Imatges de pÓgina
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FROM le, ALONG WITH, OR TOGETHER WITH.

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FROM UM, ABOUT OR UPON AS CLOATHS, &c.

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Personal, possessive, and compound pronouns take an additional syllable, when used with a particular emphasis, or placed in contra-distinction to each other. (35)

In personal and compound pronouns, if the last vowel be broad, ra is added to the first, second and third person feminine of the singular; and to the second person plural; but re is added, if the last vowel be small.

In like manner san or sean is added to the third person masculine, singular, and to the third person plural.

Ne is added to the first person plural; as,

Daṁ, to me, daṁsa, to myself, duit, to thee, dustse, to thyself; rin, we, riñe, ourselves; é, he, érean, himself; me, I, mire, myself: 1, she, 1re, herself; ljom, with me, ljomra, with myself; ln, with us, line, with ourselves.

In this manner decline all the personal and compound pro nouns, except in the genitive case; for,

Possessive pronouns require the increase to be made in the noun that are joined with them; as, lam, a hand, mo laṁsa, my own hand; or if that noun be followed by an adjective, the increase is made in that adjective: as, mo laṁ ġealsa, my white hand.

IN THIS MANNER DECLINE,

Mo cean dub, my black head.

A leabar, his book.

Ar natair, our father.

A gcosa duba. their black feet.

Bhur suile arda, your lofty eyes. (36)

VERB.

Verbs are of three kinds, Active, Passive, and Neuter, or Reflected.

There are seven variations of the verb, as to signification, viz.— the Imperative, and Infinitive Moods, Participles, Indicative, Potential, Optative and Subjunctive Moods.

There are four variations of the Verb, as to time, viz---the Present, Preter, Consuetudinal, and future Tenses. (37)

Conjugation of the Auxiliary bi, be.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.

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The negative be not, &c., is formed by prefixing ná to each person: as, ná bidis, or na biod sjad, let them not be.

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Do bejt, or a bejt, to be. Gan a beit, not to be. (38)

Present.

Az bejt,

PARTICIPLES.

Preter.

Future.

been. Ar ti bejt,

[about to (be. (39)

INDICATIVE MOOD.

Or a best, being Jar mbejt, having) (le best, or

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ཅད rajb

1 Ni rabas, ni raib me,) (1 Ni rabamar,

I was not.

2 Ni raib tu, thou wast not. 3 Ni raib se, he was not.

SINGULAR.

rinn, we were not. 2 Ni raib sib, ye were not. 3 Ni raibsiad, they were not. (43)

Preter. Interrogative.

1 Raib me? was I ? or have) I been.

2 Rajb tu? wast thou? &c. 3 Rajb se? was he? &c.

PLURAL.

1 Raib sinn ? were we ? &c.
2 Raib sib? were ye? &c.
3 Raib siad ? were they? &c.

Consuetudinal Tense. Affirmative.

SINGULAR.

1 Bim, I am usually.
2 Bjañ ʊu, thou art usually.
3 Bjan re, he is usually.

PLURAL.

1 Bidmid, biañ, siñ, we are usually.

2 Bjañ rib, ye are usually. 3 Biañ siad, they, &c. (44) The negative I am not usually, &c., is formed by prefixing ni to each person; as, ni kím, ni bhjañ tu, &c.

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