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unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ cised in applying the blessings of our Lord, whom God hath set the gospel to the redeemed; in forth to be a propitiation---to sending the call of the gospel to declare his righteousness in the them ; in enabling and persuadforgiveness of sins that he ing them to comply with it; iu might be just, and the justifier working faith in them, uniting of him, that believeth in Jesus. them to Christ, conferring on Mercy and truth meet together, them the gift of his righteousrighteousness and peace kiss ness; in bestowing the benefits each other. The manifold wis- of redemption on them freely, dom of God is displayed in the without respect to any merit or gospel, in that his justice and worthiness in them. In a word, grace are both glorified. The in giving them grace and glory, justification of sinners is not only and all good things, freely of his consistent with his righteousness, grace, through the mediation of but an exercise and expression Christ. of it.
But the rights of justice are Though the righteousness of not violated, nay, its glory and Christ is not inherent in a be- majesty shine in this astonishing liever, yet, according to the gra- display of sovereign grace ; cious constitution of God, all, who shine with greater lustre, than are united to Christ, have his was seen before. Though jusrighteousness so placed to their tice did not require the salvation account, that they are invested of fallen man ; neither did it with the rights and privileges of stand in the way of our salvarighteous persons, on account of tion, if such satisfaction were their relation to Christ as their made for sin by our Sponsor, as sponsor. They are freed from would declare the righteousness the guilt of sin ; Christ having of God in the forgiveness of sin, made satisfaction to justice for and prevent those evils, which them. They are accepted as would arise, if sin should be unrighteous, and entitled to the re- punished. When, therefore, ward of eternal life, promised to the Son of God was appointed to the righteous, as if they had never bear the guilt and punishment of sioned. And they are wholly sin in our stead ; then the justice indebted to the grace of God for of God was manifested in exactthe benefits of redemption. ing this satisfaction of him. Grace formed the plan of their Then he did not spare his belovsalvation. It would have been ed Son, but delivered him up to just, if the rigour of the law had death, as an atoning sacrifice. been executed ; if a Mediator As our offended Sovereign, God had not been admitted. But was wonderfully gracious in give God of his mere grace not only ing his own Son to be our Mediadmitted, but also provided a ator and Redeemer. But as the Saviour ; authorised his Son to supreme Judge and executor of be the Redeemer ; sent him into the law, he was strictly just in the world, to execute this ardu- the condign punishment of sin, ous office, and to give his life a though it fell on the Son of his ransom for those, who were lost. love.
love. The justice, as well as the The grace of God is also exer- grace of God, is displayed in the
justification of believers. Hav- that both are inseparably coning, in sovereign grace, given nected and implied in the justifithem faith, united them to Christ, cation of sinners. given them an interest in his Christian of the Ancient School. righteousness, and the rights and To be concluded in our next. privileges of the gospel ; as a righteous Judge he imputes this to them, and accordingly justi- QUESTION CONCERNING GENERfies them in the forensic sense, declares them free from the im
Messrs. Eliters, putation of sin and guilt, and
It is impossible for me to ex, pronounces them right- press the peculiar satisfaction I
feel in the late proceedings of According to Paul, righteous
the General Association in Masness without works is imputed to
sachusetts, as exbibited in the the sinner in his justification. last No. of the Panoplist. The What righteousness can this be, explanations there given of the but the righteousness of Christ ? design of the institution have reBut it has been said, that “ by
moved from the minds of many the imputation of righteousness,"
the objections, which had arisen Paul means no more, than the
against it. For my own part, I non-imputation or forgiveness of am resolved to promote, as far as sin. For the words of David, I am able, the important 'ends quoted by him, as describing the proposed by the General Assoblessedness of the man, to whom ciation, and should immediately righteousness without works is hope for a connexion with that imputed, are, 16 Blessed is the
body, did my circumstances perman, whose trangressions are
mit. My only difficulty is, that forgiven, and to whom the Lord I belong to an association of will not impute sin.” I answer. ministers, whose views on this Nothing more be argued subject are different from mine. from these words, than that they, I am acquainted with many indiwho have righteousness imputed vidual clergymen, who labour unto them, are the same persons,
der the same difficulty. I re. with those, described by David, quest that your attention may be to whom sin is not imputed. directed to this subject. It is Righteousness is imputed to
my wish, and the wish of many those, who are forgiven ; and brethren, that, if possible, some sin is imputed to all those, to
suitable method may be pointed whom righteousness is not im
out, in which, notwithstanding puted. Indeed in the language the abovementioned difficulty, of scripture the forgiveness of we may directly promote the desin often implies also the impu- sign and enjoy the advantages of tation of righteousness, without
the General Association. which none are forgiven. By
INQUIRER, comparing the words of David and Paul, we must conclude, not Messrs. Editors, that the imputation of righteous
In No. 3. Vol. II.
p. 122, and ness means no more, than mere
No. 1. Vol. III. p. 14, of your ly a non-imputation of sin; but excellent work, I find two letters
on the death of infants. In of salvation from faith in Christ, these letters it seems to be taken an observance of its own for granted, that the doctrine of institutions.
This we suppose the salvation of those who die in to be the amount of the apostle's infancy is taught in the word of reasoning. lle goes on, in the God. If you will be pleased in a 13 verse, to consider an objection, future No. to show on what which some might urge against scriptural evidence this doctrine the tendency of his argument. is supported, either in respect to If the law be not to be obeyed, the deceased infants of believers as a condition of justification, or of unbelievers, you will oblige what then is its use? Whereto one who reads, with increasing serveth the law ? He answers, pleasure, your instructive publi- It was added because of transcation.
B. T. gression, till the seed should come, , B. T.'s request shall be attend. to whom the promise was made ; ¢d to, as soon as previous engage- and it was ordained by angels in ments shall have been fulfilled. the hand of a Mediator. We
Editors. would offer the following para
phrase of these words. The
complete fulfilment of these THOUGHTS ON GAL. iii, 19 & 20. gracious promises, made to Abra
ham, was reserved, till the comIn the preceding part of this ing of that seed of his, for chapter, the writer endeavours to whom they were more peculiarly show that the Mosaic law furnish- intended, and through whom the ed no grounds of justification for blessings contained in them were sinners. He asserts that the to be dispensed to the nations, covenant made with Abraham, In the mean time, the posterity was a covenant of grace, of of Abraham, while sojourning in which faith, not works, was Egypt, became corrupted from the condition ; that the promise, the worship of the true God ; that in his seed all nations should turned aside to the idolatry of be blessed, had respect to the the Egyptians ; and were in clan. blessing to come on the Gentiles ger of entirely losing sight of through their faith in Christ, their covenant relation to God. and not to their union with the Because of this transgression ; to Jews in the ceremonial obser prevent its fatal effects ; and to vance of the Mosaic law; and preserve them from idolatry for that this covenant, having been the future, the Mosaic law, conmade, and sealed with the seal taining a systein of rules for the of circumcision, could not, on the regulation of their worship, was principles, which regulate hu- added; not as a new dispensation, man contracis, be disannulled and designed to abrogate the fora This I say therefore, that the cove- mer; this was impossible; but to nant which was confirmed before, serve as a means of preserving in, or through Christ, the latu, in their minds a sense of their which was 430 years after, cannot covenant relation to God, and an disannul ; which on the theory expectation of the eventual beof bis opponents, it had done, stowment of the blessings, which having changed the condition this covenant secured. It was,
in short, a system of discipline, through the intervention of a Meintended to teach thein the diator ; the mention of the word necessity of an atoning and Mediator, seems to have furpropitiatory sacrifice; and thus nished him a bint for an additionto keep their views directed to al enforcement of his doctrine. the promised Seed ; and likewise Now a Mediator is not a Mediator 10 preserve them a distinct peo of one, but God is one. This is ple, separated to the service of perfectly in the manner of St. God, till the seed should come, to Paul, to depart from the princiwhom the promise was made ; pal subject, whenever a new idea thus, in the natural course of is suggested to his mind by the things, keeping the door open casual use of a word, or phrase, for the introduction of the better related to such idea. A Níediator hope. Hence it appears, that the is not, &c. As if he had said, Jewish law, so far from being a “the manner, in which this law Dew, independent dispensation, was proclaimed and established, and laying a new foundation for furnishes additional evidence, justification, was, in fact, a tem- that it was connected with, and porary expedient, so to speak, subordinate to the covenant with perfectly subordinate and subser Abraham. Of that covenant vient to the gospel, or covenant Christ was the Mediator. So likewith Abraham, which the apostle wise in ordaining the Jewish law affirms to be the same thing Moses, the type of Christ, acted when he says, that the gospel as Mediator between God and was preached 10 Abraham.
the people. This shows, that it I wiil here remark, in passing, was of the nature of a covenant, that this text, in my judgment, where two parties enterinto a conpresents an insurmountable diffic tract; and not, strictly speaking, culty in the way of those, who of the nature of a law given by a contend that the covenant with prince to his subjects. For in ihe Abraham was a mere temporal establishment of laws, properly covenant, relating only to the so called, there is but one party, earthly Canaan. The 20th verse the lawgiver ; the consent of the is extremely obscue in its con- subject not being necessary. nexion, and uncertain in its in- Therefore the Jewish law, being port. I shall offer, what ap- ordained by the mediation of pears to me the plainest so- Moses, acting as a type, and in the Jution of the difficulties in- room of Christ, must have been volved in it ; only premising a part, an under parl, so to speak, that it does not appear so clear of the former covenant, of which to my mind, as to render me very Christ was Mediator. Deity, confident, that it is the true one. considering that covenant, as still The apostle had just been show- in force, and the Jewish nation, ing that the law was subordinate as a party to it, would not introto the Abrahamic covenant; that duce these temporary and subsidit was not an independent, dis. iary provisions without their forconnected system ; but a sule mal consent.
Ile therefore eniordinate part, a codicil, so toployed Moses to negociate the speak, of the latter. Having terms between them. The arobserved that it was established gument, in short, stand thus :
The Jewish law was a temporary therefore is, that the Mosaic sostitution, connected with, and law was of the nature of a covesubordinate to, the covenant with nant ; that it was considered, as Abraham. For, had it been an closely connected with the fora original, independent law enjoin- mer; and as a subordinate part ed upon men, there would have of the same ; not designed to abbeen but one party in its estab- rogate that, and furnish a new lishment ; for God the lawgiver ground of justification ; it did is one ; and the consent of men not touch this subject at all ; but had not been required. But to to regulate the manners of the the establishment of this law people in the earthly Canaan ; there were two parties. For to secure them in possession of there was a Mediator employed, the blessings of it ; and gradualwhich necessarily supposes two ly to prepare them for the comparties ; for a mediator is not a ing of the Messiah, the promised mediator of one. The conclusion Seed.
EXTRACT OF LETTER FROM
DODDRIDGE, PEARSALL, OF TAUNTON. “THERE was a German, who them, by returning to their own laid himself out for the con- Messiah ; and by seeking from version of the Jews, lately in him righteousness of life, and London, one of the most surpris- placing their souls under the ing linguists in the world : he sprinkling of the blood of that formed a resolution, when but great sacrifice. God blessed his five years of age, of learning the labours in many places! In languages in use amongst the Germany, Poland, Holland, LithJews, without any reason that uania, Hungary, and other parts could be assigned; so that the through which he had travelled, pure Hebrew, the Rabbinical, the more than 600 souls owned their lingua Judaica, which differs from conversion to his ministry, many both, and almost all the modern of whom expressed their great languages of the then European concern to bring others of their dations, were as familiar to him brethren 10 the knowledge of as his own native tongue. With that great and blessed Redeemthis furniture, and with greater; and besought him to inknowledge of God and love to struct their children, that they Christ, and zeal for the salvation might preach Christ also.” of souls, he had spent twelve Dr. Doddridge aclds, that he of the thirty-six years of his life heard one of his sermons, as he in preaching Christ in the syn. repeated it in Latin ; that he agogues, in the most apostolic could not hear it without many manner, warning the Jews of tears ; and that he told him that their enmity to God; of their sermon converted a Rabbi, who misery, agrejected by him ; of was master of a syna» gue. the only hope that remains for
(Gen. Mag, Vol. III, No. 3.