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THE

NINETEENTH

CENTURY

A MONTHLY REVIEW

EDITED BY JAMES KNOWLES

VOL. XL

JULY-DECEMBER 1896

NEW YORK
LEONARD SCOTT PUBLICATION CO., 281 BROADWAY
LONDON : SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & COMPANY, LIMITED

CONTENTS OF VOL. XL

PAQE

1
19
27
34

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Russia, PERSIA, AND ENGLAND. By Sir Lepel Griffin

A WARNING TO IMPERIALISTS By Mrs. Lecky

COMMERCIAL UNION OF THE EMPIRE. By Sir Frederick Young

REFORMATION AND REUNION. By Georye W. E. Russell

FROM THE EMPEROR OF CHINA TO KING GEORGE III. Translated by E. H.

Parker .

45

THE BAB AND BABISM, By J. D. Rees

56

WALTER VON DER VOGELWEIDE, THE MINNEBINGER. By Waltor Alison

Phillips

67

THE MATRIARCHAL FAMILY SİSTEM. 'By Professor Edward B. Tylor 81

THE WOMAN MOVEMENT IN GERMANY. By the Hon. Mrs. Bertrand Russeli 97

ALVAR NUNEZ By R. B. Cunninghame Graham

105

THE STORY OF THE MANITOBA SCHOOLS QUDSTION. By T. C. Down

117

The Music Halls. By Frederick Wedmore

128

ABE MANNERS DISAPPEARING FROM GREAT BRITAIN ? By the Earl of

Meath

137

New LETTERS OF EDWARD GIBBON. By Rowland E. Prothero

143

THE FEDERATION MOVEMENT IN AUSTRALASIA. By Sir Edward Braddon 156

The DECLINE OF COBDENISM. By Sidney Low

173

The God WHO PROMISED VICTORY TO The Matabele. By Joseph Mil

Millerd

187

Nature versus The CHARTERED Company. By the Hon. John Scott Montagu 194

THE BATTLE OF THE STANDARDS IN AMERICA :

(1) WAR TO THE KNIFE. By W. L. Alden

199

(2) SUGGESTIONS FOR A COMPROMISE. By William Dillon

205

THE TRAINING OF A JESUIT By the Rev. Father Clarke

211

LI HUNG CHANG. By A. Michie

226

RECENT SCIENCE (Life in the Moon Animal and Human Psychology). By

Prince Kropotkin

240

LIFE IN POETRY: POETICAL CONCEPTION. By Professor Courthope

260

THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY: A REMINISCENCE. By Wilfrid Ward

274

THE QUALITY OF MERCY. By Ouida

293

A REAL MAHATMAN. By Professor Mair Müller:

306

ARBITRATION WITH AMERICA. By John Morley

320

WHY SOUTH AFRICA can wait. (Letter to Editor.] By Melius de Villiers 338

The High Oaks: BARKING HALL, JULY 19, 1896. By Algernon Charles

Sroinburne

341

Sisyphus IN IRELAND: 25 LAND ACTS IN 26 Years. By' H. O. Arnold

Forster .

345

THE INFLUENCE OF BAYREUTH. By J. A. Fuller Maitland :

360

THE BAPTISM OF Clovis. By the Rev. Dr. Jessopp

367

SKETCHES MADE IN GERMANY. By Mrs. Blyth

389, 729

SOME RECOLLECTIONS OF CARDINAL NEWMAN. By Aubrey de Vere :

395

AT SEA. By Martin Morris

412

THE JEW-BAITING ON THE CONTINENT. By Dr. Emil Reich:

422

Os INDUCTIVE MORALITY. By the Marchese Nobili-Vitelleschi

439

BOILING MILK. By Mrs. Percy Frankland

454

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PAGE

A NORTHERN PILGRIMAGE. By Sir Wemyss Reid

461

474

SAILING FOR LADIES IN HIGHLAND Locus. By Mrs. Walter Creyke 478

JOHN STUART MILL. By Frederic Harrison .

487

Why RUSSIA DISTRUSTS ENGLAND. By Sir Wemyss Reid

509

THE CRY FOR FRAUDULENT MONEY IN AMERICA. By George F. Parker 516

ON THE ETHICS OF SUPPRESSION IN BIOGRAPHY. By Edmund S. Purcell

533

BHOWÁNI, TAÐ CHOLERA-GODDESS. By E. H. Hankin

543

OF WOMEN IN ASSEMBLIES. By Charles Selby Oakley

559

LORD RANDOLPH CHURCHILL AS AN OFFICIAL. By sir Algernon West 567

ON THE DERVISH FRONTIER. By J. Theodore Bent

580

COUNTY COUNCILS AND RURAL EDUCATION. By Charles Thomas Dyke Acland 596

HORSE AMBULANCES. By the Hon. Dudley Leigh

609

A VISIT TO QUEEN ELIZABETH. By J. H. Round

619

THE UNAVOIDABLE USELESSNESS OF PRISON LABOUR. By Sir Edmund du

Cane

632

FRA FILIPPO LIPPI. By the late Sir Joseph Crowe

643

THE MASSACRES IN TURKEY :

(1) By the Rev. Dr. J. Guinness Rogers

654

(2) By the Earl of Meath

660

(3) By John Burns

665

(4) By Professor H. Anthony Salmonė

671

(5) By W. E. Gladstone

676

ENGLAND AND THE CONTINENTAL ALLIANCES. By Francis de Pressensé 681

LA TURQUIE ET SON SOUVERAIN. By Diran Kélékian .

689

THE VOLUNTARY SCHOOLS. By Sir John Gorost

699

TH WESTRALIAN MINING 'Boom. By S. F. Van Oss

711

COMMERCIAL MORALITY IN JAPAN. By Robert Young

721

ARBITRATION IN LABOUR DISPUTES. By Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Webb 743

NOTICEABLE Books. By Algernon Charles Swinburne, Ouida, W. S. Lilly,

Mrs. Birchenough, and Sir Wemyss Reid

759

OF WOMEN IN ASSEMBLIES : A REPLY. By Mrs. McIlquhan

777

THE MODERN BABEL,' By Professor Mahaffy

782

ENGLISH AND DUTCH DAIRY FARMING. By H. Herbert Smith and Ernesi

C. Trepplin

797

LORD LEIGHTON'S DRAWINGS. By S. P. Cockerell

809

THE CONDITIONS OF LIFE AFTER DEATH. By Mrs. Besant

816

LAND PURCHASE IN IRELAND. By George Fottrell

829

TURKISH MISGOVERNMENT :

(1) By Wilfrid Scawen Blunt

838

(2) General Gordon's Advice. Communicated by Sir Edmund

Du Cane

846

THE OLNEY DOCTRINE, AND AMERICA'S NEW FORÐIGN POLICY. By Sidney

Low

849

MANNING THE

NAVY IN TIME OF WAR. By the Hon. T. A. Brassey 861

TOTAL ABSTINENCE. By the Rev. Harry Jones

875

THE WORLD BENEATH THE OCEAN. By Archer P. Crouch

881

SOME PEKING POLITICIANS. By Professor Robert K. Douglas

896

MACHIAVELLI AND THE ENGLISH REFORMATION. By W. Alison Phillips 907

THE LOCAL SUPPORT OF EDUCATION. By T. J. Macnamara

919

THE COMMERCIAL WAR BETWEEN GERMANY AND ENGLAND. Bj B. H.

Thwaite

925

THE AUTHORSHIP OF RULE BRITANNIA. By J. Cuthbert Hadden :

932

ON THE SELLING OF Books. By J. Shaylor

937

A SEVENTEENTH CENTURY CHESTERFIELD. By the Hon. Sidney Peel

944

THE SUPERFLUOUS VACCINATION COMMISSION. By Malcolm Morris

958

A SHINTO FUNERAL. By Mrs. Sannomiya

974

THE FINANCIAL GRIEVANCE OF IRELAND. By J. J. Clancy

982

STERNE. By Herbert Paul

995

A MISTAKEN IMPERIAL CELEBRATION. By Karl Blind

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THE

NINETEENTH

CENTURY

No. CCXXXIII-JULY 1896

RUSSIA, PERSIA, AND ENGLAND

The month of May has witnessed, in the assassination of the Shah of Persia and the coronation of the Czar of Russia, two events of deep and enduring interest to the world. The two most conspicuous representatives of despotic and autocratic rule in Europe and Asia; the very embodiments of the oldest and newest order of things, the past and the future, so different and yet so near akin, have divided between them the attention of mankind. The one, an astute and strong ruler, sincerely striving to lead his country in the path of reform and regeneration, struck down by an assassin on the steps of a mosque; the other, a young man of unknown capacity, placing on his head an Imperial crown, amidst the congratulations of two continents, and the tumultuous applause of an empire only second to that of the English Queen in extent, population, and power.

What more dramatic than the contrast between the swift and bloody death of the successor of the monarchs whose kingdom had already grown old when Cæsar's galleys first touched the shores of Britain, and the triumphant inauguration of the reign of the ruler of the youngest of European Powers, with princes, ambassadors, and nobles bowing before the throne, an armed host around him, and a dazzled and bewildered nation shouting in their madness : 'It is the voice of a god, and not of a man’? In still more vivid dramatic contrast stands the shining figure of the young Czar in the central pavilion on the Khodinsky plain, surrounded by a gay crowd of laughing women

obsequious courtiers, while the bands play Glinka's Life for the Vol. XL-No. 233

B

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