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National Register: British.
presentatives in Parliament of this UniverThe prizes, given annually by the Redies, by the Eurotus, Captain Lillicrap, insity, to two Senior and two Middle Bachereturn for civilities which they have shewn lors of Arts, who shall compose the best to our Commanders. At the Island of Dissertations in Latin Prose, have been this Owhyhee, in the South Seas, the King year adjudged as follows: gave our ship of war, the Cherub, Captain Tudor Tucker, a plentiful supply of provisions, and refused to receive any remuneration for it, saying, he would be considered a subject of the King of Great Britain. A vessel of suitable dimensions for his use is to be sent to him, in acknowledgement of this friendship. At this Island our great circumnavigator Cook
Rev. J. Scholefield, Scholar of Trin. College.
Mr. J. Bailey, Scholar of Trinity coll.
We understand it is intended to send out several presents to Chiefs in the East In
Quantity of Porter brewed in London by the twelve first houses, from the 5th of July, 1814, to the 5th of July, 1815.
Barrels. 337,621 182,104 172,162
ALE.-Statement of the quantity of Ale brewed in the London district, by the six prmcipal houses, between July 5, 1814, and July 5, 1815:-
The subjects were, for the former, Iz 161,618 Augustissimum Galliæ Regem solio avito red123,100 ditum; for the latter, Vivos ducent de mur119,333 more vultus. The subject for the Epi105,081 -grams was, Quidquid dicam aut erit, aut 72,080 non. No prize was given. 56,922
Begging, a profitable trade. Mr. Rose stated lately in the House of Commons, that the number of beggars in ..the metropolis was supposed to be 30,000; and that it had been ascertained that each of them obtained, upon an average, from six to eight shillings a day! One man confessed that he had taken 30s. a day.
Country Wit." I think," said a face tious farmer, "that I should make a tolerable Parliament man; I am frequently -using their sort of language. Tother day I received two bills from two of my creditors, accompanied with requests for immediate payment. One of the bills I ordered sto be laid on the table: and the other to be read that day six months.”
FOR THE SENIOR BACHELORS
quam sub Imperatoribus essent, eximia minus Quid causæ est cur apud Romanos, postforerent ingenia?
FOR THE MIDDLE BACHELORS. quentes suppliciis, pro ratione culparum adhiUtrum elementioris sit animi, leviter delinbitis, coercere, an impunitos dimittere?
Sir William Browne's gold medals have been gained as follows:
Greek Ode, J. H. Fisher, Trin. Coll.
Oxford University, July 15.-The whole number of degrees in Act Term was, D.D. 2-D. C. L. 2-B. D. 6-B. C. L. 1culations 64. D. Med. 1-M. A. 51-B. A. 38-Matri
the University of Oxford, to grant the sum It has been decreed in Convocation of of three hundred guineas from the University chest, in aid of a fund for the special relief and benefit of the families of the brave men killed, and of the wounded sufferers of the British army, under the Duke of Wellington, in the signal victory of Waterloo, and in the several battles which have been or may be fought in the present campaign.The same the University of Cambridge.
Highland Society of Scotland.
held in the Hall of the Royal College of At a General meeting of this Society, Physicians, in Edinburgh. The Right After other business, Sir J. Sinclair stated, Hon. Sir John Sinclair, Bart. in the chair. that, in the course of last spring, he had visited Flanders, to ascertain the circumstances which enabled the farmers of that country to sell their wheat, and other grain, at a cheaper rate than we could raise them. That though our agriculture was in several respects superior to that of Flanders, yet, he was convinced, in the course of his
inquiries, that we might derive several valuable hints from our Flemish brethrenthat, in particular, there was reason to Walter Scott, in an eloquent address to hope, by adopting the mode of dressing the Society, called its attention to the late wheat practised in Flanders, we might glorious battles in Flanders, in which he escape the mildew, and that by cultivating described the principal features of these winter instead of spring barley, the qua- memorable achievements-the share which lity of the grain would be greatly im- the Scottish and Highland regiments proved, and the crop would ripen much had in them, and suggested the propriety earlier. Sir John, at the same time, com- of the Society's marking its sense of the dismunicated to the Society copies of a late tinguished gallantry and exploits of their publication by him, entitled, "Hints re- countrymen on this occasion. The Sogarding the Agricultural State of the Ne-ciety unanimously adopted resolutions, and therlands, &c." in which certain imple-named a Committee to have them carried ments of husbandry used there were also into effect. recommended.
The Society, on the motion of Sir A. M. Mackenzie, voted a premium of twenty guineas to Mr. J. Ruthven, printer of Edinburgh, for a printing press, invented by him, and exhibited to the meeting. Sir G. Mackenzie and Mr. G. Dalyell explained the superiority of this printing press over the ordinary press in common use, in the regulation of the power to be applied, the neatness and facility of the operation, and its answering also the purpose of a machine for copying letters.
Mr. Tait stated the progress made wards an equalisation of weights and measures that during the present Session a Bill had been introduced into Parliament, by Sir George Clerk, founded on the Report of the Committee of the House of Commons, of last Session, on this subject that the Bill, with amendments, had been printed by order of the House, in order to its being again introduced, in as complete a state as possible, early in the next Session, when there was every prospect of its being passed into a law.
events, the Society voted thirty guineas to Mr. Campbell.
Belfast, July 7.-During the week before last, a large fish was exhibited as a show in our market; understanding it was an uncommon species, we felt anxious to mention it to our readers; in consequence of which, we have been favoured with the following particulars, by Dr. J. L. Drummond, who purchased it, in order to preserve:
It is the Squalus Cornubicus, or Porbeagle Shark, a species of such very rare occurto-rence, that Mr. Pennant never saw it; his description in the British Zoology" being taken from a figure in the twenty-sixth table of " Borlase's History of Cornwall."
In the third volume of the "Transactions of the Linnean Society," a specimen is described by the Rev. Dr. Goodenough, which was observed on the coast of Hastings, in the year 1795. It measured three feet ten inches; but Dr. Goodenough was told by the fishermen that the same species had been seen by them eight feet long. Dr. Drummond's specimen, which is a Lord Bannatyne stated the progress male, measures in length five feet eleven made in the compilation of a Gaelic Dic- inches, and, on dissecting it, a very singu tionary, a particular report of which had lar piece of anatomy was discovered in the been laid before the Committee of the nose, intended to supply a lubricating fluid Society, upon this and relative objects, by to the numerous perforations, which exist the Rev. Dr. Macleod, of Kilmarnock. in the skin of this species between the His Lordship, at the same time, brought nose and the eye. That part of the choroid into view of the Society a book recently coat of the latter, named the tapetum lucipublished by James Grant, Esq. of Corry-dum, was very brilliant, and resembled a monny, upon the history and language cup of polished silver. of the Gael:-the thanks of the Society were voted to Mr. Grant.
The stomach was much contracted, and contained only a little glairy fluid; hence the fish had most probably not been in pursuit of herrings, as had been supposed from its being taken in a herring net, at
The Meeting voted its thanks to the Society of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, London, for communicating to this Society a complete set of the Transac-Carrickfergus. tions of that respectable institution.
Mr. Alexander Campbell having laid before the Society the plan of a work, entitled, "Aibin's Anthology," designed to connect the national music, particularly that of the Highlands, with historical
The Porbeagle Shark can never be confounded with any other species, except the Squalus Monensis, Beaumaris shark, to which it is so nearly allied, that naturalists consider the latter as constituting only a variety or a sexual difference of the former.
has been known to leave the ports of France to annoy our trade.
AMERICA: UNITED STATES. Botanical Valuable: Urtica Whitlowi? Gerard, a Botanical author, speaks of an Asclepias imported from Virginia, in his time, p. 899. His account of it is, "There groweth in Virginia a kind of Asclepias, or Swallow-wort, which the savages call Wsanck. The cods of the plant are not only full of silk, but every nerve or sinew wherewith the leaves be ribbed are likewise most pure silk: and the pilling of the stems, even as flax is torn from its stalk. This considered, behold the justice of God, that as he has shut up those people and nations in infidelity and nakedness, so hath he not as yet given them understanding to cover their nakedness, nor matter wherewith to do the same; notwithstanding the earth is covered over with this silk, which daily they tread under their feet, which were sufficient to apparel many kingdoms, if they were carefully manured and che
Theatres deserted: gloomy token.
Some idea of the state of Paris, during the late short reign of Buonaparte, may be formed from the circumstance, that towards the conclusion of it all the theatres were shut up. They opened again for the first time, on Sunday July 16.
A celebrated actress, surnamed the Pearl of the Theatre Francais, is, we are told, about to exchange that appellation for the Violet of the stage. Not that this actress is simple and modest, as the violet ; or that, like that flower, she "wastes her sweetness in the desert air;" but it has been observed that this fair lady has a peculiar predilection for the violet, and that it blossoms in the month of March.
A Picture of the State of America, 1815.
"I left Carolina two months since on account of the dead state of the trade, to come here; but I find it no better. America is quite altered by the war; credit, both public and private, is at a very low ebb. Paper is every where substituted for gold, silver, and even copper and every article very dear, payment of any kind very difficult to get. Land is the only cheap article. You can any where buy good land at two dollars per acre, onefourth paid in hand, and four years credit for the remainder.-In Canada, I am of fered 200 acres for 36 dollars, or £8 sterling. As a farmer I should like to settle on the pleasant shore of Lake Erie. Ohio is the best state in the Union for agriculture. In this tract I have noticed vestiges of regular fortifications, apparently of great antiquity, that shew it to have been once inhabited by a people of civilized and warlike habits and manners.
The Theatres.-Two popular performers at the Comedie Francais, Fleury and Mademoiselle Mars, found themselves lately in an awkward predicament, on account of the sentiments formed respecting their political conduct during the late events. A very strong party obliged them to make a confession of faith, concluding with the cry of Vive le Roi, which disarmed the severity of the pit, and the piece (Tartuffe) was suffered to proceed.
There is scarcely any thing, from which the feelings of the French people may be so satisfactorily gathered, as from their conduct, in and towards the Theatres. When these are a blank, Paris is a blank with them the whole city is a scene of distress. That we apprehend has been the fact; and the truth is delared as strongly by the circumstances alluded to, as it is by all the contributions laid on by the Parisian Commandant of the city. [Contents of the Moniteur of 11th July,] 1st. Debates in the English Parliament. 2d. Repetition of the account of the cere mony at the Royal Mass on Sunday. Prefecture of Police.
No Naval Exertions, warlike. It may be considered a little extraordinary, and, probably, as speaking the opinion of a certain class of persons in France on the character of the war,-that not an individual privateer or national ship VOL. II. Lit. Pan. New Series. Aug, 1.
All passports must in future be presented for the inspection of Colonel Phull for the roads on the left bank of the Seine; and to Colonel Bernard, of the English Staff, for the roads on the right bank.
M. Phul, a Prussian Colonel, is the Commandant of Paris; and Barou Muffing, a Prussian also, is Governor: he occupies the Hotel of the Prince Berthier.
An English Jouṛual called Galignane's Messenger, will re-appear on the 15th of this month.
The accomplished Duchess Dowager Oldenburgh who attracted so much atten2 G
tion and regard when in England, has given her hand to the gallant Crown Prince of Wirtemburgh; the marriage took place at Stutgard.
| horse. The boy was instantly cut down by the side of his mother, who fled.
Wurtzburg, July 5.-Yesterday seven French officers, and 27 soldiers, taken at Saarbruck, were brought here to the Cashap-fired at Prince Wrede out of the corn; tle; among them was a lad of 16, who the ball happily passed over the horse. They were going to shoot the -lad; but the Prince had him whipped and sent with the rest.
Iron Bridge broken down.
The following fatal accident lately pened at Baden, two posts from Vienna: -A newly-built iron bridge, of only one arch, broke down when irst opened to the public; the consequence of which was, that about 100 of the people assembled upon it either lost their lives or were dangerously hurt.
GOOD HOPE: CAPE OF.
The Tomb of Klopstock.
Extract of a Letter from the Cape of Good Hope dated the 26th of April lust :-" } Hamburgh, June 30.-This day took the safe return to this place of that very have the satisfaction of announcing to you place the ceremony of the setting up again extraordinary young man, Mr. Win. the tomb of Klopstock, which thrown down last year. The ceremony six years, traversing and exploring the exwas Burchell, after an absence of more than was very interesting. Among other per-treme parts of South Africa, The dangers sons present were the English Consul, Mr. and privations he has thus voluntarily enMellish, the personal friend of Klopstock, dured to gratify his thirst after knowledge, Schiller, Wieland, and Goethe, with his far surpasses al! I have ever met with in family, and Madame Shuar, the Lady of the history of other travelers for similar the Russian Chargé d'Affaires. The honoured President of the Hamburgh Ladies' ception he met with from his old friends purposes. The joyful and interesting reUnion, with her children stood round the and acquaintances at the Cape, who went grave of the poet, and crowned his tomb out to meet him, and who had several with flowers. tifying to his feelings, and must also atford times given him up as lost, was most gragreat consolation to his relatives and friends in England. He has brought home with him an immense collection of the ua, tural productions of that heretofore unex plored country, particularly birds; and as there is in an eminent degree combined in this man the philosopher, the botanist, the fairly calculate upon receiving, on his reartist and the scholar, the Public may
Frankfort, July 6.-For these six days the sky has been red every night with the flames of burning villages. Where a single shot is fired from them upon the Allies, 'all is levelled to the ground. A dreadful judgment hangs over France; the crimes of preceding times are visited on their descendants, who rival them in the commission of enormities perpetrated by men whose duty it was to remain quiet, and bear with resignation the temporary bur-turn, information of the most valuable and thens of a war which has been brought interesting description. I understand he upon them by their idol and his boasting is preparing to sail with the first ship; be army, to which it was not safe to announce may therefore be expected in England its greatest defeat otherwise than as a vic- about the latter end of August." tory.
The villages of Hegenheim and Mulhausen, gave the example of the most shocking excesses. In the former, a German soldier, after having his eyes put out, was hung up alive. The most dreadful punishment followed instantly. The aged, the women, and the children, suffered with the wicked perpetrators. At Mulhausen, two soldiers were shot by a man whose duty (we are ashamed to say) was very different, and who ought to have preached peace. His house was surrounded and destroyed. Half a league beyond Mulhausen, six Hulans riding by a farm-house, one of them asked a boy of twelve years of ge, the name of the next village?-instead of answering, the man was shot from his
-Calcutta: Extensive Fire.
A fire recently broke out at the Dhurmotollal, at the back of Mr. Le Frand's stables, Calcutta, which burnt till the neighbouring houses, 500 in number,
Capture of Elephants.
Elephant Hunt has been very successfully CEYLON, Oct. 5. The operation of the conducted. About three hundred elephants have been driven into the Kraal, a portion of which has already been trammelled and taken out. It is proposed to preserve about one hundred of these elephants for the service of the Government, and for sale. But few of the elephants
caught have large tusks; indeed, of the three descriptions of elephants, natives of Ceylon, the greater proportion consists of those without tusks; the elephant with small tusks ranks next in number, and the least commou is that with large tusks. A correspondent observes, who was present on the night of their being caught, that the blazing of torches and loud shouting of the people, driving in close ranks through the jungle, and the deep roaring of the frightened elephants, presented a scene to the eye, and a concert to the ear, which had altogether a romantic and awful effect.
It is understood, that she has been since removed to Gratz, in Hungary: which a strong fortress: but some say, she has obtained permission to abide at Presburgh with her children.
CHAP. I. Sitting resumed.-Militia kept embodied. Corn Laws.-Finances.-Navy, &c.
On Thursday, the 9th of February, both Houses of Parliament met, pursuant to ad-' journment. Several petitions were presented to the House of Lords against the continuation of the Slave Trade: and to the House of Commons, very many against the continuation of the Property Tax. Pe titions to the same effect were received during many days, from different towns and places.
Feb. 13.-The subject of the Corn Laws was partly introduced in the House of Lords, by Lord Grenville.
Trieste, June 8.-The Queen of Naples is arrived with her children on board the Tremendous. Her lodging not being ready, she came on shore for a week, and then went on board again. This morning she went to the lodging prepared for her Each time on her landing she was saluted with 21 guns, and received by the Ma14. Sir Sam. Romilly proposed a gistrates in their state dress. They say Bill to subject freehold property to payshe has brought much treasure with her.ment of debts owing by persons deceased.
There was no end of the trunks that were landed.
Discussion on the surrender to the government of Spain of several persons who had sought shelter in Gibraltar. This was proisceeded in; and the conduct of the Governor was found to be irregular, thought not unprecedented.
In the House of Commons, in a Committee on discussion of the Civil List, various questions asked by Mr. Whitbread concerning the Congress at Vienna:-not answered by the Chancellor of the Ex
15. In the House of Lords, a question was started on the legality of keeping any part of the Militia embodied, after proclamation of peace. Also, on the hardship of those counties whose regiments were kept embodied. Answered by suggestions of prudence on the part of Go
Naples. A proclamation issued by Ferdinand IV. &c. of Naples, after a proper Introduction, says-" We solemnly engage in our own name, and that of our succesBors, to give, as the basis of the laws on which shall be raised the system of our Government, the following guarantees,vernment:-also that, the law was silent on the matter of disembodying. That the which we irrevocably concede to our beloved subjects-1. We confer on all, civil present was not strictly a time of peace, and personal liberty,-2. Property shall be since peace was not ratified with America. sacred and inviolable. The sale of the ef- That the Continent of Europe had yet fects of the state shall be valid.-S. Taxes many interests to settle, and was not in a shall be imposed according to the forms state altogether definitive. Against interwhich shall be prescribed by law.-4. The fering with Government, 27. For the public debt is acknowledged.-5. The pen- question, 12. ions, rank, and military honours, shall be preserved, both of the old and new nobility.-6. Every Neapolitan is admissible to civil and military employments.-7. No individual shall be molested for his opinions and public conduct prior to our restoration to our Neapolitan Dominions: and in pursuance of this article, we grant a full and general amnesty, without any quali fication or exception whatever.
-In the House of Commons the quesnew Posttion on the necessity of a office was warmly debated. The expence, it was stated, would be enormous. This question was brought on by a petition from the City of London. For receiving the petition, 71. Against it, 24. CORN LAWS.
Mr. Robinson opened the discussion, by acknowledging the difficulties attending the question; the prejudices by which it was surrounded; &c.-But he relied on
← Published at Naples, 4th June, and dated proving-that it is not wise or safe to depend on foreigu supply; that, if it 2 H 2
Messina, May, 1815."