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Ni sead, aċt ta seisean na No, but he is sitting.
Car ċodail tu a reir ?'
Where did you sleep last night?
Na bi do seasaṁ añ sin.
Do not stand there.
Bhi me mo dusgad abfad I was awake long before day. rojme lo.
Bhi seisen na dusgad roṁam, He
awake before me; and he awakened me. Be silent.
Ni bfuil sgian agam.
Is liom sin fór.
I was sleeping last night.
1. The auxiliaries bí, js, or as, and ʊ13, with their inflexions, are elegantly used to supply the place of all verbs denoting possession, want, power, necessity, or any affection of the body, or mind.
2. B1 is used with agam, orm, and uaim; it, or ar, with dam, and liom; tig, with liom only; as (133.)
Ta sgian agam.
I have a knife.
I have not a knife.
I want a knife.
I cannot do it.
I must write.
I love God.
I am cold.
That is mine too.
3. Jr, or ar, simply denotes the object in itself; but T4 always denotes it as connected with some circumstance.
Hence, it affirms simply of its object, although that object be expressed by two or more words; as, ir me Domnall, I am Donald; is fuar an ojdċe í, it is a cold night. But ʊa has a twofold object, and shews the subject and predicate distinctly from each other; ta Domnall ag an doras, Donald is at the door; da an ordċe fuar, the night is cold. (134.)
Hence also the interrogative, of ar, Ir an, is used in enquiring after any inherent quality of the subject; as, an tu Doṁnall ? are you Donald? 1r me, I am.
But the interrogative, of b1, ir bful, is used in enquiring after any occasional quality, or circumstance; as, bruil Doṁnall ag an doras? is Donald at the door? ATA, he is.
4. When ar, or is, ba, and bud, come in contact with vowels, they are contracted into †, b, or m; as,
War (ma ir) tu fear an If you are the man of the house. tize.
Bean darb (dar ba) ainm A_woman whose name was Eblin. Evelina. Da maill (ma aill) leat eist- If eact ljom. Bream (ba feam) daṁsa It were better for me beit mo tost.
it were agreeable to you to listen to me.
5. Ba, and buo, aspirate the following mutable consonants; as buỏ mait ljom, I would wish.
6. The auxiliary b1, with the preposition añ, is used to express existence; as, ta subailce añ, there is a virtue; bi duine añ, there was a man. (135.)
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE AUXILIARY VERBS PROMISCUOUSLY
An tu Seamur ? is me.
Ta éac mait ag m’atair.
She is a little wench.
My father has a good horse. is Is this pen yours? it is mine.
Go de da divort ?
What is a wanting to you ?
An é so do busga snaoisin ? Is this your snuff-box? it is.
Nil aṁrus agam añ.
A ndearna duine 4 bit rjaṁ aṁrus fa Dhia a bejʊ añ.
Nil cuid agam de.
I have no doubt.
Did ever any man doubt of the existence of God?
have no part in it.
I am cold now, and I was very
tart mór orm ag teaċt thirsty when I came in.
Bheara me an tygoid duit a maraċ ma tig liom.
will give the money to you tomorrow, if I can.
Bfearr liom go dtiocfa leat I would rather you could have a żabairt anjuż. given it to-day.
An leat fein an ċjor cnajm ? Is the bone comb your own ?
Da mbiad airgiod agam.
It were difficult for me.
Dob jan bean a b'ajlne dreaċ. She was the most beautiful
An leatsa an fgian so ?
Da ma leaté, ຖາ bja If it were yours, my name
Mas leis é dabair do ē.
Ta bur mbatsa san gcoill.
Your cows are in the wood.
1. The following adverbs aspirate the words that follow them
Ni, njar, not, and nar? naċar not? aspirate and prefix h to vowels;
Do, and a, to, aspirate infinitives;
Do, sign of the preter, aspirates active verbs;
Ro, very, aspirates adjectives; and,
All the adverbial particles aspirate the words with which they are compounded; as, (136) Niar tainic aon duine leis. Do buail me an fear eile.
No man came with him.
Is cóir dúiñ urnaiż do, or deanaṁ gaċ la.
Ta an maidin ro fuar.
2. Naċ, not, and ca? Jan, sign of the preter Nad dtig leite siubal. Jar mbualad an dorais. Ca mbioй se na cornuiz?
4 We ought to pray every day
Fan abos agujñe.
Ta se abfad ona TIŽ.
where? eclipse active verbs; and participle, eclipses it; as, (137) She cannot walk.
The morning is very cold.
3. Adverbs signifying proximity, require the dative; as, 4 se angar daṁ. he is near me. (138.)
4. The following adverbs require the ablative viz. (139.) Abor, on this side. Arteaċ, within. Abrad, afar. 30 léon, enough. Amaċ, out. and the like; as, Anall, tall, beyond.
Having struck the door.
Do posad anuraiż i.
Cahuair a tiucfas si 4 a hair?
THE CONSTRUCTION OF ADVERBS PROMISCUOUSLY EXEMPLIFIED.
Nar eiriż tu go moċ.
Stay on this side with us.
Ta dúil agam a dul as bajle I amáraċ.
did not sleep much last night. was once or twice about to
put on my cloaths intend to go from home to
When will she come back again? How long is it since she was married?
She was married last year.
Do not delay, henceforth.
Is añaṁ a teiġimse sios ċuca I seldom go down to them.
He comes sometimes.
Thig re 4 uqib.
Nar imċiż an fear, a bi añso Did the man depart who was
here last night
He did not pay any. From whence is he? Where went he?
When did he go?
Where did you leave him?
Do not come near me.
Sit close by my side.
I thought long when you were abroad.
Is fada d'fan tu tall.
You staid long beyond.
Is geamr go rąċa me far aris. It is a short time, till I will go back again.
Cia he fn a dtaob siar diot? Who is that behind you?
on this side.
Na bi dul far 's aniar.
Do not go back and forward.
Sgéul a cuala me cian o soin. A story that I heard long ago. On fear críoña a dainic a From a wise man that came from afar.
Gurglas na mullaiġbfad uajñ. That hills are green far from us.
He was struck by another man.
Nar diol se na fjaċa ?
Did he pay the debts?. I am in earnest.
Why should I not strike him?