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of their duty, they do not like that legal phrase Duty, when applied to the Lord's free-men ; especially, if the young upper servants dare to open their mouths upon it, they are ready to wish them turned out of doors. Instead of“ receiving them, in the Lord, with all gladness, and holding them in reputation,” they translate the passage, “ Receive them with all sadness, and hold such in reprobation !" They conceive, that if their Master would but put these youngsters down, and set them up, they could do a vast deal better. - A neighbour of mine has been trying, for several years, to be regularly fixed in an upper department; and though, poor man? he has had the vanity to think himself superior to all our Lord's upper. servants in two large counties; yet, unfortunately, there are only about half a dozen elderly females who can discern his superiority!

But to return. Why do we see these ebullitions of vanity, and this fearful spirit of insubordination? Are the commands of our Master changed ? his authority lessened ? his upper servants altered ? Ah, no! not in a single iota ; but a love of reading erroneous books, and unseasonable conversations with their fellow-servants, when they should be at closet or familywork; this it is that makes them high-minded and indolent. Hence, though they do not, in so many words, find fault with their Master, they fritter away, or very slovenly perform those duties in which their whole souls were once engaged. A steady attachment, therefore, to the person, the house, the upper servants, the whole service of our honoured Master, is requisite; but where Důty calls, privilege, and honour, and happiness is secured. In these things, we are superior to the servants of Sin ; we are immediately paid, well paid, honourably paid, for all our services ! Such is the liberality of our divine Master to all his unprofitable servants! Permit me, then, to recommend this sentiment for daily use: Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast, immoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord; forasmuch, as ye know that your

labour is not in vain in the Lord !" Many of my readers are, perhaps, enquiring after the service of Christ, but still hesitate about entering into his family, though they have often been told, he will receive them freely. Let me beg such persons seriously to weigh the apostle's language : “ Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, - his servants ye are to whom ye obey, whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness ? For the wages of sin is death ; but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.” How infinitely preferable is it to be made “ free from sin, and become servants to God, that ye may have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting, life !"

EPAPHRAS, Y y %

BIBLICAL CRITICISM,

And the head of Dagon, and both the palms of his hands,

were cut off upon the threshold. — 1 Sam. v. 4.

The destruction of Dagon, before the ark of the Lord, clearly discovered the vanity of idols, and the irresistible power of God. The circumstances attending his demolition are remarkable; and in them, it is possible, may be traced a conformity with the manner in which different nations treated the idol deities of each other. Dagon was not merely thrown down, but was also broken in pieces; and some of these fragments were found on the threshold. There is a circumstance stated in Maurice's Modern History of Hindostan, vol. i, part 2, page 296, which seems in some points similar to what is recorded of Dagon. Speaking of the destruction of the idol in the temple at Sumnaut, he says, “ That fragments of the demolished idol were distributed to the several mosques of Mecca, Medina, and Gazna, to be thrown at the threshold of their gates, and be trampled upon by devout and zealous Mussulmen." In both instances, the situation of the fragments at the threshold seems to intimate the complete triumph of those who had overcome the idols; and might, probably, be a customary expression of indignity and contempt.

B. St. Albans.

THE CONTRAST.

A few weeks ago, a lady who was present at a charity-sermon, preached by an evangelical minister, found herself much indisposed to an act of generosity at that time; and, therefore, passed the plate without giving any thing. While returning from church to her own house, she had occasion to examino her pocket; when, to her great mortification, she found that she had been robbed of all her cash ; upon which she made the following reflection :-“I perceive, that if God could not find the way into my pocket, the Devil could."

A more pleasing circumstance presents itself in the following Extract of a Letter from a Poor Woman to the Rev. M. H.

“ Since 1779, I have been tossed about, and hare gone through much tribulation :- am often full of doubts and fears, of which I ought to be ashamed. I mourn and pray against my hard heart, and sometimes feel such comfort in the view of holiness, that I would be all grace and love; and although my circumstances are very narrow, yet I pray the Lord to accept, through his beloved Son, the widow's mite. Inclosed is one shilling, towards proinoting the gospel by the Missionary Society; and I pray God bless their endeavours ! — and one shilling for those who visit the sick. May God bless them also!".

S, S,

Dbituary.

WILLIAM ORAM, was pleased to shine upon his own of New Inn Yard, Shoreditch,

word, and bear it with his own light

and conviction to his heart; so that HAVING a wife and four small le now saw his undone condition as children, was recommended, as an a sinner, and the need of Jesus as a object of great distress, to The Be- Saviour for his soul. nevolent Female Society, held at When the friends who kindly miNo. 8, Susannah Place, Curtain- nistered to his temporal wants, and Road, Shoreditch; which was in. tenderly felt for his immortal intestituted Jan. 1, 1799, for the re- rests, came to visit him again, on lief of the necessitous poor.

putting a trifle into his hand, he When one of the visitors went to said, with many tears, “I wished him, he was much distressed in cir. much to se: you, but not for this

; cumstances; being only a journey- - it is your instruction and your man shoemaker, and had scarte pravers that I want. I shall never been able to do any work for some forget the day when I was first vis months past.

On being asked, if sited by you. 0, 1 longed to see he had been accustomed to attend you again! but something within any place of public worship, he persuaded me that I should not; answered, he had never forsaken his and that almost broke my heart. church, being brought up to it; I never saw things before as I do bat it was too apparent he had never now; because I was not so openly yet seen his lost state as a sinner wicked as some others, I thought before God; noas yet was able to I should do well: but I find that distinguish between the preaching to be only a sandy foundation; and of dry morality, and the humbling, dying in that state, I could never heart. purifying gospel of Jesus. have been happy." When encourHe was advised to go and hear the aged to look to the Lord Jesus as Rev. Mr. Wilkinson; which he the only Saviour of sinners, his anpromised to do; and after some suer was, he believed the Lord time spent in prayer, and in con- would make liis afflictions a blessing versing on the blessing of sanctified to that end. aflictions, under which the poor So long as he was able to go man's tears plentifully flowed, his abroad, he attended at the Taber: friend, for that time, took her nacle ; and, for about a year before leave.

his death, was a communicant there. The next time he was visited, The word and ordinances were his spirit appeared to be much greatly blessed to his soul, and he broken down, under a sense of the was evidently ripening fast under sins of his past life ; and was much them, for a better world; in much, affected with the earnest prayer that he used to say, his feeble which was offered up to God on his body (being in the last stage of a behalf. When the same friend came rapid consumption) could hardly again, a day or two after, she spake bear the fulness of joy he was in very closely to him on the state of dulged with, In conversing with a his soul, and pointed out the impos- friend on Easter-Monday, he said, sibility of our being saved by any “what a blessed time I had on ching we can do. This was a truck Good Friday! What a view of the which the legal bias of his mind sufferings of Jesus, the Friend of could not at first receive ; but, as he Sinners! O that I could love him afterward told her, he was deter. as I ought! The world is now 10. znined from that time to search the thing to me : - - I have but one deBible more than he had hitherto sire; and that is, to be fitted for done, and see if these things were Heaven." Being asked, it he had 59. In this search the Divine Spirit any fears of death, seeing is is a very solemn thing to die, and enter order his pain was very great ; but upon an eternal world, - he said, he was kept sweetly resigned to the

No; for I am not what I once divine will. The eighth chapter was; and I know that a saving of Romans, and the second chapter change has passed on my heart." of Peter's first epistle, were greatly

At another time, looking very blessed to his soul. About a fortcarnestly on his friendly visitors, night before he died, Satan was he said, “ How happy are you to be permitted to buffet him for a while so dead to the world, and so free with doubts and fears, as to his from wandering thoughts!” The passage through Death ; but the friend replied, “You are quite mis- Lord the Spirit lifted up a standard taken ; I feel too much attachment against the enemy, insomuch, that to this world, and many things when a friend asked him, a little which cause me daily to mourn be. before he died, ' Are you happy?' fore the Lord.' After pausing He said, “ As happy as I can be on a while, he said, “I do not know this side Heaven!"

With good why you should be discouraged, Dr. Doddridge he could say, you have been made a great bless

- Dear Shepherd, lead me on, ing to me; and, I believe, the Lord

My soul disdains to fear; will bless you; and, as well as I

Death's gloomy phantoms all are can, I pray that he may. You have

Aed, often told me, if any good was done, Now Life's great Lord is near!" either by speaking or praying, it must be by the Holy Spirit; there- When almost past speaking, he fore you may expect a blessing. I turned to his wife, and said, “ Do had long wished to speak to some not be alarmed, I shall soon go serious persons; and, since my ill. through the Valley of Death; but ness, Providence has sent me such; I have nothing to do but die.” Af. for if I had chosen them myself, ter being some time silent, he broke they could not have been better." out, and said, " There is a river,

After trying change of air for a the streams whereof make glad the few months, he returned liome to city of God; you have tasted it, and his afflicted partner rather worse. will shortly be at the fountain On seeing her weep, he said, “ Do head. O that is what I want, – to not weep, but rejoice.

What a

bow before the celestial throne !'' blessed amiction has this been to Looking at a friend, he said, “I me! Since my absence, I have had wish I could speak more ; but when some seasons of sweet communion we meet in Heaven we shall talk it with the Lord :- I never thought all over !” Such was the blessed there could have been so much frame in which he bowed his head pleasure found in reading the Bible and slept in Jesus, Feb. 3, 1803, after before." His eldest child lay some two years of deep affliction. His months in a decline; which much mortal part was interred in Holywell affected him: and though he found Mount burial-ground, by the Rev. it almost like death to part with J. A. Knight, of the Tabernacle, him, he was enabled to give him on the Friday following. - " Lei up. In the last stage of his dis my last end be like his!"

" Sweet is the hour that brings the Pilgrim rest,

And calls the labʻrer to his peaceful home;
So to the great asseinbly of the blest,

God's faithful servants joyfully shall come!
Soon will the Saviour wake their sleeping dust,

By Sin consign'd to greedy Death a prey;
Then shall the rising bodies of the just,
With ceaseless rapture hail the glorious day ?"

PHILEMON,

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.

com

Scripture Illustrated, by means of (which here are supposed to be

Natural Science, in Botany, Geology, locusts) the manna, as now gathered Geography, Natural History, Natural in the east; the distinctions of ani. Philosophy, Utensils (domestic and mals, clean and unclean, with the military) Habiliments, Manners and external marks of these distinctions, Customs, &c. &c. with many Plates. some of which we confess were new Principally by the Editor of Calmet's to us, and many other particulars of Dictionary of the Bible. In Eight natural history as suggested in the Parts, Price 55. each.

Bible, are examined and explained.

Many curious circumstances are no. This work, of the first part of

ticed; and, on some passages, much which we formerly gave notice in

light is shed. By way of instance, our Magazine, being now

we shall transcribe a passage, on pleted, we presume that it may be

which a Paine may contradict an acceptable to our readers, it we offer an idea of its contents, which

Apostle if he pleases; but which

correct,

a naturalist knows to be not only are indeed very multifarious, and

perfectly rational, but perfectly' of different degrees of merit. It is professedly calculated to fill up a deficiency, which has occasionally

i Cor. xv. 36.-" Thou fool, that which been felt by those who wish to be

thou sowest is not quickened, except it die.

And that which thou sowest, chou sowest thoroughly intimate with every

not that body which shall be, but bare part of their Bible, and it must be

grain; perhaps wheat, or any other grain.' acknowledged, that while divinity But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased and the precious truths of the gos. him; to every seed his own body." pel form the proper and substantial To die, here, is plainly put for ceasing enjoyments and studies of Minis- to retain present form and appearance; but ters and Christians, the subjects this is not inconsistent with re-appearance, treated in this work have been pas.

under another form ; and this is strictly sed by with too little notice and philosophical; for, that matier does not investigation, although they might

(die) perish, but assume ditferent moditihave agreeably diversified a course

cations, is a principle well known and ad

mitted in philosophy. In the present inof reading, or might have cleared,

stance, the succeeding modification is re. in many instances, the true sense of

nascence, or fertility; but every kind of Scripture.

grain, according to its own specific proThis publication is divided into perties, the offspring, resembling the patwo parts: the first refers to subjects rent; which is the subject of daily obserof science, as they occur in the course vation, and open to daily remark. This is of the sacred books. We meet, in

one idea of the apostle. But I apprehend

there is another: -" Thou sowest bare this division, with particular atten. tion to the order of the creation, and

naked grain,"-grain separated from its

stem, leaves, beard, &c. its outer coverto the phenomena of the deluge,

ings; it having been threshed, &c. before whose history is justified by the

it is sowo: nevertheless, it rises from the principles of rarefaction and conden,

earth with outer coverings, leaves, stem, sation as now established by modern

beard, &c. according to its nature. discoveries; and the history of Noah sown naked, it rises clothed; it is sowa and his Ark, is given according imperfect, it rises perfect; it is sown de. to the results of the inquisitive re- prived, it rises improved; it is sown in dis. searches of our countrymen in India. honour, it rises glorious ; so also the reIn like manner the slavery foretold surrection of the body, &c. by Noah, as characterizing the pos

Ver. 41.-" There is one glory of the

sun, and another glory of the moon, and terity of his son Ham, is explained

another glory of the stars; for star differetli from the natural want of fertility in

from star in glory." This is true, in the some parts of Africa, as lately as.

observation of the unins-ructed eye; it is certained by Mr. Mungo Parke.

true, also, to the experience of asirnoThe miracles of Egypt, the quails mers. Indeed, they are the best judges on

It is

1

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