Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy

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Longmans, Green, 1894 - 591 pàgines
 

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Continguts

Labour does not produce objects but utilities
28
Capital is wealth appropriated to reproductive employment
34
Fundamental Propositions respecting Capital 1 Industry is limited by Capital
39
but does not always come up to that limit
41
Increase of capital gives increased employment to labour without 4 Capital is the result of saving
43
All capital is consumed
44
Capital is kept up not by preservation but by perpetual repro duction
46
Why countries recover rapidly from a state of devastation
47
Demand for commodities is not demand for labour
49
Fallacy respecting Taxation
55
Fixed and Circulating Capital what
57
Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circulating might be detrimental to the labourers
58
but this seldom if ever occurs
61
what depends the degree of Productiveness of Productive Agents 1 Land labour and capital are of different productiveness at diffe rent times and pla...
63
greater energy of labour
65
superior skill and knowledge
66
superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the commu nity generally
67
superior security
70
Of Cooperation or the Combination of Labour 1 Combination of Labour a principal cause of superior productiveness
71
Effects of separation of employments analysed
73
Combination of labour between town and country
74
The higher degrees of the division of labour
75
Analysis of its advantages
77
Limitations of the division of labour
80
Of Production on a Large and Production on a Small Scale
81
Advantages of the large system of production in manufactures 81 1
84
Conditions necessary for the large system of production
87
Large and small farming compared
89
Of the Law of the Increase of Labour 1 The law of the increase of production depends on those of three elements Labour Capital and Land
96
The Law of Population
97
By what checks the increase of population is practically limited
98
Of the Law of the Increase of Production
108
BOOK II
123
is distributed
145
Slavery considered in relation to the slaves
151
Continuation of the same subject
171
Nature of the metayer system and its varieties
183
Of Cottiers
193
CAAPTER XII Of Popular Remedies for Low Wages
218
A legal or customary minimum of wages with a guarantee of employment 2 would require as a condition legal measures for repression of population
219
Allowances in aid of wages
222
Of Cost of Production in its relation to Value
274
Of Rent in its Relation to Value
285
Of the Value of Money as dependent
303
Credit not a creation but a transfer of the means of production
309
Influence of Credit on Prices
316
Of an Inconvertible Paper Currency
328
Can there be an oversupply of commodities generally?
336
A Measure of Exchange Value in what sense possible 341
342
Of International Trade
347
The values of imported commodities depend on the terms of inter
353
Of Money considered as an Imported
367
metals as a commodity
370
Of the Distribution of the Precious Metals
374
Influence of Currency on the Exchanges
380
Of the Regulation of a Convertible Paper Currency i
394
Of the Competition of different Countries
410
Exchange and Money make no difference in the law of wages
416
INFLUENCE OF THE PROGRESS OF SOCIETY
421
Cost of Production
424
Influence of the Progress of Industry
430
133
435
Doctrine of Adam Smith on the competition of capital
439
Abstraction of capital not necessarily a rational loss
448
The theory of dependence and protection no longer applicable
455
Profits resolvable into three parts interest insurance and wages of superintendence
463
The institution of property implies freedom of acquisition by con
464
This law how related to the principle laid down in the preceding
479
Of Taxes on Commodities
504
306
506
Comparison between Direct and Indirect
521
Of the Ordinary Functions of Government
531
Laws relating to insolvency
536
PAGE
540
Grounds of property in land different from those of property
552
Doctrine of Protection to Native Industry 2 Usury Laws
560
Attempts to regulate the prices of commodities 4 Monopolies 5 Laws against Combination of Workmen 6 Restraints on opinion or on its publication ...
561
Of the Grounds and Limits of the Laisserfaire
567
1 Governmental intervention distinguished into authoritative and unauthoritative 2 Objections to government interventionthe compulsory character o...
575
Colonization 15 other miscellaneous examples 16 Government intervention may be necessary in default of private agency in cases where private age...
577
The minimum of profits and the variations to which it is liable 245 246
593
140

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Passatges populars

Pàgina 483 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Pàgina 573 - Letting alone, in short, should be the general practice : every departure from it, unless required by some great good, is a certain evil.
Pàgina 556 - The only case in which, on mere principles of political economy, protecting duties can be defensible, is when they are imposed temporarily (especially in a young and rising nation) in hopes of naturalizing a foreign industry, in itself perfectly suitable to the circumstances of the country.
Pàgina 128 - If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices; if the institution of private property...
Pàgina 575 - Now any wellintentioned and tolerably civilized government may think without presumption that it does or ought to possess a degree of cultivation above the average of the community which it rules, and that it should therefore be capable of offering better education and better instruction to the people, than the greater number of them would spontaneously demand. Education, therefore, is one of those things which it is admissible in principle that a government should provide for the people.

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