Imatges de pÓgina
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1815

Apr. 22

May

Daily Prices of STQCÊS, from 21st APRIL, to 20th May, 1815.

Bank

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4 Ascension Day

Trish Bank

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561

561

13

15- Wh. Mon16

13 15199

20199 21:199

4 199

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benture 34 per ct.

3 p. Cent Consols.

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4 p. Cent.
Consols.

13 per cent.

Old 6 per cent.
New 6 per cent..
Louisiana, 6 per cent.
Bank Shares.

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Navy
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Government

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benture 5 per ct.
Government
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Treasury Bills.

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1817

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IRISH FUNDS.

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14 7-16

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1211

AMERICAN FUNDS.

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IN LONDON.

Apr.20. May 2. May 6.

Grand Canal

Grand Canal
Stock.

Loan, 4 per ct.
Grand Canal

Loan 6 per cent.

Omnium.

City Dublin
Royal Canal
Bonds.
33 9333 1on, 6 per ct.

1811

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By J. M. Richardson, 23, Cornhill.

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Apr. fr.

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Prices of the FRENCH FUNDS, From April 17, to May 18.

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C. fr. 825 815 780

73 780

760

805

584

c.

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LITERARY PANORAMA,

National Register :

For JULY, 1815.

REPORTS

BY THE

COMMISSIONERS

NATIONAL and PARLIAMENTARY
Notices.

BRITISH and FOREIGN.

FOR THE

HERRING FISHERY.

FOR THE YEAR 1809.

Ordered to printed, February 21, 1811. REPORT, &c. FOR THE YEAR 1810.

Ordered to be printed, January 13, 1812. REPORT, &c. FOR THE YEAR 1811.

Ordered to be printed, April 14, 1814. REPORT, &c. FOR THE YEAR 1812.

Ordered to be printed, April 17, 1815. REPORT, &c. FOR THE YEAR 1813. Ordered to be printed, Nov. 26, 1814.

THE

THE lot of man is to labour for his food originally intended to "dress a garden, and to till it," his natural disposition leads him to cultivate the earth, and to employ his skill in fertilizing the humid mould, to which he is allied.When a state of punishment succeeded a state of bliss, man was still inured to eat bread by the sweat of his brow; and this, no doubt, is the lot of by far the greater portion of the human race: the Earth, their beneficent mother, yields them support. Nations seated in the midst of a Continent, direct their

Vol. II. Lit. Pan. New Series. July 1.

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utmost industry to the chace, or to the plough: they think of the produce of the water, merely as adding variety to their repasts; and fish, though not entirely unknown to them, yet is rather an occasional, than a substantial, and regular, article of their diet.

There have been people who scrupled fish as food; and whether from experience of something injurious, or fron motives derived from religion, they almost abhorred it, in all its kinds, and without exception. Others decline partaking of certain species of fish, while other species they admit into their festivals, and devour with avidity.

and appearance of some kinds of fish It must be owned, that the figure have something terrific-while others, have something disgusting; yet to take disgust at the mere circumstance of form, can hardly be the dictate of wisdom. The Mosaic law forbad the eating of fish which had not both fins and scales. In Scotland, eels are considered as a species of water serpents, and habit refuses to partake of them.

The prejudices of abrogated institutions, aversion to form or figure, the injunctions of religious observances, prevail but little in Britain. Britain, as an island, surrounded on all sides by the ocean, possessing numerous ports, with a multitude of conveniences for the purpose, is invited by nature to engage vigorously in the fisheries; and to add the resources of the water, in respect of food, to those which the fertility of her soil furnishes, for the support of the greatly increased, and continually increasing, population, that forms her strength as a people, and supports her preponderance as a nation.

T

as

The permission of some religious systems in reference to the use of fish food, was, under other systems an injunction, ordaining the adoption of this aliment, with a suspension of flesh meat from the table. The fasts of the church, enjoined to be observed weekly, and during Lent, especially, forbad so much as the appearance of meat and certain it is, that the strictness of a six weeks' or two months' fast, is felt in some parts, with accumulated weight, towards the close of the period. Some of the Greeks, who fast conscientiously, exhibit a countenance very different at last, from what it was previously. Those few members of the Church of Rome, who esteem strict fasting obligatory, fare very little better, and would they speak out, would declare that they like long fasting nothing more than their heretic kinsfolk and friends, of John Bull's family. We are, indeed, of opinion, that occasional fasting is favourable to bodily health; but, we dare not press the principle, lest the opposition stimulus in the nature of our worthy patron, should call on us to distinguish those occasions; and when, with all imaginable gravity, we had so done, should turn him round upon us, with a personality of application, somewhat broader than might become the pink of politeness." Indeed, I see no occasion whatever and shall certainly postpone fasting, till the time when I can get no victuals. Here comes a noble round of beef, for the table: let them fast who choose it ;-truly not I."

exigencies of the State: if the money were saved, it is clear that it could not be engaged in promoting the fisheries:

the fisheries derived no greater advantage from this Puritanical abstineuce, that from the High Church proclamations for continuing the rite of fasting, issued by the daughter of the Convent-destroying Henry.

It was by inattention to this reaction in John Bull's determinating faculties that Queen Elizabeth almost ruined the fisheries. She ordered and commanded her subjects, loving or indifferent, to use fish twice a week ;intending to provoke a great demand.

King Charles I. began the experiment of forming a company (in 1630 and 1633) for the procuration of fish; but the civil wars ruined the undertaking.King Charles II. (1661.) renewed his father's plan, and employed some money in the fisheries; but his pressing occa sions for money, induced him to withdraw it, and the merchants who were engaged in copartnership with him, in anger withdrew their's: the plan, therefore, failed. In 1750 a Corporation was established by Act of Parliament, called the Free British Fiskery; it lasted its lease of twenty one years. Often, in later times bave the fisheries been the theme of eulogy; and the subject of speculation. We remember when the Herring was popularly described as

King of the Sea," to the infinite perplexity of every school-boy who had figured in his imagination the wonderful dimensions of a whale. We remember when "Fish by Land Carriage," was inscribed in this market, and the other market; and "Authorised by Act of Parliament," deterred the butchers from hostilities against their dreaded rivals.

66

Alas! these ornaments shine na more they no longer attract the eye of the frugal passenger: the labours of that generation are ended, yet fish continues as scarce as ever, not in the metropolis only, but in the interior of the kingdom. The good housewife finds this a vexation: the Politician and Statesman sym

:

No she provoked a something so oppo-pathize with the good housewife; the site, that fasting for conscience' sake, merchant who would export, and the became confounded with fasting for countryman in the inner counties, who poverty' sake, and the Puritans carried would consume, sympathise, also, each all voices in opposition to the authorita- in his way;-and yet, the deficiency of tive edicts of her Sovereign Majesty, fish continues. the Queen's grace. And yet, the successors to these Puritans, when wielding the scpetre of power, could enact and enforce, a fast of one day in the week; and direct the money saved to be applied to the

Not the immediate furnishing to the home market only, is concerned in the extension of the fisheries: foreigners. await their supply also; and the fasts of the Catholic Countries, as we have

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