Imatges de pÓgina
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John Vallance, jun. Brighthelmston, Sussex, brewer, for his apparatus and method of so constructing and securing brewers vats, as to prevent the vat's falling to pieces though every one of the hoops on it should be broken in sunder; and also for preventing the loss of any beer, even if a cock, or if all the cocks of the vat should be broken off-20 Dec.

J. White, New Compton Street, Soho, Middlesex, for a new method of making candles.-27 Dec.

W. Griffith, Cits pur Street, London for an improved toast-stand. 7th Feb.

J. Cutler, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, iron founder, for improvements in fire-places, stoves, &c.-6th Jan.

J. Collier, Grosvenor Street, West Pimlico, Middlesex, for a machine denominated a Creopyrite, for raising of water and other purposes.-Jan. 16.

J. F. Marquis de Chabanus, Thayer Street, Manchester Square, for a superior method of warming rooms by a single fire. J. Carpenter, Truro, Cornwall, for an improved knapsack and pouch.-20th Jan.

J. Rondoni, Oxford Street, Middlesex, for improvements in dioptric telescopes.

J. Miller, Liverpool, distiller, for improvements in the art of distillation.-28.

J. Wood, Manchester, for improvements in machinery used for preparing and spinning cotton, wool, and various other articles. 4th Feb.

R. Dodds and George Stephenson, Killingsworth, Northumberland, engineers, for improvements in the construction of locomotive engines. 28th Feb.

S. Brown, Mark Lane, London, commander in our Royal Navy, for improveFrederick Koenig, Castle Street, Fins-ments in the rudder of ships, Feb. 28. bury Square, Middlesex, printer, for cer- D. Adams, Fleet Street, London, mathetain further improvements on his method matical instrument maker, for his improveof printing by means of machinery.-24th.ments of telescopes. March 7. Edward Jordan, Norwich, engineer, and W. Cooke, of the same place, machine maker, for an apparatus denominated the Thieves' Alarm.-24 Dec.

T. Deakin, Ludgate Hill, London, ironmonger, for his portable kitchen. Mar. 7.

W. Mitchell, Glasgow, and J. Lawton, King Street, Snow Hill, London, for their improved lock and key. March 7.

W. Wood, Shadwell, shipwright, for his Adhesive Felt, for making ships watertight. March 9.


J. Harris, Shire Lane, Middlesex, army accoutrement maker, for his improvements in clothing used by military.-Jan. 4, 1815.

C. Dihl, Brewer Street, Golden Square, for a mastic cement, denominated Dihl's mastic.-6th Jan.

J. Taylor and P. Taylor, Manchester, for improvements in a loom for weaving ton, &c. Feb. 4.

W. Moult, Bedford Square, Middlesex, for his mode of evaporation and sublimation. Feb. 13.

J. Dyer, Wootton-under-edge, for his improved frame or machine for shearing of woollen cloth. 21st Feb.

J. Thomsou, Primrose Hill, Lancaster, calico printer, for improvements in printing cotton, &c. Feb. 4.

J. Burrell, Thetford, for his support and safe guard in getting in and out of chaises and other two-wheeled carriages. Feb.21.

Eliz. Beveridge, Hatton Garden, London, for an improved bedstead. March 14.

John Mills, Holywell St. Strand, for his improved elastic stays. March 14.

R. Dickinson, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, Middlesex, Esq. for his improvements in making sundry tools used in various arts. March 14.

W. Bell, Edinburgh, writer to the sig net, for certain apparatus for copying manuscripts. March 14.

J. Ridgeway, Manchester, for his method of casting and fixing metallic types on the surface of metallic cylinders, for the purpose of printing cotton, &c. Mar. 14.

T. Potts, Batchworth Mills, Rickmansworth, for his means of producing fresh warm air. March 14.

R. Smith, Tibbington House, Stafford, cot-ironmaster, for improvements in smelting iron ore, and other mineral substances; also of refining the same, and of making and manufacturing iron, March 29.

W. V. Palmer, Ilminster, for au improv«

H. Houldworth, Anderston, near Glasgow, civil engineer, for his improved method of heating buildings by means of steam. March 18.

C. Gent and S. Clarke, Congleton, Chester, for a new method of making a swift for winding silks. March 21.

ed method of twisting and laying hemp, | flax, ropes, twine, line, thread, mohair, wool, cotton, silk, and metals, by machinery. 4th April.

T. Bagot, Birmingham, for an improved machine for passing barges from a higher to a lower level, and the contrary, without loss of water. April 4.

W. Losh, Walls, Northumberland, ironfounder, for his new method of heating ovens and the water contained in boilers, and for converting such water into steam for the purpose of working engines. Ap. 8. J. Shaw, Mary Street, Fitzroy Square, for improvements in the glazier's diamond. April 14.

W. Bell, Birmingham for his improved method of manufacturing wire. April 18. M. Billingsley, Bowling Ironworks, Bradford, York, engineer, for certain improvements in the steam-engine.


S. J. Pauley, Charing Cross, and Egg, Strand, London, for certain aerial conveyances and vessels, to be steered by philosophical or mechanical means, and which are also applicable to the propelling of vessels through the water, and carriages or other conveyances by land. April 25.

J. Wilson, Welbeck Street, London, for certain improvements in bedsteads and sed-furniture. April 27.

J. Gardner, Banbury, Oxford, machineD.maker, for an improved machine for cutting hay and straw. June 14.

W. Bush the younger, Saffron Walden, Essex, for his method of preventing accilents from horses falling with two-wheeled arriages. April 29.

P. Martineau, jun. Islington, and J. Marineau, jun. Stamford Hill, for their new ethods of refining and clarifying certain egetable substances. 8th May.

C. Pitt, Strand, London, for his method r methods for the security and safe con eyance of small parcels and remittances f property of every description, and also or the security in the formation or appenage of shoes. 11th May.

S. Pratt, Holborn, London, for his ward>be trunk for travellers. May 11.

J. J. A. Maccarthy, Arlington Street, r his new method of paving, pitching, or wering streets, &c. May 11.

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J. Kilby, York, brewer, for improvements in the art of brewing malt liquors.

B. Stevents, Judd Street, St. Pancras for an improved method of making marine" and domestic hard and soft soap.

R. Trevithick, of Camborne, Cornwall, Esq., for certain improvements on the high pressure of steam-engines. June 6.

Julien Jorett, Wells Street, Oxford Road, sweepwasher; J. Postee, Great Suffolk Street, Charing Cross; and Lewis Contesse, Bateman's Buildings, Soho, jeweller; for a method of extracting gold and silver from the cinders of gold-refiners. June 8th.

C. Whitlow, New York Coffee House, Sweeting's Alley, botanist, for extracting a substitute for flax, &c. from certain plants of the genus Urtica and Asclepias growing in North America. June 14.

A. Kenrick, West Bromwich, for certain provements in the mills used for grinding ffee, malt, and other articles. May 23. J. Ridgway, Manchester, Lancaster, umber, for a new method of pumping ater. May 26.. J. Pugh, Over, Chester, salt-proprietor, r an improved method of making saltns, to save fuel and labour. May 26. J. Lingford, Woburn Place, Russel'Sq. ut, for an anatomical self-regulating June 1.


W. Pope, St. Augustine's Place, Bristol, perfumer, for certain improvements in wheeled carriages; and also a method of making them go with or without the assistance of animals-which may be applied to other purposes. June 14th.

R. Brown, Burnham Westgate, Norfolk, iron-founder, for certain improvements on the swing and wheel ploughs. June 14.

J. Taylor, Stratford, Essex, manufacturing chemist, for a mode of producing gas to be used for the purpose of affording light. June 14.

G. Eliz. Service, Arnold Place, Newing ton, Surrey, spinster, for a new method of manufacturing straw with gawze, net, &c. for the purpose of making into hats, bonnets, work-boxes, and other articles. 17th.

R. Dickenson, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, Esq. for his means safety of boats through the water. June 22. for facilitating the propulsion and for the

J. Taylor, Stratford, Essex, manufacturing chemist, for certain methods of purifying and refining sugar. 22d June.

C. Silvester, Derby, engineer, for improvements in the texture of bobbin lace. R. R. Baines, Kingston-upon-Hull, gluemanufacturer, for an improvement in the construction of vertical wind-mill sails. 22 June.

S. Balden, Ridditch, Worcester, miller;

and J. B. Shaw, Green Street, Bennet's Row, Blackfriars Road, Surrey, ovenbuilder, for their machine or instrument for the better heating ovens. 24th June.

S. J. Smith, Manchester, for his improved method of staining, printing, or dyeing silk, woollen, cotton, yarn, &c.

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Petitions presented: among others, one by the Duke of Sussex, from the City of London, signed by upwards of 80,000 per-land,



[The riots in various parts of the town were brought under the consideration of both Houses.]

South America.

In the House of Commons the South Sea Company surrendered its privileges:-the stock was 3,500,000 at interest of 3 per cent, The Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed to compensate this to the proprietors, by a tonnage duty of 1l. 9s. 6d. and export duty of 2 per cent. on goods shipped to South America.

Committee of Supply.

March 17.-The following sums were granted to his Majesty:Annuities on Exchequer Bills for 1815,



Debentures on Exchequer Bills for 1815, 19,7974 10s.

Annuities under 37th and 47th of the King, 36,1871 58. 8d.

Bills to be drawn from New South Wales for 1815, 80,000l.

Repairs of Fleet Prison, 1,9037.
Repairs of the Marshalsea during 1814,


Repairs of King's Bench during 1814, 4,4191.

Repairs of the Rolls' House Chapel, 2,1107.

Repairs of the two Houses of Parliament and the Speaker's house, 6,5901. Penitentiary House at Millbank, 60,000l. Roads and Bridges, Highlands of ScotLand, 20,000!.

Inland navigation, from Inverness to Fort William, 50,0007.

Salary of a Superannuated Clerk in the Lottery, 2351.

Late Assistant to the Mint, 60%. Late Paymaster of the Exchequer.2661. 13s 4d.

Superannuated Clerks of Public Accounts, 1,200l.

Printing papers, for present year for the House, 1,000l.

Reprint of Journals and Reports, 6,000%, Printing votes of present session, 2,5007, Deficiency of printing papers for the Lords, in present session, 2,6581.

Printing Acts of both Houses, 21,0001,
Stationery for both Houses, S,5004.
Officers in both Houses, 1,8807.
Incidental expences, 4,2007-
French Refugee Laity, 4,7881.
Protestant Dissenting Ministers in Ire-
753l. 12s. 6d.

The same in England, 1,6152.
American Loyalists, 18,000l.
Charitable allowances, St. Martin's in
the Fields, 1,166).

National Vaccine Establishment, S,0001. Superintendance of Aliens, 7,9581. Convicts on board Prison ships, 77,4831. Offices of Bow-street, 14,000l. Prosecutions for coining, 5,000l. Fees of Passing the Public Accounts, 4,0001.

Printing the Journals of the House,

: T


Deficiency of last year in printing Bills, and other papers of the House, 10,0007.

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In the House of Commons an extensive discussion on the State of France: Mr. Whitbread moved for information on the state of affairs at the Congress of Vienna. Lord Castlereagh replied at great length; observing, that, if Buonaparte should be established on the throne of France, neither England nor Europe could expect a moment's secure and settled peace.

Lord Cochrane arrested in the House of Commons, before the Speaker came, or the sitting began. A letter from the Marshal of the King's Bench, informing the Speaker, was read to the House; referred to the Committee of Privileges; who afterwards reported, that there was no cause for further proceedings.

April 4. Motion for leave to repeal the Assize of Bread: since 1797, the price of bread has been fixed by the price of flour, formerly, by the price of wheat: whence much evil was supposed to arise to the City of London.

Royal Message.

Lord Liverpool entered into an expla nation of the Declaration of the Allies, made at Paris, in March, 1814, expressing the resolution of the Allies not to treat with Napoleon. At that time he had an

army of 30,000: also, in the South, 50,000, under Soult: also, in Italy, a formidable army, much superior to that opposed to it-in addition, all the fortified places, of France, Italy, Hollaud, and the Rhine. Had the Allies refused to treat with him, the struggle must have been continued. Under these considerations the principal treaties were made, particularly that of Fontainebleau. Having accepted that treaty, Buonaparte was bound to observe it. It had not been broken by the Allies. The supposed breach of it, by non-payment of the revenue it stipulated, was a falsity: the time for payment was not come : the debts of the party too, left unpaid, were very great. If it had been broken, he ought to have called on the Allies, by which it was guaranteed, before he invaded, or troubled, France. To say truth, in his first Proclamation on landing in France, he does not profess to come in consequence of any breach of the Treaty; but to resume his Power. But, the Treaty stipulated his abdication of that Power. He acted in defiance of the Treaty. The French nation was a party to that Treaty: that nation did not recall him.


was, whether we should be prepared to meet all consequences ? He, therefore, moved an address, &c.

Sir F. Burdett said, the people of France were hostile to the Bourbons had recalied Buonaparte, &c. &c.

Lord Grenville gave his full assent to the Address. He wished to impress not on the nation only, but ou all Europe, the necessity of close union and alliance: on this depended the common happiness-the very existence of Europe.

Marquis Wellesley and Earl Grey, were anxious to avoid precipitating this country tuto evils from which no man could foresee the deliverance. Motion agreed to: nem. dis.

It is impossible to conceal the dangers that surround us: we have only the choice of a state of armed preparation; or of active war. It is not wholly a British questo tion, but a European question, that is before us. We have no disposition to drive our Allies to war, or wariike measures; we act with them.-His Lordship moved an Address concurring in the deep interest felt by H. R. H. in the events which had occurred in France, in contravention of

treaties &c.

The same subject was introduced in the House of Commons, by Lord Castlereagh, who observed-This has been effected in France by artifice and treachery; by the army, which is interested in establishing a military despotism: it does not grow out of the sentiments of the French people. It was not au act of the French nation against the King of France; but, of the French army, against the peace of the world. There could now be no peace, that could main tain the character of peace; the question


Mr. Fonsonby, opposed the Baronet. Better terms had been granted to the people of France on condition they should be governed by the Bourbons, rather than by Buonaparte; if then France recalls Buouaparte, she vacates those terms, and the treaty which sanctioned them. The Allies, then, are justified in resuming every right which they possessed previous to such treaty. We do not piedge ourselves to re store the Bourbons; but to be prepared for events. The proceeding is perfectly wise and proper.

Mr. Whitbread, differed from Mr. Ponsonby: the ministers had declared war without authority of the Crown. The challenge was to a war of extermination. The Allies had proposed Assassination, to employ the arm of the murderer: their declaration places a man out of the protec tion of civil society. The fortune of the Bourbons was irretrievable; the war was a war of aggression against France. All France would rally round the person of Buonaparte. He moved an amendment

continue the blessings of peace. Against the amendment 220, for it $7. Committee of Supply.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer stated several items; among them an advance of 200,000l. to the King of France, He mentioned the Extraordinaries of the army, navy, &c. The various sums were closely examined and voted.

April 11.--The American Treaty was taken into consideration. Mr. Davis moved an address approving it. Mr. Ponsonby complained of its delay. For the motion 128. Against it 37.

April 26.-Mr. Grenfell moved for Papers to shew that the Bank of Engiand was unduly favoured in the profits it made by the public, and the share it bore in the public burthens. The circulation of Bank uotes had been $1,500,000: it was now 27,000,000. The profits, together with those arising from management of the pubfic debt, were 2,876,000l. per Ann. it was too great.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer thought sufficient allowance had not been made for expences, in that calculation. Motious assented to.

Several Petitions were about this time presented from various towns, &c. against the continuation of the Property Tax: among others one from the City of Lon

don, couched in terms the house could not | and devastation over the whole surface of receive. On a division; for receiving the Europe. He trusted the common feeling Petition 50. Against it 107. of the House would be no longer outraged by advising any other relations with such a man than those of force and war. The object of the war was to destroy the power of the disturber of the whole world; and whilst the allies stood by each other in this righteous cause, he trusted they never would be abandoned by the English Government and the English people.

Mr. Ponsonby advised to peace: he had supported a former motion; but did not know that war was declared.


Mr. Wilberforce saw great difficulties on both sides of the question. Buonaparte was no changeling: he wou'd, as always laugh at contracts and paper engagements.

After a discussion of gre length, the motion was negatived: 275 to 72.


The City of Westminster petitioned, &c. in the same style.

The Property Tax Bill was proposed. Mr. Grenfell moved that it be an instruction to the Committee, to bind the Commissioners to secrecy. The Chancellor of the Exchequer objected; but Mr. G. relating an instance of indiscretion attended. with great mischief, the clause was carried. Ireland.

April 28-In a Committee of Ways and Means, Mr. V. Fitzgerald proposed, 1st, to equalize the Assessed Taxes of Ireland to those of Great Britain; and, 2dly, to equalize the duty on malt in both countries. The increase in the revenue from the addition to Assessed Taxes, he estimated at 250,0001. but should take it at 200,000l.; the Malt Duty increase would probably be 260,0001. but he should take that also at 200,0001.

Mr. Whitbread introduced a motion for preserving peace with Buonaparte.

Lord Castlereagh in answer, observed; give him but the time to recognize his means, and you will see Buonaparte grasp ing at his former power with his former avidity. In fact, the character-the bad faith of the man was peculiar to himself. He would state in proof of this the contents of a document relating to the negocitions at Chatillon, which had fallen into his hands since that period; it was a let

ter of instruction from the Duke of Bassano to M. de Caulincourt, the French negociator, dated March 19, before the negoci; ations had closed. An order that it should be burned was indorsed upon this letter. It was written at the time that Buonaparte made his hazardous movement from Arcis sur Aube, and directed M. de Caulincourt, to conclude a treaty upon their own terms, but to manage it so, that even after the ratification, the Emperor might be enabled to delay the execution of three specified points. The Emperor was, according to the result of the movement he was then making, to execute the treaty, or violate it even after it was ratified. But what were the three objects? why the delivery of the three great Keys of France. Antwerpwas this the key of France or of Great Britain? Mayence was this the key of France or of Germany? Alexandria-was this the key of France or of the kingdom of Italy? What more decisive-what more flagrant proof than this could be given of the bad faith of the man? These were the three points through which Buonaparte was determined again to pour a deluge of war

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May 19.-Conversation on a proclamation attributed to the Duke of Wellington, Government had no reason to think it genuine. It was a French forgery.



Lord Castlereagh said the system now carrying on in France was one of falsification, and duplicity. Murat had balanced between the Allies and Buonaparte, and intended to adhere to the strongest

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