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I am glad to hear that you have frequent opportunities of preaching among the great. If you can gain them to a good and exemplary life, wonderful changes will follow in the manners of the lower ranks; for, ad Exemplum Regis, &c. On this principle Confucius, the famous castern reformer, proceeded, When he saw his country sunk in vice, and wickedness of all kinds triumphant, he applied himself first to the grandees; and having by his doctrine won them to the cause of virtue, the commons followed in multitudes. The mode has a wonderful influence on mankind; and there are numbers that perhaps tear less tle being in Hell, than out of the fashion! Our more western reformations began with the ignorant mob; and when numbers of them were gained, interest and party-views drew in the wise and great. Where both methods can be used, reformations are like to be more speedy. O that some method could be found to make them lasting! He that shall discover that, will, in my opinion, deserve more, ten thousand times, than the inventor of the longitude.

My wife and family join in the most cordial salutations to vou and good Mrs. Whitefield. I am, dear Sir, your very affectionate friend, and most obliged humble servant,

B. FRANKLIN.

CRITICAL ENQUIRY.

Sir,

To the Editor. It has been often remarked, that the Hebrews had a peculiar way of using the participle with the verb, to denote, according to some, the certainty; and, according to others, the importance of the event. It occurred to me, in reading, the oiher day, Whether the true import of the phrase, were not the commencement and continuance of an action till its completion Thus, when it was said to Adam *, " Jn dying thou shalt die;"? which our translators render, “ Thou shalt surely die,” and the Seventy,“ Thou shalt die the death ;" I conceive the meaning to be, That he should then begin to experience that death which terminates only in eternal ruin. Waits says,

" Soon as we draw our infant breath,

“ The seeds of sin grow up for death." So Adam, the moment that he fell, became mortal; and besides that, being condemned already, he became also dead in law.

When it was said to Abraham," Blessing, I will bless thee!".* the phrase implied, that God would continue and increase his blessings, till, in the end, he should be a blessing to all nations.

There are many similar expressions, I believe, in the Old Testament; and I should be obliged to any of your critical and Biblical readers to point then out, and to examine whether they will bear the interpretation here proposed.

Yours, Jon

ANECDOTES,

A LAY-COMMENTATOR. Ar the time when the late Mr. Lacy was pastor of the Baptist church at Portsea, some of the brethren (chiefly those of the dock-yard) constantly ushered in the morning of the Lord's Day, at six o'clock, by meeting in the vestry for social prayer, exhortation, and conference on some portion of Seripture, alternately*. At one of these conference-mornings, the text led to charity: all spoke in their turn, if they chose, when it rested with Charles Benjamin, who was a waterman, and lived between Portsmouth and Gosport. Isis comment on the text was as follows: " I shall say nothing more than this. We have been talking of charity; it would be good to put it in exercise : here is our brother, Ephraim Forth, goes to Dock every morning this cold weather without a great coat; and here is my shilling towards buying him one.” The good men took the hint; and Ephraim was enabled to purchase the necessary next day, and went to Dockt,“ warmed, if not quite filled.”_Query, Can the laity expound Scripture?

This laudable custom, I fisid, is still continued there, and has been, without intermission, for more than half a century. * James ii. 16.

LAMENTABLE IGNORANCE. MR. A. B, after his conversion, owned, that when in his carnal state, he used to say his prayers seven times over every Monday morning, that he might not have the trouble of them all the rest of the week.

A few years ago, a lady, visiting her brother at Cobserved, he had not many cherries in his garden that season'; and said, That, as it was a very fruitful year, she could attribute it to nothing but the amazing increase of Sunday-schools lately. Formerly, the boys used to go a bird-nesting on Sundays; but since folks had undertaken to make them so wise, the birds were suffered to inultiply in such quantities, that she supposed we should soon have no fruit at all!!!

QUERIES.

1. How may we ascertain, Whether our thoughts are the result of a gracious influence, the suggestions of Satan, or of our corrupt depraved nature

9. WHEN we reccive comfortable impressions under the hear: ing of God's word, how may we know whether they are true or false ! or, in other words, Whether they come from God, or are only the joys of the stony ground hearer?

M. O,

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS,

The Life of Moses; designed for the devoted to a melancholy lassitude

Amusement and Instruction of Youth, and the public appearance of this By a Latz. 1279, 80 Pages, 15.6d. little volume, is jorended for the THERE is a peculiar difficulty in

amusement of young persons of ei.

ther sex. works of imagination, founded upon

For them it was written, Scripture - history. The style of

to them it is dedicated, and the sacred writers possess such a

from them may it meet with a fadignified simplicity, and speaks so

vourable reception ! direcrly to the heart, that it is

And ye, judicious critics! before boruly possible to render their nar

whose maturer judgment the juive. ratives more interesting, either by

nile pen trembles to appear, say, peetical diction or invention. Some Wild ye be more cruel than Phi writers, however, have thought raoh? Oh! rather imitate the genotherwise ; and, atier the example tle Thermuthis, and protect the in. ef Klopstock and Gesner, llave at

fant Moses. It is a firft attempt. teinpred to recommend these sub- Destroy not the bud, though tenjects to 115 by the splendor of lan- der. It may, when improving time guage and t)vé charins of the drama. shall have expanded the opening This fair writeris by no means with. blossoms, prove a valuable bowers orit merit in her line ; and tho' we prefer the chaste and Jigniñed style The Life of Joseph. In Eight Books. of the venerable legiilator, we are By J. Macgowan. Third Editiak. by no neans confident that our young 18m0, 250 pages. 25. boards. readers may uniformly do the same; This work stands on higher mor would we discourage the first ground than the preceding : it is attempt of a young female pen, to the Third Edition, and has received recomniend the Scriptures. She repeated sanctions from the public, tus availed herself very properly, It was also the production of a pen bat only of Scripture materials, but well exercised in writing:—for this of the traditions detailed by Jose- reasun, however, it is entitled to pluirs and the Rabbins. Had we read less indulgence. It is certainly not The rock, however, with more se- free from the general fault of works berity ihan we have, we could not of this nature; and it seems to disbave refused the apology, modestly cover a want of acquaintance with offered in the following paragraphis the eastern writers, and their forins of the preface, which may also of expression, which are necessary give our readers a short specimen to give it the colouring of nature. other style; we cannot say, low. On the other hand, we confess it ever, it is preserved equally good abounds with just and useful obthe cout.

servation ; it discovers a deep aca “The writer of the following quaintance with the human heart, pages has two indisputable claims an extensive knowledge of the on the candour of the public, – world, and, above all, a spirit of clams which they will not disallow. piety and benevolence. Such are She is young, and in adversity. the genuine characteristics of this Scarcely yet entered her twenty-se- little work ; on which account, we cond year, she las drank deep of can safely recommend it to the pe. the fountain of human affliction; rusal of our young readers, for nor has hitherto been permitted to whose instructiva it was particul, resuse the bitter draught of keen larly designed ;-and we are happy disappointment.

to find such works to recommend, “The history of Moses has be. when the public are daily pestered guiled many a tedious hour, which, with writings of imagination of the perhaps, would otherwise have been most dangerous tendency,

and we

Elegy on the Death of the Rev. H. adapted as well for the ainu sement

Hunter, D.D. &i. By T. Beck. as instruction of the rising genera. 8vo. (elegant) price od.

tion. The author is a humble By the notes appended to this imitator of Dr. Wites; little Elegy, we learn that the Doc. think he has been particularly suc. for was born at Culross, in Perth- cessful in his moral sonys. Alany

of his laymins will be acceptable ia shire, and educated at the university of Edinburgh. In 1771 he ac

schools; and the whole forms a cepted the pastoral charge at the pleasing present to young people. Scots church, London Wall; and continued with the same congrega- The Unrivalled Felicity of the Brie tion till his death. But a few weeks tish Empire. A Sermon preached at since, the Doctor went to Bristol Salters' Hall, Nov. 7, 1802, by the Hot-wells, for his health, where lie Rev. James Steven, Minister of the dirs on the 27th of last October, in Scots Church, Crocus Couri, 54. the sixty-second year of his age. Published ut request. Sve. 15, He was buried at Bunhill-fields, No

From the closing words of the veober 6, when Mr. Steven deli.

parting benediction which Moses vered an oration at his grave; and, pronounced on the nation of ison the following Sabbath morning, rael (Deut. xxxiii. 29.) Mr. Steven a sernon was preached on the occa- in this well. written sermon, de. son by Mr. Nicol; and another in mands of his audience the obla. the atternoon by Mr. Steyen. As tion of their gratitude to God, for tiit Poctor was a man of no com

his singular goodness to these isles man talcats, so le has met with an

of the sea.

He dweils on our nie enlogist of no mean ability.

tural advantages of insular siturit In this Elegy, Mr. Beck very tion, fertility of soil, and salubrity properly enumerates, and justly of climate ; on our civil liberties, discriminates, the Doctor's several and the interent provisions of the publications, and concludes his li. constitution to correct accidental ferary character with the following disorders, and supply deficiencies; lines, which are no less honourable

on our religious privileges, which, ro the poet dan to the Doctor, after many a struggle by our devout and to his county :-

ancestors, were, at length, by the - Oh Scotia! from thy cold unge. glorious Revolution, as the preacher piai norih,

nervously expresses it, “asserted What nervous minds and brilliant by the subject, conceded to by the spirits rise!

sovereign, and sanctioned by the And from thy fostering colleges law ;” and on providential interpo. come torth,

sitions, particularly the defeat of To shed new rays beneath some the Spanish armada, the preserva. milder skies!

tion of the king and parliament The titled meed, the proud scho. from the gun-powder prot; and, Jastic namne,

above all, the recovery and estaMistaken Kindness may confer blishment of our liberties by the amiss ;

arrival of the Prince of Orange, But Hunter, back on thee re. and by the protestant succession to fiected fame ;

the crown, in the illustrious family Distinguishid merit's just ap- of Hanover. While we muse on plause was his."

these most important benefits, may the fire burn, and the faine of our

gratitude ascend to Heaven! Let The Youth's Monitor, in Verse. In a series of little Tales, Emblemis, the close of the sermon, wisely dis

us, as the preacher recommends in Poems, and Songs, Moral and Di.

cern and gratefully, acknowledge vine. By John Burton, 1870. IS.

the agency of God in all these MR. BURTON informs us, that blessings,--guard against the abuse many of these little poems were of them, and study to feel their written for Sunday scholars :- :and constraining power to acts of piety, We agree with him, that they are and to works of righteousness.

Dbituary.

MRS. SARAH MOORE. his will! I am afraid to dishondur APRIL 17, 1807, died at Aslie the Lord. — None ever perished bourn, Derbyshire, Mrs. S. Moore,

at his feet; and there, I hope, I lie wife of the Rev. G. Moore. Her as a poor sinner!” – When I alaffliction, though short, was es

luded to the few happy years we ceeding painful; but, to the praise 'had spent together, she replied, seof rich grace, not a murmur escaped veral times, " Thousands, thouher lips throuyhout all her illness.

sands of mercies we have to be Her love to the ministers of Jesus thankful for, if he does no more for was such, that she was never more

us! - The Lord appeared for me; happy than when she could mani. in the Mount of Difficulty he has fest it. When free from domestic been seen. - The Lord grant me concerns, it was the joy of her an easy passage!" - While the heart to retire from men, and cona

Rev. Mr. S. a clergyman of her verse with God. Her ailliction acquaintance, and another friend, was of that nature, that her friends stood by her bed-side, she said, secould not converse much with her, veral times, with much fervour, without great inconvenience on her

“ You see now nothing will do, part; and as none about her doubts but an interest in Christ.” ed the safety of her state, they were

Wednesday.--I said, I hope yout contented and thankful for the few are happy, my dear?' Her answer words from her. Now and then, was, “ Not without a cloud." as the case admitted, during the Thursday. I said to her, I hope few last days of lier affiction, I the Lord supports you?' Her recopied some of the weighty words ply was, “ There is my hope !" which survive her.

When I told her I had brought her Sunday morning, April 11, when a cup of coffee, she answered me; I went into her room, and asked with a smile of praise upon her how she did ? She answered, with fase, “ More mercies in the wilderthe sweetest emotion, in the words ness?” Afterwards she said, “ I of that hy mn, “ When I tread the want to have nothing at all to do verge of Jordan," &c. with soine with selt; I want to have done other passages of our sacred poets. with self, and to be swallowed up

Monday, April 12, she said, “He in God ! When I said to her, is on the first step of the ladder, I hope you have given ine and the coming down to fetch me up to dear child up to the Lord; and as• him." - The enemy is chained; sured her I would endeavour to he can dorme no harm." In the act by her as a father, her answer evening, when nature was a little was, “ I have, and am not afraid relieved, her bursts of praise to to leave her in your care, as I have the Lord for his mercy, I hope given her up to the Lord.” never to forget. In this happy in- Saturday. I was afraid the close terval, she repeated some lines of of lite would be attended with poetry which I was not acquainted great pain, and therefore withwith, and desired ine to sing them. drew, to ask the Lord to grant her I told her I did not know the words. her heart's and my soul's desire, Her answer was, perhaps too true, an easy passage! I had scarce “You mourn when you should risen from my knees, wlien a friend sing."

who attended her, brought me Tuesday. “My life is held in word she was gone; so that my awful suspense." I urged submis- fears were sweetly disappointed. sion to the Lord's will; to which On Sunday evening, lier old and she replied, “Oh, my dear, I could respected friend, the Rev. Jonathan bear it for a hundred years, were it Scott, from Matlock, preached a

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