Imatges de pÓgina
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XVII. A Dream, and its Explanation.

.DBAPER, 123

XVIII. The Health of the Brain.

Adapted. 125

XIX. The Foot's Complaint.

Anonymous, 127

XX. Rules for Mental Exercise.

. Adapted. 128

XXI. Advice to a hard Student..

Charles Mackay. 129

XXI. Neglect of Health.

..SAMUEL JOINSON. 130

The Joys of Health.

.Gay; Thomson. 131

THIRD MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

1 The Village School of Olden Time....

Goldsmith. 132

II, The Righteous never Forsaken

NEW YORK SPECTATOR 133

III. The Family Meeting.

Charles Sprague. 135

IV. Tact and Talent..

.LONDON ATLAS. 136

V. Rain upon the Roof

..Anonymous. 138

VI. Good Advice...

...Anonymous. 139

VII, True Knowledge..

BISHOP MANT. 139

PART IV.

SECOND DIVISION OF BOTANY.

L The Study of Botany

Crabbe. Adapted. 140

II. Classification of Plants ....

.Milton. Adapted, 141

III. Natural Method of Classification.

. Adapted. 143

The Floral Kingdom..

Thomson. 145

May Mowers..

. Barrington. 146

FIRST DIVISION OF THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM : EXOGENS.

IV. The Rose Family..

.. Cowley; Carey, and others. Adapted. 147

To the Rose...

.......Mrs. Hemans. 147

The Feast of Roses..

...Moore, 149

The Moss Rose

From the German. 160

V. Our Common Fruits.... Thomson; Moore; Virgil; Wordsworth. Adapted 151

To the Almond Blossom.

Edwin Arnold. 153

VI. Camellia, Mallow, and Citron Families

Goethe. Adapted. 154

To the Camellia....

W. Roscoe. 155

VIL. Chorus of Flowers

.Leigh Hunt. 157

VIII, The Cactus Family

.Adapted. 158

Cactus Blossom.

Mrs. Sigourney. 159

Night-Blooming Cereus

. Anonymous. 189

Unpretending Worth..

Mrs. Southey. 159

IX. Leguminous and Umbelliferous Plants.. Shelley; Darwin; Prior. Adapted. 161

The Ivy Green

Charles Dickens. 163

X. The Composite, or Sunflower Family. Moore; Campbell. Adapted. 164

The Marigold..

..Anonymous. 165

The Daisy

Wordsworth; John Mason Good. 166

The Thistle-flower..

.Twamley. 167

XL. Jessamine, Honeysuckle, and Heath Families... Scott; Landon. Adapted. 168

The Jasmine.

Cowper; Moore. 168

The Rhodora

....R. W. Émerson. 171

The Psychology of Flowers

.HUNT's Poetry of Science. 171

XII. Labiate and Trumpet-flower Families

...Adapted. 172

XIII. Forest Trees...

WASHINGTON IRVING. 173

XIV. The Oak Family..

.Adapted, 174

Selections from Cowper; Scott; Southey; Morris; Longfellow; Shak-

speare; Campbell, and others.

XV. The Oak and the Nobleman..

WASHINGTON IRVING. 178

XVL The Elm, Willow, and Birch Families..

...Adapted. 178

Selections from Homer; Ovid; Cowper; N. S. Dodge; Byron; Scott.

Hiawatha's Canoe

.Longfellow. 182

XVI. The Cone-bearing, or Pine Family. Virgil; Hood; Pierpont; Byron. Adapted. 182

XVIII. To a Pine-tree ...

.. James Russell Lowell. 185

SECOND DIVISION OF THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM: ENDOGENS.

XIX. The Iris, Lily, and Palm Families ..... Thamley; Thomson; Montgomery.

Adapted. 186

XX. Sedges and Grasses

.Adapted, 190

The Voice of the Grass.

Sarah Roberts. 192

The Harvest Moon

.Henry Kirke White. 194

Corn-fields.

..Mary Howitt. 194

XXL of the Hidden Uses of Plants, ....

M. F. Tupper. 195

.

Lesson

THIRD DIVISION: CRYPTOGADOUS PLANTS.

Pago

XXIL Ferre, Liverworts, and Mosses (Acrogens)...... W. Scott. Adapted. 196

XXIII, The Mosses (Acrogens).

A kenside; Thomson. Adapted. 199

The Lovely Moss

Miss M. A. Browne. 199

The Moss in the Desert

MUNGO PARK. 200

XXIV. The Fern and the M088.,

Eliza Cook. 201

XXV. Lichens (Thallogens). Campbell; Darwin; Mary Howitt. Adapted. 202

XXVI. Fungi, or Fungous Plants (Thallogens)

.Adapted. 206

XXVII. Algue, or Sea-weeds (Thallogens)

Charlotte Smith. Adapted. 209

The Drifting Sea-weed

. Longfellow. 210

The Sea-wort.

M. Tupper. 211

The Sea-weed

C. G. Fenner. 211

XXVIII. Domestic Flower Culture ....

.CHAMBERS' Miscellany. 212

FOURTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

L Eva

Bulwer Lytton. 216

IL. Gil Blas and the Archbishop

..LE SAGE. 216

III. The Bells

. Edgar A. Poe. 219

IV. Speaking and Doing

Bulleid. 221

V. Resistance to British Oppression..

.PATRICK HENRY. 222

VI. The American Indians

...SPRAGUE. 222

PART V.

ICHTHYOLOGY, OR THE NATURAL HISTORY OF FISHES.

I. Nature of the Study....

Spenser; Milton. Adapted. 223

IL The Physiology of Fishes (Agassiz's Arrangement)

.Adapted. 225

FIRST CLASS: SPINE-RAYED BONY FISHES.

III. The Perch Family .

Ausonius; Juvenal; Horace. Adapted. 228

IV. Other Families of the Spine-rayed Fishes., ENGLISH MAGAZINE ; Dr. HAM-

ILTON ; Sophocles; Oppian..

..Adapted. 232

V. The Spine-rayed Fishes-continued.. Oppian; CAPTAIN RICHARDB; Mont-

gomery; SWAINSON.

.Adapted. 237

SECOND CLASS: SOFT-RAYED BONY FISHES.

VI. Soft-rayed Bony Fishes with Abdominal Ventral Fing: Carp, Pike, and Cat-

fish Familles..Moore; Wordsworth; Montgomery, and others. Adapted. 242

VII. To the Flying-fish. .

Moore. 247

VILL. Fishes with Åbdominal Ventral Fins (continued): Salmon, and Troat, and

Herring, and Pilchard Families..

..Adapted. 248

IX. The Sub-brachial soft-rayed Bony Fishes.

.Adapted. 251

1. The Cod Family. A Charade on Cod.

..Adapted. 252

2. Family of the Flat-fish .. YARRELL; SWAINBON; Juvenal. Adapted. 252

3. The Salt-water Sackers.

.Adapted. 254

X. The Apodal Soft-rayed Bony Fishes..

YARRELL Adapted. 256

XL Fishes with Tufted Gills

..Adapted. 253

Fishes with Soldered Jaws

..Adapted. 258

THIRD CLASS: CARTILAGINOUS FISHES.

XII. The Shark Family L. E. Maclean; CUVIER; SCORESBY. Adapted. 260

XIII. Sturgeon; Chimæra, Ray, and Lamprey Families..

..Adapted. 264

Concluding Remarks

XIV. The Aquaria, or Drawing-room Fish-ponds .

.Adapted. 268

FIFTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

1. The Glory of the Imagination...

Wordsworth. 272

II. Shylock: a Scene of Contending Passions.....

STAKSPEARE. 273

III. Shylock and the Merchant: the Trial Scene

... Shakspeare. 274

IV. Character of Portia, as displayed in the Trial Scene ..MBB. JAMEBON. 278

V. The Philosopher's Scales ...

.Jane Taylor. 280

PART VI.

CIVIL ARCHITECTURE.

I. Grecian and Roman Architecture...

..Adapted. 283

II. Athenian Architecture during the Age of Pericles..

.BULVEL. 286

III. Ruins of the Coliseum at Rome...

..Adapted. 287

Ruins of the Coliseum

. Byron. 287

IV. Gothic Architecture...

..Adapted. 287

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Castles and Abbeys of Feudal Times. Warlon; Wu. BEATTIE; W. Scott. 287

V. Of the Useful in Architecture...

.A. J. DOWNING. 293

VI. Of Expression in Civil or Public Architecture.

.LITERARY WORLD, 295

VIL Of Expression in Domestic Architecture,

.A. J. DOWNLNG. 296

VIII. The Poetry of Cottage Architecture.

LOUDON'S MAGAZINE. 298

IX. The Shepherd's Cottage..

Charlotte Smith, 300

X. Of Truthfulness in Architecture.

..A. J. DOWNING. 302

XI. Monuments of the Burial-ground,

...J. A. PIOTON. 303

XII, The Architecture of Nature.

..Adapted, 305

God's First Temples ..

Bryant. 306

The Parthenon of Athens..

Mrs. Hcmans. 308

SIXTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

I. Indian Summer.

Mrs. Sigourney. 309

II. Forgiveness of Injuries.

BLAIR. 310

III. Passing Away..

..Pierpont. 311

IV. The Dream of the Two Roads.

JEAN PAUL RICOTER. 312

V. Thanatopsis; or, Reflections on Death.

...Bryant. 314

VI. The Village Blacksmith.

Longfellow. 315

PART VII.

SECOND DIVISION OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.

I. The Library : Introductory..

.Adapted. 317

II. Hydrostatics, or Liquids in a State of Rest..

.Adapted, 319

III. Hydrostatics (continued).,

..Adapted. 323

IV. Floating Bodies ; Specific Gravity.

Adapted. 327

Archimedes and the Crown.

ROBERT C. WINTHROP. 330

V. Hydraulics: the Excursion..

.Adapted. 331

Song of the Brook.

Tennyson. 331

The Bucket.

Woodworth, 334

The Cataract of Lodore..

Southey. 337

VL Poeumatics : Galileo and Torricelli

.Adapted. 340

Practical Value of the Barometer

DR. ARNOTT. 343

VII. Atmospheric Machines.

Darioin; Adapted. 347

The Lost Kite...

. Anonymous. 351

A Riddle.

. Anonymous. 352

VIIL The Steam-engine..

Adapted. 353

The Steam-engine.

..Saxe; LORD JEFFREY; DR. AENOTT. 355

The Song of Steam

G. W. Cutler, 356

SEVENTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

I. Blessings on Children..

W. G. Simms. 357

II. The Saracen Brothers..

New Monthly Magazine. 359

III. Our Country and our Home.

.James Montgomery. 363

IV. The Gipsy Fortune-teller

..Anonymous. 363

V. Success alone seen..

L. E. Maclean. 364

PART VIII.

FIRST DIVISION OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY.

1. General Description...

.Adapted. 365

II. Continents and Islands.

..Adapted. 367

IU, Coral Islands and Reefs.

.Percival; Adapted. 369

IV. The Coral Insect...

.Mrs. Sigourney. 371

V. Mountains.

.HowITT; GUYOT; HUMBOLDT; Adapted. 372

Mountain Scenery.

Bryant. 372

The Alps...

Willis Gaylord Clark. 375

VI. Table-lands, Plains, and Valleys

..Adapted. 376

VII. The Prairies..

. Bryant. 379

VIII. Caves and Grottoes of the Old World.... GOLDSMITH ; W. Scott; Adapted. 380

IX. Caves in the United States

..Adapted. 353

X. The Mammoth Cave....

.George D. Prentice. 384

XI. Avalanches and Glaciers..

..Adapted. 386

Hymn before Sunrise in the Valley of Chamouni..

Coleridge. 388

XIL The Cottage of the Hills.

. Anonymous. 389

XIII. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.,

...DR. HITOHOOOK; Adapted. 390

Destruction of Scylla in 1783.

Anonymous, 392

XIV. The Ocean: its Moral Grandeur.

.Adapted, 393

The Ocean

Bryan W. Proctor, 894

.

PART IX.

FIRST DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY,

I. Introductory View

..Adapted. 418

II. First Principles : Ultimate Atoms. .KENNEDY; Shakspeare; HUNT. Adapted. 416

III. The Man and the Atom

Charles Mackay. 418

IV. Chemical Agents: Heat-Light..

.Adapted. 419

To the Sunbeam.

Mrs. Lemans. 421

Dream of Darkness.

. Byron. 421

V, Chemical Agents (continued): Electricity

.Adapted. 422

VL The Electric Telegraph.

.Adapted. 424

The Electric î'elegraph...

. Anonymous. 424

VII, Chemical Affinities

Adapted. 425

VIII. Leading Characteristics of the four principal Elements: Oxygen, Hydrogen,

Carbon, Nitrogen

.Adapted. 426

IX. Chemical Knowledge and the Useful

Arts. Sulphur and Chlorine. Adapted. 429

X. The principal Metals : Gold, Silver, Iron..Burns; Homer; Cutler. Adapted. 430

Gold! Gold! Gold /"

Hood. 430

The Silver Bird's-nest.

.H. F. Gould, 431

XI. Acids, Alkalies, and Salts

Adapted. 433

Easy Lesson in Chemistry.

.Anonymous. 434

XII, The Chemistry of a Candle..

DIOKEN' Household Words. 435

XIII. The Poetic Realities of Nature.

........HUNT's Poetry of Science. 442

XIV. The Extent of Chemical Action

ROBERT HUNT. 444

NINTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

L Elegy written in a Country Church-yard (with 32 Illustrations). Thomas Gray. 445

IL The Razor-seller

.John Wolcott (Peter Pindar). 456

PART X.

FIRST DIVISION OF GEOLOGY.

I. Introductory: The Creation

Adapted. 457

II. Raphael's Account of the Creation

Milton. 458

III. Character of the Geological History of the Earth...... LYELL; Shakspeare.

Adapted. 459

IV. Tho Primary Period of the Earth's History .......HUGH MILLER. Adapted. 462

The Scenery of the Primary Period.

Thomas Aird. 463

V. The Transition Period

Adapted. 464

Geological History of the Nautilus.

Mrs. Howitt, 465

VI. The Secondary Period. . .DR. BUOKLAND; Hogu MILLER. Adapted. 466

VII. The Tertiary Period..

Horace Smith. Adapted. 469

Song of the Dinotherium

Anonymous. 471

VIII. The Modern Geological Period.

..Adapted, 472

IX. Retrospective View of Geology

MANTELL. 473

X. A Visit to the Country of the Iguanodon

MANTELL. 474

XI. The Vision of Moses

HUGE MILLER 476

XII. Geological Agencies now in operation.'.

..Adapted. 479

Lesson

Page

XIII. Coral Islands

Montgomery. 481

XIV, Geological Monuments

..SIR HUMPHREY DAVY, 482

XV. Mineralogy, the Alphabet of Geology. Simple Minerals.

.Adapted. 483

XVI. Compound Minerals..

..Adapted. 485

Geological Cookery

Anonymous. 456

XVII. Brief Extracts ..

HERSCHEL; PARKINSON; MANTELL 487

XVIII. Concluding Remarks

From MANTELL'S Wonders of Geology. 488

TENTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION,

I. The Raven.

Edgar A. Poe. 489

II. The Dignity of Work

THOMAS CARLYLE 492

III. The Duty of Labor

DEWEY. 492

IV. Work Away

Anonymous. 493

V. Never Despair

. Anonymous. 495

VL God is Every where

Anonymous. 495

Paternal Affection

Walter Scott. 496

PART XI.

ANCIENT HISTORY PRIOR TO THE CHRISTIAN ERA.

L Early Grecian History

..Adapted. 497

II. Grecian Mythology..

Wordsworth. 498

III. The Persian Wars: Battle of Thermopylæ.

..Adapted. 499

IV. Address of Leonidas to the Spartans.

Richard Glover. 601

V. The Spartans nobly kept their Oath.

Geo. W. Doane. 501

VI. The Glory of their Fall..

Byron, 302

VII. Battle of Sal'amis, and Flight of Xerxes..

.Adapted. 502

Description of the Battle of Sal'amis.

.Æschylus. 502

The Flight of Xerxes..

Mrs. Jewsbury. 504

VIII, Battle of Plata'a; End of the Persian Wars..

.....BULWER. 505,

IX. The Era of Grecian Eloquence and Literature..

...Adapted. 508

The Political Demagogue

Aristophanes. 509

X. The Olympian Games : Chariot-race, and Death of Orestes .Sophocles, 510

XI. The latter Days of Grecian History

.Adapted. 511

XI. Early Roman History..

..Adapted. 612

XII. The Story of Horatius.

Macaulay. 513

XIV. Patrician and Plebeian Contests

.Adapted. 516

XV. The Story of Virginia.

Macaulay. 517

XVI, The Carthaginian Wars..

..Adapted. 520

XVII. Regulus before the Senate

Dale. 521

XVIII. The Downfall of Carthage.

. Adapted. 522

XIX. Address of Hannibal to his Army.

523

XX. Continuation of Roman History.

. Adapted. 524

Marius seated on the Ruins of Carthage.

Mrs. Child. 524

XXI. Roman Gladiatorial Combats

Adapted. 525

The Dying Gladiator

..Byron. 525

XXII. The Revolt of Spartacus

. Adapted. 526

Speech of Spartacus to the Gladiators

.E. KELLOGG. 527

XXIII. The Conspiracy of Catiline...

.Adapted. 528

Banishment of Catiline

- Croly. 628

XXIV. Wars of Cæsar and Pompey: Death of Cato..

Adapted. 531

Cato's Soliloquy

Addison. 631

XXV. The Death of Cæsar.

..Adapted. 632

Brutus and Mark Antony on the Death of Cæsar

Shakspeare, 533

XXVL End of the Roman Republic

..Adapted. 537

Historic Associations

DR. JOHNSON, 638

[graphic]

EXPLANATION OF THE CHARACTERS USED IN CONNECTION WITH TILE BOTANICAL DESCRIP.
TIONS.-

In the botanical descriptions, the botanical name of the plant is first given in
italics; then follow the common name, Lindæan class, Lindean order, native color of blog-
som (or of plant when it has no blossom), ordinary height or length of plant, and native
country. r. designates red, pk. pink, w. white, or. orange, pu. purple, y. yellow, cr. cream,
8. or sc. scarlet, g. or gr. green, br. brown, li. lilac, lem. Temon; ap. means apetalous, or
flowerless. The months are designated as follows, beginning with January: J., F., M., A.,
My., JO, Jl., Au., S., O., N., D.

Ka For the Pronouncing Key" and " Alphabetical List of Authors," sec end of
the volume,

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