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HOUSE OF LORDS.
May 23. The question of peace or war was this day solemnly argued on a message from the Prince Regent. Lord Liverpool entered · at great length into the subject, and justified the immediate commencement of hostilities The object of of the Alles was to establish a settled government in France: no assumption of power to dictate to France was intended; but to prevent a Government dangerous to the peace and welfare of surrounding States. His Lordship moved an address accordingly...
Lord Grey opposed the motion, Lord Grenville considered the Person now at the head of the French Governmeut as the common enemy of Europe. Too much time had formerly been lost in attempting to negotiate with him. The moment the treaty of Fontainbleau was broken, that moment we had just right of war against France. He considered the paper that Caulaincourt called a proposal of peace, as the most insulting in the annals of diplomacy. The crime of Louis, in the eyes of his army, was his keeping his treaties and peace with his neighbours. For the Address, 156. Against it 44.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
by so great a majority. The Allies had broken as many treaties as Buonaparte. France had been described as exhausted many years ago; but, what was the fact? The Allies had violated every engagement with this Sovereign Prince; the war was pregnant with danger; it was unjust; it was an unwarrantable attempt to interfere with the choice of a country in its Government.
Mr. C. W. Wynne defended the interfering with Governments when they were of a nature to disturb all the world. No treaty could bind this man. He was now forty-six; but so was the Duke of Wel lington that was no age at which the human powers were enfeebled.
Mr. Ponsonby was against the motion; as was also Mr. Tierney.
Lord Milton supported the Address. On a division: for the Address 831. Against it 92.
May 26.-The Subsidiary Treaty with the Allies was taken into consideration. H. R. H. had undertaken to pay 5,000,000 to the three principal Powers of the Continent:-each was to keep 150,000 men in the field. This Country was to support a like number, or to pay for each horseman 301. for infantry 201. each. Austria had 300,000 in motion: Russia had already 225,000 in the ranks; another 150,000 were following; Prussia had 264,000. All these forces were in motion. Beside these were Wirtemberg,, HoHand, Saxoný, &e. in the whole 1,011,000 men.
The minor States were paid at the rate of £11 2s. 9d. per man. The subsidy with Sweden had cost 401. per man: that with Prussia in 1794 had cost 301. per man: at home, a man cost 70 to 801. All the strong places, too, were in the hands of the allies. In exerting herself consistently with her means, this country was contri
May 25,-Lord Castlereagh introduced the same subject, and stated much the same views of it, as Lord Liverpool in the upper House. He wished the House to support the Treaty of Paris. What could be expected from such a character as Buonaparte? in vain had kingdom after kingdom, state after state been annexed to his Empire: he was still insatiable: his restJess mind could not be quiet. In Elba too, he was planning new schemes of subjugation. The whole of Europe felt-it was a moral feeling, that there could be no peace with Buonaparte. Would it be wise to baulk this feeling?buting her proper share. to suffer the Allies to seperate? to take the consequences of Buonaparte's establishing himself? Surely not. We now had all the powers combined: every thing led to the hope that we should come out of the war with honour and advantage.
After opposition by Mr. Tierney, Mr. Whitbread, Sir J. Newport, &c. the House divided for the subsidy treaty, 169.Agaiust it, 17.
June 2. In a Committee of Supply, Lord Palmerston explained the reduction
Lord G. Cavendish and Mr. Smith, op-in the land forces, since the Treaty of Paposed the motion.
ris (exclusive of the militia) was 47,000 men. He moved for 190,252, men, exclusive of those employed in India: the estimate was £4,674,000. Agreed.
Mr. Grattan supported it. He shewed the falsehood of Buonaparte's mind: he traced his resources-no money-no credit -no cavalry, He was not recalled by France; but by the Jacobius: he thought England had a right to say France should not use her strength to conquer Europe.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the Army Extraordinaries, taken at 12,000,000.
Sir F. Burdett insisted that Buonaparte was chosen by the French nation: no ruJer in any country, had ever been chosen
Mr. Tierney said the Army expences for the year would amount to 60 millions How could this country support such ruin ous expenditure?
Lord Castlereagh moved a resolution voting one million to enable his Majesty to execute the provisions of a convention entered into with the King of Sweden, August 13, 1814.
Mr. Ward moved for 68,8381. 19s. to enable the Crown to complete purchases of land near Portsmouth, in conformity with an Act of Parliament.-Agreed.
June 16.-Information by message from H. R. H. the Prince Regent, of his intention to draw out the militia.
In a Committee of Ways and Means, the following estimates were agreed to,
Surplus and Consolidated Fund. £688,807
Total Ways and Means
HOUSE OF LORDS.
Thanks to Lord Wellington.
June 23. Earl Bathurst moved the thanks of the House to the noble Duke,
and the army under his command: for the victory of Waterloo. He paid just tributes of praise to the Duke of Brunswick, to Sir T. Picton, and Sir W. Ponsonby, to the Prince of Orange, &c-His Lordship read part of a private letter from the Duke of Wellington, expressing his sensibilty for the losses he suffered in friends, by battle:
In the House of Commons-the same
subject was introduced by Lord Castlereagh, who observed that the Allies, except the British, were a green army:—the Dutch, Belgians, Hanoverians, and troops of Nassau, were chiefly young soldiers. Deduct foring the absent corps, 25,000, and others distributed along the line, the number in action was but 64,000 men, to sustain the attack of the whole French army. Our loss was great but the relatives had the consolation of knowing that their friends fell in the most just war that was ever waged for the maintenance of public right 9,805 and principle. His Lordship moved thanks, as in the other House.
[Also thanks to Prince Blucher, the Prince of Orange, and the principal British Officers.]
“That the Thanks of this House be given to Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, Knight of the Garter, for the cousummate ability, unexampled exertion, and irresistable ardour displayed by him on the 18th of June, on which day a decided victory over the enemy, commanded by Buonaparte in person, was obtained by his Grace, in conjunction with the Allies, by which the military glory of Great Britain was exalted, and the territory of his Majesty's Allies protected from spoliation.'
Lord Liverpool proposed an Address to the Prince Regent for granting an additional sum to the Duke of Wellington. Agreed
Grant to the Duke of Wellington.
tion for "Granting an additional sum of 200,000l. to the Duke of Wellington."
Mr. Whitbread very handsomely supported the motion.
June 26.-Sir W. W. Wynne suggested, that the precedent of the grant to the Duke of Marlborough ought to be followed, and that the Duke of Wellington, and his heirs, in commemoration of his splendid victory, shond annually present to the Crown a flag, with the fleurde-lis embroidered on it. He also thought that there should be some grant of crown lands to the noble Lord aud his succes
The Chancellor of the Exchequer said the Crown lands did not afford an quate property. The delivery of the flag was agreed to [but, if we are correct, it is to be a tri-coloured flag.]
present with our own hands our Grant of Supply, which concludes the labours of the session.
"We have endeavoured so to regulate our Corn Laws, with prudence and firmness, that protection and encouragement may be given to the agricultural interest of every part of the United Kingdom, without endangering the prosperity of our trade and manufactures. We have endeavoured also to derive new means of maritime strength, from the valuable resources of our Indian possessions. And after ade-devising and preparing such plans for adjusting the public revenue and expenditure, as might suit a period of returning peace, we have been called upon, by nnlooked for events to renew our exertions and sacrifices upon the most extended scale of war.
Duke of Cumberland.
July 3.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the second reading of a Bill for allowing H. R. H. the Duke of Cumberland an addition of 6,000 per annum. on occasion of his marrage with the cess of Salms.
"In the ordinary course of our proceedings, much of our time has been occupied in disCussing measures of great importance to the State, with respect to its agriculture, ship. ping, and finances.
It was urged against this bill, that, the Duke had already an ample income (say 20,000l., per annum), that his marriage was disapproved of in the most illustrious family; that it had never appeared in the Gazette; that very unfavourable rumours, as to personal character, were afloat: that to vote the money was to approve the marriage:-that moral character was of infinite value; and, that a lady who was not expected to appear at Court, could not incur additional expences: the income was already sufficient for the Continent.
Proposed to read the bill that day three months:-For the amendment 126 125
"Scarcely had we closed our contest with America, and scarcely had the Congress of Vienna laid the first foundation of those arrangements which were destined to consolidate the peace of Europe, when, in direct contraPrin-vention of the most solemn engagements, the disturber of Europe and destroyer of the human race re-appeared upon the throne of France; and the world was once more in arms.
"In the short space of three months, by rapid strides, the fate of Europe has been again brought to issue; and the conflict was tremendous; but the result has been glorious. The most warlike nations, headed by the most renowned commanders, have met in battle; and, as Britons, we have the triumphant satisfaction to know, (however much that triumph may be saddened by private grief), that it is now no longer doubtful, to what name, and to what uation, the world will henceforth ascribe the pre-eminence, for mili tary skill and unconquerable valour.
The bill lost by a majority of one. July 4.-The thanks of the House to the Duke of York, voted, for his exertions during twenty years; by which the dis cipline of the British army had been 'greatly improved, &c. &c.
The session was closed on Wednesday, July 12, by the following speeches:
The Prince Regent came to the House at two o'clock. The Speaker of the House of Commons, attended by the Members appeared at the bar, and delivered the following speech:
"May it please your Royal Highness "We, his Majesty's faithful subjects, the Commons of Great Britain and Ireland, in obedience to your Royal Highness's commands, attend your Royal Highness; and, according to our ancient privilege, we crave leave to
"To consecrate the trophies, and perpetuate the fame of our brave countrymen who fell ia that unrivalled victory, we have declared to be our ardent desire: and it will be the distinguishing glory of your Royal Highness's days, to erect in the metropolis of this Empire such a lofty and durable monument of their military renown, and our national gratitude, as may command the veneration of our latest posterity.
"Great, however, and glorious as this vic. tory has been in itself, it is not to the joint exertions and heroic achievements of the British and Russian arms in that memorable confict, that we must limit our admiration,we have also to contemplate with equal pride and satisfaction its immediate consequences, military, political, and moral.
"We have seen the illustrious Commanders of the Allied Armies advancing at once into the heart of France; and Paris, twice vanquished, has again opened her gates to the Conquerors.
"The Usurper of a throne, which he has twice abdicated, has sought his safety in an ignominious flight; and the rightful Sovereign of France has once more resumed the sceptre of his ancestors.
calculable woes to Europe. Under such cir、 and satisfaction, the splendid success with cumstances, you will have seen with just pride which it has pleased Divine Providence to lies. Whilst the glorious and ever-memorable bless his Majesty's arms, and those of his Alvictory obtained at Waterloo, by Field Mar. shals the Duke of Wellington and Prince Blucher, has added fresh lustre to the characters of those great Commanders, and has exalted the military reputation of this country beyond all former example it has at the same the operations of the war, by delivering from time produced the most decisive effects on invasion the dominions of the King of the Netherlands, and by placing in the short space of High-fifteen days, the city of Paris and a large part of the kingdom of France, in the military occupation of the Allied Armies. Amidst events so important I am confident you will see how necessary it is, that there should be no relaxation in our exertions until I shall be enabled, in conjunction with his Majesty's Allies, to complete those arrangements which may afford the prospect of permanent, peace and security to Europe."
"With those awful scenes passing before us, we may presume also to hope, that the period is not now distant when the hand of Providence will finally extinguish the remaining efforts of that guilty and perfidious spirit of dominion which has so long raged without control, and restore to desolated Europe the blessings of peace and justice.
"But, Sir, whatever may be the final issue of these great transactions, we look forward with confidence to their satisfactory concluion, under the auspices of your Royal ness; and we doubt not of the happiest results, from the same Councils which have planned, and the same hands that have executed, those wise and vigorous measures which have been hitherte crowned with such signal success.
"On our part, it is our humble duty to strengthen the means of your Royal Highness's Government; and towards effectuating that purpose, we, his Majesty's faithful Commons, do this day present to your Royal Highness a Bill, intituled "An act for enabling his Majesty to raise the sum of six millions for the service of Great Britain;" to which, with all humility, we intreat his Majesty's Royal Assent."
The Prince then gave the Royal Assent to the bill, and delivered the following speech from the throne:
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"I cannot close this Session of Parliament without again expressing my deep regret at the continuance of his Majesty's lameuted indisposition. At the commencement of the present Session, I entertained hope, that the Peace which I had cona confident cluded in conjunction with his Majesty's Allies, would meet with no interruption; and that, after so many years of continued warfare and of unexampled calamity, the nations of Europe would be allowed to enjoy that repose for which they had been so long contending, and that your efforts might be directed to alleviate the burdens of his Majesty's people and to adopt such measures as might best promote the internal prosperity of his dominions. These expectations were disappointed by an act of violence and perfidy, of which no parallel can be found in history. The usurpation of the supreme authority in France by Buonaparte, in consequence of the defection of the French 'armies from their legitimate Sovereign, appeared to me to be so incompatible with the general security of other countries, as well as with the engagements to which the French nation had recently been a party, that I felt I had no alternative but to employ the military resources of his Majesty's dominions, in conjunction with his Majesty's Allies, to prevent the re-establishment of a system which experience had proved to be the source of such
“ Gentlemen of the House of Commons, "I thank you for the very liberal provision you have made for the services of the present year. I deeply lament the continuance and increase of those burdens which the great mibined with the heavy arrears remaining due for litary exertions of the present campaign, com. the expenses of the former war, have rendered indispensable, and which his Majesty's loyal subjects, from a conviction of their necessity, and cheerfulness. You have already seen, have sustained with such exemplary fortitude however, the fruit of the exertions which have been made; and there can be no doubt that the best economy will be found to result bring the contest to the most speedy terminą. from that policy which may enable us to tion."
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
trian arms at the opening of the campaign "The brilliant and rapid success of the Aus bas led to the restoration of the kingdom of Naples to its ancient sovereign, and to the deliverance of that important portion of Italy from foreign influence and dominion. I have further the satisfaction of acquainting you, jesty has been again acknowledged in his cathat the authority of his Most Christian Mápital, to which his Majesty has himself repaired. The restoration of peace between this country and the United States of America has been followed by a negotiation for a Commercial Treaty, which I have every reations calculated to cement the good underson to hope will be terminated upon condistanding subsisting between the two countries, and equally beneficial to the interests of both. that the labours of the Congress at Vienna -I have great pleasure in acquainting you, have been brought to a conclusiou by the in-signature of a treaty, which, as the ratifică
tleman, and was by him led to devote himself to the Ministry. In August 1791 he was admitted to Queen's College, Cambridge, under Dr. Milner. He pursued He was his studies with great ardour. ordained in 1795 by Bishop Porteus; and became curate to Mr. Newton. lu a few pub-months he was appointed Chaplain to Furt William in Bengal. He went out to India in a ship with two young ladies; one of whom afterwards became his wife. The College of Fort William was founded in 1800, Mr. B. was appointed Provost and Professor of Greek and Latin Classics. His station afforded him opportunity for obtaining information, as well as communicating it; and he distinguished himself principally by his remarks on the tremendous and bloody idolatry of the Hindoos; and by the discovery of a nation of Christians still extant in India, though dating their origin from the earliest times. His accounts of these have been set before our readers. His wife died on her passage to England, to superintend the education of her children. Dr. B. soon followed her; and after his arrival published works which made a strong impression on the religious public. In furtherance of the pious design for propagating the Gospel among the Heathens, he laboured without intermission, and at length died in that exercise of Christian philanthropy.
tions have not yet been exchanged, could not, be communicated to you, but which I expect to be enabled to lay before you when I next meet you in Parliament —I cannot release you from your attendance without assuring you, that it is in a great degree to the support which you have afforded me, that I ascribe the success of my earnest endeavours for the lic welfare; and on no occasion has that support been more important than in the course of the present Session.-In the further prosecution of such measures as may be necessary to bring the great contest in which we are en'gaged to an honourable and satisfactory conclusion, I shall rely with confidence on the ex·perienced zeal and steady loyalty of all classes of his Majesty's subjects; and they may depend on my efforts to improve our present advantages in such manner as may best provide for the general tranquillity of Europe, and maintain the high character which this country enjoys amongst the nations of the world."
April 9.-JOHN Borт, Esq. aged 81, of
Feb. 9. At Broxbourne, Herts, where he was superintending an edition of the Scriptures for the use the Syrian Christians, Rev. CLAUDIUS BUCHANAN, D. D. (of Queen's college, Cambridge, M. A. 1796.) By the death of this accomplished scholar and truly exemplary Divine, the Christian world has sustained an irreparable loss. To genuine piety, liberality of 'sentiment, and deep scriptural erudition, | Tutbury, Stafford, senior partner in the was united in him a remarkable apostolic house of Messrs. John Bott and Co. This "Be-country never lost a better mechanic, or simplicity of mind and character. more upright man: be perfected worsted hold an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile,” was the exclamation of all who spinning by water-machinery, and the power-loom for weaving stuffs and cottons: knew him. His whole life was a comment on those words of our blessed Savi- in short he never attempted any thing too difficult for his profound science and great our, "Wist ye not that I must be about my father's business?" Deeply versed in the perseverance to accomplish, and, has left Oriental languages, he conceived he should the cotton-spinning manufactory at Tutbest promote the honour of God, and the bury in a state of excellence not surpassed happiness of mankind, by enabling" every by any in the kingdom. man to read the Holy Scriptures" in his own tongue. Peculiarly interested in sup. plying a want of these to a Church which, by a gracious Providence, had been preserved from the times of the Apostles in nearly its original purity, he was engaged in that labour of love to his last moments. Dr. Buchanan was born in the neighbourhood of Cambuslang, in Scotland, about 1768. His father died when he was young. He came while a youth to London, and was for some years articled to a solicitor in the city; ́during which time he was by no means serious. At length hearjag Mr. Newton, of St. Mary's Woolnoth, he formed an acquaintance with that gen
April 17. In Boswell-court, Careystreet, BRYAN CROWTHER, Esq. member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London, and surgeon to the Bridewell and Bethlem Hospitals. He was the author of two professional works, entitled "Observations on the Disease of the Joints, called White Swelling; with some Remarks on Scrofulous Abscesses," 8vo, 1797; 2d edit. 1808; and "Practical Remarks on Insanity, with a Commentary on Dissections of the Brain of Maniacs," 8vo. 1811.
At Edinburgh, WM. CREECH, Esq. bookseller, late Lord Provost of that City,