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distracted by contrary counsels-he is not at home in his own metropolis.
nothing, who never has cared for any. body, and who now laughs at all mankind.
The character of Napoleon is gradually coming before the pub.ic. Several works have been circulated on the Coutinent, concerning him, which are little known here. In time they will instruct us. His late exaltation will do more towards dis tinguishing between the real friends and foes of the human race, than any other event, perhaps, that could have occurre›i, The British Navy is rapidly dismantling, and is in a course of paying off this shews the opinion of Government, to be that this portion of our strength is not likely to be wanted.
The British army is not following the bled on the Continent. navy: a great part of its power is assem Nothing could have been more fortunate than the station shot.ing such a body of troops in the Nether lands, as was there, previous to the irrup tion of Buonaparte. Public opinion ascribes to a like foresight, the present can, tonments of the British troops.
The courtiers have much to beguile their leisure hours, while dangling in expectation, by the discourses now circalating around the purlieus of the palaces: The Duke and Duchess of Cumberland are arrived: will R. II. ?-Yes!no!no!-yes!—no ! her Majesty receive We state explicitly that the honourable and moral character of his Majesty's-and her Majesty's Court-has had and has a wonderful influence in saving this nation. We insist, that, had our public sentiments been a few more degrees debased, been sunk to a level but a little lower-not even a miracle could have prevented us from bewho think this desirable, Irave only to coming a province of France. --- Those dissolve one or two of the more virtuous (public) bot's of Society; and they may
The Parisians were uneasy while the Allied troops were quartered on them, as private citizens; Barracks were built, to lighten the burder. Some of these were scarcely built 'ere they were burut; it is very charitable to say-by accident. The troops dislodged, may now return to private houses. We cannot account for the reported better character of the British troops at Paris, over those of other natious; unless it be that Parisian recollection has not equal oppression with respect to them, on which to meditate. The Prussians are insulted; till, at length, they have received orders to do themselves justice. What will next ensue in consequence, baffles conjecture.
In the mean while, justice is slowly advancing. One eminent traitor, Labedoyére, who first, at the head of his regiment, joined Buonaparte, has been Ney, the double dyed traitor, is taken; and is about to be brought to trial; to be succeeded, no doubt, by others. The worst is, that all Europe is held in a state of suspense whilst France is thus tumultuated; every nation suffers by apprehension, by recollection, or by sympathy. Much is expected from the representatives of the nation, now electing under Royal Sauction: May their principles and abilities justify.
We are glad to see that the principles of Representative government are extending among the nations and being of opinion that they tend essentially to national pros perity, and to the preservation of peace among mankind, we rejoice that they have, at least, the prospect of a fair trial; and we augur well of the consequences.--But, we do not expect-perhaps, we do not even wish for absolute unanimity:-advice is improved by being canvassed-by being opposed-not by being voted by acclama-accomplish their purpose:-that moment may we never see! but we shall think it approaches if
If we turn our eyes homeward, the first Incident that strikes them, is the removal of General Napoleon Buonaparte to St. Helena. Britain had never recognised him Emperor and King"; and though she had recognised him as First Consul, yet under that title to exile him unless in company with his compeers, the other Consuls,―could not have been taken as a compliment by France. We have also treated with him as a General; a distiuction far superior to that to which in Justice he is strictly entitled. We have repeatedly warned our readers not to be precipitate in their judgements on the fiual destiny of this man; who begun the world with
We should be glad if truth allowed us to describe all parts of the British Empire as being as quiet as home is; but this we cannot. The Indian Empire is so exteusive, that it is almost beyond hope that every member included in the dominion, and every adjacent state should be com pletely at rest. In Ceylon, we have been fortunate in overcoming the King of Kandy, at once, without loss-his own people were shocked at his cruelties. That island may now be quiet in all its parts: but Europeans must take care how they encounter the power of the climate. Extreme caution is indispensable.
In Nepaul war continues, and even rages. The Nepaulese advance on our troops, meet them boldly, especially if protected by any slight advantage of ground: they throw up breastworks, they cut down trees, they obstruct the roads they keep up a destructive fire; and when they have done all the mischief they can, they take another position, and the combat is to be renewed, and to be maintained, with the same obstinacy, over again. Moreover, The strength of the passages between the Mountains is very great: many of the roads are impracticable to an army: but, the chief danger lies in the climate; the valley fever is the most formidable enemy. If sufficient progress is not made during one season, the invader must lose many months, before another opportunity of advancing presents itself. That this conten fion was avoidable, we do not say; but ave sincerely regret the occasion of it.
come, among the Continental manufac tories. France is so disturbed, that her in dustry languishes; and it must continue to languish til her disorders give way to better qualities. We have heard Intely of Cotton Works among ourselves, which acknowledge the clear gain of ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND POUNDS within a space of time so short, as to oblige modesty to suppress it;-say, six months, or thereabouts. There is not the smallest doubt, whether the cotton market was exhausted, whether the mills were in full work, whether the men were receiving full pay, and the looser description of them spending it without a single thought for the morrow.
We are not aware that the British in terests are in jeopardy in any other quarter of the globe, numerous as our connections are. America will, no doubt, suffer her angry passions to subside; and as to her taking any part with Buonaparte-let her.
We heartily pity Spanish America, where every evil seems to exert its powers. What a melancholy picture!
It is likely that, before long, we shall hear something more definitive on the subJect of Papal pretensions than we are acquainted with-that it may prove peaceable we earnestly pray.
STATE OF TRADE.
The supply was insufficient; it is scarcely possible to say what it is now, because so much had been contracted for before arrival: speculation also, had been in brisk activity; and opinion had fluctuated extensively. Considerable importation has taken place at Liverpool: this damped the market: the American buyers resorted to the manufactories and took off great quantities of finished goods; this raised the market. In general, what raw materials had not been bespoke, experienced a reduction of 1d. te 14d. per lb. The holders, however, put a good face on af fairs; and think a short time will give them the turn in their favour.
Cotton goods, or rather, possibly, cotton materials for making goods, have lately been in urgent demand abroad. There is no apprehension of rivalship for long to
A West India Fleet has arrived, consisting of 78 sail: of which 42 were for London. It is likely, that we shall not have occasion to mark the arrival of fleets of merchantmen from the islands, in future; as the seas being now free, single ships may run safely. There will always be an emulation to come first to market; and this will prevent delay. The demand has rather slackened; but, the causes of this are variously explained. Foreign Sugars have experienced some enquiries, and the Refined Market has felt more briskness than some other branches; this seems to mark the home consumption as keeping up tolerably fairly; while Exportation stands in need of a fillip, to excite its activity and diligence.
Lloyd's Coffee House, Aug. 21, 1815. CONTINENTAL Commerce has lately been in some of its branches very flourishing, in others very languid and listiess. It is clearly understood that the Continent is impoverished: that is to say, that its money is drawn off; and that its natural or artificial productions have not yet restored the fair balance, which honest commerce requires, to carry it on, briskly.
Coffee has lately experienced such an abundant supply, that it is scarcely possi ble to form any decided opinion about it.
It is nevertheless true, that the Course of Exchange has attained, and supports, that height in favour of this Country, which is almost a phenomenon in these later years..Hitherto, there has been some spirit and We see the value of the precious metals more expectation: but, the vast quantity also fall, to a standard not known of late; announced for sale (27,000 bags by the Inwith every prospect of maintaining this dia Company alone) is felt to be more standard. than the demand. On the other haud, the Commissions from the Continent have fixed such low prices at which to be executed, that the Merchants hold back strongly. If the prices keep up, orders
cannot be execnted; if orders become
The supplies of American articles are hitherto, far from abundant. Arrivals of Tobacco are daily looked for; 500 hlids. of Maryland are come in; but the market continues lively: opinion inclines to the conjecture that prices will stand steady, perhaps, improve. There are no American Ashes at Market. A few parcels of Russian supply their place.
The general expectation of very moderate returus from Greenland and Davis's Streights has had a great effect on the holders who want 501. for Oil, lately worth but 361. The average of the Hull ships, is taken very low: at only 56 tons.
Provisions are somewhat better: Pork is not overlooked, and good mess Beef finds willing purchasers. The Dutch have lately sent ten thousand casks of butter: this, with the expectation of large Irish Supplies keeps down the price.
Naval Stores, Hemp and Flax are falling in price. The great reduction of the British Navy, essentially effects these commodities.
The generally favourable state of the weather is noticed from almost all parts cerned. Cattle in general are heavy sale; of our country, so far as the harvest is conand the markets are abundantly supplied.
cumstances of affairs in France, is more What effects may result from the cir than we can pretend to foresee; but, we own that we were not prepared, after the great boastings on the state of French want of forage, as do now prevail. The agriculture to hear such complaints of the Minister of the Interior has taken advice, in regard to the quickest growing crops he recommends to cultivaters for producing forage, rye, oats, barley, millet, vetches, horse-beans, clover, buck-wheat, wild chicory, &c. The article deserves to mustard, turnips, the ruta baga, rape, be recorded; and moreover, it may afford a useful hint, in some future emergency.
The number of ships that passed the Sound in 1814, was 8,183.
THE interest excited by the new Crop, as it appears at market, is considerable : the samples, as vet, are various: fine, others middling. The produce of last year was certainty inferior to the average afforded by our country; yet it has held out, to meet the cousumption; and those who pretend to know more than their neighbours, affirm that the stock now on hand, is enough to ruin not a few of those who have deeply speculated in the commodity. There is no doubt, but what this year's crop will very far exceed last year's. The continuance of uncommonly fine weather, will afford opportunity of getting it into the barn in good condition which alone is a prodigious advantage to both farmer and consumer. The corn also may this year be brought to market much sooner than usual: the harvest is fer ad. vanced in the south of course, this will affect the present markets. What differ-mand of U. R. H. the Prince Regent; and ence the abolition of the assize may make arranged into three classes, differing in in the M trogolis, will be known in a few rank and degree of dignity. days. The ford Moyor may be glad to class consists of Knights Grand Crosses, The first be well rid of the burden. substituted for Kuights Companions, the
The Order of the Bath enlarged, by com
Vienna from Paris.
at Verona, and elsewhere, supposed to be 3-insurrections in the North of Italy, fomented by Murat, preparatory to his ad
King's Bench Prison. A reward of 1,0001. offered for apprehending him.
Beginning on this day in the evening, a mob surrounded the Houses of Parliament, and proceeded to acts of violence. Seve
number limited to seventy-two of which, twelve may be a civil or diplomatic dis tinctions. The second class is formed of Knights Commanders; the number limited to one hundred and eighty foreign Officers to the number of ten, may be added, Theral lives were lost at the door of the House of Commons. The house of Mr Robinson (mover of the Corn Regulations) was destroyed, and the soldiers firing in their own defence a man was killed, &c. These outrages lasted several days.
7. Supplement to the London Gazette contains an account of the failure of the attack on New Orleans. The position taken and strengthened by the Americans, was impracticable, owing to a creek of water, and to the delay it occasioned.Major-Gen. Sir E. M. Pakenham, fell in the attack, having galloped on before his troops. The second in command MajorGen. Gibbs, was also mortally wounded: the army retreated, and re-embarked.
third Class is styled Companions of the Order; they wear a badge, pendant by a narrow red ribbaud to the button hole.
6.-Fifteen officers in the army of the East India Company, added to the present list with leave to increase the number.
12. Common Council held for congratulating the P. R. on peace with America. Mr. Waithman moves the Address.
Petitions preparing in various places against the continuance of the Property Tax.
17.-A Chapter of the Order of the Bath held in the Prince's chamber, Westminster Hall: Lord Cochrane's expulsion announced.
A disturbance at Paris, occasioned by the refusal of the priests of St. Roch, to bury the corpse of Mademoiselle Raucour, an Actress, in holy ground. The King orders his almoner to perform the rites:the populace disperse.
The American ship President, taken by the Endymion, Capt. Hope, a-head of a British squadron, off Sandy Hook.
21.-The remains of Louis XVI. and his queen Maria Antoinette, recovered from the burying ground of La Magdalene, at Paris, and removed in a solemn manner to the royal vaults at St. Denis, after a lapse of twenty two years.
Many meetings were held in the course of this mouth, to petition Parliament against the proposed alteration in the Corn Laws.
7. The Court Martial held at Winchester on Sir John Murray, respecting the affair at Tarragona, June 12, 1818, closed, by forming its opinion, that Sir John had unnecessarily abandoned part of his stores; but acquitting him of the rest of the charges alledged against him.
17. Treaty of peace with America, signed at Ghent, December 24, 1814, ratified at Washington, in America.
11. Successful attack by the British on Fort Mobile in West Florida, on the Gulph of Mexico. The news of peace arrived immediately afterwards. The British forces were, therefore, withdrawn.
1. Buonaparte landed in France, from the island of Elba:-on the 8th he arrived at Lyons: on the 19th at Fontainbleau, on his way to Paris.
6. Lord Cochrane escapes from the
13. Declaration of the Allied Powers, in the Congress, at Vienna, that they will maintain the King of France, against Buonaparte.
16. The King of France went in great state to the Chamber of Deputies, and informed the assembly of the state of his Kingdom.
19. An attempt made at Vienna, by about forty Frenchmen, to carry off young Napoleon.
20. The last Royal Moniteur, issued at the Thuilleries.
21. The first Imperial decree issued from the Thuilleries.
The King of France retired to Lisle; and ultimately to Ghent.
25. Another Declaration of the Allies against Napoleon Buonaparte: in which he is outlawed, as having violated his solemn engagements and former abdication.
26.-At Buonaparte's Levee, the Council of State present a document, declaring that his abdication was not valid; it having been obtained without consulting the nation. The re-establishinent of the Bourbons is declared illegal; and every blessing is anticipated from the return of the Emperor. This example was followed by other public bodies.
30.-Murat, King of Naples, after violating the Pope's territories, and driving the Pope from Rome to Florence, attacked the Austrian posts in the North of Italy.
9. The Gazette contains accounts of Military proceedings in the Chesapeake, by the squadron under the command of Sir A. Cochrane, &c. The town of Rappahakoch taken also Farnham, and others. 11. The Melpomene, a French frigate, captured in attempting to violate the blockade of Naples, by H. M. S. Rivoli : she had 25 killed, and 50 wounded.
Three more of the British squadron stood into the Bay of Naples, and threatened to bombard that city. Madame Murat capitulated for the safety of the capital. Murat, himself, escaped by night from the fury of the mob.
17.-Gazette account of the attack on Fort Kalunga, against the Nepaulese; this attack failed; but, the fort was afterwards abandoned. Major Gen. Gillespie, the British Commander, fell in the attack.
25. The first stone of the Southwark bridge laid.
7-Buonaparte goes in state to the Chamber of Representatives, to opeu the Session of the new Chambers, chosen under his authority. His speech declares, that he is "now going to commence a Constitutional Monarchy."
12. At four o'clock in the morning Buonaparte quits Paris for the Army in Flanders.
9.-The Champ de Mai, at Paris: the new Constitution accepted, under the name of "An Additional Act to the Constitution of the French Empire. Oaths by the Emperor!-by the Senate; by the Army, &c. &c. on all sides.
11.-Addresses from the two Chambers presented to Buonaparte.
15. At day-lightBuonaparte attacks the Prussians on the Sambre.
16. A severe battle between the French and Prussians: Euonaparte claims a victory.
18. Battle of Waterloo. Buonaparte's victory turned into a defeat, with the loss of all his army, [130,000] except one corps and stragglers.
17. The King of the Two Sicilies returns to Naples, his Capital, after an absence of nine years.
20.-Buonaparte arrives at Paris, in the midst of the rejoicings of the Parisians, for his successes against the Prussians, on the 16th, to relate the news of his entire defeat on the 18th. He arrives at 11-o'clock at night: the consternation the next morning is inconceivable. His abdication soon follows, and King Louis returns to his Capital. The Allied troops enter Paris.
Mayhew J. jun. St. Osyth, Essex, miller. Sols.
Noble J. Bucklersbury, merchant. Sol. Alling-
2. A fever which had prevailed at Cambridge, and had frightened away almost all the Students, and many of the inhabitants of the Town, is now reported by the faculty, to have completely subsided.
Postans W. Birmingham, brass founder.
4.-Battles in Frauce between the Roy-Stuart R. J. Hart-street, Bloomsbury-square, alists in La Vendee, and the adherents of Napoleon.
Bankrupts and Certificates, in the order of
Dawson B. and J. Manchester, merchants,
Sols. Tarrant and Co. Chancery-lane. Keene J W. Birmingham, factor. Sol. Jennings, Temple.
Morgan E. Knighton, Radnor, woolstapler. Sols.
merchant. Sol. Yatman, Arundel-st. Strand. Search F. Clerkenwell Green, feather bed manufacturer. Sol. Anthony, Hatton Garden. Wyatt F. Plymouth, grocer. Sol. Donne,
Warwick S. Old Cavendish-street, Oxford-st. linen-draper. Sol. Lawledge, Gray's Inn-lane. CERTIFICATFS, July 29th.
W. Ramsay, of Little Thames-street, Middlesex, provision-merchant. G. Lawrence and R. Smith, of Gun-street, Spitalfields, Middlesex, silk weavers. M. Thompson, of Penrith, Cumberland, check manufacturer. R. Cousins, late of Wigmore-street, Cavendish-square, Middlesex, patent lamp manufacturer. J. Hughes and R. Challen, late of Storrington, Sussex, combrazier. S. Redding, Hereford, butcher. B. R. mon brewers. C. T. Chivers, of Stone, Stafford,