Imatges de pÓgina
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ABFAD, afar.

Manner. Ungar, close to.

war, mur, as. Amać, amuig, out, without.

Csonas ? how ?
Urteac, artig, in, within.

Ni, nać, not.
Sead, it is so.
Ro, very
Amlaig, in like manner.

Jomoro, moreover.
ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS ARE FORMED BY PREFIXING GO TO

ADJECTIVES ; AS, (89.)

ADJECTIVES.

ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS.

Beaco, nice.

Go beaco, nicely. Borb, harsh.

Go borb, harshly. Ceart, right.

Go ceart, rightly. Cealgac, deceitful.

Go cealgac, deceitfully. Dólásać, mournful.

Go dólárać, mournfully. waje, good.

Go maii, well. Adverbs, formed thus from adjectives, are compared as the adjectives themselves; as,

From mat, good, Pos. 30 mait, well; Comp. nios ream, better ; Sup. ro mait, very good, as fearr, best

From lajdir, strong; Pos. 30 laidir, strongly; Comp. nios laidre, more strongly; Sup. ro laidir, very strongly, ar laidre, most strongly.

There are many adverbial expressions, formed by the combination of two or more words; as (90.)

FROM AG, AT.
So, this (place,) ag ro, here.
Sin, that (place) ag rin, there.
Sud, yon (place), 43 sud, yonder.
Cjunar, quietness, ag cjunar, quietly.

FROM añ, IN
Thall, farther side, an all, over.
Fad, long, an fad, whilst.
So, this (place,) an ro, here.
Noco, night, anoct, at, or in night.

FROM ain, UPON.
Cúl, back, ar gcúl, backwards.
leje, side, air leje, by turns.

} Time

Time, an Trat,

WHAT

?

| How.

Uaire, hours, ar uaire } Sometimes.

ar uairib, Bit, being, air bit, at all. eigin, necessity, air eigin, hardly.

FROM an, the, aon, one. Trat,

} When. Tam,

'an cam,
Uair, hour, aon uair, once.
Chead ait, first place, &c., an cead ajt, first, &c.

FROM CA?
Uair, hour, ca huair ? when ?
Uit, place, cait? where.
е mur, it is as, ca de mur ?

go de mur?

FROM gan, WITHOUT. Fior, knowledge, gan for, secretly. éifeact, effect, gan eifeact, ineflectually.

FROM man, AS.
So, this, mar so, so, as this.
Sin, that, mar sin, thus, as that.
Ceadya, same, mar an gceanna, likewise.

FROM ÓS, ABOVE.
Cean, head, ós cean, above.
Ard, high, ós árd, loudly, publicly.
Irjol, low, or íriol, softly, privately.

FROM TI, TO.
until

| go dti ro, hitherto.

(91.)
The following particles are used only in composition :---

---deoin, willing, amoeoin, unwilling.
---Trat, time, ancrat, untimely.
:-múinte, taught, dornúinte, hard to be taught.
-crejote, believed, diireidte. incredible.
-rián, healthful, earlán, sick.
-cairdeas, friendship, earcairdeas, enmity,

---cjall, sense, miċjall folly.
Nean, j --- claon, partial, neatclaon, impartial.

Go oui,

ADVERBIAL PARTICLES.

Alri), An, Do, Di, ea, ear, 21,

Oir, uir, An, Jom, Ais, 2

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- siol, low, uiririoll, very humble
-mor, great annor, very great.
-lán, full, jomlán, very full.

-realba, possession, airealba, restitution.
Ait, -54bail, taking, učjubail, retaking.
Cor, equal, trom, weight, comtrom, equal weight.
In, fit, deanta, done, indeanta, fit to be done.
So, apt, faicrin, seeing, rofaicrin, fit or easy to be seen.

The following particles are used with verbs :---
Do, signs of the
}

buaileao શ, infinitive, 1 buaileao,

} Az, a, or g4, signs of the present participle, 43, 4, or 34, bualao beating. Do, sign of the preter, do buailear, I struck. jar sign of the preter participle, iar mbualaó, having struck. le, signs of the

of the future participle, le bualao, Ar vi, sar di bualad, about to strike.

To these may be added, má, if; muna mur, if not; ou, if; go, that, &c.; but these are more properly classed with conjunctions.. (92)

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PREPOSITIONS. The following is a list of the most usual and simple prepositions. (93) Ag, at.

Jar, after. Air, upon.

Joir, between, Añ, in.

Joñsuió, unto. Ar, out of.

le, leir, with. Chum, to.

War, like to, as. Chuige, to.

0, ua, from. Dar, by.

Or, ahove. of.

Re, rir, to. Deir, after.

Reir, according to. Do, to.

Rome, before. Fa, upon, to, about

Seaca, by, in comparison with Faoi, or Fuió, under, beneath Thar, Fead, throughout.

Thairis, Fud, among

Timċioll, about. Gan, without

Tre, trio, through. Go, gur, to.

Um, uime, about. (94)

De,

} Over.

Many relations are predicated, by the union of nouns with the foregoing prepositions ; as,

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eir, a step

FROM TAN, AFTER.

Tar eir, after.

CONJUNCTION.
The following is a list of the most usual conjunctions:---

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Bjoó, although.
Ge, though.
510e4d, although.

Wata, if so be.
ma sead, if so.

Notwithstanding al

Ge ta, } though it is

. Mun,, } If not, except, unless.

} If.

,

For fear lest.

air eagla go,
D'eagla go,

} (103)

Nać, no, o that.

wa, Da,

INTERJECTION. In Irish, as in all other languages, there are various exclamations, many of them inarticulate, used to express sudden emotions of the mind. The following are a few of the most usual. 4, o!

Waing! wo to ! As cruaj! wo!

Wonuar ! alas ! Faraor alas !

Ceinmear! o happy! uc! oh!

eiro! hush ! (104)

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