British Travel Writers in Europe 1750-1800: Authorship, Gender, and National Identity
Routledge, 1 de nov. 2017 - 284 pàgines
This title was first published in 2001: Hundreds of European travelogues produced by British travellers between 1750 and 1800 remain out of sight in most libraries and have generally been out of print since the 18th century. While many people with a working knowledge of the 18th century are familiar with works including Sterne's "A Sentimental Journey" and Smollett's "Travels through France and Italy", those produced by less "literary" travellers are largely unknown. This study aims to recreate the world of 18th-century travel writing in order to illuminate its central role in shaping Britain's emerging sense of national identity - an identity which proves to be more complex an less homogeneous than some cultural and historical studies would suggest. The author finds that the developing discourse of national character is bound up with questions of gender: national and authorial virtue are projected in terms of appropriately gendered behaviour, for male and female travel writers alike. In turn, gender intersects with class, most obviously in the tendency to denigrate aristocratic travellers as effeminate and celebrate the more manly activities of the middle-class traveller. These then - national identity, authorship and gender - are the central preoccupations of the study
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Later sections of the Introduction will also address the curious absence of much significant travel poetry during this time, arguing that between Goldsmith's The Traveller in 1759 and the composition of Wordsworth's Prelude in 1805, ...
Thus, British accounts of Europe and their 'congeneric' forms, or related discourses – literary reviews, philosophy, polemic, fiction, and poetry – afford fascinating and important insights into eighteenthcentury culture and its legacy ...
The reader might be struck by the absence of poetry from the discussion so far. Surely, one might suppose, eighteenth-century travel poetry warrants analysis alongside the prose travelogues which are the main object of enquiry here.
The Traveller thus provides a poetic shorthand for a number of tensions which are then worked out with much greater ... yearning.43 It is not until Wordsworth's Prelude that poetry ventures again into this problematic territory.
36 See Robert Arnold Aubin, Topographical Poetry in XVIII-Century England (New York, 1936). 37 For Addison, see A. C. Guthkelch ed., The Miscellaneous Works of Joseph Addison (2 vols, 1914), i. 48– 61. Lyttelton's epistles, To the Rev.
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