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from Lahore, in repairing his late losses, and was actively engaged in collecting recruits from all quarters. He has thrown into confinement, an Astrologer of the name of Dulput Rae, who had predicted that the most complete success would attend his expedition.
Dulput Rae the astrologer, was released on the payment of 1500 rupees. A daily allowance of two rupees was bestowed on him, and he was attached to the Court of Judicature. Here, where divination is so ́often necessary, his talents may be advantageously employed; and clients consulting him may often avoid loss from the glorious uncertainty of the law. A fitter appointment was never before made in an Indian Court of Justice. Difference of fees to the Priest, on occasion
of Marriage of Maid or Widow. A Naeb Cazy told me, that when he married any of the poorer class, he always got as much as he could eat of the best dish at the bridal feast, and frequently a plateful was sent home to his family; and he also got from four annas to one rupee four annas in money; but if the bride had been married before, beside the food, he received a fixed fee of two rupees. Upon my asking the cause of this difference, the Naeb replied, cultivated ground was always assessed higher than uncultivated. I am &c.
On entering the Fort of Kalunga, after it was abandoned by the Nepaulese, our people found minety-five slain; and many wounded remaining behind, depending on the humanity of the Company's officers So fully is this confidence established, that a man who had lost part of his lower jaw by a shot, came down the breach to the batteries and camp in search of surgical aid. In return, the Goorkhas have restored the slain which fell into their hands, with out stripping or maltreating them, contrary to their usual custom. On one occasion Col. Ochterlony of the 27th, received forty
Oude, May 1814.
and Places included in the MILITARY OPERATIONS IN NEPAUL. THE present article is not intended to relate any of the. military exploits, but, merely to convey some notion of the difficulties which oppose, at every step, the progress of the British troops in their expedition into that country. To overcome the natural obstacles of the localities, is no small praise, independent of the necessary exercise of military prowess, and skill.
The operations against Rurugarh kad not commenced; this fort is calculated to Sutluj, from the bank of which it is distant be nearly 5000 feet above the level of the 12 or 13 miles. This important place is the key to the table land towards the North-west.
The following is interesting, from the picture it presents of the ardour of a la*mented officer.
saw that it was requisite to do something to
The officer who writes this account, says, he "was near him, and that he wished to speak, but the wo ds died on his lips. By this time, the ladders were brought up, and found too short by many yards, when Major Ludlow on whom the command devolved, and who had distinguished himself throughout, very discreetly sounded the retreat, and returned to camp.
DEATH OF GEN. GILLESPIE.
Extract of a Letter from Poonah.-After the retreat had been sounded a second time, Major Ludlow took post in some ruined huts immediately under the fort wall, and considerable apprehensions were felt for him and his party, who were likely to be cut off. At this instant, the General |
In penetrating towards Ramgurb, ¿ progress with the Ordnance, without the was found impossible to make the smalles assistance of the Pioneers in cufting the road for each day's march. The first pe sition occupied was a range of heights to the west of that in which Ramgurh is:tuated. But it was soon perceived that the place was absolutely inaccessible that side, and accordingly on Nov. 19th, the detachment made a circuitous deter to the range of heights, fronting the ers side of the defences of the enemy. The ob stacles which the nature of the ground posed to this movement, are described is exceeding all that had hitherto presente After a toilsome march of 7 or 8 miles and down steep acclivities, a pass of twe miles of continual ascent, and so narrow m
ing, which have been found well adapted for the species of warfare hitherto waged, will prove of little avail against the regular and steady discipline of our well armed battalions.
only to admit the troops to advance by single files, led to the ridge which they were to occupy. By the judicious arrangements of the brigadier, and the willing assistance of the Plassiah people, the provisions for the troops were conveyed to this situation with great regularity, but the officers who had to rely on their own exertions and those
of their servants for their comforts, were compelled to submit to many privations. Our advanced posts were now so close to those of the enemy, that the sentries of either party had full opportunities of gratifying their inclination for venting the grossest abuse on each other. The subjects of the Plassiah Raja particularly, whose enmity to their Goorkha conquerors is implacable, indulged themselves very freely in this exercise. On the 20th, the mortars and howitzers arrived, conveyed on elephants.
On the 24th, our troops succeeded in getting possession of some fine positions near the fort; and next day batteries were erected against one of the principal stockades commanding the access to it. On the 26th, took place the affair in which Lieut. Williams fell. It is said, that those who fell wounded, were not allowed quarter, but were put to death on the spot. The conduct of the Sepoys on this occasion is stated to have been admirable. Subsequent to this event nothing of any consequence has occurred. Utterly impregnable as the place is on the west side, the defences ou the east would seem scarcely less formidable. They are occupied by about 6000 men, under the command of Umeer Singh.
Janick poor is well known in Hindoo story, and is reckoned little inferior in sanctity to the great places of worship. The temples in it are dedicated to Rama, and Janica, and are curious on several accounts. Their base is a regular square, which decreases at the walls rise, and is at the top covered in with a dome, from which a spire projects. One of the great temples is surmounted by a plate of metal, fabricated in such a manner as to resemble gold and of great value. The building consists of several stories, from the cornice of each of which seventy two bells are suspended. The town is surrounded by a great number of tanks. It is celebrated as a resort
of pilgrims, from whom the Nypal Government exacted no sort of tax. It is about fifty seven miles distant from the Bhaug mutty river, and the road to it is intersected by many ravines and rivulet beds. The Bhaugmutty is full of quick sands, and is crossed with great difficulty and danger by
The Nypalese part of the Tureeanu, is exceedingly flourishing, and little inferior to the most fertile parts of Tirhoot. It abounds with groves of mango trees, and large tanks of water. The villages are extensive, neat, and full of inhabitants, who far from dreading any injury from our invasion of their country, in crowds meet the troops, greet them with offerings, and seem delighted with their change of mas The army is close to the great Saul which stretches fro. Teenugar to the Teesta, a river in the district of Rungpour, and not more than nine coss from the first range of mountains, which, with the two ranges in its rear, the last topped with eternal snows, is distinctly visible from camp.
Burat was taken possession of by the grenadiers of the 1st. battalion 17th native infantry, under the command of Lieut.-forest Colonel Carpenter, who moved from the heights above Kalsee, on the morning of the 5th December. After a toilsome march of eight hours, the party reached the foot of the mountain, which they ascended in single files by a circuitous narrow path along the edge of precipices, in some places so narrow, that the men could ouly advance slowly on their hands and knees. It proved to be a small fort of great natural strength surrounded by a stone wall, eleven feet high and three broad. The garrison consisting of 250 men had evacuated the place on the preceding day.
Nahn is about 40 miles to the south east of Ramgarh, and should it fall speedily, there is no doubt that the latter and all the other strong places in that quarter, must soon follow. The enemy will then be compelled to yield, or to meet us in the open
SIR.-It may gratify the lovers of exotics and amateurs in Botany to be informed that a thriving plant of the Calumba creeper has just been introduced into this Island, and is now planted out with every precaution that can promise success in a garden in the vicinity of the Governor's Countryhouse.
By way of refreshing the memory of your readers I may repeat that this plant, feld, where the weapons and mode of fight-whose root constitutes one of the most ele
gant and salubrious bitters of our Materia | Medica has hitherto remained a non descript-and that a most laudable attempt to fulfil this desideratum was made by Dr. Berry of Madras so far back as 1806; but the object was unavoidably defeated by his plant yielding only .male flowers-coast which however he distinctly described, and consigned to the pages of that respectable repository, the Asiatic Researches, vol. x. -Should the subject of this notice happily prove a female individual, my utmost wishes will be gratified. Similar means will be adopted to communicate to the public its Botanical description, with the requisite drawings to illustrate it.
It is but a just tribute of praise to add that the community here, are indebted for this valuable acquisition to His Excellency Don Jose Maria de Castro e Almeida, Governor of Damaun, who with a laudable desire to promote useful pursuits exerted the influence of his high station in procuring at the request of a Medical Gentleman of this Presidency, a box full of fresh roots from Mozambique, their indigenous soil; whence after a long passage they reached Damaun on the 11th inst. and their present perfect preservation is a striking proof of the cares and attention with which the experiment has been conducted thus far. Your most obedient servant, BOTANO-PHILOS.
Bombay 24th, October 1814.
P. S. The state of the plant this day (24th Oct.) is as follows, one strong shoot 4 feet high-at 2-3ds of its height sending off a side shoot also healthy- at intermediate distances from the origin of the main stem there are three radical tubes of a conical shape-peeping above the soil-and replete with seemingly fresh circulating juices, of a deep yellow colour-and these only retained from flowing by a thin Epidermis.
The soil of the box is composed of a fine sand, which coinciding with that brought with Dr. Berry's plant, affords a presumption of its being it's congenial element.
Lightning: observation on.
In the Decan, nothing is more common than the injury done by lightning, and it is rather singular, that in Bombay it should rarely be attended with the same effects. Can this difference be owing to the multitude of trees on this island, of the palm species, which act as conductors? CEYLON.
and N. West coast of this Island; it commenced on the 25th ult. and continued till the following morning, the wind blowing through the night with a resistless fury; effects have been confined to the line of as far as we have yet learned its ruinous between Point Pedro and Madram Kooley Head Land.
At Point Pedro it set in by a strong gale terwards shifted to the north east and inof wind from the north west, which afcreased in violence. The Sea rose considerably; and the waves passed the smail custom-house at that station 50 or 69 yards, the roof of which was nearly untiled: the waves of the sea, washing away the -the torrents of rain which fell, aided by greater part of the property contained in the building.
felt, the wind blew furiously, but there Several shocks of an Earthquake were common in this country. Thousands of was no thunder-storm, a circumstance untrees were torn up by the roots, and the loss to the inhabitants will be very consi• derable.
and throughout the district of Jaffna, the
house of Mr. Theille.
At Manar, the storm also was felt in it's greatest fury, most of the houses in the fort down and other Banksials in the Pettah, were unroofed, as were the Grain Goand nearly all the mud tenements of the natives levelled with the ground: the Collector's house was partly unroofed and the in every room. doors blown off, the water stood ankle deep many lives have been lost: a Dhony from We regret to learn that ing to Government has been stranded near Chilaw with seed Paddy on board belongthe south bar, and out of her crew which consisted of eight persons, only one escaped a watery grave. Almost every tree has been blown down, many of which had stood for fifty years. The storm comdually came round to the south-west. menced in the north west quarter, and gra Several Dhonies sunk at their anchors
opposite the Fort, and many of the crews | Seringapatam had sailed from London in are stated to be missing, fact, nothing March 1812, on a whaling voyage to the withstood the violence of the gale. The Coast of Peru; on which coast she capfour boats which convey the mail between tured the ship Edward, of Nantucket, the coast and Ceylon were all at Tallama- | laden with 1200 barrels of oil, aud sent naar, and are likewise lost. The ravages her a prize to England; shortly afterof the storm which is stated to have been wards the Seringa patam was taken by the more violent than any remembered by the Essex American frigate off the Gallipagoes oldest inhabitants in Ceylon, appear to Islands, nearly about the time that the have extended throughout the whole of Essex captured the New Zealander and these ships the Charlton whalers; this District with the most disastrous conwere all carried by the Essex, into Bankes's sequences. Cove, and left there by that frigate, which proceeded on another cruise; from which she returned, having captured the Sir Andrew Hammond, and brought her also into Bankes's Cove-That in a little time the Seringapatam, with the other captured ships, were carried to the Marquesas Islands, and the seamen continued prisoners there, treated with a cruelty scarcely ever known to have been practised among enwrought lighteued nations; that they were wr
Houses in every direction are blown down-tanks burst-trees of all descriptions torn up and destroyed. All the boats between Arippo and Manaar are lost.
The storm appears to have extended not far to the southward of Manaar, as several dhonies have a: ived there which rode out the gale at Condatchy and Maichicatté without injury.
In a garden near Manaar containing 500 cocoa-nut trees only fifteen remain standing: at Talamanaar, upwards of 2,000 palmira | in heavy irons, exposed to every privation, and doomed to linger in miserable captrees are blown down.
This day there are uine coast mails due.tivity; but with a spirit peculiar to the At Delft Island, all the houses except sons of Britain, they bore their sufferings the Government store-houses are blown with resignation, watching an opportunity down. The hemp crop is destroyed; that to effect their deliverance from their unin store is spoiled by the salt water. The feeling tyrants; and having frequently wheat crop has sustained great injury. cautiously consulted together for that purThe inhabitants have lost almost all their pose, were at length happily furnished with goats and sheep, with 4,000 palmira trees. an opportunity on the 6th of May last.At the Two Brothers Island, 360 head of The Essex was at sea on a cruize, and excattle are lost; and all the tanks and pected very shortly to return, having been weils are filled with salt water and sand. 6 months out; her return would have frustrated all their hopes, and therefore the The greatest consternation prevails there. crisis of deliverance was important; they seized the moment, and what is more honourable to the interests of humanity, effected their object without bloodshed, or other personal violence than what was necessary to secure three Prize-masters, who happened that day to be on board the Seringapatam; our valiant countrymen, fourteen in number, were employed in rein-moving stores from the other captured vessel in that port on board the Seringapatam; and, on a signal given, they rushed upon the Prize masters, whom they suddenly secured and bound, and having also overpowered two other men, four out of the fourteen got into the boat, repaired directly with extreme caution on board the Greenwich (another captured vessel), and rushing into the cabin, secured all the firearmis, ammunition, and weapons, and having spiked the guns, returned to the Seringapatam, where they lost no time. other than what was necessary to dispatch a small party on shore to spike the fort guns, and bring off such ammunition as they could procure. Having effected this
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
Lord Somerset has issued a Proclamation, admitting all East India Goods to entry for exportation: on the same terms with those of the warehousing system at home.
It is said, that the generality of the settlers at the Cape, were much averse to the Colony being ceded to the Dutch! As a proof of this, when the report of the tended transfer was made known, a great fall took place in the value of landed property and houses.
NEW SOUTH WALES. AMERICAN CAPTURE RETAKEN. Extract of a letter from Sydney. July 2, 1814.-Yesterday evening the Seringapatain of Loudon, whaler, arrived in this Port, from the Marquesas Islands, having been re-captured by 14 men at that place, under circumstances of a very singular nature, and affording a most praiseworthy instance of what bravery and resotution, governed by prudence and discreIt seems the tion, can accomplish.
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