his serious attention, not."

he frequently points out some one whom he knows, Thursday, July 26.-Early in the morning left for who has become a Christian (Romanist), and who is Coldwater, a village on Lake Huron, where the canoes, living as wicked as he was before. Thus is the Gospel in which we were to traverse the large expanse of injured in the hands of those who traitorously call water that lay between us and our point of destina- themselves its friends, only that they may aim a surer tion, were waiting our arrival.

and deadlier blow at its advancement in the world. As no doubt Mr. O'Neill has in his journal given Thursday, 2d.—We held divine service in a large the committee all the information with regard to the wigwam belonging to the chief of the tribe of Chippeculiar habits and superstitions of this interesting | pewa Indians, inhabiting the southern shore of Lake people, which we have been enabled to collect during Superior; who, with his family and tribe, had embraced, our short sojourn among them, in a much more masterly and for some time been instructed in, the doctrines of way than I could possibly expect to do, I shall not the Gospel as taught in our venerable and apostolic attempt to make any preliminary remarks, but pro- Church; and never did I see the superiority of the ceed to give you the substance of my journal for the mode in which her instruction is conveyed to her four months ending November 20.

children more strongly portrayed than it was in this Sunday 29.—Held divine service in the open air on old chief and his whole family. one of those myriads of islands, or rather rocks, which Equally remote from that wild fanaticism on the line the northern shore of Lake Huron : we were one hand, which betrays its votaries into extravaattended by the Indians and Whites who formed our gancies which are little, if at all, removed from the party. The Rev. Mr. O'Neill preached through an practices of savage life ; and from that dumb, lifeless interpreter. It was truly interesting and delighiful to parade on the other, which is only calculated to captihear these sons of the forest raise their voices in vate the senses without engaging either the affections singing the praises of God in their own native tongue, or the understanding, theirs appeared to be the calm and to mark their serious attention to the truths de- | devotion of those who were sensible that they were clared to them by the mouth of an authorised minister sinners needing a Saviour, and therefore delighted to of the Gospel. May He who is no respecter of persons, hear an accredited ambassador of Christ point them or nations, or colours, bring many of those into the to the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the fold of Christ; so that at the last and they together world. may be permitted to walk in our Father's house, where Sunday, 26th.—Preached for the Rev. Mr. Osler at their Saviour and ours has gone to prepare a place for the church of West Guillemburg, to a large congregaall those in every clime who hear and believe the glad tion. It is truly cheering to see what has been done tidings of salvation.

in this township by the faithful ministry of this one Among the islands that we passed on our way,

indefatigable labourer in his Master's vineyard. Here was one called Turtle Point, which deserves notice as is a populous tract of country, which, but for the existserving to throw some light on the superstitions of ence of your Society, would be entirely destitute of these people. This is a large rock, projecting from the means of grace, and in a state bordering on the main part of a large island, so as to present the heathenism, where you might now behold the inhaappearance of the head of the animal from which bitants on the Sabbath crowding to the place where it derives its name. Here the Indians stopped the prayer is wont to be made, to hear that word which is canoes, and those among them who had not embraced able to save their souls. If such are the blessed fruits Christianity made an offering of whatever article in of the labours of one minister of our Church, what common use they happened to have with them. On might we not look forward to, were there one such in inquiring of one of the Christian Indians, I was told every township in the province ? that this rock, which they call Squdēsh, i. e. turtle, is an object of adoration amongst most of the tribes, and that it is considered highly improper to pass it

The Cabinet. without placing a gift in the mouth of the deity.

Wednesday, August 1st. Arrived at Ma-ni-to- Evil TEMPERS INCOMPATIBLE WITH A PRAYING wah-ning, which is the name of that part of the island SPIRIT.-It were doubtless unnecessary to argue at of the Great Spirit at which the presents are issued, any length, that the indulgence of evil tempers of where up vards of three thousand of them had already irritable, jealous, and revengeful feeling ; that "envy, congregated. The cleared ground on which these hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness," not only were encamped, not being of greater extent than unresisted, but indulged, --indispose the mind for about fifteen acres, presented a most interesting prayer. To enter upon this sacred duty, under the

As soon as our canoes were recognised, all present influence of any of these tempers, it will flocked to the shore to receive us. There were natives readily be admitted, would be but a blasphemous of the forest far north mixed with those from the mockery of God. It would be but to desecrate the western parts of the United States, and altogether temple, and insult the Majesty of heaven. God can presenting every variety of costume, from the deer- make no covenant with man which would accept of skin dress of the remote tribes, to the more civilised any service and compromise to permit, or connive at, habits of those who had mingled more with Europeans. any allowed or cherished sin. "No man can come On our arrival, we found that popery had raised its unto Christ, except the Father draw him; and in viperous head even here; for, in fact, there were no

• From “Watch unto Prayer: a Series of Lectures on 1 Pet. less than a bishop and two priests in the field before iv. 7." By the Rev. John M. Hitlernan, Curate of Fethard, in

From what I have observed, I am led to believe the Diocese of Cashel 12mo, pp. 280. London, Hatchards. that nothing tends more to obstruct the progress of

scene.

1839.-A very excellent series of lectures, which are seventeen

in number, and of which the greater part have appeared in the Gospel-truth among these people than the proselyting “ Christian Observer." The sentiments are sound and scrip. system universally adopted by Romanists; for their tural, and the language frequently very forcibly eloquent. The whole influence is exerted, not to improve their con

volume is dedicated to Mr. Woodward, rector of Fethard, to dition, either spiritually or temporally, but to induce

whose conversation and preaching, during a ministerial con

nexion of eighteen years, the author ascribes the best thoughts them to assume those galling chains in which all her and sentiments" which the volume contains.

us.

BY CHARLES BAYLY.

effecting this, he ever breaks the heart of stone, and horribly afraid;" that “they are utterly consumed causes the tears of penitence to flow. There is a with terrors.” They may have found a short-lived penitence which must precede even prayer. Man peace in the paths of sin and darkness which they prays only so far as he mourns with penitence over have chosen. The service of Satan may for a time those sins and infirmities, in deed, word, and thought, afford them satisfaction, but the pleasures which he into which the frailty of a nature but imperfectly allows his servants to taste are as deceitful as they are renewed, and the urgency of temptation, may have short. Like the fruit of the tree of knowledge, they betrayed him; and as he sincerely and fervently im- convey a subtle poison to the soul, more pernicious and plores the Divine aid to emancipate him from their destructive than the most deadly poison of a serpent. hated tyranny. Will, then, the habitual indulgence The taste may intoxicate and stupify, and bring on an of those tempers produce and cherish that penitential insensibility as to their danger; but it is the torpor sorrow for this very indulgence; that holy abhorrence and lethargy which come before death. They are of those very sins; that earnest desire of deliverance roused from such a state only by the voice of God from a tyranny to which he willingly succumbs; that speaking to them by his Spirit, by his word, by his hunger and thirst after the opposite graces, all of ministers, or by some heavy and afflictive calamity; which prayer indispensably requires, or rather, which and then, however desirous they may be to close their are themselves the essential ingredients, and form eyes again in sleep, it is impossible. Troubled and the very life and substance of prayer ? ... Command dismayed, they may endeavour to drive away their torthe heaving volcano that it cease to vomit the foul menting reflections—their attempts are fruitless. Like vapour from its convulsed bowels upon the balmy Adam, they may try to flee from the Divine presence; fragrance of the summer-breeze; that it no longer but, like him also, they must stand before their God hurl the weapons of its impotent defiance against a “ when he appeareth." If even paradise could afford serene and smiling heaven; nor shed that lurid, sickly no hiding-place, no consolation, no peace, to the first light which the meridian sun obscures by its lustre; transgressors, how can those who sin “after the simi-or adventure your frail bark upon winter's tem- litude of Adam's transgression,” hope that a world pestuous ocean; and while the lightning's glare illu- which “ lieth in wickedness" can yield them any mines the midnight desolation, and shews, in fearful “refuge from the heat," any " covert from the storm” array, the watery mountains, which the hurricane has of God's righteous displeasure ! uptorn from its agitated bosom; and while the sails

INFIDELITY.-When once infidelity can persuade futter, and the timbers creak, and the masts crash, and the labouring vessel heaves, and settles, and goes brought to live like beasts also.---South.

men that they shall die like beasts, they will soon be down, --stand upon her sinking prow, and speak to the bellowing winds and raging sea, “ Peace, be still;" and when “even the winds and the sea obey" you ; when the wild war of nature's physical elements con

Poetry. Alicting, obeys your voice, then say to the wilder passions of the undisciplined and unregenerated

JERUSALEM, heart, Pray!

Conviction of Sin.*_When God's Spirit brings the least ray of light to the benighted soul, and tells

(For the Church of England Magazine.) the sinner to prepare to meet his God, how is he

When Jerusalem wept o'er her Temple profan'd, alarmed and confounded! It requires but little examination of himself to convince him, that he is unfit to

And the legions of Rome had encompass'd her appear before a holy and righteous God. He is soon

roundawfully sensible that “ his house is not set in order," When the blood of her children their city had stain'd, and hé trembles at the thought of being called away And the war-horse her daughters had dash'd to the from a world which he had made his resting-place,

ground, where he had long taken his ease, and looked for

Midst the shout of the warrior, the scream of the child, happiness,—to a world where none of the things in which he delights can accompany him. Conscience is The agonis'd cry of the female bereft, awakened, and it speaks to him in a voice as terrible The despis'd Nazarene, through the elements wild, as that which brought Adam from his hiding-place. Saw a city and temple more beautiful left. Sinner, what is thy condition ? where art thou going ? what is thy hope ? The time is short, and the fashion O Jewry! thou city once favour'd of old, of this world passeth away. The things on which thy Thy Temple and palaces splendid and rare, affections are placed must speedily be as if they were not, and a new world must open on thy bewildered | Though once deck'd with jewels and blazon'd with gold, eyes. What preparation hast thou made for that

Are view'd by thy children in silent despair : world? How wilt thou appear in the presence of a

Yet how often thy judgments by Him were foretold, pure and holy God, who has commanded thee to de- Whom thy sons in their pride and their ignorance vote thyself to his service, to set thy affections not on slew, earthly things? If it is a wearisome and distasteful Who yearn’d to have gather'd them all to his fold, task to think upon God, to read and meditate upon his word, to pray to him, to visit his temple, and to

Ere that day had arriv'd which his wisdom forejoin the congregation of worshippers in offering him

knew. thanks and praise, what hope, or even desire, canst thou entertain of being admitted into his kingdom? O England ! my country, thy blessings are great, The pleasures, the employments of the spirits of just Thy glories more splendid than Jewry or Rome ; men made perfect,” are all of a spiritual nature, while The nations lie prostrate and bound at thy feet, thine are all "carnal, earthly, sensual." What hope

And Fame points her finger to ages to come : or prospect, then, canst thou have beyond the grave ? It is no wonder, when thoughts like these enter the May thy trust be in Him who alone can sustain hearts of men who have been living careless and un. The strong and the weak in the hour of their need; concerned about the things of eternity, that “they are Then the storms which assail thee shall gather in vain,

And the blast of destruction be stay'd in its speed. • From “ The First Adam: a course of Sermons," &c. By Rev. Samuel Hobson, LL.B., Curate of Kirstead, Norfolk.

Frome.

A PRAYER.
Lord of the glorious realms above,

Lord of the earth and sea,
Fountain of everlasting love,

Deign to look down on me.
Humbly before thee now I kneel,

Be this sweet mercy's day ;
Help me my numerous sins to feel ;

Teach me, O Lord, to pray.
Full many an hour-nay, many a day-

Since first I saw the light,
Have pass'd without true love or fear

Of thee, who gav'st me sight.
Pardon I ask for time misspent,

Pardon do not refuse ;
Into my heart let grace be sent,

And grace that grace to use.
Jesus, henceforth vouchsafe to keep,

Watch over, succour, aid,
One of thy weak and wand'ring sheep,

Who oft from thee has stray'd.
In thine own blood wash out my sin,

With peace my conscience bless ;
Give me that robe so pure and clean-

Thy spotless righteousness. Help me to live to thee alone,

Though here I linger long;
All other lords may I disown,

And Jesus be my song.
And when the hour of death shall come,

O then, dear Lord, be nigh,
Bear me to thine eternal home,
Thy mansion in the sky.

Rev. J. HARVEY.

a fancy to indulge in it? I put the question plainly to one of the most eminent physicians in London, and his unhesitating answer was, that no one could thus use it without shortening his life. Yet, as a mere stimulant or luxury, it is used in various countries to a vast extent. Some swallow a certain dose of it raw, to produce the desired excitement; others smoke a preparation of it, to produce the same effect. In whichever way it is used, the first indulgence prepares the way

for a second; the second for a third ; and so on till it becomes habitual. There is something pecu. liarly engnaring in the use of opium, not only on account of the high excitement of the imagination, which is the immediate result of the stimulus, but more especially because that high excitement is soon followed by a correspondent lassitude and intolerable depression, which scarcely any thing but a repetition of the dose can relieve. Thus the habit grows upon the wretched victim, till he becomes entirely enslaved to it; and so strong is the necessity of having recourse to the stimulus at the regular hour, that it has even been affirmed, that fatal consequences might result from sudden and total abstinence.

NATURAL THEOLOGY,* if properly studied, and not mixed up with the silly inventions of ignorant and designing men, would teach us that this noble universe, every part of which displays the hand of omnipotent power, the contrivance of infinite wisdom, and the provision of unbounded benevolence, is the work, and under the guardian care of a good and almighty Being, who created and governs it,that to Him our adoration is due. It would teach us likewise, that the only way by which we can effectually shew our gratitude to, and love of, Him, is by promoting the comfort and happiness of our fellowcreatures, and observing those rules and laws which are necessary for the well-being of society. It would shew us that our own happiness is intimately connected with that of others, and that our true interest consists in doing unto all men as we would they should do unto us; that the acts of dishonesty, chicane, and fraud; that lying, profaneness, intemperance, - in short, all the vices that disgrace human nature, are devoid of true pleasure and profit, and tend to the injury both of those who practise them, and all who are within the sphere of their influence.

PROMISES was the ready money that was first coined, and made current by the law of nature, to support that society and commerce that was necessary for the comfort and security of mankind; and they who have adulterated this pure and legitimate metal with an alloy of distinctions and subtle evasions, have introduced a counterfeit and pernicious coin, that destroys all the simplicity and integrity of human conversation. For what obligations can ever be the earnest of faith and truth, if promises may be violated? The superinduction of others for the corroboration and maintenance of government had been much less necessary, if promises had still preserved their primitive vigour and reputation; nor can any thing be said for the non-performance of a promise, which may not as reasonably be applied to the non-observance of an oath ; and in truth, men have not been observed to be much restrained by their oaths who have not been punctual in their promises; the same sincerity of nature being requisite to both.---Lord Clarendon.

• From "Nature Displayed," &c. By W. Pinnock. London, 8. Cornish and Co. 1839.--A very pleasing and useful little volume; the illustrations are interesting.

Miscellaneous. Opium.*-The use and potency of opium as a medicine are well known. It is in skilful hands one of the greatest alleviations of bodily suffering and anguish that a merciful Providence has vouchsafed us; yet every physician knows that it needs to be used with skill and caution. In some painful diseases, which might seem at first sight to demand its use, the effects would be highly injurious, or even fatal ; and there are many constitutions to which a very moderate dose of opium, even under the circumstances which would commonly call for its exhibition, would be fearfully deleterious. Perhaps there are few persons who (looking round among the range of their acquaint. ance) cannot find one or two who know, by experience, that they must not venture upon the use of opium at all : the most moderate dose would cause them severe suffering. What, then, must be said to the use of this potent drug as a mere luxury, at the will and pleasure of the ignorant individual who takes

• From “ The Iniquities of the Opium-Trade withi China." By the Rev. A. S. Thelwall, M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge. London, W. H. Allen and Co. 1839.---The subject treated upon by Mr. Thelwall, in a very masterly style, deserves the serious consideration of every friend of humanity, although there is reason to believe that most persons are entirely ignorant concerning it. Mr. Thelwall sets forth some authentic and valuable documents to prove the incalculable misery resulting from the importation of opium into China, which in 1856 amounted to 27,111 chests, valued at 17,904,248 dollars: the import in 1837 amounted to 34,000 chests. Some of these docuinents will be inserted in future Numbers of this Magazine.

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.

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