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where for nearly half a century he was well known to almost every family. He was the son of a most respectable Clergyman, the minister of Newbattle. After a complete classical education, he was, in early life, at different times, on the Couti-translation which seemed to prove the nent; and succeeded, in the year 1771, to affinity between the two languages. His that part of the business of his early friend study of, and partiality to Virgil, gave him and patron Mr. Kincaid, at that time his the idea of writing a counterpart to the Majesty's Printer for Scotland, which was Georgies, under the title of Les Jardins. not connected with the patent of King's Virgil's great effort was adapted to the simPrinter. He continued in this business plicity of the antique taste, and primitive forty-four years, and was concerned in all manners: Delille endeavoured to introduce the principal publications during that in his Jardins all the luxuries of modern time. He was frequently in the Magis civilization. He wished to connect grantracy of the City of Edinburgh and was deur and opulence with a taste for those solicited in 1811, to accept the office of simple pleasures which tend to the embelLord Provost, to which from his habits and lishment of a country residence. His poem, advanced time of life, he felt himself then it is asserted, led to the abolishing of that unsuited, but he yielded to the wishes of unnatural symmetry which prevailed in his friends in the Town Council. Mr. laying out of French estates, and to the inCreech was well fitted to be an ornament troducing of romantic parks, similar to to society: with a mind highly gifted and those which embellish the landed property improved, he possesed the most pleasing of the English. He afterwards, at rather manners, and that habitual cheerfulness an advanced period of life, translated the and playfulness of fancy which rendered Eneid, by which his former well-carned his company fascinating. He was an ex- faine was by no means deteriorated. His cellent and an elegant scholar; and al- Hommes des Champs' was written after he though, from the extent of his business, as had visited antient Greece, and seen, from one of the most eminent booksellers of his Constantinople, the most magnificent day, and his many social engagements, he prospects which Nature offers to the sight had little leisure to direct his mind to any of man, For many years he occupied his deliberate literary work, yet the light leisure in writing a variety of poems, all of pieces and essays which frequently came which acquired a deserved celebrity; but, from his pen, evinced the elegance of his the work, which, in the latter periods of taste, his knowledge of character, and his his career, made the most uoise in France, capability of a higher attainment in compowas a translation of Milton's Paradise sition. Several of these Essays, were af Lost, of which our country has become so terwards collected into a small volume, proud, ever since she was enabled to discoentitled "Edinburgh Fugitive Pieces." ver its transcendant merits. In this atMr. Creech enjoyed the correspondence tempt, Delille is generally considered to and confidence of most of the great literary be a freu imitator of an unequal but unpacharacters who flourished in Scotland from rallelled model." His other principal about the middle to the end of the last cen- poems were "Inquisition," "Pity," "Contury. versation," and "The Three Kingdoms of Nature." Like most other Authors, however, he appears to have left to his posterity nothing but his writings; which, as his Eulogist justly observes, "Death cannot destroy, nor Time annihilate." He died at Paris in 1814.
in France for a long time. This work which is considered as his chef d'œuvre, was written while he was pursuing his studies at the University; and it was afterwards adopted by that Establishment as the only
M. DELILLE, was the most distinguished poetical author France has produced. M. Campenon, after condoling with the Class on the loss of so great a poet, gives this history of his literary efforts "Attracted by the beauties of the immortal Virgil, he attempted, at an early age, to translate the Georgies into French verse; in which he so completely succecled, that the whole host of French critics of that day combined to run him down; but they could only blame him for following his original withex-repair clandestinely to the Metropolis at the cessive fidelity, without adding to it sacri- age of 15 years. The precocity of his talents ligeous embellishments. This translation, was remarkable; at 16, he brought out drew from Frederick the Great the foi at Covent Garden, an Opera of two acts, lowing remarkable expression: that it was "The Shepherd's Artifice," written and the most original work which had appeared composed by himself. For some time after
Mr. CHARLES DIRDIN was born at Southampton, about 1748, and educated at Winchester with a view to the Church; but his fondness for musick frustrated the intentions of his friends, and impeiled him to
writer of that severe and unjust invective
"Immo age, et à primâ dic hospes origine
this, he was principally engaged in composing musick for the productions of others; for Love in the City, Lionel and Clarissa, The Padlock, The Jubilee, The Installation of the Garter, and The Christmas Tale. In 1768 he was the original Mungo in The Padlock, in which, as well as in Ralph in The Maid of the Mill, and other characters, he displayed much originality of conception. The Circus was built for him and he was manager of it for two seasons. He afterwards erected a small theatre in Leicester-street, Leicestersquare, where for many years he gave a new species of entertainment, in which he was the sole writer, composer, and performer. It was for these exhibitions that he produced his songs; and in this line, whether we consider the number or the merit of his performances, he was perhaps never equal-embarrassment; and both were probably. led. His services in this way procured him afterwards amused by the applications the notice of Government, and a pension of which the verses immediately following 2001. a year; of which, however, he was might have suggested, deprived on a change in the Administration. Embarrassments obliged him to dispose of his theatre in Leicester-street; and some time afterwards he opened a music-shop in the Strand. This speculation proved unfortunate; and a commission of bankruptcy left him completely destitute. His situation having reached the ears of a few gentlemen to whom he was almost un-political pleasantries, "The Anti-Jacoknown, they held a private meeting, and bin," with two colleagues of brilliant taproposed a public subscription for him. lent, with whom he continued in affectionSuch a sum was raised as enabled the trus ate friendship the rest of his life. In 1790 tees to secure a moderate annuity for Mr. he published the first edition of the "SpeDibdin, his wife, and daughter; the prin- cimens of English early Poetry," which, cipal being reserved for the two latter after with the enlarged edition in 1801, and the his decease. He died at Camden Town, after experiencing long and severe bodily infirmities; leaving, besides the widow and daughter already mentioned, two sons, well known in the theatrical world. His works are very numerous.
Specimens of English early Romances," « formed an important contribution towards that growing study of our antient literature, which has breathed a youthful spirit into English Poetry. His Essays on the formation and progress of the English Language, are models of abridgement, in which useful information is shortly and modestly communicated, without inaccuracy or obscurity on the one hand, and without pretension or pedantry on the other. In the Abridgement of the old Romances, these prolix tales are rendered more amusing by a gentle sneer, which is constantly visible through the serious narrative, and which enlivens the perusal In the without destroying the interest. Preface and Appendix to the Tableaux of his friend Mr. Way, are to be found some of the purest and most classical passages of Addisonian composition which this age has produced. Mr. Ellis had been employed for some time on a Life of the late Mr. Windham, which was intended to accompany some works of that gentle
"Insidias, inquit, Danaûm, casusque tuorum, Erroresque tuos.'
To pardon merely political pleasantries, or even invectives. is an effort of placabili ty, which did not require so safe and unassailable a greatness as that of Mr. Pitt. It was Mr. Ellis's singular fortune to have been also engaged in another collection of
At Paisley, in his 100th year, JAMES Dow, the only survivor of a party who volunteered from the parish of Beith for the suppression of the Rebellion, in 1745, under the command of the celebrated Dr. Witherspoon, then minister of that place.
April 10, died in Connaught-place, aged 70, G. ELLIS, Esq. of Sunning-hill by which event Society and Literature have been deprived of one of their ornaments, and his friends have lost a man peculiarly formed to feel and to inspire the warmest sentiments of friendship. One of his earliest attempts in literature was a share in the celebrated series of political satires, -entitled, "The Rolliad," also "Probationary Odes," &c.. Mr. Ellis was the
man. The latter years of his life were embittered by maladies, which his virtues, and the friendships which they, still more than his talents had procured, happily enabled him to endure with cheerful patience.
At Mr. Joseph Joseph's, Plymouth, (where he had resided 35 years) aged 70, Rabbi MOSES EPHRAIM. In his earliest infancy, he was so distinguished for his attainments, that he had the rare honour of receiving the diploma of a Rabbi when only eight years old.
Baptist Missionary So iety from its com- › mencement in 1792. From the eminence of his talents as a minister, and from his laborious exertions in conducting and promoting the Missions in India, his loss will be very seriously felt by the denomination of which he was a bright and distinguished ornament: while all the friends of Christianity, who were acquainted with him or his labours, will deeply sympathize in his death, and his memory will be perpetuated by his valuable writings on the most important subjects in Theology.
Mr. Fuller was born Feb. 6. 1754, at Wicken a village between Ely and Newmarket. His father was a farmer, and he assisted in the labours of the field, in different places. He received an English education at the Freeschool at Soham. He was baptized April 1770, aud was, partly by accident, in the absence of a regular pastor, called to address the church; till: he was ordained, Jan. 26, 1774. He removed to Kettering, Oct. 1782. In 1792 the Baptist Missionary Society was instituted, to which he was appointed Secretary, and in this station Mr. F's diligence and usefulness could not be surpassed. He was a strict Baptist to his last moments, and even beyond them, as appears from a posthumous piece, published by his express order.
At Manchester, aged 51, JOHN FERRIAR, M.D. one of the physicians to the General Infirmary there, He was well known in the world of letters, by his professional publications, and also for being the first who detected the source from which Sterne borrowed many of the ideas dispersed through his eccentric performances. The Memoirs of the Philosophical Society of Manchester contain also several papers by him on subjects connected with the belles letters and archæology. His principal work, intitled "Medical Histories and Reflections," originally appeared in detached volumes, in 1792, 1795, and 1798, 1813. The plagiarisms of Sterne were first pointed out in a paper in the Manchester Memoirs, (vol. IV.) which he af terwards enlarged and published, in 1798, under the title of "Illustrations of Sterne, with other Essays and Verses," in an Svo volume. In 1799, Dr. Ferriar called the attention of the professors of the healing art to a plant capable of furnishing them with powerful resources in certain diseases, in a pamphlet "On the Medical Proper
ties of the Digitalis Purpurea, or Fox-likeness of the persons whom he introduced glove," 12mo. "The Bibliomania," a into his prints; and of hitting their chapoetical epistle on the rage for collecting racteristic actions with vivacity and energy. old and scarce books, addressed by Dr. A complete collection of his performances Ferriar, through the medium of the press, comprizes much of the history of the times, to Richard Heber, Esq. furnished the Rev. as they include most of the celebrated Mr. Dibdin with the idea of his well- personages of his day. That they are em known work published under the same ployed in a manner suited to satire is evititle. The last of the Doctor's literary dent; but, usually, that satire is well directperformances was "An Essay toward a ed. He was occasionally engaged by Theory of Apparitions," Svo, published in well-wishers to their country to expose the 1813. He was endowed by nature with an fallacies of the soi-disant liberty-boys, the acute and vigorous understanding, which French and English Jacobins, &c, &c. he had matured, by a life of diligent study. and of careful and well-digested observation. He was a man of inflexible honour and integrity, a warm and steady friend. and a tender and indulgent parent.
At Kettering, Northampton, Rev. ANDREW FULLER, many years pastor of the Baptist Church there, and Secretary to the
June 1. In St. James's-street, Mr. Jas. GILLRAY, the celebrated artist, well known for his numerous engraved works, particularly for his caricatures.
Mr. Gilray was instructed in the art of engraving by the celebrated Bartolozzi, who resided for many years in England. His talent consisted in giving a spirited
Dec. 24. At Madras, of an endemic fever, caught in an excursion up the couutry, which he treated with indifference, and which terminated fatally in a few days, while contemplating his return to Europe, Sir SAMUEL Hoop, Bart. Vice-admiral of the Blue, one of the most meritorious officers in the British Navy. He married:
introduced into his department a spirit of order and economy, in uuion with an uninterrupted activity. When the library was first placed under his care, it contained not more than 50 or 60,000 volumes; at his death the number was at least 200,000. And, if all the labours which filled the
tish colours there had tempted him into
in 1804, the Hon. Juliana Mackenzie,
At Gottingen, C. G. HEYNE; with whose merits, as a classical editor, Europe at large is well acquainted. His reputation is founded on his intimate and extensive acquaintance with ancient literature, and the excellent editions he published of several classic authors, Greek and Latin. He was especially distinguished by a new method taken to illustrate ancient writers. Having begun his study of antiquity with the poets, he was most struck with the poetical aspect of his subject; and the beauties of the ancients occupied his attention, more than the difficulties, whether of grammar or of prosody. He investigated the genius, mind, and taste of his author; and valued more an elucidation of the merit, or poetical sense of a passage, than the force of a conjecture, by which the literal sense was varied. He felt, that the study of mythology is inseparable from that of poetry; and he discovered in the different mythes, or historical fables, the traditions of tril es of the human race. In his hands this science became a supplement to the history, the philosophy, and the arts of a people. The arts in particular engaged his attention; and after estimating the numerous opuscula which he devoted to this department of archaeology, it becomes doubtful whether he or Winckelman had the most exact or the most extensive acquaintance with antiquity. As librarian to the University of Gottingen, Heyne
May 21. In Charlotte-street, Blooms bury, after a lingering illness, Mr. Wм. NICHOLSON, many years conductor of the Philosophical Journal, whose loss will not only be felt by his family and friends, but by the scientific world at large. He was the author of many standard works in various branches of science and experimental philosophy; and from his known talents, and profound acquaintance with every thing connected with these subjects, he was usually consulted as to the practicability, and general detail of all new scientific or philosophical works, with infinite advantage to their inventors or projectors. His habits were studious, his manners gentle ; and as his judgment was uniformly calm and dispassionate, the soundness of his opinions, in the daily brought before him as a scientific umpire, was never questioned.
At Bath, aged 62, Sir. CHARLES WARRE MALET, Bart. of Wilbury-house Wilts. He was in 1785 appointed plenipotentiary to the Court of the Peshwa, or head of the Mahrattas; previously to which he had visited the Great Mogul, and been created one of the nobles of his empire. He was also for some time acting governor of Bombay, and left India in 1798. He was created a Baronet Feb. 12, 1791.
At Bern, Switzerland, of an apoplexy, in his 46th year, GOTTFRIED MIND, a painter celebrated for his extraordinary delineations of bears and cats, His father, still living in
animals were introduced. Among these, however, the lions of Rubens, some pieces by Rembrandt and Potter, and Riedinger's stags, were the only copies that he allowed to be excellent. With the other animals by Riedinger he found fault, almost without exception, as incorrect. The bears, by the same artist, he characterized as absolute monsters: neither did he entertain a much more favourable opinion of the celebrated cats of Cornelius Vischer, and Hollar. On other works, such chiefly as hunting and historical compositions, he often pronounc
Bern, is a native of Lipsch, in Upper Hungary, and learned the trade of a cabinetmaker at Kremnitz. The son was a pupil of Freudenberger, and his extraordinary talents in the representation of various species of animals, but especially those above-mentioned, in paintings in water-colours, are attested not only by the numerous productions of his pencil in the portfolios of various amateurs at Bern, Zurich, Basle, and other places, but also by the high encomiums passed upon his performances by many artists of the highest eminence. Madame Lebrun, of Paris, perhaps the first living feed most severe opinions, without the least male painter, never failed, in her different regard to the celebrity of the master; and journeys through Switzerland, to purchase on other matters,notwithstanding his seclud several of Mind's performances, declaring at ed lie, he displayed profound penetration the same time that they were real master- and correct judgment. The following papieces of their kind, and would be acknow-rody ledged as such even in the French metropolis. It was she who first gave to our artist the appellation of Le Raphael des Chats (the Raphael of Cats, which he ever since retained, and by which many strangers inquired for him at Bern. Mind was certainly well worthy of this name, not only on account of the correctness of his drawings of those animals, and the true, though dig. nified, delineation of their forms, but more especially on account of the life and spirit which he transfused into them in his pictures. The affection of Mind for the feline race might be termed fraternal. When he was at work, a favourite cat generally sat by his side; and he was often seen employed at his table with an old cat on his lap, and two or three kittens upon both shoulders, or even in the hollow formed at the back of his neck by the inclination of his head. Thus encumbered, he would sit for hours together at his work, and abstain from every motion that could in the least incommode his beloved favourites. In winter evenings, Mind used to amuse himself with carving bears, cats, and other animals, in miniature, out of wild chesnut tree, with such accuracy and skill that they had a rapid sale, and were bought up by many as ornaments for their chimney pieces. It is to be regretted that insects soon attacked the wood, and thus destroyed these pretty little figures. Mind passed many of his happiest hours at the Bears' Deu in Bern, where, from remote antiquity, two live bears have been continually kept. No sooner did Friedli, by which name he was best known at Bern, make his appearance, than the bears hastened to him with a friendly grunt, upon which they were invariably rewarded with a piece of bread or an apple from the pocket of their bencfactor and friend. Next to cats and bears, Mind received the greatest delight from looking over works of art, particularly prints in which
of the verses of Catullus, on Lesbia's sparrow, has been proposed as an appropriate inscription for this artist :
Lugete O Feles, Ursique lugete !
In upper Norton-street, aged 74, WILmerchant, and lately appointed one of his LIAM PORTER, Esq. an eminent Russia Majesty's Commissioners of Revenue for Scotland. He was educated at the College of Edinburgh, and in his 22d year was chosen to accompany Dr. Dumaresque, LL.D. from London to Russia; the Emof two gentlemen of literary taste and ta press Catherine having requested the aid the Imperial Academy at St. Petersburg. Jents from Britain, to assist her in forming After being some time employed there, mercial life, in which he experienced conMr. Porter was induced to enter into comsiderable prosperity; but afterwards adversity and great losses. His intelligent mind rendered his conversation and society peculiarly interesting; while his excellent principles on religious, moral, and political subjects, were expressed with all the energy of a virtuous and patriotic heart. He married in 1797 the sister of the late Jo
seph Ewart, Esq. formerly his Majesty's Minister and Plenipotentiary at the Court of Berlin. He died April 23.
At Edinburgh, William Roxburgh, M.D. F.L.S. chief botanist to the East India Company, surgeon on the Madras establishment, and many years superintendant of the Company's garden at Calcutta. He was the intimate friend and pupil of the celebrated König, and, with Sir Wil liam Jones, Mr. Hastings, Lord Teignmouth, and the principal scientific charac.ters. in Bengal, laid the foundation of the Asiatic Society. Dr. Roxburgh was the authorof a large work entitled "Coroman