Imatges de pÓgina

del Plants," and of many valuable tracts on the vegetable kingdom. In the extent and profundity of his knowledge on botanical subjects he was unrivalled, being esteemed the first of botanists since Linnæus.

At Clifton, where he had gone for the recovery of his health, which had been declining ever since his return from Italy, Sir JOHN STUART, Knight of the Bath, and

Count of Maida (a title conferred ou him for his gallant conduct in the field, by the Sovereign of the Two Sicilies), lieutenantgeneral in the Army, lieutenant-governor of Grenada, colonel of the 20th foot, late commander-in-chief of the Western District, His remains were interred in Bristol Cathedral, April 18th, attended by all the military officers of distinction in the City and its vicinity.

HENRY THORNTON, Esq. aged 53, (of the firm of Down, Thornton, and Free, bankers), M. P. for Southwark, for which borough he was first returned in 1782. He was the founder of the Sierra Leone Company, of which he was chairman in 1789. He seconded Mr. Fox's motion for the repeal of the Shop-tax. In 1797, he voted with Mr. (now Lord) Grey in favour of Parliamentary Reform; in the same Sessions he moved the previous question, on a motion of his Lordship for censuring Ministers for the advances made by the Bank. He sustained two violent electioneering-contests for Southwark, in 1806, and 1807; and sat in seven Parliaments, besides the present, for Southwark, a period of thirty-two years. A more upright, independant, and truly virtuous man, has never adorned the Senate, while in private life he was one of the most splendid ornaments of society. He died at the house of Wm. Wilberforce Esq. Kensington Gore Jan. 17th.

JAMES WARE Esq. of New Bridgestreet, the oldest and most eminent oculist in London. This friend to humanity closed a well-spent life at the age of 60 years. From his earliest years he endeared himself to a numerous circle of relatives and friends. His professional skill as a surgeon and oculist established his public fame, and will hand it to posterity with respect. He was founder and first promoter of the School for the Indigent Blind. Mr. Ware was pupil of the late celebrated Mr. Wathen, whose mode of practice he entirely adopted. His success in extracting the cataract has very rarely, we believe, been equalled. He died Ap. 13. VOL. II. Lit. Pan. New Series. Sept. 1.

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army, which he defeated on the plains
of Agram.

Dec. 14.Carried by storm the almost im-
pregnable fortress of Gawilghar.
Dec. 16 Signed a Treaty of Peace with
the Rajah of Berar.

Dec. 30.

ditto ditto with Scindeah. 1804. Appointed a knight of the Military

Order of the Bath.


As might be supposed, the approach of an individual so famous as Buonaparte, twice an Emperor and King, to the shores of England, was a subject of great curiosity to the inhabitants of the Counties of Devon, Hants, Cornwall, &c. Eng-numbers of persons who, in boats, visited the Bellerophon, while he was on board her, were very great: towards evening, at which time he was usually seen walk


to him by both Houses of Parliament;ing the deck, they sometimes amounted

to several thousands.

aud his companions in arms presented him with a gold vase, valued at 2000 guineas. In the autumn Sir A. Wellesley accompanied Lord Cathcart to Hanover, and on the return of the army was appoint-in

The seamen of the Belleropbou adopted a curious mode to give an account to the anxious spectators in the boats of the movements of Buonaparte. They wrote

ed to a District.

1806. Jan. 30. Received the Colonelcy of the 33d Regiment.

chalk on a board which they exhibited a short account of his different occupations -"At breakfast"-"In the cabin with Captain Maitland"-" Writing with his Officers"-" Going to dinner”-“ Coming upon deck," &c.

1807. Defeated a detachment of Danes near Kioge.

1908. April 25. Attained the rank of Lieutenant-General.

We are sorry to say, that several accìdents happened, among the crowd; for August 17. Fought the battle of Rolein. which reason, the ships were ordered to 21. That of Vimeira, and shortly stand out a few miles to sea, for the purafterwards returned to Eng-pose of transhipping him on board the Northumberland, which ship, was about 1809. March 22. Returned to Portugal, and to proceed to the Cape of Good Hope, appointed by the Prince Regent of Por-bearing Admiral Sir G. Cockburne's flag: tugal, Marshal-General of the Portu- and is now charged to call at St. Helena, guese troops. in her passage, and leave this General there, a state prisoner.


May 11. Passed the Douro, and captured

July 28. Fought the battle of Talavera.
In this year he was created Viscount

1810. Sept. 2. Fought the battle of Busaco.
1811. May 5. That of Fuentes de Honor, or

Government has given notice of this disposition, to all Foreign Consuls, and Foreign Courts: by the same notice forbiding the approach of foreign vessels to that island, while he remains there. Additional troops and attendants are on board the squadron that accompanies him and it should seem that he has laid in au abundant stock of cards, books, and other amusements, for his supply when settled. We desire, that these cards may be well attended to, as we know the purposes to

1805. Early in this year he returned to

land, when a sword, valued at £1000.
was presented to him by the inhabi-
tants of Calcutta: thanks were voted

In this year his Lordship was created by the Prince Regent of Portugal, Conde de Vimiera, and on the 31st July received the local rank of General in Spain and Portugal.

1812. Jan. 19. Ciudad Rodrigo carried by which Frenchmen often apply them.


March 16. Badajos also carried by storm. July 22. Fought the battle of Salamanca. In this year his Lordship was created Marquis Wellington. 1819. January 1. Was appointed Colonel of the Horse Guards.

June 21. The battle of Vittoria-appointed Field Marshal, and same year a Knight of the Garter. August 11, The battle of the Pyrenees. 1814. May 3. He was created Marquess Douro and Duke of Wellington.

Our readers are well acquainted with St. Helena, as it has repeatedly, come unmany particulars relating to the Island of der our notice; also in the present volume; by way, however, of preventing their trouble, we annex a succinct DESCRIPTION of the ISLAND of ST. HELENA.

This island is situated in the South Atlantic Ocean, between the Continents of Africa and South America, about 1200 miles west of the former, and 1800 east of the latter, in lat. 15. 55. S. lon. 5. 49. W. and is held by the English East India


Company. Its circumference is about 20 miles, and it has the appearance, at a distance, of a rock, or castle, rising out of the ocean, belug only accessible at one particular spot, where the town is erected, in a valley, at the bottom of a bay, between two steep dreary mountains. The buildings, both public and private, are plain, but neat. It has some high mountains, partivularly one calied Diana's Peak, which is covered with woods to the very top. There are other bills also, which bear evident, marks of a volcanic origia; and some have huge rocks of lava, and a kind of half vitrified fings. The country, however, is far from being barren; the little hills are rovered with rich verdure, and interspersed with fertile vallies, which contain gardens, orchards, and various plantations. The valleys are watered by rivulets, and the mountain, in the centre of the island, are covered with wood. The soil, which covers the rocks and mountains, is, in general, a rich mould, from six to ten inches deep. clothed with a variety of plants and shrubs. The walks of peach trees are loaded with fruit, which have a peculiarly rich flavor; but the other European fruit trees and vines, which have been planted here, do not succeed. Cabbages, and other greens, thrive extremely well, but are devoured by the caterpillars; as the barley, and other kinds of grain, by the rats, which are very Dumerous. The ground, for these reasons, is laid out chiefly in pastures, the verdure of which is surprising; and the island can support S009 head of their small cattle. They have English sheep here, and a small breed of horses, with goats and rabbits, Their fowls are ring pheasants, red-legged partridges, rice-birds, pigeous, &c. of some of which the breed is indigenous, but others -have been brought from Europe, Africa, and the East Indies. The number of inhabitants on the island does not exceed 2000, including near 500 soldiers, and about 600 slaves, who are supplied with all sorts of manufactures by the Company's ships, in return for refreshments; and many of the slaves are employed in catching fish, which are very plentiful.

As we shall have occasion to notice Napoleon's arrival, when he has reached the island, we shall add no more respecting it, at present. Many anecdotes of his behaviour while off the British shore are in circulation, but we cannot answer for the truth of them. We have reason to believe that not so many persons were admitted to converse with him, as has been reported. We add, a few particulars which seem to be the most credible.

The following is a correct copy of the Letter which Buonaparte sent to the Prince Regent :

Altesse Royale,

En butte aux factions qui divisent mon pays et à l'inimitie des plus grandes Puissances le Europe, j'ai terminé ma carriere politique, et je viens, comme Themistocle, m'asseoir sur les foyers du peuple Britannique. Je me mets sous la procetion de ses lois, que je reclame de V. A. R. comme le plus puissant, le plus constaut, et le plus genereux de mes ennemis. NAPOLEON.

Translation of the protest against his transportation to St. Helena, which Buonaparte presented to Lord Keith.

of heaven and of men against the violation PROTEST.-I protest solemnly in the face disposal of my person, and of my liberty. of my most sacred rights, by the forcible I came freely on board the Bellerophon: I England. Ouce seated on board the Belam not the prisoner, I am the guest of lerophon, I was immediately entitled to the hospitality (Je fus sur le foyer) of the British people. If the Government, by giving orders to the Captain of the Bellerophon merely to lay a snare for me. it has for to receive me and my suite, intended feited its honour and sullied its flag. If this act be consummated, it will be in vain that the English will talk to Europe of their loyalty, of their laws, of their li berty. The British faith will have been lost in the hospitality of the Bellerophon. I appeal therefore to history: it will say that an enemy, who made war for twenty years on the people of England, came freely in his misfortune to seek an asylum under its laws. What more striking proof could he give of his esteem and of his confidence? But how did they answer it in England? They pretended to hold out when he surrendered himself to them in an hospitable hand to this enemy, and good faith, they sacrificed him. On board the Bellerophon at sea. NAPOLEON. August 4.


The following are a few passages of the conversation which Lord Lowther and Mr. Lyttleton had with Buonaparte when he was transhipped from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland.

Buonaparte, whilst remonstrating against his
detention, said, "You do not know my cha-
racter. You ought to have placed co
in my word of honour."

the plain truth to you?"
One of the Gentlemen said, "
Buonaparte. "Speak it."

I must then tell you,

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invasion of Spain no Englishman could put trust even in your most solemn engagements." B. "I was called to Spain by Charles IV. to assist him against his son."

"No: According to my opinion, to place King Joseph on the throne." It

B. "I had a grand political system. was necessary to establish a counterpoise to your enormous power on the sea; and, besides, that was only what had been done by the Bour bons," or words to that effect.

"It must be confessed, however, General, that under your sceptre France was much more to be feared than during the latter years of Louis XIV's reign. She was also aggrandised," &c.


Here he referred to our


B. England, on her part had become more powerful.' colonies, and particularly to our acquisitions in "Many well-informed men are of opinion that England loses more than she gains by the possession of that overgrown and remote Empire."

B. "I wished to revive Spain; to do much

of that which the Cortes afterwards attempted

to do."

me from the Russians! "-It is likely that
in the course of his voyage his real senti-
ments may occasionally betray themselves :
hitherto he has been very closely on his
guard He seems to have no sensibility,
or concern for any one but himself.

B. "He sincerely wished for peace, and I wished for it also. His death prevented the conclusion of peace. The others were not sincere."

At one time he observed, "I do not say that I had not for twenty years endeavoured to ruin England ;" and then, as if correcting himself for having inadvertently said more than was prudent-" that is to say, to lower you, I wished to force you to be just, at least less unjust."

This is not to be understood as if he disregarded all persons and things, unless when they interfere with his self: as the following incident proves.

Many other particulars of his behaviour are current. He seems to have done his utmost to parry the several reflections used against him for breaking his own promises, for employing various officers who had violated their parole of honour,—for insatiable ambition, &c. He was offered to be placed under any other of the Allied powers --the Russians; he answered instant'y Dieu me garde des Russes! "God preserve

Previous to the moment of separation, Bonaparte gave some of his officers left behind a certificate to the following effect, which had been first drawn up, at the general request, by General Gorgaud, and then altered by Bonaparte himself and signed :

He was then recalled to the main point, and reminded of the character of the transaction by which he obtained possession of the Spanish Crown, to which he made no answer, but took a new line of argument on the subject of his detention, and after much discussion, concluded by saying, "Well, I have been deceived in relying upon your rosity. Replace me in the position from which you took me," (or words to that effect). Speaking of his invasion of France, he said with great vehemence. "I was then a Sovereign. I had a right to make war. King of France had not kept his promises."


He afterwards said exultingly, and laughing, and shaking his head, "I made war on the King of France with 600 men."


He said, that in confining him as we did we were acting like a little aristocratic power, and not like a great free people."

Of Mr. Fox, he said he knew him, and had seen him at the Thuilleries. "He had not your prejudices."

"Mr. Fox, General, was a zealous patriot, with regard to his own country, and, be-trand and de Montholon. sides, a citizen of the world."

"Circumstances prevent my retain-
ing you any longer near me. You have
served me with zeal. I have always been sa-
Your conduct on this last
occasion deserves my praises, and confirms
tisfied with you.
me in what I had reason to expect from you.
On board the Northumberland, 7th Au-
gust, 1815.

The words, in Italics, were substituted
by Buonaparte, for: "In my prosperity
you have served me with zeal, and by ac-
gene-companying me in my adversity you have
confirmed the good opinion I had of you.
Receive thanks.

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List of the Suite of Napoleon Buonaparte, as
presented to the British Government.
Generaux.-Le Lieut.-Gen. Comte Be-
trand, Grand Marechal; le Lieut.-Gen
Duc de Rovigo; le Lieut.-Gen. Baron
L'Allemand, Aid-de-Camp de S. M.; le
Marechal-de-Camp Comte de Montholon,
Aid-de-Camp de S. M.; le Compte de
Las Casses, Conseillier d'Etat.
Dames.-Mesdames. la Comtesse Ber-

Enfans.-S Enfans de Madame la Comtesse Bertrand, and one of the Comtesse de


Officiers.-Mons. de Plauatt, Lieut.-Col.;
M. Maingant, Chirurgeón de S. M. Las
Casses, page.


Service de la Chambre.-M. M. Marchand, valet-de-chambre; Cilli, ditto; St. Denis, ditto; Novarra, ditto; Denis, garçon de garderobe.

Livree.-Archambaud, 1 valet-de-pied:
Guardron ditto; Gentilimi, ditto.

Service de la Bouche.-M. M. Fontani,
maitre d'hotel; Preron, chef d'office; La
Fosse, cuisinier; Le Page, ditto.

Femmes. 2 Femmes-de-Chambre de Mad la Comtesse Bertrand; ditto de Mad. la Comtesse de Montholon.

Suite des Personnes qui accompagnent S.
M.-1 valet-de-chambre du Duc de Rovigo;

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1 ditto Comte Bertrand; 1 ditto Comte de Montholon; 1 valet-de-pied du Comte Bertrand. [39]

On board the Myrmidon.-Officiers.-Le Lieut.-Colonel Resigui, Schultz, Le Capitaine Aume, Mesener, Pronowski, Le Lieut. Riviere, Le Sous-Lieut. St. Catherine. Suite de S. M.-Ciprinni, maitre d'hotel ; Huissier; Chauvon, ditto; Rosseau, Lampiste; Valet de Pied; Joseph, ditto; Le Charon, Linaux, Garde d'Of fice; Orrini, Valet de Pied; Furneaux, ditto.




formerly tyrannized over the nations ?-So far from it, they still attach the notion of glory! to their destructive politics. Do they willingly return the spoils, the plunder, the fruits of their robberies, which they had collected as marks of triumph, and boast?-On the contrary, they regret exceedingly every instance of restoration; and deem that a robbery from them, which is nothing more than a restitution: they strain every argument with which their ingenuity furnishes them-and they certainly are an ingenious people-to persuade the right owners to relinquish their property, and to suffer the robbers to retain their prey.


Panorama Office August 29, 1815.

The labours of the learned have lately

This is a bad sign. There is no sense of moral rectitude, of civil and social honesty of duty, clear and explicit duty, in such

been much directed towards the illustra

tion of that mysterious book the Revela-pretences and subterfuges. Our inference is, that the calamities of that people are close. This inference is strengthened by far, very far, from being arrived at their the acknowledged difficulties of the French Government. The National Treasury is drained;-yet never was money so urgently in request. The army is directed to disband; but the army demands pay and arrears- -What! is the King of France to pay that army which Buonaparte employed to fight against him, to keep him off from his throne!


tions; in which they have found, as others
had found before them, predictions of the
present extraordinary times. Certainly
there is one mark, that of hardened insen-
sibility to the leading cause of political
punishment, which well agrees with the
prophetic suggestions of the sacred book:
men were scorched with great heat;
and blasphemed the name of God, who
had power over these plagues; and they
repented not to give him glory."-" They
guawed their tongues for pain, and blas-
phemed the God of heaven, because of
their pain and their sores, and repented
not of their deeds."-Prolonged impiety is
the precursor of prolonged suffering. It
would give us great pleasure could we an-
nounce a general sense of this, among the
nations; and especially in that nation
which at present is reaping the reward of
its former misdeeds. But, sorry we are to
say, that we discern more party than pe-
nitence in every motion, every profession,
and every argument now afloat through-cause
out the French dominions

The Parisians complain bitterly of the payments and contributions demanded from them, by the Allies; but they wil fully forget those they demanded from the same powers in their own country. They think much of orders given, and commands issued in the name of foreigners; but, were not they foreigners, in Berlin, in Vienna, at the Hague, at Amsterdam, at Hamburgh, &c and what authority had they, other than that of being the scourge of God, to strip Europe generally of property and comfort, what authority superior to that of those who now call on them to re pay a part of what they had forced from others by terror and violence.

Do they express contrition for having

The contractors who furnished Buona

parte his military stores, also bring in their accounts, and make the King their debtor for the amount the civil magistrates, who were appointed by Napoleon, think themselves well entitled to hold their places, and suppose that they must be tolerated, if not approved, or even applauded,

for their sullen kind of non-resistance to

royal authority, very different from the
alacrity with which they promoted the
Nor is
and party of the usurper.
the King's Ministry without alloy of the
same kind: the highest offices of the State
are discharged by malignants, who very re-
cently joined in flattering the hero whom
they professed to have preferred above all.

What can be expected from such a heterogeneous mass of chaotic elements ? We heartily pity the poor King. His crown is no object of envy, He must retain it: otherwise, for his personal comfort, he too, might abdicate. Duty aud enjoyment, as they very often do, among crowned heads-stand in diametrical opHis edicts are position to each other. without effect he has directed certain armies to be disbanded: they are not disbanded: he is insulted in his own palace: he knows not friends from enemies: he is


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