Imatges de pÓgina
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

Half his waste flood the wild Atlantic fills,

"And half the slow, unfathomed Stygian pool,

"But soft, I was not sent to court your wonder
"With distant worlds, and strange removed climes.
"Yet thence I come, and oft from thence behold,"
Above the smoke and stir of this dim spot

Which men call earth, &c. &c.

3. The entry of the marriage of John Dryden's father and mother has been hunted out in the Register of the parish of Pilton in Northamptonshire.

1630. Erasmus Dreydon, gent., and Mary Pyckeringe, were married the one-and-twentieth day of October.

The poet was thus not only the eldest son, but eldest child also, a fact which had been doubted by Malone. Still more interesting is the entry of the poet's own marriage in the Register of the Church of St. Swithin, by London Stone, December 1st, 1663. He was wedded to the Lady Elizabeth Howard, by licence. He signs his name Driden, and in the entry for the licence he is also so called, but in the Register itself the bridegroom is Draydon, and the bride Haward. All the contemporary insinuations against the lady's character and conduct previous to her marriage have been more than confirmed by the publication of the correspondence of the second Earl of Chesterfield.

4. A singularly pleasing memorial of Pope's feelings towards his friends and contemporaries has been discovered written on the fly leaves of an Elzevir Virgil, now in the Library of the Earl of Mansfield, and is printed by Mr. Elwin in the first volume of what promises to be a most admirable edition of Pope's Works. He records the date of each individual's death in Latin, and appends a few words descriptive of their characters and his feelings towards them. It opens with John Dryden, semper venerandus, poetarum princeps. The next is Walsh; criticus sagax, amicus, et vir bonus. Then come Betterton, Roscius sui temporis, who leaves the world with the praise of all good men; Parnell, poetica laude et moribus suavissimis insignis; Wycherley, poeta morum scientiâ clarus, the first who had my love" James Craggs generosus et ingenuus; Robert, Earl of Oxford, mihi perfamiliaris et jucundus; William Congreve, poeta eximius, vir comis, urbanus, et mihi perquam familiaris; John Gay, probitate morum et simplicitate insignis, socius peramabilis, "who died under my eyes;'. and John Arbuthnot, vir doctissimus, probitate ac pietate insignis. These simple notices appear infinitely more valuable than the formal epitaphs which Johnson attacks with hypercritical ingenuity; but, pleasant as they are, the poet appears in a yet more admirable light when he records the death of mater mea charissima, pientissima et optima, Editha Pope, and of nutrix mea fidelissima, M. Beech.-F. C.]

[ocr errors][merged small]

ABERGLASNEY, 461; the birthplace of Dyer, 461

Abney, Sir Thomas, 449; his kindness to Dr. Watts, 449 didat

Act of Succession, the, 210

"An Act of Grace," 259; Prior excepted, 259 1

Addison, Joseph, his opinion of Cowley's conceits, 20; his opinion of Smith's
"Phædra," 201; his praise of Halifax, 211; his birth and parentage, 221;
christened the day of birth, 221; educated at home, at Ambrosebury, Salisbury,
and Lichfield, 221; his father made Dean of Lichfield, 221; a barring out, 221;
goes to the Chartreux, 221; contracts an intimacy with Steele, 221; enters, 1669,
Queen's College, Oxford, 222; gains the patronage of Dr. Lancaster, 222; 18
elected Demy of Magdalen College, Oxford, 222; obtains a fellowship, 222; grows
eminent by his Latin compositions, 222; the Muse Anglicanæ, 222; his poem on the
Peace, 222; presents the collection of his Latin poems to Boileau, 222; his verses
to Dryden, 222; translates the greater part of the Fourth Book of the Georgics,
222; publishes an essay on the Georgics, 222; also verses on the English poets,
222; is introduced by Congreve to Montague, 223; is persuaded not to take orders,
223; writes, 1695, a poem to King William, with an introduction to Somers,
223; his Latin verses on the Peace of Ryswick, 223; obtains a pension on which
to travel, 223; stays a year at Blois, 223; then proceeds to Italy, 223; writes his
"Dialogues on Medals," and four acts of Cato," 223; his letter to Lord
Holland, 223; is obliged to earn his way home, 223; publishes his Travels, dedi-
cated to Lord Somers, 223; its rapid advance in value, 223; undertakes to cele-
brate Blenheim, 224; is rewarded by being made Commissioner of Appeals, 224;
goes with Halifax to Hanover, 224; is Under Secretary of State first to Hodges
and then to Sunderland, 224; his opera of" Rosamond," and its dedication, 224;
is secretary to Wharton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 224; made Lord Keeper of
the Records, 224; his contributions to the "Tatler," 225; the "Spectator,"
225; a daily newspaper, 225; its aims and objects, 225; its large sale and low
price, 227; produces, 1713,"Cato," 227; the bistory of its completion and pro-
duction, 228; its great success, 228; its unprecedented run, 228; the reason of
its being printed without a dedication, 228; attacked and defended by various
parties, 229; translated and acted in foreign countries, 229; contributes to the
"Guardian," a daily paper, 229; author of the "Drummer," 230; writes, 1707,
"The Present State of the War, and the Necessity of an Augmentation," 230;
"The Whig Examiner," 230; the "Spectator" revived, 230; is secretary to the
Regency, 231; his duty to send messages to Hanover of Anne's death, 231; is too
slow for the Council, who employ Southwell, 231; publishes "The Freeholder,"
231; marries, after a long courtship, 1716, Dowager Countess of Warwick, 231
becomes, 1717, Secretary of State, 232, finds himself unfitted for the task, and
retires on the plea of failing health, with a pension, 232; his purposed literary
works, 232; writes a portion of a Defence of Christian Religion, 222; engages,
1718-19 in a controversy with Steele, on the Peerage Bill, 232; answers The
Plebeian" by "The Old Whig," 253; Steele writes a "Second Plebeian," and
Addison grows personal, 233; oppressed by shortness of breath, 234; is attacked
by dropsy, 234; his interview with Gay, 234; also with the Earl of Warwick, 234;
leaves directions about his works, 234; dies at Holland House, 234; leaves a
daughter, 234; his character, manners, and habits, 234-237; his style of com
position, 237; a general review of his works, 237--248; the contemporary of
Yalden at Oxford, 295; remains his friend through life, 295; reason of his
patronage of Tickell, 297; praises in the "Spectator" Tickell's "Prospect of
Peace," 298; practically evinces his friendship, 299; the coldness between him

and Pope, 298, 299; praises the "Essay on Criticism," 377; advises him not to
alter the "Rape of the Lock," 380; his praise of the "Rape of the Lock," 380;
praises Philips in the "Guardian," 454

Addison, Rev. Lancelot, 221; Dean of Lichfield, 221

Agar, Mr. B., is in the Crown Office, 63; marries Mrs. Philips, 63
Akenside, Mark, his opinion of Dyer's poetry, 462; birth and parentage, 493;
educated at Newcastle and Edinburgh, 493; receives money from the dissenting
fund, 493 returns the money on deciding not to be a minister, 493;
"The
Pleasures of Imagination," 493; goes to Leyden, 493; becomes, 1744, Doctor of
Physic, 493; "The Original and Growth of the Human Foetus," 193; attacked by
Warburton, and defended by Dyson, 493; publishes, 1745, his first collection of
odes, 944; his epistle to Pulteney, 494; starts as physician at Northampton,
494; removes to Hampstead, 494; comes into town, 494; his allowance from
Mr. Dyson, 494; becomes Fellow of the Royal Society, 494; takes a degree at
Cambridge, 494; admitted to the College of Physicians, 494; writes medical
essays, 494; becomes physician to St. Thomas's Hospital, 494; Gulstonean
Lectures in Anatomy, 494; the Croonian Lectures, 494; his Discourse on
Dysentery, 494; dies, 1770, of a putrid fever, 494; his character as a poet, and hir
#poetry, 494-496

Akenside, Mark, 493; father of the poet, 493

Aldrich, 123; Master of Christchurch at the time of Philips, 123; said by Ducket to
have corrupted Clarendon's History, 202

Aldwinkle, 131; the birthplace of Dryden, 131

Allen, Mr., 400; becomes the friend of Pope, 400; offers to pay the cost of an
edition of Pope's letters, 400

Andrews, Dr., 96; Bishop of Winchester, 96; his conversation with James I. and
Dr. Neale as to the right of the sovereign to his people's money, 96

Anglesea, Earl of, 206; is sued by his wife for a divorce, 206; King's brilliant but
futile defence, 206

Anne, Princess, 121; goes to Nottingham escorted by Dorset, 121

Arbuthnot, Dr., 288; his advice to Gay with reference to his money, 288

Ashe, Dr., Bishop of Clogher, gives Parnell the archdeaconry of Clogher, 212;
marries Swift to Miss Johnson, 361

Atterbury, admits the name of Milton into Westminster Abbey, 61; said by Ducket
to have corrupted Clarendon's History, 202; positively denies the statement,
202; his plot, 296; Yalden accused of being a member, 206; asks Pope to study
the Popish controversy, 395; Pope a witness in his defence, 395; presents Popo
with a Bible, 395

Aubigny, Lady, 101; brings Crispe's Commission of Array to London, 101; the Com-
mission found in her garden, 1o2; committed to custody, 103

Aubrey, 90; his account of Wentworth Dillon's vision of his father's death, 90
Aylmer, Brabazon, 58; buy's "Paradise Lost," from Simmons, 58; sells it to Jaccb
Tonson, 58

"Azaria and Hushai," 148; one of the answers to "Absalom and Achitophel," 148

BAMPTON, 133; the birthplace of Philips, 123

Bangorian Controversy, the, 306; Savage attacks the bishop, 306

Banks, Mrs., 97; a great city heiress, 97; destined by the Court for Mr. Crofts, 97;
marries Waller, 97; has two children, 97; dies in childbirth, 97

Barber's, Mr. John, monument to Butler, 80

Barber, Mrs., 364

Barberini, Cardinal, 41; his patronage of Milton, 41

Barn Elms, 7

Barnes, in "Barnesii Anacreontem," on Cowley's amourousness, 3

Beattie, Dr., 498; becomes the friend of Gray, 498

Bennet, Mr., afterwards Earl of Arlington, 3

Berger, 85; Wilmot's display of courage, 85

Berkeley, Earl of, 355; invites Swift to go to Ireland as his secretary, 355; displaces
him at Dublin, 355; praises "The Rape of the Lock," 380

Betterton, 43; his story respecting the services rendered to each other by Davenant
and Milton, 53

Bettesworth, 365; the effect of Swift's satire, 365; his interview with Swift, 365;
his threat on Swift, 365; prevented by the populace, 365; his asserted pecu
niary loss, 365

Binning, Lord, 444; keeps Thomson for some time, 444; recommends Thomson to
dedicate "Summer" to Mr. Doddington, 444

Birch, Dr., 108; marries Waller's daughter, 108

Blackhead, Stephen, 208; engages with Young to ruin Sprat, 208; draws up a plot
to subvert the authorities, and attaches forged signatures, 208; the way in which
Sprat's is obtained, 208; his part in the conspiracy, 208; its failure, 208 b
Blackmore, Sir Richard, 272; his parentage, 270; educated at a country school,
Westminster, and Edmund Hall, Oxford, 272, 273; resides thirteen years, 273;
travels, 273; made at Padua doctor of physics, 273; after wandering some time
returns home, 273; is a schoolmaster, 273; Dr. Sydenham's direction as to the
books he should read, 273; becomes a Fellow of the College of Physicians, 273;
resides in Cheapside, 273; publishes, 1695, in ten books, "Prince Arthur," 273;
his introductory apology, 273; in 1697 publishes in twelve books "King
Arthur," 274; is made a physician in ordinary to King William, and knighted
with a present, 274; asserts to have helped on the accession of the House of
Hanover, 274; his paraphrase of the Book of Job and other parts of Scripture,
274; "A Satire on Wit," 274; publishes in 1705, in ten books, "Eliza," 275;
writes a poem on the Kit Cat Club, 275; "Advice to Poets how to Celebrate the
Duke of Marlborough," 275; " Advice to a Weaver of Tapestry," 275; publishes
in 1712,
"The Creation," 275; publishes in conjunction with Hughes, "The Lay
Monastery," three times a week, 276; its plan, 276; the principal character, 276;
publishes 1716 and 1717, two volumes of Essays, 276-278; becomes by turns an
elect and censor of the College of Physicians, 278; his poem on "Redemption," and
also that of the "Nature of Man," 278; attempts a version of the Psalms, but fails,
278; writes 1723 a epic poem, in twelve books," King Alfred," 278; his practice
drops away, 279; employs his enforced leisure in incessant writing on medical
topics, 279; publishes a "History of the Plot against King William in 1695,"
279; his theological works, 279; attended on his deathbed by Mr. White, of
Nayland, 279; his death, 280; criticism on his character and works, 280-282
Blakeney, Robert, 362; Swift's butler, 362; takes the "Drapier Letters" to the
printers, 362; is suspected by Swift of betraying him, and dismissed, 362; after.
wards made Verger of St. Patrick's, 363

[graphic]
[graphic]

Blandford, the birthplace of Pitt, 441

Blount, Martha, 411; her acquaintance with Pope, 411

Bochart, go; professor at the Protestant University, Caen, go; teaches Wentworth
Dillon, go

Bodleian Library, 4

Boileau, 222: his aversion to modern Latin, 222, converted by Addison's [presenta-
tion of a copy of " Musa Anglicane," 2220

Bolingbroke, Lord (Mr. St. John), 257; his opinion, as expressed to the Queen, of
Prior, 257; his letters to Prior, 255, 258; induces Fenton to leave his school for
hopes of official life, 283; quarrels with Earl of Oxford, 359; Swift called from
Ireland to reconcile them, 360; finds this impossible, 360; admits Swift's asser-
tion, that the Tory cause is lost, 360; asks Swift to spend the winter with him in
France, 363; obtains the first MSS. of Pope's "Iliad," 385; the present depository
of the copy, 385; said to have furnished Pope with the materials for " The Essay
on Man," 402; quarrels with Warburton, 404; his affection for Pope, 411; one of
Pope's executors, 411; offended by Pope's action with reference to
Patriot King," 411

Boulter, Archbishop, makes A. Philips his secretary, 455 and

Bower, Archibald, 503; the friendship of Lyttleton, 503; the general attack and his
defence, 503

Brackley, Lord, 39; is benighted in Haywood, Herefordshire, 40; takes part in the
"Masque of Comus," 40

Bramhal, 48; said by Milton to have replied to "Defensio Populi," 48

Bridekirk, 297; the birthplace of Tickell, 297

Bridgewater, Earl of, 39; president of Wales, 39; resident at Ludlow Castle, 39
Bright, Mr. Henry, 78; master in the time of Butler of Worcester Grammar School,
78
Broome, William, 283; associated with Fenton in translating for Pope parts of the
Odyssey, 284; his parentage and birth, 371; on the foundation at Eton and
captain of the school, 371; sent to St. John's College, 371; his college com-
panion, 371; his addiction to metre, 371; translates in conjunction with Ozell and
Oldisworth the Iliad into prose, 372; introduced to, and employed by Pope, 372;
translates a third of Pope's "Odyssey," and writes the notes, 372; his opinion of

the payment for this work, 372; the quarrel between him and Pope, 372; pub-
lishes a miscellany of poems, 372; rector of Sturston, 372; marries a widow, 372;
becomes, 1728, D.C.L., 372; obtains the rectory of Pulham, 373; resigns Pulham,
and obtains Oakley Magna, and Eye, 373; translates Odes to Anacreon, 373;
dies, 1745, at Bath, 373; his poetry, 373 downloa

Brown, 150; his three dialogues attacking Dryden on his conversion to popery, 150,
ISI
Brown, Sir George, 380; objects to being "Sir Plume," in the "Rape of the Lock,”
380

Buckingham, Duke of, 143; opposes Dryden, 143; writes with the assistance
of Butler, Clifford, and Sprat, the "Rehearsal," the persons attacked in it,
Buckinghamshire, Duchess of, 206; the wife of the Earl of Anglesea, 206; sues for
a divorce, 206; the Earl defended by King, 206; obtains her suit, 206
Buckinghamshire, Duke of (Sheffield), 85; his assertion that Wilmot will not
fight, 85; his parentage and birth, 251; has a tutor, 251; at twelve begins to
educate himself, 251; goes to sea with Rupert, 251; is made commander of a
troop of horse, 251; is summoned to Parliament, 251; his return objected
to, and disallowed, 251; his quarrel with the Earl of Rochester, 251; is a volunteer,
1672, on board Lord Ossory's ship, 251; his two observations, 251; advanced to
the command of the Katherine, 251; raises and commands a regiment of foot, 251;
is familiar with Schomberg, 251; is made commander of the old Holland
regiment, 251; obtains at twenty-five the garter, 251; made Gentleman of the
Bedchamber, 351; serves in France under Turenne, 251; applies for the first
troop of horse, 251; is opposed by Monmouth, 251; makes Monmouth to be sus-
pected, 251; obtains the lieutenancy of Yorkshire and the Governorship of Hull,
251; his reported recommendation of Dryden to the laureatship, 252; goes to the
relief of Tangiers, 251; the story of his voyage, 252; his expedition successful,
252; composes "The Vision, 252;" admitted by James II. into the Privy
Council, 252; made Lord Chamberlain, 252; accepts a place in the High Com.
mission, 252; attends the king to mass, 252; his objection to the Roman
Catholic doctrines, 252; acquiesces in the Revolution, 252; his vote on the con-
juncture of the Sovereignty, 252; lives some years without employment, 252; is,
1694, made Marquis of Normanby, 252; opposes the Court on some important
questions, 252; is received into the cabinet council, 252; his pension, 252; highly
favoured by Queen Anne, 252; made in succession lord privy seal, lieutenant of
the North Riding of Yorkshire, commissioner for treating with the Scots, first
Duke of Normanby, and then of Buckinghamshire, 252, 253; resigns the privy
seal. 253; joins in the motion asking the Princess Sophia to visit England, 253;
is offered but refuses the Chancellorship, 253; builds Buckingham Palace, 253; is
made, 1710, Lord Chamberlain, 253; endeavours to protect the Catalans, 253;
persistently opposes George I., 253; his death, 253; his three wives, 253; his
children, 253; his character, 253; his poetry, 253; his Essay on Satire, 253; his
Essay on Poetry, 253; his verses, 254.0 or

Burgess, Anne, 248; marries John Hughes, 248; mother of the poet, 248
Burlington, Lady Frances, 90; widow of Col. Courteney, 90; marries Wentworth,
dafourth Earl of Roscommon, go

Burnet, Dr., 85; becomes acquainted with Rochester, 86; reclaims him, 86; his
Some Passages on the Life and Death of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester," 86;
on Dryden's contemplated translation of Varillas' "History of Heresies," 149,
Igo; his opinion of Waller's oratorical powers, 187; censures Pope's "Iliad,"
394 bis funeral sermon on the Rev. E. Young, 467
Burnet, Thomas,

3

rejoins to Granville's reply to Dr. Burnet's accusations
against Monk, 20 101
Butler, Samuel, 77; a life by an unknown author, 77; another by Wood, 77; place
and date of his birth, 77; date of his christening, 77; the condition of his
father, 77; is educated at the Worcester Grammar School, 78; the question
whether he obtained a university education, 78; for some time clerk to Mr.
Jefferys of Earls Croomb, 78; his habits while holding this situation, 78; ad-
mitted into the family of the Countess of Kent, 78; is employed by Selden, the
steward, in literary work, 78; afterwards in the family of Samuel Luke, 78; said
to have now commenced" Hudibras;" made at the Restoration secretary to
Earl Carbery, 79; appointed to the stewardship of Ludlow Castle, 79; marries
Mrs. Herbert, 79; publishes, 1663, first part of" Hudibras," 79; publishes, 1664,
the second part of" Hudibras," 79; his empty reward, 79; asserted gift of the

« AnteriorContinua »