Imatges de pàgina
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been worn by the deceased. The feet, instead of being stretched out, as is customary in England, were gathered up" in such a manner by his sides that I could not discern them. I heard the bitter lamentations of the women, and the Funeral Song or Ode of the Men. I witnessed a mock fight as a part of the ceremony; and the whole party, consisting of two or three hundred, feasting upon sweet potatoes by way of conclusion. The women, who were six in number, cut their faces, breasts, and arms, with sharp shells, until they were covered with blood.

We learn that the Active set sail on her return for Port Jackson, July 25, and arrived at Port Jackson, Aug. 29.

It is singular, that the ship's company should consist of the following nations. Two natives of Owbyhee, one of New Zealand, one European native of New Holland, one American, one from Sweden, one from Norway, one from Prussia, also English and Irish!

The people of New Zealand, are particalarly fond of bread. When once there is a sufficient quantity of wheat sown so as to enable the natives generally to know its value, they will esteem us still more highly; and New Zealand may, perhaps, at some future day, afford rich supplies of this article to our ships which traverse the Southern Pacific Ocean.

or third time, she continues to do so ; he must drop his suit. Simple fornication is not considered a crime; but adultery is punished with death.

Ponahboo, Depero, and Shunghee, learned the English Alphabet in five or six days. The latter has also written several copies of letters.

The natives pronounce with dificulty the letters C, G, H, J, X, and Z. The remainder of the English Alphabet they can articulate very well. It is my intention in my little vocabulary of the language to substitute K for C.

The New Zealanders appear to have many deities; to which, however, I cannot learn that they pay any particular adora

tion.

Duaterra says, that "some of his conntrymen are very good, will work for their living, and wish for improvement; while others are very bad, will take a ship, or steal any thing." He is very desirous to adopt some salutary measures, to keep in subjection unruly and mischievous men; and to establish laws and regulations for

In a former letter, I informed you that Duaterra was very anxious to "make a Sunday" when he returned to New Zea

land. He now tells me that he made one for five moons, or months; and then his countrymen told him that they did not be

the good order and well-being of his peo-lieve that Europeans had a Sunday. From

ple. He is still anxious to make a Sunday

at New Zealand.

the general conduct of the masters of vessels who had put into the Bay of Islands, they had not observed any difference be tween the Sabbath-day and other days. Only two masters of vessels, Duaterra told me, had been particular in this respect. When the Active was there, the natives went with their potatoes, &c. for sale on the Sabbath: they were informed, it was the Lord's Sabbath, or a day sacred to rest; and that they could not receive any articles from them on that day. On board the Active they hoisted the English colours on the Sabbath. Terra, a chief on the opposite side of the Bay, when he saw the colours, immediately ordered colours to be hoisted on shore, where he lived.

I trust the time is now arrived, when they are on the point of emerging from that state of barbarity in which they have been long buried. The men are intelligent; and many of them industrious, and full of ingenuity; fit for husbandmen and mechanics, as soon as they shall be favoured with the means of instruction. The women employ part of their time in making kak kahows (outward garments), mats, &c.; and would gladly learn, I doubt not, to spin and knit stockings, and the use of the needle. The children are lively, active, and witty: they made no stranger of me, after my first appearance among them: when they saw me, they usually said, "How do you do, Mr. Kendarro?" They then offered me their little parcels of millo, or thread, which they had made with their own hands, and asked me for fish-hooks, nails, and buttons, in return.

Duaterra says the marriage-contract is made in the following manner. When a young man forms an attachment for a young woman, and is desirous to have her for his wife, he first consults her parents and brothers and sisters, whose consent he must obtain. If they are agreeable, and the young woman does not weep, she immediately becomes his wife. But if she weeps the first night of his paying her a visit; or if, on repeating his visit a second

In a letter to the Secretary, Mr. Marsden writes,

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At the first interview which Duaterra had with the Governor, he requested that his Excellency would give, either colours to be hoisted, or a bell to be rung, or a drum to be beaten, to call the people together.

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Duaterra is a man of a very superior miud. He is fully determined to improve his country, so far as his means and influence extend. Tools of agriculture are the only articles which he wants; and seeds to crop his ground. He assures me, that he will do all in his power to prevent future wars amongst his countrymen, and turn their minds to cultivate the land. No man could ever be worse treated than Duaterra has often been by Europeans: but he has the strongest attachment to them, from the hope, that, through their means, he may deliver his countrymen from their present degraded situation.

To shew the Society the ingenuity of the Natives of New Zealand, I have sent a bust of Shunghee. Some of the Chiefs are tattooed. I told Shunghee one day, I wanted his head to send to England; and that he must either give me his head, or make one like it of wood. He asked me for an iron hoop; made himself a tool about five inches long, like a plane-iron, and tied a handle to it-took the end of an old post, and very soon made the bust which I have sent in the box directed to you. The lines and marks of the face are exact, and the whole is a good likeness of himself. His face is something fuller, and this was owing to the post being rather too small. Shunghee is a very fine character; appears uncommonly mild in his manners, and very polite, and well-behaved at all times. His districts are some distance from the Bay of Islands, in the interior. He had begun the cultivation of wheat, which I had sent to Duaterra.

With respect to agriculture, they visit different farms, observe the plough at work, some men with the hoe, some threshing, &c. &c. They tell me, that, when they return, they shall sit up whole nights, telling their people what they have seen; and that their men will stop their ears with their fingers: "We have heard enough," they will say, "of your incredible accounts, and we will hear no more: they cannot be true."

Shunghee, Duaterra's Uncle.
Kurrokurro; and Toi, his brother: hig
father was a priest.
Ponahhoo.

Depero, Son of Shunghee.

with attendants and Servants; some of whom read and write the English language..

We have heretofore represented that the blame of the murders, &c. did not rest wholly with the natives: this is now the prevailing opinion at Port Jackson.

Another engagement of a more dreadful nature ensued. Some of our South-Sea Whalers, by way of retaliation, united in destroying the inhabitauts and habitatious of a whole district. They spared neither men, women, nor children. One would have thought that Englishmen would have been more pitiful in their resentment; and dreu, at least, to live. But they did not. would have permitted the women and chilThey were at too great a distance from Britain! They also mistook with respect to the objects of their fury; and actually destroyed an innocent and unoffending people, who had nothing to do with the Boyd.

In this carnage our friend, the enlightered Tippahce, was slain.

The British Captains, who united in reverging the deaths of their countrymen, ppear to have been misled by some natives who were the enemies of Tippahee. It is asserted by respectable characters who

The names of the Chiefs now at Para- visited him after the affair of the Boyd, and

matta, are, Duaterra.

His Excellency the Governor proposed on the return of the Chiefs, to present them

with a bull and three cows,

We heard in England with horror of the Boyd and his men. massacre of Captain Thompson of the plead in favour of a law which does not I am not disposed to discriminate the innocent from the guilty. Yet we were not at that time toid the whole of the truth. Previous to this fatal catastrophe some of our countryinen had been committing great depredations at New Zealand. The tops of the growing potatoes had been pulled up. The stores had been broken open by force, and the potatoes which the natives greatly valued and wanted, and which they had preserved with much care for their own support until the next potatoe season, had been violently taken away. This conduct, added to the cruel behaviour of Captain Thomp son in flogging a young chief whom he had on board, taking from him the property which he possessed, and had procured at Port Jackson, and sending him naked on shore, led to the destruction of the Boyd.

to whom he was very kind, that Tippahee was a real friend to Europeaus.

ACCOUNT OF A LOCOMOTIVE ENGINE, EXECUTED BY MESSRS. CHAPMANS, OF NEW CASTLE-UPON-TYNE, ACCORDING TO THEIR

PATENT.

On the 21st of December, 1814, a locomotive engine was set to work on the waggon-way of John George Lambton, Esq. leading from his collieries to the river Wear. It drew after it eighteen loaden coal waggons, (weight about fifty-four tons) up a gentle ascent, rising five-sixteenths of an inch to a yard, or at the rate of forty-six feet in a mile, and went nearly at the speed

of four miles an hour.

The engine was mounted upon eight wheels, by means of which the weight is so far reduced as to avoid the great expense of relaying ways with stronger rails; which in many instances has been done to obtain the vast annual saving between the use of locomotive engines and horses.

The cast-iron rails of Mr. Lambton's way were only calculated to carry waggons of three tons weight, inclusive of their loading: and the locomotive engine, with its water, was nearly six tons; so that on four wheels this way could not have borne it.

The acting power of the engine was applied to the wheels supporting it, and their resistance to slipping upon the way was the utmost power it could exert in drawing waggons after it; which, in this instance, was carried to the extreme: for although the friction was equal to the drawing forward the train of eighteen waggons, after they were fairly in motion, it did not overcome their vis inertia on drawing them from a state of rest until after a considerable slipping of the wheels of the locomotive carriage. The power of the engine was sufficient to take more waggons after it; but it could not have moved the present number up a greater ascent without having recourse to the second part of Messrs. Chapman's invention, which consists in having a chain laid along the way, where the steepness of ascent requires it, which is then laid over a sproket-wheel, like that of a chain-pump, and this wheel (receiving a similar degree of motion with that of the carriage wheels of the engine draws it forward without slipping; and when arrived at the head of the ascent the chain disengages itself by being hauled or lifted off the iron in which it was inserted.

It appears highly probable, that this invention must prove a great saving, both in public and private railways, from the great number of horses and men which ne single engine may be substituted for.

The Gatherer.

NO. VII. NEW SERIES.

"I am but a Gatherer and Dealer in other Men's Stuff."

SAVAGES IN SUCCESSION;

In Nature, in Form, in Morals; or the Climax of Parisian Spectacle.

It was before Buonaparte resumed the Imperial Crown, which he found despoiled of its jewels by Louis XVIII. that Paris was enruptured with the attractions of that graceful personage, who, in London, had been the object of benevolent suspicion, of legal interference, of public compassion and comparison. Before Buonaparte was the Hottentot Venus; and, when all Paris had felt its curiosity excited rather than gratified, in contemplating this demonstrative example of the immense superiority of nature over art-for neither art nor fashion, though intent on approaching the reality, had ever extended their wonderful projects to the same exuberance of projection-had ever contemplated the preterpluperfect of form, and personal appendage, equal to that which nature, in her profusion, had annexed to the human figure, in this instance-especially, when, the Savans of Paris, had taken their measures, and completed their calculations, with all the accuracy of the decimal system, then, the theatre took its turn, and a très jolie spectacle, of which the Hottentot Venus was the heroine, was represented with universal applause, on the scenes of the Vaudeville.

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the "Persian Letters" had met with readers, the south, the gentleman is from the north; admirers, and purchasers, why might not where both sides of the line are equally the "letters" of Surtjee, the Hottentot? Ac- honoured, neither can envy the other. cordingly, several specimens of her corres- Display is the order of the day: what pondence with her female confidantes in Sartjee displayed, we leave to the curious Africa, inflamed to the utmost the curiosity Parisians to express, of the Great City of the Great Nation to be- good set terms:" what Totte Maze dis"in good terms; in hold the person of the Belle Sauvage, played, a countryman of our own has des whose wit and vivacity had delighted them cribed in a manner at once amusing and beyond measure in the Journal de Paris. instructive. The Spectator records a By what means these letters were inter-mimic who presented individuals to themcepted, does not appear; but, that they selves-Keluti in Speculum: this mimic were authentic passes uncontradicted; not only presented the likeness of others, the fair writer having left the political but transformed spectators into his own stroke of denying her hand writing, to be likeness! was ever acting more perfect! the last shift of a great man in a great was ever talent more captivating! The station; a much more wonderful spectacle lady first, in point of delicacy, due to the than herself, much more portentous and sex: the gentleman next, the most demuch more preposterous. lightful spectacle!—what a refined amusement for a public audience! Why not fetch Totte Maze from Ethiopia, as well as Sartjee, from Namacqua land?

The following is extracted from Mr. Salt's Voyage to Abyssinia :

Que specimen consisted in the imitation

After all, the Parisians were gulled, but not to their detriment; for the Sauvage was performed by one of the best actresses on the stage of the Vaudeville; who, by disfiguring her figure, and deforming her form, became at once a representative and a rival of the African Venus;-a rival in parts, of a greatness naturally imparted;— the seat of honour, and not to be mention-of the behaviour of a chief in battle, who ed without reverence: such is the invari-had not been remarkable for his courage. able custom of all mankind. The learned At first he came in very pompously; calland polite allude to these parts of the ing out in an overbearing manner to his figure, figuratively: the unlearned and un- soldiers, and vaunting what he would do polite describe them in their broader dia- when the enemy approached. He then leact, as objects and subjects of salutation, mimicked the sound of horns heard from plainly. Not we from Kings, but Kings a distance, and the low beating of a drum. from us," is the lofty pretension of one of At hearing this, he represented the chief, as beginning to be a little cautious, and to ask questions of those around him, whether they thought the enemy were strong?, This alarm he continued to heighten as the enemy advanced, until at last he deBut in this, much more is meant than picted the hero as nearly overcome by his meets the ear; and those in the secret, as- fears; the musket trembling in his hand, sert, that had the Congress at Vienna been his heart panting, and his eyes completely properly acquainted with the plot then fixed, while, without being couscious of it, proceeding, they might have circumvented his legs began to make a very prudent reNapoleon, and caught him in his own trap. treat. This part of his acting excited For, what could be expected, other than among the spectators a due share of conreally happened, from a people whose tempt, when, dexterously laying hold of the manners were systematically vitiated, and circumstance, he affected to be ashamed of who had been reduced to that anomalous his cowardice, mustered up his whole stock state of barbarity, which can find delight of courage, and advanced, firing his in spectacles so revolting? Certain it is, matchlock at the same moment in a directhat the lesser Savage preceded the greater; tion exactly contrary to that in which the and the climax was correctly maintain-enemy was supposed to stand, when, appaedjin presenting-first the huge Elephant,rently frightened at the noise of his own then the savage African,-and lastly,-gun, he sank down on his knees and THE WILD MAN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA. begged for mercy: during this time the expression of his face was inimitable, and, at the conclusion, the whole of the spectators burst into a shout of admiration.

our northern nobles: the southern Kallipygą, much more uobly, and infinitely more classically, derives her honours by descent --as we gather from the motto on her carriage "non posteri sed posteriori.”

Mocking catching: The Imitative Art. Another African!-but we cannot say, Eece iteram Crispina! The lady is from

Totte Máze evinced very extraordinary native talent.

In another representation, he imitated the overstrained politeness of an Amharic

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Courtier, paying a first visit to a superior. | might be included in the confession--On coming in, he fell on his face and kissed that he is an instance of that species of the ground, paying most abject compli- reverie, which seems to have been in the ments to the chief, and, on being invited contemplation of Professor Stuart, when he to sit down, placed himself with well- penned the following paragraph. Is it feigned humility close to the threshold of absence of mind? no; the mind is earnestly the door shortly afterwards, on the sup- engaged, and its faculties are never more position of a question being asked by the alert. Perhaps it is a kind of suspension chief, he arose, and still carrying on the of general perception, occasioned by a vio farce, prostrated himself the second time, lent direction of specific perception to onè he gave an answer couched in very polite object. That object whether present, or and artful phrases, advancing cautiously at absent, engrosses the mental power; while the same time into the middle of the room. In this manner he continued to take advan- To indulge it is dangerous. The astronoon other particulars, observation is null. tage of the attentions paid to him, gradually stealing along, till he got close to a well, was own brother to the Gatherer; mer who studied the stars, till he fell into the side of the chief, when he assumed an extraordinary degree of familiarity, talked eyes, on what he does not see, and seems who not seldom seems to pore with his loudly, and, to complete the ridiculous ef- to hear, without a single sentence reaching fect of the whole scene, affectedly moved his inner ear. It is dangerous, for what his nose, almost in contact with the others face. The species of satire afforded great dangerous, for who can depend on his answer can he make to questions? It is delight to the natives of Tigré; as they remarks? It is dangerous, for bye-standers pretend on all occasions to despise the sub- think it unaccountable:--what a character missive and effeminate manners of the peo- for a Catherer! ple of Amhara, whom they invariably describe, as possessing smooth tongues and no hearts."

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almost to every one, in which external obThere is a certain state of mind, known They are either not perceived, or perceived jects produce no lasting effect upon us. and not remembered. We may be en

In addition to his other representations, Totte Máze gave a most admirable imitation of the mincing step and coquettishgaged for an hour or two in earnest convermanners of the women of Amhara, and of sation with a friend, without being able to their extreme affectation in answering a few say what were the colours of the clothes of the most common questions. In all he had on. these representations, the tones of his voice in interesting company without knowing, We may sit a whole afternoon were so perfectly adapted to the different when we leave the room, how many wincharacters, and his action was so thorough- dows there were in it; or, (to use Mr. S.'s ly appropriate, that it gave me very unex-illustration), 'a clock may strike in the pected gratification. next moment to recollect whether we same room with us, without our being able heard it or not.'

Totte Maze was one of the cleverest mimicks I have ever seen; the command which he possessed over his features almost equalling that which was displayed on the boards of our own theatres by Suett; an actor to whom he bore considerable resemblance. One of his chief acquirements consisted in the singular art of making other people (particularly strangers, who had not been apprized of his intention) imitate the contortions of his own features, a power which I repeatedly saw him exercise with success, and which on one oc

casion, drew me into the same kind of ridiculous situation, without my being conscious of the changes in my countenance, until I was roused by a friendly hint from the Ras, who let me into the secret of what he was about.

Absent while present: non-perceptions at Church.

The Gatherer confesses for himself,—and perhaps, others of the Panoramic board, VOL. II. Lit. Pan. New Series. June 1.

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In these,' he continues, and similar cases, I believe, it is commonly taken for granted, that we really do not perceive facts, however, I am inclined to suspect the external object. From some analogous that this opinion is not well-founded. A person who falls asleep at church, and is last words spoken by the preacher; or even suddenly awaked, is unable to recollect the to recollect that he was speaking at all. And yet, that sleep does not suspend enferred from this, that if the preacher were tirely the powers of perception, may be into make a sudden pause in his discourse, every person in the congregation who was asleep, would instantly awake. In this case, therefore, it appears, that a person way be conscious of a perception, without being able afterwards to recollect it.'

must he also confess a secret satisfaction on
"The Gatherer has confessed his fault;

R

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