« AnteriorContinua »
necessary to moderate this opinion. The state of the town is unhealthy in consequence of these crowds.
Austrian Property to be recovered. Vienna, July 29.-The Director Schreiber, of the Imperial Cabinet of Natural History, Professor Rosa, of the picturegallery in the Belvidere, and the Emperor's private Librarian, Juny, have been summoned to Paris, there to prosecute the claims for various articles which belonged to their several departments, and which have not yet been restored.
Battle of Waterloo.
The account given by Ney of the battle of Waterloo, is considered in the British Army to be correct. Napoleon, it is asserted, shewed more pertinacity than on any former occasion. Three messengers were dispatched to him on the hill where he had planted his observatory, before he would believe that Bulow's corps was bearing down upon the flank and rear of his forces, and until it was actually engaged with his troops, he had not abandoned the persuasion that it was the division under his Generals Grouchy and Vandamme. Another mistake is said to have contributed to his destruction on that day. Contrary to all his former maxims, and to the known rules of tactics, he ordered the whole weight of his cavalry to press upon the British before any of their columns were broken or disordered, trusting that the troops under the Duke of Wellington were raw and undisciplined, and were consequently incapable of sustaining this ponderous charge. He was disappointed, and in this stage of the action his ruin was complete. It was agreed by all persons versed in military science, that such an attempt, if not successful, must be fatal.
the Duke was the best General of the age he answered, We have never met yet.
His Majesty Louis XVIIIth's second entry into Paris.
The following, if true, presents a picture of disorganization in the Magistracy of the French Metropolis, that is unusually disgraceful. We cannot, however, persuade ourselves that it is altogether accurate.— The latter part of the article is a correct picture of Parisian manners, and is apparently drawn from the life.
royal procession. The infamous Bondi, No order had been given relative to the prefect of police, probably hoping that some disorder would take place in which his party might attack the King's life, had made no preparation to preserve regularity, the national guard, and the Governor of or even safety. The new Commander of Paris, being but just appointed, could do nothing. The gens d'armerie, without a head, did not appear: some 12 or 14,000 national guards had gone separately to meet the King: the others were on duty at the military stations. there to prevent the interruption of carts Not a soul was and coaches, until the citizens formed a body organised by themselves, and enforced rules fit for the occasion. Not a single accident happened, and the evident by eagerness and transport, and the free want of preparation, the disorder caused vent given to what may be termed the clamor and riot of satisfaction by the abcharm and effect to the sight not to be sence of official arrangement, gave described.
Buonaparte says, never was a battle so severely contested as that of Waterloo. troops knew and felt that they never had His more to gain or more to lose, than at that time never had they fought harder; and they were only overcome by the superiority of British discipline, and British intrepidity. He was astonished at the firmness with which his charges were received and repulsed by our troops. He spoke highly of our cavalry, and acknowledged that if the Earl of Uxbridge had not been wounded he would have been the Earl's prisoner in two minutes and he feels no hesitation in saying, that the Duke of Wellington was a better General than himself. In his voyage to Elba, when it was remarked that
The road from Saint Denis to Paris was crammed the Boulevard from the Rue Saint Denis, to the Rue de la Paix, and the avenues from the Rue de la Paix to the ble height in the air,-for cornices, winThuilleries were crammed to a consideradows, balconies, and roofs, all groaned under a living and waving weight, from which issued shouts, handkerchiefs, pointing arms, and eager heads. How is the procession to pass, was every one's question? National guards, officers mingling with privates, having no tie but loyalty, formed into small bands, and without arms, opened by degrees, one space and then another, Then advanced the King's houshold, as we call it, amounting to about 5 or 6000 men who had followed his Majesty. The King the most interesting part of the procession was in a coach with his ministers. But,
was formed by a regiment of officers-men, | domestic arrangements, and the indiscriwho, in these bad times, retained too much minate pillage of articles of value by some of the old French sense of military honour, of the foreign troops in the houses of the which united bravery with gentlemanly inhabitants upon whom they are quar feeling, to break their oaths. They had tered: yet this produces no real agitation rejoined the King at Ghent, and had in Paris, for this simple reason, that the formed themselves into a regiment in his Parisians have not strength enough left to service. They retained individually the sustain a state of agitation; and partly beuniforms of their respective ranks, as gene- cause they remember so well the conduct rals, colonels, majors, captains, &c. but of their own troops, for so many years, in each carrying the musket and bearing his foreign countries. The Louvre has been knapsack as a private soldier. This corps stripped of several pictures by the Pruswas upwards of a thousand strong, and was siaus, and the beautiful garden of the Luxreceived with great plaudits. emburg, has been completely destroyed by them; yet not a murmur is publicly heard from the Government, or people of Paris.
In the evening the King attempted to come down into the garden of the Thuilleries: he came alone,-the people flocked about him, kissing his hands, his coat,throwing themselves at his feet; the great est enthusiasm displayed itself. He found it useless to attempt to walk, so he went up again, and remained for half an hour in the balcony.
When the people could cry Vine le Roi no longer, they began dancing in a moment there were formed in the garden of the Thuilleries as many country dances as the extraordinary concourse of people assembled, would permit. The sets of dancers were not composed of the lower classes ;—officers and privates of the national guard, respectable citizens, their wives and daughters. A very pretty girl threw herself upon the neck of her female friend : "Oh, my dear," said she, "I am so happylet me kiss you" a gentleman who was with her friend was permitted to take a salute; another wishing to participate in this delightful patriotism, stepped up exclaiming "au nom du Roi:" she scarcely hesitated an instant before she replied "ch bien Monsieur, soit, au nom de notre bon Roi!" and she leaned forward her cheek. The example was universally followed, a congratulatory kiss went round the garden--nothing was heard but au nom du Roi!"
Paris, July 23. "At length the terrible day of wrath and retribution for the calamities inflicted upon Europe has overtaken the French. The capital of the great nation' is at this moment a sad picture of humiliation and distress. Its palaces occupied by foreign Princes and Generals, ostentatiously surrounded by the military pomp of their respective nations: its pleasure gardens and public squares covered with their tents, baggage, and artillery. The expence of subsisting the allied troops quartered in the city of Paris, and its vicinity, amounts, I have been told, to 600,000 francs a day. But what is most complained of is the total subversion of all
Prefecture of the Department of the Seine. that in consequence of new arrangements, "The inhabitants of Paris are informed, his Highness Prince Maurice Lichtenstein, Lieutenant-General, commanding the Austrian troops at Paris, has issued orders that from this day, the officers and soldiers of the garrison of Paris, under his command, shall not require any subsistence of the persous upon whom they are quartered.
The officers are to subsist themselves at their own cost.-The soldiers will receive rations from magazines established for that purpose. The inhabitants, therefore, will henceforward have to furnish the Austrian troops with nothing but lodging, and what belongs to it.
(Signed) CHABROL. Counsellor of State, Prefect of the Seine. Paris, July 27, 1815.
The city of Paris pays daily for the subsistence of Austrian officers 3000 fr. and for that of Prussian officers 5000 fr. By means of this arrangement, the families with whom they lodge are not bound to maintain them.
We cannot form any estimate of the number of foreign troops assembled at Paris; but it is certain that 200,000 pounds of bread, more than 100,000 pounds of meat, and 10,000 litres of brandy, are delivered to them daily for their rations. If we add to this mass all the provisions furnished by the citizens at their own homes, and by keepers of lodging houses, we shall have some idea of the daily charges of the capital, for the single article of subsistence for the allied troops.
The inhabitants of the 11th Municipality of Paris, oue of the smallest and least opulent of the capital, has furnished for a time more or less long, quarters and sustenance for 28,000 Prussians, and they still continue to receive others every day. This is coming with a vengeance to close quarters,
August 2.—In every place, on the quays at the têtes de ponts, and in the most airy situations, are seen barracks raised to lodge the Allied troops. This day all the buildings relating to this object will be completed, and before a few days the inhabitants of Paris will be relieved from all military billeting.
Many of the workshops in the fauxbourgs of Paris, shut up since the return of Buonaparte and the evils consequent upon that event, have been re-opened; a number of people are thus rescued from idleness, who, for want of employment, were doing all kinds of mischief.
On the other hand, we know that the want of business and employment is so great at Paris, that many workshops have given notice of suspension. We know one which has, or had, no less than fifty-four horses, and eighteen soldiers billetted on it. This has since been shut up.
A private letter from Paris in a German paper, mentions the following curious change of application in the interior of the palace of St. Cloud:-" the great hall of St. Cloud, from whence Buonaparte with his myrmidons once drove out the Council of 500, amidst beat of drums, and in which latterly he gave his audiences, is now converted into workshop of the tailors and shoemakers of the 1st Silesian regiment of infantry, who there carry on their occupation without disturbance."
Private letters from Paris state, that the Bois de Boulogne is likely to be entirely destroyed, the wood being in constant requisition for fuel for the camps in the neighbourhood.
The aniversary of the birth of the King of Prussia was celebrated at Paris, One hundred guns were fired on the Champ de Mars, and extraordinary rations were served to the Prussian soldiers.
"After the reiterated orders which I have received for the raising of the contribution imposed by this Prince on the city of Paris, it is no longer in my power to avoid those coercive measures which are rendered necessary by the tergiversations employed to elude my propositions. At the receipt of this letter, you and several of the inhabitants of Paris are placed as hostages under a military guard, and if we do not receive this very day a part of the contribution in question, you, as well as the other hostages, will be conveyed to the fortress of Graudentz, in West Prussia. This measure has been dictated to me by the Commander in Chief. You and your fellow-citizens cannot tax it with injustice, when I remind you of the overtures which I have several times made to you respecting the demands of the Prince Blucher.-You know that in 1896, 1807, and 1808, Prussia, under the administration of M. Daru, not only lost its prosperity, but was ruined by the enor mous mass of requisitions and extortions to which it was subjected: you know what was done in 1809, 1810, and 1811, to exhaust the kingdom: nor can I dissemble, that in 1812, though then in alliance with France, several of our provinces suffered treatment of which the most cruel enemy would hardly have been guilty. It was in 1815 that we shook off the yoke of tyranny: the victorious arms of the allies delivered France from a dynasty under which that fiue country had groaned for so many
Prussian Property at Paris to be recovered.
"As far as my knowledge of the treasures of art and literature carried off from his Majesty's Rhine Provinces extended, I have already sent the list of them to the Committee of Restitution; but it is probable there are many of which I am ignorant. I therefore invite every friend of art and of his country, or who may be possessed of any information on this head which has not reached me, either by its notoriety, or by reports of the magistrates, whether it relates to the works of painting or sculp-years. ture, to jewels, relicks, documents, manu- The inconceivable efforts which Prusscripts, or any other valuables, immediately sia made to support the great contest, after
Review of Allied Troops.
six years of oppression, signalized by all kinds of extortion and arbitrary treatment; put it out of our power to make a suitable provision for the equipment, the pay, and other wants of the army again called forth to combat Buonaparte and his adherents. France, now delivered, cannot refuse its gratitude to the conquerors of the common enemy, when she reflects on the persevering courage and patience, in the midst of numberless privations, which they have shewn during the most extraordinary efforts; but this gratitude must not consist, as in 1814, in empty words, but in deeds. You pretend that the contribution of 100 millions of francs exceeds the ability of your city. Ask Count Daru, what Berlin (a city one quarter of the size of your's) was obliged to furnish? and you will be convinced it greatly exceeds the demands of Prince Blucher from the capital of France. If we treated your provinces as you did our's from 1806 to 1812, the contribution to be imposed according to that standard might exceed your ability. But far from using reprisals, we have hitherto demanded only the reimbursement of the expences of the war; for the budgets of our finances have no head for the exorbitant impositions levied in foreign countries, such as were found in the idgets of France previous to the year 1814. Last year the Conquest of Paris ended the war. In this campaign the same conquest has been the object of our labours; to attain it we have been forced to make promises to the troops -not such promises as the French leader made to his army before the defeats on the Katzbach, near Caine, and at Dannewitz, which hindered him from performing them, but such as generous conquerors make to modest soldiers, whose welfare they value, and whose courage they know how to preciate.
Particulars of the General Review which took place at Paris of the British and other troops, under the command of the Duke of Wellington. At about ten o'clock in the morning the Duke came, in full uniform, with all his stars, ribbous, &c. having the Emperor of Russia on his right, and the Emperor of Austria on his left, followed by an immense retinue:--they passed the whole grand line amidst a cloud of dust that absolutely obscured the sun, and took their post of salute in the Place Louis XV. on the spot where Louis XVI. was murdered,-a crime that has led to the infinite misery and humiliation of the French The cavalry and artillery are said to have darted up to form half squadrons near the point of salute, in a style which confounded the poor Parisians, and made the ground quake beneath their feet! Their appear. ance was admirable. The columus of British infantry moved on with a beautiful solidity, their caps ornamented with oak, laurel, &c. As a bit of military exultation they marched past the saluting point to the air of the "Downfall of Paris." This all the bands had before played when marching through St. Denis. The Duke, feeling with that delicacy which he has often evinced, sent an Aid-de-Camp to corap-rect this: the next regiment, therefore, in the true humour of soldiers, struck up "Nong-tong-paw," (N'entends pas.) — the first lines of which song are apposite enough,
"John Bull for pastime took a prance, Some time ago, to peep at France!" The Nassau troops, it is said, were so beautifully equipped that they appeared soldiers
"It is by the contribution that these promises must be fulfilled; and I cannot conceive, Sir, how it happens, that in these three days that we have been negociating on this subject, you have not got together a sum on account sufficient to shew your good will to the Prince, who must not be deceived in his hope of fulfilling his pro-rather for the stage than the field: the mise to his soldiers, who are used to de- British were a striking and admired conpend on his word. You, and those who trast. They had nothing for shew,-but have neglected, or rather prevented, the in the essential equipment of soldiers were payment of a sum in part, are the persons more perfect than any of the others. All to whom Paris inust impute the disagree- they had that was useful bore signs that it able consequences of this neglect. I am had been used, and their tattered colours sorry, Sir, that having a particular esteem on their broken poles flew in the faces of for you, I am obliged to make this declara- the French, to shew that they had fought tion. I must add, that the measures taken their way to the spot of their triumph.en this occasion are no violation of the The greatest contrast of all, in the eyes of Convention of Paris, since they fall only the Parisians, was between the Belgians
on those who shew disobedience or cool-
"RIBBENTROP." This letter was written in German, which the Prefect not understanding, begged the bearer to translate it f him, which he readily did. The Prefect suffered himself to be arrested, but stopped his journey to Graudentz by making a payment.
and the Highlanders- the latter immediately following the former. The Belgians had neither the appearance nor discipline of soldiers, the division of Guards and the Scotch, that trod on their heels, were the most perfect specimen of a serious, practised, well trained body of brave men, representing at once the strength and virtues of their grateful and exalted country. All the French spectators were anxious to see them, and were delighted when they came. Our artillery and cavalry were beyond all comparison superior to those of other nations. The review was directed to the Emperor of Russia, who received and returned the salutes. The whole occupied about seven hours.
Brunswick, Duchy of, H. R. H. P. R. Guardian.
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has, by a Proclamation published in the German papers, declared that he has taken upon himself the guardianship of his cousin, the present Duke of Brunswick, in pursuance of the wishes of the late Duke killed in the glorious battle of Waterloo, and has in consequence taken possession of the ducal territories of Brunswick Luneburg.
Official Bulletin.-British Head-Quarters, Kandy, 2d March.-This day a solemn conference was held in the audience Hall of the Prince of Kaudy, between his Excellency the Governor and Commander of the forces, on behalf of his Majesty and of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, on the one part, and the Adikars, Dessaves, and other principal Chiefs of the Kandian provinces on the other part, on behalf of the people, and in presence of the Mohottales, Coraals, Vidaans, and other subor. dinate Headmen from the different provinces; and a great concourse of inhabitants.
A public instrument of Treaty, prepared in conformity to conditions previously agreed on, for establishing his Majesty's Government in the Kandian provinces, was produced and publickly read, in English and Cingalese, and unanimously
The British flag was then for the first time hoisted, and the establishment of the British dominion the interior was aunounced by a royal salute from the cannon of the city. All the troops present in this garrison were under arms on the occasion of this important event,
By his Excellency's command,
The trophies of this capture brought home in the Niger frigate from the Capo of Good Hope, where they were tranship. ped from the Africaine, consisted of the King's throne, sceptre, colors, &c.; the throne is covered with plates of gold and silver, ornamented with precious stones; the sceptre is a rod of iron, having a bril liant head. The latter is a correct emblem of the authority with which the King go. verned his subjects, for he exceeded in cruelty every other Eastern Despot.
The following letter throws some light on the character of the late King of Kandy, His treatment of his European prisoners, also, was barbarously inhuman.
Ceylon, July 1, 1814.-We some time ago had a Candian commotion, in consequence of a revolt excited by the chief Adigar, against his barbarous King. This despot is, if possible, more sanguinary than Nero or Caligula. Numbers of chiefs have fallen innocent sacrifices to the cruelty of this tyrant. His last guilty deed was the murder of the chief Adigar's two little children, and the consigning his wife to slavery for life. Though the Adigar mustered a force to oppose the King, he was soon overpowered, and the King's authority has since been universally established. The Adigar is still in Columbo, together with many refugees of rank.
The Governor has at length come to a resolution to enter into a war with the King of Candy, in consequence of a most infamous and unheard of piece of cruelty. He caused ten or eleven unhappy wretches, subjects of this government, to be seized: their arms, noses, and ears, were cut off, and sent down to Columbo with them.— Seven of them died, and I believe the rest have recovered. This has given a great impetus to the Governor's feelings upon this occasion, and great preparations are making for the conquest of the Candian country. The cause has the hearty concur rence and good wishes of every one.
Rome: Buonapartist Cardinal arrested. Cardinal Maury, who, during the abwith great assurance, wished lately to sence of the Pope, showed himself abroad make a private departure; but the Holy Father caused him to be arrested, and conducted to the Castle of St. Angelo. He is accused of several intrigues.
Munificence of the Emperor Alexander. We cannot answer for all particulars of the following story, which has been circu