Imatges de pÓgina


this subject. Those who, to behold the lated from the Danish voyager, sun, are obliged to interpose dark glasses, Forskall. or fluids blackened by ink, while, to behold the moon or the stars, they carefully “ Matches, or small infiammable cords, concentrate every ray of light which they for the purpose of setting fire, to discharge. can collect, must be extremely sensible of their carbines (as is cusionary in these, the truth of our text. Nor is this all; for countries) instead of striking fire by a the planets, which are commonly reckoned fiinr. The bark of trees is bearen, steeped among stars, are certainly much brighter, in water, and twisted into the form of a and more steady, in their light than the cord.” fixed stars; while these also differ in brila

It will be seen on the subject of Samson's liancy among themselves. They differ in

burners, or lamps (Judges xv.) that we debrilliancy to the naked eye; and the eye, sired further information respecting their by their brilliancy, estimates their dis.

nature, and referred to a plate of eastern But there is another seitse in

lights, where indeed no further informawhich stars differ in glory; for, through tion appears; but the reader will accept it the immensely powerful telescopes of here. The Hebrew (lampad) is rendered Herschel, they appear some red, some

fire-brand in our public version; it was green, some yellow, some white. No bed

hardly burning, blazing wood, properly a of tulips fhews greater variety of splendur. fire-brand; but, it might be of the nature The more we know, therefore, the stronger of these matches, used for the purpose of is the import of this passage; and the more

carrying fire from place to place, in which, correci do ihe ideas and expressions of the the tire, as usual' in our own artilleryapostle appear, or rather those of the Holy matches, by a very slow combustion, burns Spirit, speaking by him.

dead for a time, yet when blown upon by The reader will perceive that here wind, whether of the breath or otherwise, modern discoveries are marshalled

rekindles its brilliancy, and communicaies under the standard of truth; and

flame as directed. Let us suppose, for a the labours of the learned in natu.

moment, that the brands employed by

Samson were these matches, “ twisted ral things, are directed to the sup

into the form of a cord,” and that these, port of evangelic principles.

not the jackalls, were turned tail to tail.” The second division of this work

The history would then stand thus : consists of detached enquiries into'

“ And Samson went and took three a great variety of subjects. The

hundred roving jackalls themselves; and leading ideas of the writers are,

he took long-burning cord-matches, and that the original station of Noah

turned them tail to tail (the fire being at after the food, of his son Shem,

one end, the other end is the tail) and and of Abraham, the father of the placed a single cord-match between twe Hebrew nation, was much nearer to not-burning ends (tails) across. And he set India than our best Scripture geo.

fire to all the cord-inatches, and eat them graphers have supposed; that Arts into the standing corn of the Pbilistines, and Sciences, as writing, &c. were

&c. and, the jackalls roaming about, the practised in the earliest ages; and

the matches burnt with vigour, and commu

nicated their blaze to all combustibles, that it pleased Gud, while he treat

wherever they were carried." ed with peculiar favour the seed of Abraham his friend, and the ap

That ihe word bails is capable of this pointed line, according to the fleshi

sense, appears demonstratively from Isaiah

vii.4. “Fear not, for the twɔtails of ihese of the great Messiah. to suffer much

smoking fire-brands ( Rezin,") &c, where more knowledge of his will, and

the same word is used for tails; but the intercourse with him by worship, to word for smoking fire-brands is not the obtain in early times, than we at same as in the history of Samson: a differ. present are aware of. We have ence deserving noticë, for these probably bot room to detail the subjects intend burning brands of wood; and so the treated in this part; but as the ques. Seventy render the word (Were the lamps tion on the jackalls of Samson of Gidcon, (Judges vii.) these inaiches :) has lately been set before our read

. The reader will consider the above will ers under two representations I, we

proper favour; at least, he will perceive by

it, that the minutost articles are not to be shall now, from this work, ofter a third, without, however, presuming Scripture, when more laboured comments

despised, but may occasionally illustratç to affirm that the opinion of the struggle in vain with difficulties, which na writer, though plausible, is decia

verbal or grammatical knowledge can resive. The first paragraph is transa


On the nature of serpents, parti. To this is added, some account Cularly the cockatrice; on plants, of the Caffre language, with a vocawoods, precious stones, buildings, bulary, and a variety of curious ar. &c. much pains has been taken. ricles of information, relative to the We do not mean to say, that we history, geography, and natural his. agree with the writers in every tory of that country. thing; bur, on the whole, we think In the last Nuinber (which in this work likely to answer the pur. binding is prefixed to the volume) pose of those who wish for inforina- is given an Historical Introduction, tion on these subjects. We rejoice containing a concise sketch of for: to see the labours of philosophy, in mer missions. natural things, directed to the elu- Extracts from these Journals, it cidation of God's revealed word; is true, have appeared in a detached and believing that the intention of form in our Magazine ; but many the authors coincides with their particulars were then necessarily professions, of doing honour to the omitted, and others , much coindivine volume. We wish the same pressed. The whole, therefore, in succes may attend this work, as its collected form, seems highly ne. has already attended the former cessary for every Director who publication by the same parties; takes an active part in the business of which we learnı, that not only the of the Society ; important to every Dictionary itself, but the Supple- Member who feels interested in its ment also, has reached a second concerns; and will be read with edition.

nuuch interest by all the friends of The numerous maps, plates, missions. figures, and views of places, are As a specimen of the interesting neatly executed : appear to be from matter contained in this work, we the best authorities; and contribute give (from page 348, &c.) the folvery much to the clearer under- lowing account of " The Converstanding as well as the embellish. sion and Call of Dr. Vanderkemp ment of the Bible. They are un- to the Missionary Work." questionably much fitter compa

The first account given in a nions to the best of books, than letter from the late Mr. Cornelius those fancy-pieces whose ill-chosen Brem (whose death was mentioned subjects, and whose misrepresenta. in our last, p. 306) who describes tions rather sully than adorn the him as a man of most uncommon sacred page.

piety and talents, “ perfectly skille ed in all sciences and faculties, in

philosophy, divinity, physic, the The History of the Origin and military art, &c. &c. He not only

Transactions of the Missionary understands all the learned lanSociety, including Journals of the guages, but also all the modern Missionaries at Oraheire, Iongala. European ones; even that of the boo, and in South Africa. óvo, 85.6d. Highlands in Scotland. He is of a bds, ; or in Eight Numbers, 15. each, very healthy strong constitution,

hardened against als fatigues by x The Otaheitan Journals com- deliberate abstinence : a model of commence from the departure of strict sobriety. In his conversation the ship Duff from that island, in he shews not the least ostentation, Aug. 4, 1797 ; and are continued and seems studiously to conceal the to July 30, 1801.— The Journal of great endowments he possesses ; the Missionaries at Tongataboo, humble, friendly, affable, and of the commences Sept. 6, 1797 ; and is most agreeable address.'' continued to the close of that mis. Such was the report of Mr. Brem, sion in Jan. 1800. – The Journal which has been strictly justified by of the African Missionaries (include subsequent acquaintance with the jng Dr. Vanderkemp). commences Doctor himself. His first desire of at their embarkation in the end of Missionary work arose from reading 1998, and is continued 19 March the Missionary Sermons, preached 1802.

at the institution of our Society a and when he came to the words, tary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans: “ Eurse ye, Meroz,” &c. (Sermon

which I commenced before I went to the V.) he fell on his knees, and cried Dutch camp, and wish to leave behind me. out, Here I am, Lord Jesus; thou

as a testimony of my conviction of the knowest that I have no will of my

truth as it is in Jesus, and now offering own, since I gave myself up unto

myself on his service. I humbly and ear.

nestly request to be favoured with your thee, to be spent in thy service, ac

corres; ondence and advice, which I hope cording to thy pleasure : prevent to consider in the tear of God, praying in me only from doing any thing in the mean time, without ceasing, for a this great work in a carnal and self- blessing on the great and important work, sufficient spirit; and lead me in the

which he hiinself is doing, by your means, right way, if there be yet any way

for the glory of his kingdom. of wickedness in me.''

I am, dear Sir," &c. On this he immediately wrote to the Missionary Society in London;

In a subsequent letter, the Doctor and, in the course of the corres gives the particulars of the event pondence, gave the following ac

here alluced to, which led him to count of his conversion and expe. devote himself to the service of his rience, which we shall give in his

Redeemer; of which we propose to own words, without comment or give some farther extracts in our remark :

next. “ As I am, Sir, entirely unknown to you, I think I ought to give you a short account of my circumstances : -I am

Four Sermons, preached in London, near fifty years of age, born at Rotterdam,

at the Ninth General Meeting of the a member of the established religion ofthe Missionary Society, May 10, 11, 12, country, of tolerable health. I first studied 1803, by the Rev. S. Bottomley, physic at Leyden, but afterwards entered

Scarborough ; T. Young, Caninto the ariny ; where served sixteen terbury; G. Ewing, Glasgow; years, and rose to the rank oi Captain of

J. Newell, Great Missenden : Horse, and Lieutenant of the Dragoon Guards, - living a slave to vice anu un

also the Report of the Directors, and godliness. Marriage, however, put an end

a List of subscribers. 8vo, 25. 6d. to scandalous irregularities, and brought The first of these Discourses, on some exteroal reformation. I then left

entitled, “Advantages of Patience,” the service, and went over to Edinburgh, where, after two years study, I took iny

is founded on Rom. ii. 7, “ Te digree; having, during my stay, composed

them who, by patient continuance a Latin work on Cosmology, enuitked,

in well-doing, seek for glory, and “ Parmenides." (To be had at Dilly's.) honour, and immortality, eternal On my return home, I practised physic, in life;" from which text the preacher Zealand, where I became publicly a Deist, directs us to the following particublaspheming the name of Christ, under lars : - 1. A threefold object of the full conviction that I pleased God, Ten pursuit; glory, and honour, and years after, 1 lus my dear wife and only

immortality.”. The course to child at the same moment, and was my.


be taken in order to obtain, “ pati. self, as by miracle, rescued from the jaws of death

ent continuance in well-doing.” Six days after this terrible event, the Lord revealed himself to me ;

3. The happy result; God will rensince which time I am his bounden ser

der "eternal life.” vant, devoted to the will of my Master The second Serinon, entitled, and Conque or Some of the clergy ad- “ St. Paul's Conduct, a Pattern for vised me to enter into holy orders; but Missionaries,” has for its text, Rom. though I was desirous to preach the gospel XV. 20, 21, “Yea, so have I strived of Christ, I was persuaded it was not his

to preach the gospel, not where will in this way He soon after sent me

Christ is named, &c. Mr. Young 10 the army, in quality of Director and

considers, 1. The object proposed Superintendant of ac Hospital, near Rot. terdam, where I served till the Revolu- by the apostle, – the instruction of tion. I theo thought it my duty to quit the Heathen; 2. The means he the serviec. At present I am reiired from employed, - preaching the gospel; all business, employing my time in orien. 3. The spirit by which he was ac. tal literature, and in finishing a Coinmen- tuated.

> >

The title to the third Sermon is, the Society to the danger of disorder in its 16. The Ignorance of the Heathen, affairs, and of their bringing dishonour on and the Conduct of God towards

the cause

It is not doubied his short in. them.” The text from Acts xvii. timation will produce that spontaneous li. 30, 31,

“And the times of this ig. berality, which render a more expressive norance God winked at; but now,

address on this subject unnecessary.

In &c. Mr. Ewing here notices,

the mean time, we have to norice, that

some friends to this great object, have 1. The ignorance of the Heathen,

lately, by their testamentary dispositions, 2. The divine procedure with re- manifested that its prosperity, after their gard to it, - 3. The reason of this decease, was an object which occupied procedure, 4. The evidence by their anxieties during their lives." which this reason is confirmed.

The last Sermon, by Mr.Newell (since deceased) is entitled, “ St. Memoirs of Miss Susanna Anthony, Paul's Mission to the Gentiles,' who died at Newport, Rhode Island, from Acts xxii. 21, “ And he said June 23, 1791, in the Sixty-fifth unto me, Depart; for I will send Year of her Age ; consisting chiefly thee far hence to the Gentiles.”

of Extracts from her Writings;. with The preacher observes the follow.

some brief Observations on them. ing particulars: - 1. The salvation

Compiled by Sam. Hopkins, D. D. of the Gentiles is an object of divine Pastor of the First Congregational delight, - 2. A certain event, Church in Newport. A New 3. An infinite blessing. This Dis- Edition, with a Recommendatory Pre. course is enlivened by several Mis

face, by Dr. Ryland, Mr. Fuller, sionary anecdotes.

and Mr. Sutcliffe. Svo, 35. 6d. This new set of Sermons will

sewed. prove, that the great subject, on which they treat, is not exhausted;

THIS work is dedicated to the and they contain abundant encour. Christian females of Great Britain; agement to the Society, and its and is well worthy their perusal. friends, tu persist in their laudable It contains a fine display of expeundertaking.

rimental religion; and shews the The Report of the Proceedings superiority, purity, and happiness of the past year, is unusually large; of chat life which is spent in com. and is certainly highly interesting; munion with God. Those who as it presents a general view of the have read the Life of the late Mr. different Missions now supported by Pearce, and wish for a companion the Society; and will convince the to that work, will here be highly . public, that their efforts have been gratified. Mr. Pearce was indeed already crowned with considerable a public character, — and the subsuccess. We shall extract only ject of these Memoirs a private one; the following passage, which we

but “the violet,-though less conhope will have a due effect on our spicuous, is not less fragrant nor

Miss generous readers :

beautiful than the rose." “ It will, doubtless, occur to those who

Anthony had a clear view of the take a suitable interest in the concerøs of doctrines of grace ; was early dethe Society, that the accomplishment of voted to God; remarkable for these various objects will unavoidably oc- prayer, temperance, diligence, read. casion a very increased expenditure of its ing the Scriptures, and consistency funds. Indeed, the disbursements of the of conduct. We entirely agree, last year have greatly exceeded its income, therefore, with the respectable and rendered it necessary to dispose of some writers of the Dedication, that part of that property, which the Directors

while this volume may be pecu. would have been glad to have retained as the basis of its permanent support. It will liarly useful to Christian tentales, be manifest to those who attentively reflect yet no serious person can read it on the subject, that, without an adequate without perceiving the sweetness and permanent foundation, the Directors and importance of heavenly things. cannot embark in new and extensive un. It affords a singular specimen of the dertakings, however promising and de- powerful influence of evangelical. sirable, since they would thereby expose principles upon the heart and lifez,

and must provoke the Christian « 4 wicked wretch! he hates the church, reader to emulate the same holy and and wants to overturn it !"-If it be not happy attaininent, walking by the overturned by the abovernentioned regular same rule, and minding the same

clergy, regularly wicked, it will never be thing.

overturned by him. Indeed ! Indeed! he loves the church and wishes for its refor

marion. Village Dialogues betiveen Farmer “ But we are sure he hates bitterly the Littleworth. Rev Mr. Lovegood and

scate; and Mr. Spiteful and his comrades others. By the Rev. Rowland Hill,

will prove the fact.” When he and his

adherents * leave off abusing the governVol. IV. and last. Is. 6d. stitched;

ment, under which they are protected bound, or fine paper sewed, 25.

themselves, they will then be left at li. In this volume the author con- berty to make good their mad and wanton cludes his original plan. The first

charges against others as fast as they can,

" He is at times much too jocular."of these Dialogues contains an ac.

How was the poor author to act under this count of the awful death of Mr.

charge? Some have privately advised a Greedy. The next is a display of

giaver style; others have said, “ Let every benevolence and humanity in the

man appear in his own dress.” He only Character of Mr. Lovely : this is

begs, that his kind critics would bear with followed by The Happy Marriage. him; for if, at one time, he has been too The succeeding Dialogue represents jocular, at another time he has been toe the ministerial character of Mr. dull. Deliberate, and Mr. Legal defini.

“ He has been holding up the doctrine tion, &c. The character of Mr.

of faith without works!” Strange asserFribble follows. The folly of Sec

tion ! let the reader put on his spectacles,

for his sight cannot be clear, and read tarian Bigotry is next exposed ; to

again; and then see, if the wbole design gether with the character of Mr.

of the book be not to prove that realChrisSlapdash The following Dia

tianity inspires holiness to God, devoted. logue is intended to prove, that No ness to his glory, and universal benevo. good Marriages proceed from bad lence towards all mankind." But he is Matches. The whole is concluded certainly an advocate for the old free grace with an affecting account of the notions of the reformers."— Yes, and jet death of Mr Merryman.

our modern reformers of the doctrines of Those who have read the former

the reformation prove, that they have volumes may expect to find in this,

done more against all the wickedness exa continuation of the same fund of isting in this day, than those great men of

God did in their day against Popery and innocent humour and salutary sa.

its conconimitant cviis; and the point is tire. The characters are drawn

given up. from life with a sprightly and faith. “ But what will that terrible literary phao fuil pencil; and the peiusal will, lanx, the Reviewers, say?" Oh, that matwe trust, afford solid instruction as ter is easily settled; they, like wise men of well as pleasing amusement.

Gotham, tell the world, even by the uitleThe author concludes the work page of their books, under whose service by becoming his own Reviewer,

they have registered their brains and pens; and anticipates the sentiments of the

the man who minds them (I speak of them public in ihe following manner :

as a body) proves he has norind of his own :

and the greatest litcrary amusement a “His Mr. Lovegood is neither a bigotted man can have, if he has but time, is to churchman nor a friend to ititi dissenters; read their most curious contradictions of he is neither one thing nor another, and each oiber. It appears, that a certain set for this, the rigid professor, on both sides of these reviewers has already discovered, of the question, will give it the author on that the writer of these dialogues is both both sides of his cars. This, however, a Solomon and a fool. If, however, he will be to hiin nothing more than the old may be permitted to speak for himself, he thing over again.

bas been writing for no party--he withes “ He has lashed, say some, the regular matters to stand as they are--he is for the clergy with the most contemptuous seve- existence of an establishment, together rir."-Not tbe regular clergy.- Look at with a free toleration to all dissenters, their names and characters, and say, for under the protection of the most excellent the credit of the church, are these ibe re- constitution, on which our British governgular clergy The regular clurgy he has ment is framed. He s for no revolutions; Lioned with respect,

as whatever corrupti) as inay defile us, an * The Anti-Jacobin Reviewers.

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