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signal success for next day. After eight | hours fire and charges of infantry and cavalry, all the army saw with joy the battle gained and the field of battle in our power. At half-after eight o'clock four battalions of the middle guard who had been sent to the platform on the other side of St. John, in order to support the cuirassiers, being greatly annoyed by their fire, endeavoured to carry the batteries with the bayonet. At the end of the day, a charge directed against their flank by several English squadrons put them in disorder, and obliged them to recross the Ravine.
part of the army. Marshal Grouchy, with the corps on the right, is moving on the Lower Sambre.
It was impossible to wait for the troops on our right; every one knows what the bravest army in the world is, when thus mixed and thrown into confusion, and when its organisation no longer exists. The Emperor crossed the Sambre at CharJeroi at five o'clock in the morning. Phillippeville and Avesnes have been assigned as the points of re-union.
The Prince Jerome, General Morand, and other generals, have there rallied a
The loss of the enemy must have been very great, if we may judge from the num ber of standards we have taken from them, and from the retrograde movement which he has made;-ours cannot be calculated till after the troops shall have been collected. Previously to the confusion which took place, we had already experienced a very considerable loss, particularly in our cavalry, so fatally, though so bravely engaged. Notwithstanding these immense losses, this brave cavalry constantly kept the position it had taken from the English; and only abandoned it when the tumult and disorder of the field of battle forced it. In the midst of the night, and obstacles which encumbered their route, it could not preserve its own organization.
Several regiments near at hand seeing some troops belonging to the Guard in confusion, believed it was the old Guard, and in consequence fled in disorder. The cry, "all is lost, the Guard is driven back," was heard on every side The soldiers pretend even that on many points several ill-disposed persons cried out sauve qui peut. However that may be, a complete panic spread itself throughout the whole field of battle, and they threw themselves in the greatest disorder on the line of communi-judged cation; soldiers, cannoneers, caissoons, all hurry to this point; the old Guard, which was in reserve, was attacked, and completely cut up.
In an instant, the whole army was no thing but a mass of confusion: all the soldiers and arms were mixed pel met, and it was utterly impossible to form a single The enemy, who perceived this great confusion, immediately attacked with their cavalry, and increased the disorder, and such was the confusion owing to night coming on, that it was impossible to rally the troops, and point out to them their Thus a battle terminated, a day of false nfanœuvres rectified, the greatest success insured for the next day, all was lost by means of a momentary panic! The squadrons placed by the side of the Emperor were disorganized and destroyed by an overwhelming force, and there was nothing left but to follow the torrent. The park of reserve, all the baggage which had repassed the Sambre, in short every thing in the field of battle, remained in the power of the enemy.
The artillery was as usual covered with glory. The carriages belonging to the head quarters remained in their ordinary position; no retrograde movement being necessary. In the course of the night they fell into the enemy's hands. Such was the result of the battle of Mout St. Jean, so glorious for the French armies, but, so fatal."
[The above Official Account is published in a second edition of the Moniteur of the 21st. It is preceded by an account of the previous actions on the 15th, 16th, and 17th, which we have not room for, nor is it now of much importauce.]
The communication of these disasters to his Legislative Chambers produced various storiny discussions. Nobody knew to whom to look for advice, or direction: but, the general will sufficiently manifested itself against committing another army to the care of Napoleon, in order to support his crown and dignity. He was in fact, forced to resign his recently re-assumed honours, and this resignation he expressed in the following Declaration:
BUONAPARTE'S DECLARATION TO THIS
"Frenchmen!—In commencing war for maintaining the national independence I relied on the union of all efforts, of all wills, and the concurrence of all the national authorities. I had reason to hope for success, and I braved all the declarations of the Powers against me.
"Circumstances appear to me changed. I offer myself as a sacrifice to the batred of the enemies of France. May they prove sincere in their declarations, and have really directed them only against my pow
The battle began at three p. m. The enemy brought up above 180,000 men The The The present Ministers will provision-Prussian army was 80,000 strong. ally form the Council of the Government. village of St. Amand was the first point The interest which I take in my son in-attacked by the enemy, who carried it af duces me to invite the Chambers to form ter a vigorous resistance. He then directed his efforts against Ligny; it is a large vilwithout delay the Regency by a law. lage solidly built, situated on a rivulet of the same name. It was there that a contest began which may be considered as one of the most obstinate recorded in history! Villages have often been taken and retaken, but here the battle continued for five hours in the villages themselves, and the movements forwards or backwards were confined to a very narrow space. Each army had behind the part of the village which it occupied, great masses of infantry,
which maintained the combat, and were
er! My political life is terminated, and I proclaim my son under the title of Napo leon II. Emperor of the French.
“Unite all for the public safety, in order to remain an independent nation.
By this, he hopes 1. either to reign in the name of his son, an infant: or, 2. to find occasion, should one offer, to observe, that "he resigned only on condition his son should reign: that condition remaining unfulfilled, his resignation is null, and he may resume again."
The persons to whom the power of the State devolved, are Carnot, Fouche, Grenier, Caulincourt, and their associates, among the vilest of the Jacobin party. These would sooner or later, have displaced Napoleon, and perhaps, have taken his life what they may now do is uncer. tain. In the mean while, the Duke of Wellington is marching on Paris, by one road, the Prussians are marching by another ad; and that city, should it at tempt to defend itself, is lost: it will become liable to all the horrors of a metropolis taken by storm. The Parisians dread the Prussians, whose enmity is raised to the highest by horror at barbarities inflicted on their countrymen by the French.
The complete details of the consequences of this single battle are not before us. should seem that the French Army had disappeared from the face of the earth; it is WHOLLY disposed of in the most wonderful manner, in killed, wounded, or prisoners: all its cannon lost-above 300 pieces; all its ammunition, all its baggage, the private papers of Napoleon, his coach, with every thing. His famous Imperial Guards-the tower of his strength, are destroyed-in short, nothing is saved.
Our infantry, posted behind Ligny, though forced to retreat, did not suffer itself to be discouraged either by being surprised by the enemy in the darkness, a circumstance which exaggerates in the mind of man the dangers to which he finds himself exposed, or by the idea of seeing itself surrounded on all sides. Formed in masses it coolly repulsed all the attacks of the cavalry, and retreated in good order upon the heights, whence it continued its retrogade movement upon Tilly. In consemy's cavalry, several of our cannons, in quence of the sudden irruption of the e. ctheir precipitate retreat, had taken directions which led them to defiles, in which they necessarily fell into disorder; in this manner fifteen pieces fell into the hands of the enemy. A quarter of aleague from field of battle thearmy formed again.
The battle was lost, but not our honour. Our soldiers had fought with a bravery which equalled every expectation; their The King of France has once more set fortitude remained unshaken, because his foot on French ground. The Duke of Wellington has, before this can reach the every one retained confidence in his own strength. On this day Field Marshal reader, taken a peep at Paris through his Blucher had encountered the greatest danWhat more can we say? spying glass. gers. We have lived Facts crowd fast upon us. to witness what would not have been be lieved, the march of an English Army to Paris! ;-What next may happen, exceeds all possible foresight:-especially of parties so lost in astonishment, as we confess urselves to be...
A charge of cavaly, led on by himself, had failed, while that of the enemy was vigorously pursuing, a musket shot struck the Field Marshal's horse. The animal, far from being stopped in his career by this wound, began to gallop more furiously, till it dropped down dead. The Field Marshal, stunned by the fall, lay enThe enemy's tangled under the horse.
curassiers, following up their advantages, advanced; our last horsemen had already passed by the Field Marshal: an Adjutant General alone remained with him, and had just alighted, resolved to share his fate. The danger was great but heaven watched over us. The enemy pursuing their charge, passed rapidly by the Field Marshal without seeing him; the next moment a second charge of our cavalry having repulsed them, they again passed by him with the same precipitation, not perceiving him any more than they had done the first time. Then, but not without difficulty, the Field Marshal was disengaged from under the dead horse, and he immediately mounted a dragoon horse.
It was half past seven, and the issue of the battle was still uncertain, The whole of the fourth corps, and a part of the second, under General Pesch, had successively come up. The French troops fought with desperate fury; however, some uncertainty was perceived in their movements; it was observed, that some pieces of cannon were retreating. At this moment, the first column of the corps of General Ziethen arrived on the points of attack, near the village of Smouhen, on the enemy's right flank, and instantly charged. This movement decided the defeat of the enemy. The right wing was broken in three places; he abandoned his positions. Our troops rushed forward at the pas de charge, and attacked him on all sides, while at the same time, the whole English line advanced.
Circumstances were entirely favourable to the attack formed by the Prussian army; the ground rose in an amphitheatre, so that our artillery could freely open its fire, from the summit of a great many heights, which rose gradually above each other, and in the intervals of which the troops descended into the plain, formed into brigades, and in the greatest order, while fresh corps continually unfolded themselves, issuing from the forest on the height behind us. The enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat, tili the village of Pianchenoil, which he had in his rear, and which was defended by the guard, was, after several bloody attacks, carried by storm.
the last man in pursuit of the enemy. The van of the army accelerated its march. The French army, pursued without intermission, was absolutely disorganised. The causeway presented the appearance of an immense shipwreck-it was covered with an innumerable quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, baggage, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Those of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a time, and had not expected to be so quickly pursued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. In some villages they attempted to maintain themselves; but as soon as they heard the beating of our drums, or the sound of our trumpet, they either fled or threw themselves into the houses, where they were cut down or made prisoners. It was moonlight, which greatly favoured the pursuit, for the whole march was but a continued chase, either in the corn-fields, or the houses.
At Genappe, among many other equipages, the carriage of Napoleon was taken; he had just left it to mount on horseback, and in his hurry had forgotten in it his sword and hat. Thus the affair continued till break of day. About 40,000 men, in the most complete disorder, the remains of the whole army, have saved themselves retreating through Charleroi, partly without arms, and carrying with them only 27 pieces of their numerous artillery.
From that time the retreat became a rout, which soou spread through the whole Fench army, which, in its dreadful confusion, hurrying away every thing that at tempted to stop it, soon assumed the ap pearance of the flight of an army of barba-got ris. It was half-past nine. The Field Marshal assembled all the superior officers, and gave orders to send the last horse and
The demand for Spirits has been of late | The sales of American cotton have lately very limited: Rum if intended to be sold, fluctuated, and are likely to fluctuate, till must be offered lower: Brandy is offering the supply becomes more steady and = considerably under the late currency; a regular. full supply being now anticipated from France. Hollands, much as of late.
Government took lately 200,000 gallons of Rum, by contract advertised for, and about 5,000 more were added. The aver=age price was 3s 6d.
The demand for Hemp, towards which speculation had directed itself, has not taken place; and, now, certainly will not take place. The prices may be considered as nominal; but those who thought to make a good thing of it have failed.
Tobacco has received some supplies, but not enough to check the market: those who have a good quality on hand, obtain their own prices for it.
Coffee has suffered a little-but, very little, from the immense quantities brought -forward for sale, 28,600 bags at the India House, with other sales, seemed to be more than the market could meet; however, it has not proved so. The whole has found purchasers, with tolerable briskness, and toward the end, with prices absolutely improving. Perhaps Dutch coffee should be excepted; that continues, at present, only in limited demand.
Goods scarce. The refiners and wholesale grocers have been completely out of stock. There is now a probability of supply from Martinique and Guadaloupe: these sugars are now allowed by Government for home consumption. Exportation is looked to for the sale of considerable quantities.
Provisions are not very plentiful, especially prime beef. Pork is heavy sale; reduced prices have tempted some buyers, but to no very great amount. Butter is in great supply-not from Ireland, but from other quarters; and the impression is general in the market, that unless Irish can be offered at low prices, but little will be done in it. Bacon is in regular demand, extensive and increasing; the supply is so very extensive, that prices decline. Corn may be taken generally as a lowering market. The prime samples, indeed, command the market now, as they always do; but the average is certainly rather declining than rising.
COTTON has been under very great orders, for exportation to France. At this moment, however, the aspect of affairs in France is such as to make every man cautious; and the shippers hold their hands. This prudent suspension has had its effect on the market, which has become somewhat overcast; and the quantity really sold, is principally for home consumption. Under these circumstances, the prices continue steady, though the quantity sold be diminished; and in case of the advantages expected from Lord Wellington's victory at Waterloo being realized, there can be no doubt, but what this article will experience, probably a greater demand than ever.
RICE is in demand.
Dyewoods are slowly reducing the stocks: there are in the docks 9,400 tous logwood; 2,200 tons fustic.
SUGAR follows pretty closely. The buEsiness done is extensive and general: partly from the readiness of purchasers to meet ou fair terms. The old and inferior browns hang heavily on hand; aud must look little lower. The Sugars of strong and fine descriptions, are the article sought afther decline in price. ter.
The refined market has risen 2s.
INDIGO. A quantity, not less than 18,000 chests of the Indian article, was
lately offered at the India-house; perhaps, about three quarters were really sold. A few lots of fine blue and violet sold so high as 10s. 10d. to 11s. 4d. per lb. Madras, a few lots, at 6s. 10d. to 7s., 2d.; but on the whole the price was lower, from is. to 3s. 6d. and 2s per lb.
London, June 16, 1815. Report from the East India Company's kinds of Congou, have experienced a fur Quarterly Tea Sale.-Boheas and the lower
sual proportion of the good and middling The Congous this sale consist of an unu6s. to 6s. 8d.; and fine ones from 6s. 9d. sorts: good, 6s. 3d, to 6s. 5d.; good strong 7s. 5d.; fine ones 7s. 6d. to 7s. 91; Hyson to 7s. 2d.; good Twankays 7s. 4d. and kinds 9s. 6d. to 10s. 6d.; and Hysons 11s. 6d.
to 12s. 6d.
Fine Campoi, and the finest Souchongs are 6d. per lb. higher. Twankays and Blooms 1d. and Hysons 6d, dearer.
Jones J. Bicester, Oxford, butcher.
James, Earl-street, Blackfriars,
Hyson kind, 98. 6d. to 10s. 6l,
Pearce T. New Road, Gravesend, tailor. Sol.
Fine ditto, 11. 9d. to 12s. 6d. best, 15s. Roper J. B. Gosport, Southampton, brewer.
Fine Singlo or Twankay, 7s. 4d. to 8s.
Good Bloom, 7s. S. to 79. 6d.
Jamaica's 1s.. 5d. u 1s. 9d.
Surinam's and Demarara's, 1s. 7d. a
Bourbon, 2s. 1d. to 2s. 4d.
Good, Ts. 10d. inferior lower
Best plain, 5s.
Fine plain, and common, 4s. 8d.
AGRICULTURAL REPORTS GENERALLY.
All our growing Crops are in a flourishing state, on the cool bottomed lands, and those on the lighter soils much improved by the late rains. At present the hay harvest has been but slow. The clovers in places are a pretty swarth, yet quite gappy. The summer tilth lands are getting into a better state, and some pieces are already sown with Swedish turnips.
The prices in the Corn markets being still in a drooping state, are certainly a check to the spirit of Agriculture. The wool trade is also dull.
Bankrupts ́and Certificates, in the order of
Bradnock J. of Birmingham, wholesale draper.
CERTIFICATES, May 27:
J. Gilbee, of Cavendish, Suffolk, farmer.~
Sols. Avison aud Co. Liverpool.
Hall and Co. Beverley.
Willis P. Romford, Essex, artist. Sols. Blunt aud Co. Old Bethlem.
CERTIFICATES, May 30.
John Henry Brune and Ferdinand Jordan, of Bury-court, St. Mary Axe, Loudon, merchants. Charles Engledow, of Stockton, Dur ham, grocer.-Henry Ludlow, Plymouth Dock, dealer and chapman. Thomas Churcher, of St. Pancras, near Chichester, maltster.-T. Trew, of Chichester, common-brewer.-Thomas Shaw of Ratcliffe Highway, Middlesex, cheesemonger.-Jacob Moore, of St. Albans, Hertford, draper and tailor-John West, of Bamsley, Yorkshire, groçer -T. Chfton, of Ham Com mon, Surrey, dealer and chapman. Joseph Scorey, of Blandford, Dorsetshire, miller.N. Hyne, of Plymouth, money scrivener.James Silvester, late of Clifton, Gloucester, dealer and chapman.
BANKRUPTCY SUperseded, May 13. Bradford Benj. of the Stone's End, Southwark dealer in British wines.