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treat with him, as a power; but they | French. My sweetest thought is to render might possibly treat with a Regency. it, at the same time, useful to the security Austria, he thought, would hardly make of the repose of Europe. Sufficient of make war on his own daughter, as Regent glory has, in their turn, rendered illustrious of France; and the presumptive appear- the standards of the several nations. The ances he expected might break the chain vicissitudes of fortune have sufficiently of political connection. It was expected, made great reverses to succeed to great we find, among the French, that his reign successes. A much finer arena is this day would last six months, and then he opened to Sovereigns, and I am the first to would retire. descend into it. After having presented to the world the spectacle of great battles, it will be much sweeter to know in future no other rivality than that of the advantages of peace, no other contest than the holy contest of the happiness of the people. France is pleased to proclaim, with frankness, this noble end of all its wishes. Jealous of its independence, the invariable principle of its policy shall be the most absolute respect for the independence of other nations. If such are, as I entertain the happy confidence, the personal sentiments of your Majesty, the general tranquility is secured for a long time; and jus tice, seated at the confines of the several states, will singly be sufficient to guard their frontiers.
"I seize with haste, &c. &c. "Paris, April 4."
He is foiled. The Imperial carriages were ordered from St. Cloud to meet the Empress and her son coming from Vienna: neither Empress nor son came. Their arrival was annouuced; the annunciation was in vain; and now he has to play the whole scene by himself, in the most mortifying uncertainty, as to what may be the
He has been obliged to throw himself into the arms of the old ferocious Jacobins, -either, they are as much converted as he is, or they will contrive to cut the throat of his authority, and himself, unless he cuts their's. Which party will be disappointed in this, we cannot foresce.
Again he has been disappointed in his intended address to each of the Sovereigns of Europe. The following is the letter he has sent to them;-the answer he has received from any one of them, has not yet decorated the pages of the Moniteur; and will, not decorate those pages till they appear
in characters of blood.
Original Letter of his Majesty, the Emperor, to the Sovereigns.
In most places his couriers have been stopped-the ambassadors of the King of France have refused to receive his orders:
and profound silence marks the disregard of the Sovereigns to his application.
So far from making any impression on the Allied potentates, they have declared their sentiments against him, in a mutual convention, of which, we aunex the substance.
"SIR, MY BROTHER-You must have learned in the course of last month my return to the shores of France, my entrance into France, and the departure of the family of the Bourbons.-The true nature of these events must be known to your Majesty. They are the work of an irresistable pow er, the work of the unanimous will of a great nation, which knows its duties and its rights. The Dynasty, which force had restored to the French people, was no longer made for it. The Bourbons would not associate themselves with either its sentiments or its manners. France has sought to separate itself from them. It has called for a deliverer. The expecta-portant circumstance, the principles contion which had decided me at the greatest secrated in the Treaty of Chaumont. of sacrifices, had been disappointed. I am They have therefore agreed, by a solemn come, and from the point where I have Treaty, mutually signed by each of the touched the shore, the love of my people four Powers, to renew the engagement has carried me to the very bosom of my to defend the so happily restored order capital. The first wish of my heart is to of things in Europe, against every attack, reward so much affection, by the mainte- and to adopt the most effectual measures nance of an honourable tranquillity. The for fulfing this engagement, and also re-establishment of the Imperial throue, to give it that necessary extension which was necessary for the happiness of the existing circumstances imperiously demand.
Their Majesties the Emperor of all the Russias, the Emperor of Austria, the King of Prussia, and the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, &c. considering the consequences which the invasion of France, by Napoleon Buonaparte, and the present situation of that kingdom, may have with respect to the security of Europe, have determined to apply to that im
TREATY OF VIENNA.
In the name of the Holy and Undivided Trinity
Art 1. The High Contracting Powers solemnly engage to unite the resources of their respective states, for the maintenance of the Treaty of Peace concluded at Paris, on the S0th of May, 1814, as well as that of the Congress of Vienna-to carry into full effect the dispositions contained in these Treaties-to defend them against every attack, and especially against the projects of Napoleon Bonaparte. Towards this end they bind themselves, should the King of France desire it, and in the spirit of the declaration issued on the 15th of March, with common consent and mutual agreement, to bring to justice all such as may have already joined, or shall hereafter join the party of Napoleon, in order to compel him to relinquish his projects, and to render him in capable in future of disturbing the tranquillity of Europe and the general peace, under the protection of which the rights, the freedom, and the independence of nations have been recently established.
the Generals, Commanders of their armies, Officers, who shall be allowed the liberty of corresponding with their governments, in order to inform them of the military events, and of all that relates to the operations of the armies.
3. The ligh Contracting Parties solemnly engage not to lay down their arms but in agreement with each other, nor until the object of the war, designated in the first article of the present Treaty, shall have been attained; nor until Bonaparte shall be wholly and completely deprived of the power of exciting disturbances, and of renewing his attempts to obtain the supreme power in France.
7. The engagements entered into by the present Treaty,having for object to maintain the general peace, the High Contracting Powers agree to invite all the powers of Europe to accede to them.
8. As the present Treaty is simply and solely entered into with a view to support France, and every other invaded country, against the attempts of Bonaparte and his adherents, his Most Christian Majesty shall be specially invited to accede hereto; and in the event of his Majesty's claiming the force specified in article 2nd, he shall make known what assistance his circumstances enable him to contribute towards the object of the present Treaty.
2. Although so great and salutary an object does not permit that the means destined to its attainment should be limited, and although the High Contracting Pow-the ers have resolved to devote to this object all such resources as they can, in their respective situations, dispose of; they have nevertheless agreed, that every one of them shall constantly have in the field 150,000 men complete, of whom, at least, one-tenth shall be cavalry, with a proportionate artillery (not reckoning, garrisons, and to employ them actively and unitediy against the common enemy.
5. Every thing relating to the command of the Allied armies, the maintenance of the same, &c. shall be regulated by a special convention.
9. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged within the period of one month, or sooner if possible.
In testimony whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed same.
6. The High Contracting Parties shall have the right reciprocally to accredit with
At Vienna, the 25th of March, 1815.
In fact, if we are rightly informed, Buonaparte has met with another disappointment at the French Treasury: the cash in the public chests has been found far enough from superabundant.
Since his arrival, Buonaparte affects to
4. As the present Treaty principally relates to the present circumstances, the engagements in the Treaty of Chaumont, and particularly that contained in the six-talk of nothing but Peace: he professes to teenth article, shall again recover their full be merely the Dove with the Olive-brauch force, as soon as the present object shall be in its mouth. It may be so; but here again he is disappointed; fer nobody beattained. lieves him! There is scarcely in all Europe, a score of mortals so imbecile as to place the smallest confidence in all his protestations. Such is the efficacy of confirmed immorality and renown for lying!!
The Prince Regent has added a Declaration, importing, that, however, gratified he might be in seeing Louis XVIII, on the throne, this treaty does not bind him to that, but merely to the suppression of Buonaparte. The execution of this treaty will require money: capacity to furnish that necessary article.
Britain alone is in the
That the French army was disaffected to the King, because HE would not lead
them to plunder-we beg pardon, we mean-glory! we knew, from the first day of his Majesty's arrival: that the French nation was better disposed, admitted of no doubt. We conceive, that at this moment, the rational part of the nation dread their present ruler;—and foresee troubles. The public funds, which were above Sû under the King, are down at 57 under Napoleon. Will the army adhere to him, when they find that plunder is removed to an uncertain distance?
were they to neglect such means as remain in their power, as individuals. History, in preserving an eternal gratitude to those men, who, in all free countries, have declined giving assistance to tyranny, loads with coutempt, the Citizens who so far forget the dignity of man, as to submit to its miserable agents.
from Prussia-and they await others from Russia. Their number will be, probably, full equal to that of the Allied Armics which formerly discomfited Napoleon, who, on his side, has given notice of a conscription of more than two millions of men! besides his present troops, of which he reckons on more than four hundred thousand. These preparations speak for themselves. The danger is imminent, when such calls are so much as thought of.
Under a persuasion that the French are thoroughly convinced of their rights, I look upon it as my sacred duty to issue the preseut proclamation, which, in the name of my colleagues, and of the country of which they are representatives, shall be deposited with our records, and secured from the reach of the tyrant, that reference may be had to it, in case of need. (Signed) LAINEE. Bordeaux, the 28th of March, 1815. At Bourdeaux, was the Duchess of Angouleme, the daughter of Louis XVI. who displayed a heroism, which should have marked her too patient parent: had he discharged his duty, as she has discharged her's; France had never been that scene of blood, which it has been ever since the King's blood was shed. After having ex
In the mean while, the Bourbon Family,hausted all her powers, she took leave with though taken unawares, were not idle. The city of Bourdeaux, which was the first to mount the white cockade, attempted to resist, but had not power. Whether treason was previously in activity, is not certain. A few men did their duty: others betrayed their trust. We give place to a striking proof of honourable feeling.
The King of France has taken up his residence at Ghendt, for the presentTroops, ammunition, and stores of all kinds, are amassing in Belgium, from all quarters;-from England-from Germany
Proclamation of Monsieur Lainee, President
I consequently declare all proprietors dispensed from paying contributions to the Agents of Napoleon Bonaparte, and all families exempted from supplying, by way of conscription, or other mode of recruiting, any number of men called for, for the service of the army.
Since so disgraceful an attempt is made on the liberties of the Ficuch people; it is their duty, individually, to maintain their rights. Their allegiance to Napoleon Bonaparte has long since been dissolved, and being now bound by their affection, and their oath to their Country and their King, they would cover themselves with infamy in the eyes of nations, and of posterity,
Farewell address of the Duchess of Angouleme to the inhabitants of Bourdeaux:
"Brave Bourdelais,-Your fidelity is well known to me; your devotion, unlimited, does not permit you to foresee any danger; but my attachment, for you, for every Frenchman, directs me to foresee it. My stay in your city being prolonged might aggravate circumstances, and bring down upon you the weight of vengeance. I have not the courage to behold Frenchmen unhappy, and to be the cause of their misfortune. I leave you, brave Bordelais, deeply penetrated with the feelings you have expressed, and can assure you that they shall be faithfully transmitted to the King. Soon, with God's assistance, under happier auspices, you shall witness my gratitude, and that of the Prince whom
(Signed) "MARIE THERESA. "Bordeaux, April 1, 1815."
The Duke of Angouleme who was at tempting military operations in the South of France, where Marseilles,-a city whose commerce was ruined by Napoleon,--held strongly to the Kings interest, with the provinces in general; but were all unprovided with every thing military, as the King had no enemy to dread-the Duke was not more fortunate. After some attempts to gain ground, he was forsaken by the
troops, and his adherents capitulated for his embarkation to quit the country.
Thus it appears that the army has forsaken the King to follow the standard of a Baudit. Among the most notorious in this career of infamy is Marshall Ney, who had promised the King to bring Buonaparte to his feet in chains. That posterity may believe the fact of his treason, we aunex his proclamation on joining the
The Marshal Prince of Moskwa to the Troops of his Government. Officers, Subalterns, and Soldiers-The cause of the Bourbons is lost for ever!The legitimate dynasty which the French nation has adopted, re-ascends the throne: it is to the Emperor Napoleon, our Sovereign, that it alone belongs to rule over our fine country! Let the Bourbon nobility choose to exparate themselves once more, or let them consent to live in the midst of us, what matter is it to us? The sacred cause of liberty, and of our independence, shall suffer no more from their baleful in-will not be displeased, fluence. They have wished to debase our military glory; but they are deceived:ginning to assume considerable activity; this glory is the fruit of labours too noble, but the unsettled state of Politics, is likely for us to be ever able to lose the remem- to check their spirit. brance of it.
The shipping of other countries was be
STATE OF TRADE. Lloyd's Coffee-House, April 23, 1815.
thrown into a kind of ferment by the The Shipping Interest has lately been mode in which it has been attempted to levy the Property Tax. The owners of ships are charged with the profits made on each vessel; by which means no deduction is allowed for losses on those which prove unfortunate: no balance is struck between loss and gain. The interest of the shipping owners extends into most branches of the community even our nobles have concerns in ships, and occasionally advance great capitals in their adventures. The affair is, therefore, likely to produce much sensation; and possibly, that very sensation may lead to consequences with which the public at large
American ships begin to make their appeo-pearance in British ports; and it is most probable, that they will endeavour to recover their share of the carrying trade, on the coasts of Europe. It is to be hoped that European events will give them no encouragement, notwithstrnding the cheap
Soldiers! The times are gone, when ple were governed by strangling their rights: liberty at length triumphs, and Napoleon, our august Emperor, will establish it for ever. Henceforth let this fine cause be our's, and that of all Frenchmen Let all the brave men whom I have the ho-ness of which they boast. nour to command be penetrated with this grand truth.
Marshal of the Empire, (Signed) Prince of MoSKWA. Lons-le-Saulnier, March 15, 1815
Soldiers! I have often led you to victory; now I wish to lead you to that immortal phalanx which the Emperor Napo leon conducts to Paris, and which will be there in a few days; and there our hopes and our happiness will be for ever realized.ed Vive l'Empereur.
This phenomenon in villany has given occasion to the following Jeu d'Esprit. A Frenchman's Oath, or Loyalty in Perfection :
It is understood that the bounty on SuGARS stands thus: on refined 34s. and 474 per cent, on that amount, making 501. 8s. 14d.
Drawback on British Plantation Sugar, in the same state in which it was imported, and bounty ou refined ground, or powder
sugar 20s. per cwt. on bastards, or on refined loaf, broken, 20s. per cwt.; on refined loaf sugar, complete and whole, 34s. per cwt.
The demand for sugar in the refined market has been during the last week on the alert: exportation has been so extensive that the stores may be said to have been cleared: contracts are even entered into for many weeks forward. Raw Sugars, which must be consumed at home, rather however, are not in equal demand: those hang on hand; at least, the market for them is very heavy.
Before he left Paris Ney swore to the King,
In Italy blood has certainly been shed, between Murat, who is advancing northward, and the Austrian troops.
COFFEE also feels the benefit of very extensive exportation. The stocks in the Docks are in consequence getting low: they are less by about 10,000 casks, and
17,000 bags, than they were last year, at this time. The market, however, is rather unsettled; one day beginning heavily, and ending briskly; the next, perhaps, beginning briskly, and ending heavily. The business by private contract, as well as by public sale, being very extensive, yet the prices very fluctuating.
of the month. The wheat looks well; and bids fair for an abundant crop. The Spring-tillage, is all covered in; and much of it is now above ground. Grain of every description declines in price, from the quantity in hand. Live stock of all kinds are in request; and on the advance. The wool-trade is dull, and on the decline; owing to the present aspect of affairs;— which have cast a gloom over every thing. Nothing has had such a tendency to produce this effect, as that most odious impost
There is but a limited portion of business doing in COTTON: for if there be little to seil, of course, there is little to buy; a. it is certain, that, the dealers go all over the market, and pick up smaller quanti--the Property-tax, which is rendered still more obnoxious, by the mode in which the same is collected.
ties of certain sorts, than they formerly would have condescended to look at. The demand for exportation continues unabated; and the most ordinary qualities find purchasers. Speculation is out of the question, under present circumstances; as every day may be expected to bring in a supply.
NAVAL STORES are held back for higher prices. Rough Turpentine is expected in from America: but this is not certain.The same uncertainty prevails in other articles; and the price with the demand fluctuates according to private opinion; and not according to any fixed pubiic feeling.
RUM has been exceedingly heavy :Brandy has experienced great fluctuation : Geneva, on the whole, a shade lower.
ESSEX.The weather proving so fine through the principal part of this mouth, large quantities of manure have been laid on the ground for the spring crops, and the sowing is nearly completed. The tender Jands wrought well, while the strong soi's were in a cold state, and not so pleasant for the reception of the seed. Beans are considered to be full plants, peas not quite so good. The late frosts have prevented the wheats re-assuming the fine color they exhibited some time ago, and the looked for alteration cannot take place till some warm weather ensue. The early drilled oats make a great show, and the barleys in some places afford as good prospect. Clovers are getting forward, although the plants are somewhat defective. Tares promise a good supply, either for seed or sowing. The meat markets in the country, continue pretty steady. All lean stock is in a small degree advanced in price. Small pigs in much request.
The early part of the Month afforded the most sanguine prospect of a kind and genial spring, which has been much checked by severe frosts about the middle, together with cold rains towards the close
Page 119, line 16, for “twenty fathom”—read seventy fathom.
Line 19, for mire, read mine.
cerning the remedy for cancer, is respectfully A Correspondent, T. P. who enquires coninformed that the article was translated from a Foreign Journal, (French, we believe,) in which no further elucidation was given.
Bankrupts and Certificates, in the order of their dates, with the Attornies. BANKRUPTS.-March 14.
Bluck Edward, Brockton, Shropshire, miller.
Barker C. Hangingshaw, Lancashire, cotton
manufacturer. Sols. Bleasdale and Co. New
Fryatt W. Hornsey, Middlesex, innkeeper. Sol.
Castle, Cursitor-street, Chancery-lane. Greaves J. Pinner's Hall, Broad-street, merchant. Sols. Taylor and Co. Great Jamesstreet, Bedford Row. Holderness W. Thurlby, Lincolnshire, farmer. Sol. Gaskell, Holborn-court, Gray's Inn. Lewis and Aplin, Worcester, linen drapers Sols. Cardales and Co. Gray's Inn. M'Millan J. Blackburu, Lancashire, linen Miller J. Carlisle, dealer in horses. draper. Sols. Milne and Co. Temple.
Bleasdale and Co. New Inn.
Raven John, Litcham, Norfolk, corn merchant.
Sols. Bleasdale and Co. New Iun.
Ward J. Beccles, Suffolk, merchant. Sols.
R. Fleming, of York street, Westminster, carpenter.-W. Fisher, late of Caldicot, Bed