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which have been hitherto made to that species of property being given in lieu of tithes, will be done away.
Your Petitioners humbly pray that your honourable house will take into your most serious consideration, the expediency of an equitable and immediate commutation of tithes. And Petitioners will ever pray. From the useful information on the subject of tithes, derived from the essays in claim of the Bedfordean gold medal, the Society thought that the same stimulus might produce some useful essays on another important agricultural subject; they have, therefore, offered it this year for "The best Essay on the Corn Laws, with reference to the present time." A motion followed this to Petition both Houses of
Parliament, to adopt some measures for the benefit of Agriculture.
Lord Hill's Column.
The magnitude of this grateful tribute to public talent and private worth, will best appear on its being compared with some of the most remarkable structures of a similar kind. The Monument in London is 15 feet in diameter, Lord Nelson's column at Dublin is 13 feet, and the height of the shaft and capital about 77 feet. The column erected by Buonaparte at Paris, is 14 feet in diameter, and 120 feet in height: so that Lord Hill's column will be equal in diameter to the Monument, two feet more than Lord Nelson's, and exclusive of the pedestal, 13 feet higher. It exceeds the diameter of the Paris column one foot ; and will, it is presumed, be the largest Doric column ever erected. The original design is by Mr. Edward Haycock, of Salop, corrected by Mr. Harrison, of Chester; and we are informed that it has received the most decided approbation of connoisseurs. It must gratify our readers to understand that the work of erection proceeds without intermission.
Whole height Diameter of the Column at the Plinth at the Capital Reaping Machine: stage effect. Dobbs, one of the Wolverhampton company of commedians, has just completed a reaping machine, which not only cuts the corn, but gathers it at the same time. This ingenious invention was exhibited at work on the stage, on his be
nefit night. The stage was covered with earth, and planted with wheat, and the experiment answered the public expecta tions.
Antiquities: Danish: Spanish.
Lately, as the ploughmen of J. Warlby, Esq. of West Wratting, were breaking up an old grass layer, several pieces of the plough, which got entangled with a antiquity were accidentally discovered by thin plate of lead, and brought up with
it several coins, &c. one of which has the following Dano-Saxon iuscription round it EDVPEN MEAGAGE HYO DRIHTEN. And after further search, a very old freestone coffin monument, with and Escalop Shell on the top, to denote his a skeleton was found, having a Cross-fiorê, having been a pilgrimage to St. James of Compostella. It appeared to be the skele ton of a person who had never been in a coffin, as was a common way of burial for persons of distinction in Edw. II. and III. time.
The venerable Church at Bodmin, in Cornwall, is likely soon to become a heap of ruins; neither the patron of the Borough, the Corporation, nor the Parishioners, will be at the expense of repairing it; and at the last visitation the Churchwardens elect refused to he sworǹ in, under an idea that they should become liable to make good the delapidation.
Devonshire Wrestling: Whitsuntide.
May, the athletic amusements commenced
from his adversary's foot blows; odds were may be owing (in some degree) to the then in favour of Jordan, who, after a trial happy discovery and practice of Cow-pock of 17 minutes, caught his opponent by the Inoculation, by which a multitude of chilfore-hip, and gave him so fine a turn on his dren are now preserved from an untimely grave. back, that the air for some minutes was rent by the shouts of the spectators, in declaring him the victor.
Great praise is due to the conductors of this wrestling, who proposed an additional prize of 51. afterwards, to be played for by Some of them af men without shoes. forded good play and much amusement, particularly a little stubby sailor boy, about 19 years old, and not five feet high, called Spure, alias Little Buonaparte, who astonished every one by his play. threw the celebrated Webber, one of the best Devon players, and two other tall good men;" but his fourth man, Northcott, gave him an unlucky turn, which had nearly dislocated his neck. It then remained for a young man, called Uglow, and Northcott, to contend for the prizethe former displayed great skill for a considerable time; but the latter, being a more powerful man, threw him and gained the prize.
The first Prize was won by Webber, second Prize by Jordan, jun.; the third by Jordan; second best by Flower.(Plymouth Telegraph.)
Statistics. It is probable, that the population of the town of Boston never increased more within one year, and that the health of the inhabitants was never generaily better, than in the year 1814: the number of burials in the parish-register, being 178; and that of baptisms, 376.
The average amount of Bank Notes in circulation, including Bank Post Bills, for the three years ending the 5th of April, 1808, appears to have been 16,710,090l.; and for the three years ending the 5th of April, 1815, 25,102,600/
In the PARISH REGISTERS of BOSTON,
The probable increase of the population, from Dec. 31st, 1810, to Dec. 31st, 1814, may be thus computed:-From 1426 persons baptized within that time, deducting 761 buried, there will be added to the latter of the above Population Returns 655; then adding, for persons, who would be included in the number, if taken from house to house, as done in the Population Returos, but are not included in the Parish Registers, 232; the total will be 9000. It seems highly probable that the very diminished proportion of Burials to Baptisms, and the consequent increased population
3470 5926 . 8113
The produce of the duties on Pamphlets, for the last ten years, is 5,660l. 138. 8d. or, upon an average, about 5661. a year.
Equity obtained: Estates restored. Court of Chancery.-Webber and others, v. Hunt and others.-His honour the ViceChancellor pronounced a most elaborate judgement in this case, in favour of the poor plaintiffs, whose little estates were in their ignorance, purchased from the late sister of one of them, in the year 1793, for a sum so inadequate as not to exceed a seventeenth part of the real or fair value. The present Decree restored to them their rightful inheritance, after so long a lapse of time, to the universal gratification of
The annual pressure of the
Ditto of the pressure of the
26,470 inches Fall of rain in Manchester Ditto upon Blackstone Edge 84,985 do Water evaporated from a surface of water Spaces described by the barometer in its mean daily curve
Number of barometrical
123 do Prevailing winds, SW. W. and E. Society for the Encouragement of Arts, &c.
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk (President), the Vice Presidents, and Members, assembled at the Society's house in the Adelphi, according to annual custom, to distribute their several medals, bounties, and rewards to the successful candidates. The following were among the numerous prizes adjudged on this occasion :
In Agriculture.-To J. C. Curwen, Esq. V. P. of Workington Hall, Cumberland, for improving upwards of 400 acres of waste iand, the gold medal.-To H. J. Nicholls, Esq. of Woodhall, n. Wisbech, for a useful
Mean temperature of the six
Ditto ditto of the six winter
method of preventing vicious bulls from Ordnance Department has been immense : doing mischief, the silver medal. not fewer than 20 millions of bali cart In Polite Arts.-To W. Franklin, of Ep-rigdes have been sent to the Netherlands. ping, a journeyman shoemaker, and self- A order has arrived at Plymouth to pretaught artist, for a neat and original pen pare for shipping off 300,000 bail carand ink drawing of Theydon Place, neartridges, and 20,000 stand of arms. They Epping, the silver palette. are intended for the use of the Royalists, and are to be put on board men of war.
In Manufactures.--To Mr. T. G. Bucke, of Richmond, for the production of Merinowool, from the breed of Spanish sheep in England, the gold medal.
To remove the Spots of Grease from Printed Books.-The spot should be ened with a camel-hair pencil, dipped in rectified spirits of turpentine; when it is dry moisten it with spirits of wine, which will effectually remove any stain the turpentine may have left.
The demand for musket ball cartridges has been so very great, that the stage waggons of Chelmsford have been hired for the purmoist-pose of conveying one million and a half fleet; thirty million of musket ball cartfrom the depot ouChelmsford lines to Purder, of 60th. each have been embarked at ridges, and thirty thousand barrels of powWoolwich for the Duke of Wellington's army in the Netherlands, since the army has been there.
Aliens: Deaf and Dumb. Lately upwards of 100 aliens attended to sign their declarations, according to the statute, amongst whom were two deaf and dumb men, pupils to the Abbe Sicard, No. 28, King-street, Holborn.
Robberies: near London.
A great number of public-houses and inns have lately been robbed in and about London, by men going to lodge in them for a few days, merely till they find out where any property of value is kept. Two extensive robberies of this description have been discovered within these few days.
Fowey Harbour: deep.
Lately the San Nicolas, 84, (captured by our immortal Nelson in the action off Cape St. Vincent) sailed from Plymouth for Fowey, having been purchased to be broken up. She arrived there under the direction of Captain Colmer, in five hours, and went up the harbour at low-water inark. On her arrival she was welcomed by a band of music, and the surrounding hills were covered with spectators, she being the first ship of such magnitude ever known to enter Fowcy harbour.
Orders have been received at Ports
mouth, not to fit out for commission any more line of battle ships.
The following letter was posted at the Commercial Rooms, Bristol." The fact is we believe, that Buonaparte has not only stripped his ships of their guns, but hur
ried the seamen off to the armies.
MAN. DOBSON, Capt. R. N Regulating. To Sir W. J. Struth, Mayor of Bristol." Accident in the Park.-A melancholy accident attended the celebration of the usual ceremony of firing guns iu St. James's Park, in honour of his Majesty's birth day. During the firing, an immense number of boys contrived to assembie within the enclosure, and the consequence was that four of them were dreadfully slict with the wooden plugs. One boy was quite dead, and three others severely wounded over the head and body, two of whom were taken to the WestminFrom the abdomen of one of them was taken a piece of wood S inches in length. The boy is about thirteen years of age, he expired the next day at one o'clock. The piece of wood was extracted from the opposite groin, it having perforated the extremities. Richard Long, a boy about eight years of age, in the same Hospital, in a dangerous state, from a wound in the head.
New Torpedo.-A large company of military and naval officers assembled at the Military Communication-bridge, at Cha-ster infirmary. tham, to see the effect of a torpedo, which was to be exploded under the direction of Colonel Pasley, of the Royal Engincers. The magazine was fixed under a large buoy placed in the river, and a tube communicating with it rose above the surface of the water. A piece of port fire, fixed in the tube, was ignited, and in two minutes afterwards the explosion took place with a most tremendous effect, throwing the timber under which it had been placed nearly 40 feet into the air.
The issue of warlike stores from the
Lately the whole of Spitalfields, and the surrounding parishes, exhibited a scene of joy, unparalleled in the memory
of the oldest inhabitant, in consequence of the repeal of the Act allowing East India silk handkerchiefs to be sold for home consumption. The morning was ushered in by the ringing of bells, and other demonstrations of joy; and every house displayed flags, or some specimen of British silk manufacture; some of which were extremely curious, and reflected great eredit on the manufacturers. In the evening a number of houses were illuminated.
of this charity was lately held at the London Tavern, Earl Harewood in the Chair; at which the report of the committee was read. In that report the committee recommended, (in our opinion wisely,) in the first instance, the female children of their indigeut countrymen, as, from the dangers, difficulties, and misfortunes, to which they are particularly exposed, they are the most helpless of our race, and have, therefore, a greater claim upon our benevolence. At the same time, the committee express a hope that boys also will, in the course of time, through the increased means afforded, become partakers of the general bene fits of the institution.-Lord Lascelles, in making acknowledgements, on behalf of the stewards, for thanks voted to them, £650 declared his conviction that when the 600 objects they had in view were more gene500 rally known, every one would feel an 500 interest in contributing to the support of 500 the charity, and that in time, it would, like 450 the county, become the first in the kingdom. -Thus much we have thought it interesting to detail with respect to the Yorkshire Society, supported by Yorkshiremen: we have only further to say-May other countries, also, "do likewise."
Dramatis Persona: profits.
The benefits of the principal Performers at Covent-garden "Theatre have hitherto, with one or two exceptions, proved very productive. The receipts of the house
Miss O'Neill's night, about.
Mr. and Mrs. Liston's.
Cider will be a scarce beverage throughout Somersetshire this year, the orchards having been injured to a degree almost beyond precedent.
Uncommon Assemblage of Sponsors. At the christening of the infant son of Mr. T. Read, of Tannington, in Essex, a few days ago; there were present, the child's two grand-fathers and grand mothers, two great grand-fathers and great grand-mothers, who all four stood sponsors for the child.
Fresh berrings were sold in the different ports on the coast of Cumberland the week before last, at twelve for one shile ling. The fishery having begun so favourably, promises a bounteous piscine barvest.
Yorkshire Society. We notice, with pleasure, in this place, a benevolent institution under the above name. It has for its object, the maintaining, clothing, and educating the children of indigeut Yorkshire men resident in London. The anmversary
FALCONRY.-On Monday May the 8th, the subscription hawks of Lord Rivers, Major Wilson, Mr. Downs, and others, after the races at Newmarket were flown off at some rooks in the flat, on which they
The Prize Compositions were adjudged as follows:- }
Singular Wedding.-Last week was mar-pounced with great avidity, and speedily ried at. Dowton, in Gloucestershire, by brought them down, to the great enter the Rev. W. Gunning, Mr. Wilson, a resi- tainment of the numerous spectators.-The dent near Stroud, to Sarah Lock, a young same sport was resumed on Tuesday. gipsy girl, belonging to a gang now hutUniversity Prizes. Oxford. ted on the Common, in the vicinity of that town. This happy event was celebrated by the ringing of bells and other demonstrations of joy. A handsome dinner was provided on the occasion at the Bull lan, in Hinton. A ball followed, at which, the whole of the Gipsy Corps, and the inhabitants for miles round, were present. At eleven o'clock the dingy tribe retired, but not before the father of the bride called for a pint pot, which he filled with Guineas and presented to the bridegroom.
Chancellor's Prizes.-English Essay: "The Effects of Colonization on the Parent
State." Mr. T. Arnold, B. A. Scholar of
Latin Essay-" In illa Philosophia Parte, que Morati dicitur, tractanda, quænam si, præcipue Aristotelica Disciplina Virtus?" Mr. C. G. B. Daubeny, B. A. demy of Magdalen College.
Latin Verse-Europa Pacatores Oroinvisentes." Mr. A. Macdonnell, nium Student of Christ Church.
Sr Roger Newdigate's Prize-English Verse: "The Temple of Theseus," Mr, S. Rickards, Commoner of Oriel College.
An estate of this kind, near Berwick-uponre-Tweed, the property of Lord Reay, and formerly producing but 300l. per annum, can now be let at the, reut of 1,000. per
Parish Banks, for small savings.-A port of a Committee to whom it had been referred to inquire into the nature and success of Saving or Parish Banks, and the plan and Regulations on which they ought to be established, in order to afford the greatest facility and inducement to tradesmen, servants, and labourers, to lay up their savings, was lately printed, and ordered to be disseminated throughout the country.
A Beluga, or snow-white whale, was caught a few days ago in the Firth of Forth, and brought to Edinburgh. It is a native of the Arctic Seas, and was never known before so far to the south.
Potatoes : manner of planting.
As this is the season for planting Potathat the cuts or sets taken from the top toes, it may not be improper to mention, end grow sooner, and much more luxuriaut, than those cut from the root end of the same Potatoe.-Edinburgh Chronicle.
This beneficial measure is gaining ground fast in Scotland, where we under stand, near thirty of these establishments have been already instituted, and we give the following description of their purpose and use from an Edinburgh paper. The object of a deposit bank in a parish, is to afford an opportunity to the industrious and frugal among tradesmen, servants, labour
from the Clyde for Jamaica, that these
It appears from the manifests of the carers, and others of the lower classes, to accu-Janies, and Agnes, Walsh, cleared out goes of the Diana, Weeks, and of the mulate the savings which they can occasionally spare from their earnings and wages.-By their rules of management they are permitted to deposit the smallest sum, (even so small as one shilling); they receive the most undoubted security for their money, as the funds are placed in a respectable public bank; they are left at liberty (which is not the case in friendly societies to consult their own convenience as to the time and amount of their deposits; they draw compound interest, and they retain the power of withdrawing their money, either in part or in full, according to their necessities or inclinations.-It will be obvious, on the least reflection, that the persons above described must be enabled to accomplish many purposes most desirable and advantageous for them by means of these rules of the parishi banks. Every tradesman, every labourer, every servant of either sex, may at all times lay up the most triting mite they can spare, easily, safely, and beneficially. They may all the risk and loss of intrusting their money to persons whose security is doubt ful. They may provide a resource for repairing an accidental misfortune, or for the wants of infirmity and old age; and they may thus secure themselves against the mortification which they so laudably dis like and dread, of applying for support from public charity.
Fisheries: increased value.—The value of those estates to which a right of fishery is established, have of late so much increased that one belonging to the Duke of Argyle, in Scotland, and usually let for 1,500l. per annum, has been recently taken at the advanced rent of near 4,000l. per annum.
By recent accounts from Sutherlandshire, it appears that the emigrations to North America are very considerable indeed. Three hundred fami ies and upwards go this season from the districts of Far and Edrachilles to Picton, under the agency of a man named Logan.
Sutherland Coal Pit.
In the county of Sutherland, in Scotland, a pit of coal was discovered about two or three years ago, contrary to the opinion of found north of the Tay. This coal has many, who supposed that no coal was to be been wrought to a considerable extent, but time has shewn that it seems to possess oné
property peculiar to itself. The refuse coal, of which a large quantity had been left to accumulate near the mouth of the pit, after having been exposed to the air a cousiderable time, took fire of its own accord, and continued in a state of combustion till the whole was consumed. At present they brave ceased to work the pit, partly on account of this peculiar property of the coal, but chiefly that they may have time to clear away the refuse on the surface. They do not despair of opening the pit again, and of discovering a mode of preventing