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The Committee at the close of their fourth Report, take occasion to recapitulate the extent and application of their numerous enquiries, and this produces a statistical paper of great value. If it referred to a foreign country, we should think it so why not, then, when the subject of it is an island, a part of our own territories,-of the UNITed KingDOM?
AND THE PRACTICABILITY OF DRAIN-
1. Mr. Richard Griffith, jun.
Mr. R.Griffith, jun. District
Mr. Longfield, District of the River Brusna, King's county
IN resuming this subject, which, we imagine, has reached its termination for the present, we should wish to impress on our readers a sense of its extent, its difficulties, and its importance. Its extent may be understood from admeasurement and calculation. Its difficulties can only be known, by a correct acquaintance with each spot concerning which we direct our enquiries. It is a satisfaction to find, that generally speaking, they are not such as to deter the surveyors and engineers who have been employed in this investigation, from affirming strongly on the subject; and even offering to accomplish what they propose, on extremely moderate terms. The importance of these improvements may be conceived of, from the great additional surface they offer for profita-7. ble cultivation; from the beneficial effects which the drainage of so much water from a soil already too wet, must produce on the general health of the VOL. II. Lit. Pan. New Series. June 1.
Mr. Townshend, District of the River Shannon, Westmeath, Longford, and King's county.
Mr. Edgeworth, District of
Mr. Longfield, District of
Mr. Aher, District between
The names of the Surveyors tespectively are annexed.
Bog, English Acres.
The Wicklow District ap
pears to contain, of common red Bog,
The District of Erris
perary, Kilkenny, and Queen's county
9. Mr. Aher, District Westward of Maryborough, Queen's county
10. Mr. Cockburne, Western extremity of Clare
1. Mr. Brassington, District on the River Barrow, Kildare and King's county 12. Mr. Jones, District of Lough Corrib, Galway, and Mayo
IS, 14, 15. Mr. Bald, three Districts in Mayo 16. Mr. Townsend, District surrounding Lough Neaghextending to River Banu, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone, and Loudonderry Exclusive of 10,673 acres of Land inundated by the winter level of the lake. 17 Mr. Nimmo, District of Iveragh, Kerry
18. Mr. Nimmo, District of the River Kenmare, Kerry 19. Mr. Nimmo, District of the Rivers Laune and Lower Maine, Kerry 20: Mr. Nimmo, District of the Upper Maine, Kerry 21. Mr. Nimmo, District of Slieve Laughar, Cork and Kerry
22. Mr. Nimmo, District of
the River Cashen, the North of Kerry
23: Mr. Edgeworth, second District contiguous to Loughree, Longford, Leitrim, and Roscommon
24. Mr. R. Griffith, jun. South ern extremity of the River Suck, Galway, and Ros
25. Mr. R. Griffith, jun. Northern extremity of the same District
The District of Cuunemara Exelusive of the Peat Soil, which forms the general covering of the Mountains within 7,459 these three Districts, and much
Mr. Nimmo further informs us that the Mountains of Slieve 14,605 Lusghar, Slieve Mash, and Corgaginary, contain, according to him
of which appears very reclaimable for pasture, by the simpleprocess of laying out intercepting drains
Of this Mountain Soil there
appears to be,
In the Erris District And in Cunnemara, about No particular return is madeof the quantity in the District of the county of Wicklow, but it is, no doubt, very considera
Making a total of 1,019,958 English acres of Bog, minutely surveyed and levelled; forming the subjects of .25 Reports, and embracing the opinions of ten different gentlemen, who have devoted, as appears sufficiently from their Reports, no small time and labour to the investigation.
In addition to these we have, as already stated, received three reports, not professing to enter into the same detail, upon the three Mountain Districts of Wicklow, Erris, and Cunnemara,
There are besides, in the counties of Donegal, Tyrone, and Fermanagh, very extensive tracts of Mountain similarily cirs cumstanced. These we have not been able to make the subjects of our surveys, 32,902 nor do we think that there is much reason to regret the omission, being persuaded. that their proprietors, when disposed to uu31,514 dertake their improvement, may find, in the Reports which we have already submitted to your House, every information to be ob tained upon the subjects. Judging, how ever, from the maps of this North-western. extremity of Ireland, and comparing them with the extent of the other Mountain Dis tricts whose contents we have ascertained, we are disposed to believe that they can not contain, of Peat Soil forming the covering of these mountains,, less than. 400,000 English Acres.
In forming our opinion, as to the total aggregate amount of the Bogs in Ireland, it is very necessary to advert to the Bogs of less contents than 500 acres; of these
is difficult or impossible to form an es timate with any degree of accuracy; we are not however, altogether without data. Examining Mr. Larkin's minute and excellent map of the county of Cavau, in his presence, we perceived it to contain about 90 Bogs, no one of which extended to 500 acres, and yet containing no less. than 17,600 English acres in their collec tive amount.